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From "Stefania (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (CASSANDRA-8630) Faster sequential IO (on compaction, streaming, etc)
Date Wed, 02 Sep 2015 02:52:48 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CASSANDRA-8630?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=14726651#comment-14726651
] 

Stefania commented on CASSANDRA-8630:
-------------------------------------

The latest cperf test has completed. These are the read results of the last two runs:

http://cstar.datastax.com/graph?stats=25b50e7c-5090-11e5-a17a-42010af0688f&metric=op_rate&operation=2_read&smoothing=1&show_aggregates=true&xmin=0&xmax=145.42&ymin=0&ymax=157588.2

http://cstar.datastax.com/graph?stats=0000ebe0-510f-11e5-a17a-42010af0688f&metric=op_rate&operation=2_read&smoothing=1&show_aggregates=true&xmin=0&xmax=140.91&ymin=0&ymax=155889.8

In the second run, performance is definitely the same as 3.0. Node that 8630 before suggestions
is not rebased. 


> Faster sequential IO (on compaction, streaming, etc)
> ----------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: CASSANDRA-8630
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CASSANDRA-8630
>             Project: Cassandra
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: Core, Tools
>            Reporter: Oleg Anastasyev
>            Assignee: Stefania
>              Labels: compaction, performance
>             Fix For: 3.x
>
>         Attachments: 8630-FasterSequencialReadsAndWrites.txt, cpu_load.png, flight_recorder_001_files.tar.gz,
flight_recorder_002_files.tar.gz, mmaped_uncomp_hotspot.png
>
>
> When node is doing a lot of sequencial IO (streaming, compacting, etc) a lot of CPU is
lost in calls to RAF's int read() and DataOutputStream's write(int).
> This is because default implementations of readShort,readLong, etc as well as their matching
write* are implemented with numerous calls of byte by byte read and write. 
> This makes a lot of syscalls as well.
> A quick microbench shows than just reimplementation of these methods in either way gives
8x speed increase.
> A patch attached implements RandomAccessReader.read<Type> and SequencialWriter.write<Type>
methods in more efficient way.
> I also eliminated some extra byte copies in CompositeType.split and ColumnNameHelper.maxComponents,
which were on my profiler's hotspot method list during tests.
> A stress tests on my laptop show that this patch makes compaction 25-30% faster  on uncompressed
sstables and 15% faster for compressed ones.
> A deployment to production shows much less CPU load for compaction. 
> (I attached a cpu load graph from one of our production, orange is niced CPU load - i.e.
compaction; yellow is user - i.e. not compaction related tasks)



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