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From "Christian Esken (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (CASSANDRA-13265) Expiration in OutboundTcpConnection can block the reader Thread
Date Fri, 10 Mar 2017 17:06:04 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CASSANDRA-13265?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=15905409#comment-15905409
] 

Christian Esken commented on CASSANDRA-13265:
---------------------------------------------

I committed the change containing the configuration, as I would like some feedback whether
I am on the right path. Please note that I did not yet have time for tests (planned for next
Monday), but I thought it is better to give a chance to review the current changes.

Please note that I had to add back "AtomicBoolean backlogExpirationActive" Otherwise I cannot
guarantee that only a single Thread is iterating the Queue, especially if a small expiration
interval (1ms, or 0ms) is configured. The "AtomicLong backlogNextExpirationTime" could now
be "volatile long".

> Expiration in OutboundTcpConnection can block the reader Thread
> ---------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: CASSANDRA-13265
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CASSANDRA-13265
>             Project: Cassandra
>          Issue Type: Bug
>         Environment: Cassandra 3.0.9
> Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM version 25.112-b15 (Java version 1.8.0_112-b15)
> Linux 3.16
>            Reporter: Christian Esken
>            Assignee: Christian Esken
>         Attachments: cassandra.pb-cache4-dus.2017-02-17-19-36-26.chist.xz, cassandra.pb-cache4-dus.2017-02-17-19-36-26.td.xz
>
>
> I observed that sometimes a single node in a Cassandra cluster fails to communicate to
the other nodes. This can happen at any time, during peak load or low load. Restarting that
single node from the cluster fixes the issue.
> Before going in to details, I want to state that I have analyzed the situation and am
already developing a possible fix. Here is the analysis so far:
> - A Threaddump in this situation showed  324 Threads in the OutboundTcpConnection class
that want to lock the backlog queue for doing expiration.
> - A class histogram shows 262508 instances of OutboundTcpConnection$QueuedMessage.
> What is the effect of it? As soon as the Cassandra node has reached a certain amount
of queued messages, it starts thrashing itself to death. Each of the Thread fully locks the
Queue for reading and writing by calling iterator.next(), making the situation worse and worse.
> - Writing: Only after 262508 locking operation it can progress with actually writing
to the Queue.
> - Reading: Is also blocked, as 324 Threads try to do iterator.next(), and fully lock
the Queue
> This means: Writing blocks the Queue for reading, and readers might even be starved which
makes the situation even worse.
> -----
> The setup is:
>  - 3-node cluster
>  - replication factor 2
>  - Consistency LOCAL_ONE
>  - No remote DC's
>  - high write throughput (100000 INSERT statements per second and more during peak times).
>  



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