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From "Benedict (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (CASSANDRA-8630) Faster sequential IO (on compaction, streaming, etc)
Date Tue, 25 Aug 2015 09:03:48 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CASSANDRA-8630?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=14710938#comment-14710938
] 

Benedict commented on CASSANDRA-8630:
-------------------------------------

bq. Buffer sizes can vary with the statistics of the files

We could consider changing this for compaction readers, or at least for throttled readers
(which amount to the same thing). There's no reason not to read 64Kb at a time for compaction,
since we know we'll want all of the data.

> Faster sequential IO (on compaction, streaming, etc)
> ----------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: CASSANDRA-8630
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CASSANDRA-8630
>             Project: Cassandra
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: Core, Tools
>            Reporter: Oleg Anastasyev
>            Assignee: Stefania
>              Labels: compaction, performance
>             Fix For: 3.x
>
>         Attachments: 8630-FasterSequencialReadsAndWrites.txt, cpu_load.png, flight_recorder_001_files.tar.gz,
flight_recorder_002_files.tar.gz, mmaped_uncomp_hotspot.png
>
>
> When node is doing a lot of sequencial IO (streaming, compacting, etc) a lot of CPU is
lost in calls to RAF's int read() and DataOutputStream's write(int).
> This is because default implementations of readShort,readLong, etc as well as their matching
write* are implemented with numerous calls of byte by byte read and write. 
> This makes a lot of syscalls as well.
> A quick microbench shows than just reimplementation of these methods in either way gives
8x speed increase.
> A patch attached implements RandomAccessReader.read<Type> and SequencialWriter.write<Type>
methods in more efficient way.
> I also eliminated some extra byte copies in CompositeType.split and ColumnNameHelper.maxComponents,
which were on my profiler's hotspot method list during tests.
> A stress tests on my laptop show that this patch makes compaction 25-30% faster  on uncompressed
sstables and 15% faster for compressed ones.
> A deployment to production shows much less CPU load for compaction. 
> (I attached a cpu load graph from one of our production, orange is niced CPU load - i.e.
compaction; yellow is user - i.e. not compaction related tasks)



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