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From "Ben Bromhead (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Updated] (CASSANDRA-11471) Add SASL mechanism negotiation to the native protocol
Date Tue, 13 Dec 2016 18:23:58 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CASSANDRA-11471?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel
]

Ben Bromhead updated CASSANDRA-11471:
-------------------------------------
    Attachment: CASSANDRA-11471

First cut of support for SASL negotiation in V4 for comment. 

The Authenticate message returns a comma seperated list of SASL mechanisms supported by the
IAuthenticator class. Backwards compatible with V3 (returns classname instead).

Currently does not support detection of downgrade attacks as there is no integrity mechanisms.
I think it's sufficient to rely on SSL for this.

Currently up to the IAuthenticator implementation to handle client selection of SASL mechanism
(should be in the first response from client).

I have not updated CQL spec in this patch either. 

> Add SASL mechanism negotiation to the native protocol
> -----------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: CASSANDRA-11471
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CASSANDRA-11471
>             Project: Cassandra
>          Issue Type: Sub-task
>          Components: CQL
>            Reporter: Sam Tunnicliffe
>              Labels: client-impacting
>         Attachments: CASSANDRA-11471
>
>
> Introducing an additional message exchange into the authentication sequence would allow
us to support multiple authentication schemes and [negotiation of SASL mechanisms|https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4422#section-3.2].

> The current {{AUTHENTICATE}} message sent from Client to Server includes the java classname
of the configured {{IAuthenticator}}. This could be superceded by a new message which lists
the SASL mechanisms supported by the server. The client would then respond with a new message
which indicates it's choice of mechanism.  This would allow the server to support multiple
mechanisms, for example enabling both {{PLAIN}} for username/password authentication and {{EXTERNAL}}
for a mechanism for extracting credentials from SSL certificates\* (see the example in [RFC-4422|https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4422#appendix-A]).
Furthermore, the server could tailor the list of supported mechanisms on a per-connection
basis, e.g. only offering certificate based auth to encrypted clients. 
> The client's response should include the selected mechanism and any initial response
data. This is mechanism-specific; the {{PLAIN}} mechanism consists of a single round in which
the client sends encoded credentials as the initial response data and the server response
indicates either success or failure with no futher challenges required.
> From a protocol perspective, after the mechanism negotiation the exchange would continue
as in protocol v4, with one or more rounds of {{AUTH_CHALLENGE}} and {{AUTH_RESPONSE}} messages,
terminated by an {{AUTH_SUCCESS}} sent from Server to Client upon successful authentication
or an {{ERROR}} on auth failure. 
> XMPP performs mechanism negotiation in this way, [RFC-3920|http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3920#section-6]
includes a good overview.
> \* Note: this would require some a priori agreement between client and server over the
implementation of the {{EXTERNAL}} mechanism.



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