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From Eric tamme <>
Subject Write placement questions: ringIterator() and firstTokenIndex()
Date Tue, 12 Jul 2011 16:38:13 GMT
I have been reading through some code in,
specifically with ringIterator() and firstTokenIndex().  I am trying
to get a very firm grasp on how nodes are collected for writes.

I have run into a bit of confusion about what happens when the data's
token is larger than than the largest initial token. It looks to me
like there is no way for the largest token node to get a write.  I
know this can't be correct, and that I must be missing some thing.  If
any one can help to fill in what I am missing I would appreciate it.

Lets say I have a hypothetical token range of 0-100 (for simplicity
sake) and 4 nodes using RandomPartitioner and SimpleStrategy.  My
nodes are configured with initial tokens: 0,25,50,75.

If I receive a write for data whose token is 85 (or any number > 75)
this is the code path as far as I can tell:

SimpleStrategy will create a ringIterator and pass it in a list of all
the initial tokens [0,25,50,75]

The ringIterator will in turn call firstTokenIndex and pass it the
token list, and token we are trying to insert

final int startIndex = firstTokenIndex(ring, start, insertMin);.

firstTokenIndex will then do a Collections.binarySearch to try to find
the index of where the token should be inserted

int i = Collections.binarySearch(list, token);

Here is the JavaDoc on Collections.binarySearch:

    index of the search key, if it is contained in the list;
otherwise, (-(insertion point) - 1). The insertion point is defined as
the point at which the key would be inserted into the list: the index
of the first element greater than the key, or list.size(), if all
elements in the list are less than the specified key. Note that this
guarantees that the return value will be >= 0 if and only if the key
is found. "

So in this example, 85 is larger than any of the available tokens so
(-(list.size())-1) or (-(4)-1) = -5 will be returned.

>From there, firstTokenIndex does some processing on the return value:

if (i < 0)
  i = (i + 1) * (-1);        // i is now 4
  if (i >= ring.size())      // evaluates true
    i = insertMin ? -1 : 0;  // 0 is returned
return i;

So we return index 0 to the ringIterator... which will try to execute
a ring.get(0) for the first next() based on our return value.

here is the calling, and processing code for ringIterator:

        return new AbstractIterator<Token>()
            int j = startIndex;
            protected Token computeNext()
                if (j < -1)
                    return endOfData();
                    // return minimum for index == -1
                    if (j == -1)
                    // return ring token for other indexes
                    return ring.get(j);
                    if (j == ring.size())
                        j = insertMin ? -1 : 0;
                    if (j == startIndex)
                        // end iteration
                        j = -2;


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