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From "sankalp kohli (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (CASSANDRA-4784) Create separate sstables for each token range handled by a node
Date Fri, 19 Oct 2012 17:32:12 GMT


sankalp kohli commented on CASSANDRA-4784:

The difference will be marginal and can be only the data in memtable that has not been flushed.
We can copy all the sstables which are present in the replica and keep a View of sstables
copied. If there is any addition/deletion of sstables in the mean while, we can so another
So the diff will only be the content in memtable. So we can run a repair like we do today
after a bootstrap. 
The main advantage will be speed of recovery for a node specially with lots of data. Currently
it is bound by application. Also the node serving the data will not have to do any work in
the application.
Another small benefit is that you will not create objects in JVMs while transferring data.

> Create separate sstables for each token range handled by a node
> ---------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: CASSANDRA-4784
>                 URL:
>             Project: Cassandra
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: Core
>            Reporter: sankalp kohli
>            Priority: Minor
>              Labels: perfomance
> Currently, each sstable has data for all the ranges that node is handling. If we change
that and rather have separate sstables for each range that node is handling, it can lead to
some improvements.
> Improvements
> 1) Node rebuild will be very fast as sstables can be directly copied over to the bootstrapping
node. It will minimize any application level logic. We can directly use Linux native methods
to transfer sstables without using CPU and putting less pressure on the serving node. I think
in theory it will be the fastest way to transfer data. 
> 2) Backup can only transfer sstables for a node which belong to its primary keyrange.

> 3) ETL process can only copy one replica of data and will be much faster. 
> Changes:
> We can split the writes into multiple memtables for each range it is handling. The sstables
being flushed from these can have details of which range of data it is handling.
> There will be no change I think for any reads as they work with interleaved data anyway.
But may be we can improve there as well? 
> Complexities:
> The change does not look very complicated. I am not taking into account how it will work
when ranges are being changed for nodes. 
> Vnodes might make this work more complicated. We can also have a bit on each sstable
which says whether it is primary data or not. 

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