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From "Sam Tunnicliffe (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (CASSANDRA-12796) Heap exhaustion when rebuilding secondary index over a table with wide partitions
Date Mon, 07 Nov 2016 16:25:58 GMT


Sam Tunnicliffe commented on CASSANDRA-12796:

b.q. I would like to know if this patch can be brought into Cassandra 3.0.x or are there other
solutions to deal with large partitions with secondary indexes?

There aren't I'm afraid, so if you could post your patches for 2.2 & 3.0 I'll make sure
they get reviewed (I shouldn't think a separate patch for trunk will be necessary).

> Heap exhaustion when rebuilding secondary index over a table with wide partitions
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: CASSANDRA-12796
>                 URL:
>             Project: Cassandra
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Core
>            Reporter: Milan Majercik
>            Priority: Critical
> We have a table with rather wide partition and a secondary index defined over it. As
soon as we try to rebuild the index we observed exhaustion of Java heap and eventual OOM error.
After a lengthy investigation we have managed to find a culprit which appears to be a wrong
granule of barrier issuances in method {{org.apache.cassandra.db.Keyspace.indexRow}}:
> {code}
>         try (OpOrder.Group opGroup = cfs.keyspace.writeOrder.start()){html}
>         {
>             Set<SecondaryIndex> indexes = cfs.indexManager.getIndexesByNames(idxNames);
>             Iterator<ColumnFamily> pager = QueryPagers.pageRowLocally(cfs, key.getKey(),
>             while (pager.hasNext())
>             {
>                 ColumnFamily cf =;
>                 ColumnFamily cf2 = cf.cloneMeShallow();
>                 for (Cell cell : cf)
>                 {
>                     if (cfs.indexManager.indexes(, indexes))
>                         cf2.addColumn(cell);
>                 }
>                 cfs.indexManager.indexRow(key.getKey(), cf2, opGroup);
>             }
>         }
> {code}
> Please note the operation group granule is a partition of the source table which poses
a problem for wide partition tables as flush runnable ({{}})
won't proceed with flushing secondary index memtable before completing operations prior recent
issue of the barrier. In our situation the flush runnable waits until whole wide partition
gets indexed into the secondary index memtable before flushing it. This causes an exhaustion
of the heap and eventual OOM error.
> After we changed granule of barrier issue in method {{org.apache.cassandra.db.Keyspace.indexRow}}
to query page as opposed to table partition secondary index (see []),
rebuild started to work without heap exhaustion. 

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