bval-commits mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From strub...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1766445 [2/3] - in /bval/trunk: ./ bundle/ bval-core/ bval-core/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/ bval-core/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/model/ bval-core/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/util/ bval-core/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/util/reflec...
Date Mon, 24 Oct 2016 21:02:02 GMT
Added: bval/trunk/bval-core/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/util/reflection/TypeUtils.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-core/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/util/reflection/TypeUtils.java?rev=1766445&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-core/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/util/reflection/TypeUtils.java (added)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-core/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/util/reflection/TypeUtils.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -0,0 +1,1603 @@
+/*
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
+ * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
+ * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
+ * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
+ * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
+ * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.bval.util.reflection;
+
+import java.lang.reflect.Array;
+import java.lang.reflect.GenericArrayType;
+import java.lang.reflect.ParameterizedType;
+import java.lang.reflect.Type;
+import java.lang.reflect.TypeVariable;
+import java.lang.reflect.WildcardType;
+import java.util.Arrays;
+import java.util.Collections;
+import java.util.HashMap;
+import java.util.HashSet;
+import java.util.List;
+import java.util.Map;
+import java.util.Set;
+
+import org.apache.bval.util.Validate;
+
+/**
+ * Taken from commons-lang3.
+ *
+ * <p> Utility methods focusing on type inspection, particularly with regard to
+ * generics. </p>
+ *
+ * @since 3.0
+ */
+public class TypeUtils {
+
+    /**
+     * {@link WildcardType} builder.
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    public static class WildcardTypeBuilder {
+        /**
+         * Constructor
+         */
+        private WildcardTypeBuilder() {
+        }
+        
+        private Type[] upperBounds;
+        private Type[] lowerBounds;
+
+        /**
+         * Specify upper bounds of the wildcard type to build.
+         * @param bounds to set
+         * @return {@code this}
+         */
+        public WildcardTypeBuilder withUpperBounds(final Type... bounds) {
+            this.upperBounds = bounds;
+            return this;
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * Specify lower bounds of the wildcard type to build.
+         * @param bounds to set
+         * @return {@code this}
+         */
+        public WildcardTypeBuilder withLowerBounds(final Type... bounds) {
+            this.lowerBounds = bounds;
+            return this;
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        public WildcardType build() {
+            return new WildcardTypeImpl(upperBounds, lowerBounds);
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * ParameterizedType implementation class.
+     * @since 3.2 
+     */
+    private static final class ParameterizedTypeImpl implements ParameterizedType {
+        private final Class<?> raw;
+        private final Type useOwner;
+        private final Type[] typeArguments;
+
+        /**
+         * Constructor
+         * @param raw type
+         * @param useOwner owner type to use, if any
+         * @param typeArguments formal type arguments
+         */
+        private ParameterizedTypeImpl(final Class<?> raw, final Type useOwner, final Type[] typeArguments) {
+            this.raw = raw;
+            this.useOwner = useOwner;
+            this.typeArguments = typeArguments.clone();
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        @Override
+        public Type getRawType() {
+            return raw;
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        @Override
+        public Type getOwnerType() {
+            return useOwner;
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        @Override
+        public Type[] getActualTypeArguments() {
+            return typeArguments.clone();
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        @Override
+        public String toString() {
+            return TypeUtils.toString(this);
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        @Override
+        public boolean equals(final Object obj) {
+            return obj == this || obj instanceof ParameterizedType && TypeUtils.equals(this, ((ParameterizedType) obj));
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        @SuppressWarnings( "deprecation" )  // ObjectUtils.hashCode(Object) has been deprecated in 3.2
+        @Override
+        public int hashCode() {
+            int result = 71 << 4;
+            result |= raw.hashCode();
+            result <<= 4;
+            result |= useOwner == null ? 0 : useOwner.hashCode();
+            result <<= 8;
+            result |= Arrays.hashCode(typeArguments);
+            return result;
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * WildcardType implementation class.
+     * @since 3.2 
+     */
+    private static final class WildcardTypeImpl implements WildcardType {
+        private static final Type[] EMPTY_BOUNDS = new Type[0];
+
+        private final Type[] upperBounds;
+        private final Type[] lowerBounds;
+
+        /**
+         * Constructor
+         * @param upperBounds of this type
+         * @param lowerBounds of this type
+         */
+        private WildcardTypeImpl(final Type[] upperBounds, final Type[] lowerBounds) {
+            this.upperBounds = upperBounds != null ? upperBounds : EMPTY_BOUNDS;
+            this.lowerBounds = lowerBounds != null ? lowerBounds : EMPTY_BOUNDS;
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        @Override
+        public Type[] getUpperBounds() {
+            return upperBounds.clone();
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        @Override
+        public Type[] getLowerBounds() {
+            return lowerBounds.clone();
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        @Override
+        public String toString() {
+            return TypeUtils.toString(this);
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        @Override
+        public boolean equals(final Object obj) {
+            return obj == this || obj instanceof WildcardType && TypeUtils.equals(this, (WildcardType) obj);
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * {@inheritDoc}
+         */
+        @Override
+        public int hashCode() {
+            int result = 73 << 8;
+            result |= Arrays.hashCode(upperBounds);
+            result <<= 8;
+            result |= Arrays.hashCode(lowerBounds);
+            return result;
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>{@code TypeUtils} instances should NOT be constructed in standard
+     * programming. Instead, the class should be used as
+     * {@code TypeUtils.isAssignable(cls, toClass)}.</p> <p>This
+     * constructor is public to permit tools that require a JavaBean instance to
+     * operate.</p>
+     */
+    private TypeUtils() {
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Checks if the subject type may be implicitly cast to the target type
+     * following the Java generics rules. If both types are {@link Class}
+     * objects, the method returns the result of
+     * {@link Class#isAssignableFrom(Class)}.</p>
+     *
+     * @param type the subject type to be assigned to the target type
+     * @param toType the target type
+     * @return {@code true} if {@code type} is assignable to {@code toType}.
+     */
+    public static boolean isAssignable(final Type type, final Type toType) {
+        return isAssignable(type, toType, null);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Checks if the subject type may be implicitly cast to the target type
+     * following the Java generics rules.</p>
+     *
+     * @param type the subject type to be assigned to the target type
+     * @param toType the target type
+     * @param typeVarAssigns optional map of type variable assignments
+     * @return {@code true} if {@code type} is assignable to {@code toType}.
+     */
+    private static boolean isAssignable(final Type type, final Type toType,
+            final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeVarAssigns) {
+        if (toType == null || toType instanceof Class<?>) {
+            return isAssignable(type, (Class<?>) toType);
+        }
+
+        if (toType instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+            return isAssignable(type, (ParameterizedType) toType, typeVarAssigns);
+        }
+
+        if (toType instanceof GenericArrayType) {
+            return isAssignable(type, (GenericArrayType) toType, typeVarAssigns);
+        }
+
+        if (toType instanceof WildcardType) {
+            return isAssignable(type, (WildcardType) toType, typeVarAssigns);
+        }
+
+        if (toType instanceof TypeVariable<?>) {
+            return isAssignable(type, (TypeVariable<?>) toType, typeVarAssigns);
+        }
+
+        throw new IllegalStateException("found an unhandled type: " + toType);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Checks if the subject type may be implicitly cast to the target class
+     * following the Java generics rules.</p>
+     *
+     * @param type the subject type to be assigned to the target type
+     * @param toClass the target class
+     * @return {@code true} if {@code type} is assignable to {@code toClass}.
+     */
+    private static boolean isAssignable(final Type type, final Class<?> toClass) {
+        if (type == null) {
+            // consistency with ClassUtils.isAssignable() behavior
+            return toClass == null || !toClass.isPrimitive();
+        }
+
+        // only a null type can be assigned to null type which
+        // would have cause the previous to return true
+        if (toClass == null) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        // all types are assignable to themselves
+        if (toClass.equals(type)) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof Class<?>) {
+            // just comparing two classes
+            // also take primitives into account!
+            return isAssignable((Class<?>) type, toClass);
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+            // only have to compare the raw type to the class
+            return isAssignable(getRawType((ParameterizedType) type), toClass);
+        }
+
+        // *
+        if (type instanceof TypeVariable<?>) {
+            // if any of the bounds are assignable to the class, then the
+            // type is assignable to the class.
+            for (final Type bound : ((TypeVariable<?>) type).getBounds()) {
+                if (isAssignable(bound, toClass)) {
+                    return true;
+                }
+            }
+
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        // the only classes to which a generic array type can be assigned
+        // are class Object and array classes
+        if (type instanceof GenericArrayType) {
+            return toClass.equals(Object.class)
+                    || toClass.isArray()
+                    && isAssignable(((GenericArrayType) type).getGenericComponentType(), toClass
+                            .getComponentType());
+        }
+
+        // wildcard types are not assignable to a class (though one would think
+        // "? super Object" would be assignable to Object)
+        if (type instanceof WildcardType) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        throw new IllegalStateException("found an unhandled type: " + type);
+    }
+
+    private static boolean isAssignable(Class<?> cls, final Class<?> toClass) {
+        if (toClass == null) {
+            return false;
+        }
+        // have to check for null, as isAssignableFrom doesn't
+        if (cls == null) {
+            return !toClass.isPrimitive();
+        }
+
+        if (cls.isPrimitive() && !toClass.isPrimitive()) {
+            cls = Reflection.primitiveToWrapper(cls);
+            if (cls == null) {
+                return false;
+            }
+        }
+        if (toClass.isPrimitive() && !cls.isPrimitive()) {
+            cls = Reflection.wrapperToPrimitive(cls);
+            if (cls == null) {
+                return false;
+            }
+        }
+        if (cls.equals(toClass)) {
+            return true;
+        }
+        if (cls.isPrimitive()) {
+            if (toClass.isPrimitive() == false) {
+                return false;
+            }
+            if (Integer.TYPE.equals(cls)) {
+                return Long.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Float.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Double.TYPE.equals(toClass);
+            }
+            if (Long.TYPE.equals(cls)) {
+                return Float.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Double.TYPE.equals(toClass);
+            }
+            if (Boolean.TYPE.equals(cls)) {
+                return false;
+            }
+            if (Double.TYPE.equals(cls)) {
+                return false;
+            }
+            if (Float.TYPE.equals(cls)) {
+                return Double.TYPE.equals(toClass);
+            }
+            if (Character.TYPE.equals(cls)) {
+                return Integer.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Long.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Float.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Double.TYPE.equals(toClass);
+            }
+            if (Short.TYPE.equals(cls)) {
+                return Integer.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Long.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Float.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Double.TYPE.equals(toClass);
+            }
+            if (Byte.TYPE.equals(cls)) {
+                return Short.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Integer.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Long.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Float.TYPE.equals(toClass)
+                        || Double.TYPE.equals(toClass);
+            }
+            // should never get here
+            return false;
+        }
+        return toClass.isAssignableFrom(cls);
+
+    }
+
+        /**
+         * <p>Checks if the subject type may be implicitly cast to the target
+         * parameterized type following the Java generics rules.</p>
+         *
+         * @param type the subject type to be assigned to the target type
+         * @param toParameterizedType the target parameterized type
+         * @param typeVarAssigns a map with type variables
+         * @return {@code true} if {@code type} is assignable to {@code toType}.
+         */
+    private static boolean isAssignable(final Type type, final ParameterizedType toParameterizedType,
+            final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeVarAssigns) {
+        if (type == null) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        // only a null type can be assigned to null type which
+        // would have cause the previous to return true
+        if (toParameterizedType == null) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        // all types are assignable to themselves
+        if (toParameterizedType.equals(type)) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        // get the target type's raw type
+        final Class<?> toClass = getRawType(toParameterizedType);
+        // get the subject type's type arguments including owner type arguments
+        // and supertype arguments up to and including the target class.
+        final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> fromTypeVarAssigns = getTypeArguments(type, toClass, null);
+
+        // null means the two types are not compatible
+        if (fromTypeVarAssigns == null) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        // compatible types, but there's no type arguments. this is equivalent
+        // to comparing Map< ?, ? > to Map, and raw types are always assignable
+        // to parameterized types.
+        if (fromTypeVarAssigns.isEmpty()) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        // get the target type's type arguments including owner type arguments
+        final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> toTypeVarAssigns = getTypeArguments(toParameterizedType,
+                toClass, typeVarAssigns);
+
+        // now to check each type argument
+        for (final TypeVariable<?> var : toTypeVarAssigns.keySet()) {
+            final Type toTypeArg = unrollVariableAssignments(var, toTypeVarAssigns);
+            final Type fromTypeArg = unrollVariableAssignments(var, fromTypeVarAssigns);
+
+            if (toTypeArg == null && fromTypeArg instanceof Class) {
+                continue;
+            }
+
+            // parameters must either be absent from the subject type, within
+            // the bounds of the wildcard type, or be an exact match to the
+            // parameters of the target type.
+            if (fromTypeArg != null
+                    && !toTypeArg.equals(fromTypeArg)
+                    && !(toTypeArg instanceof WildcardType && isAssignable(fromTypeArg, toTypeArg,
+                            typeVarAssigns))) {
+                return false;
+            }
+        }
+        return true;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Look up {@code var} in {@code typeVarAssigns} <em>transitively</em>,
+     * i.e. keep looking until the value found is <em>not</em> a type variable.
+     * @param var the type variable to look up
+     * @param typeVarAssigns the map used for the look up
+     * @return Type or {@code null} if some variable was not in the map
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static Type unrollVariableAssignments(TypeVariable<?> var, final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeVarAssigns) {
+        Type result;
+        do {
+            result = typeVarAssigns.get(var);
+            if (result instanceof TypeVariable<?> && !result.equals(var)) {
+                var = (TypeVariable<?>) result;
+                continue;
+            }
+            break;
+        } while (true);
+        return result;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Checks if the subject type may be implicitly cast to the target
+     * generic array type following the Java generics rules.</p>
+     *
+     * @param type the subject type to be assigned to the target type
+     * @param toGenericArrayType the target generic array type
+     * @param typeVarAssigns a map with type variables
+     * @return {@code true} if {@code type} is assignable to
+     * {@code toGenericArrayType}.
+     */
+    private static boolean isAssignable(final Type type, final GenericArrayType toGenericArrayType,
+            final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeVarAssigns) {
+        if (type == null) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        // only a null type can be assigned to null type which
+        // would have cause the previous to return true
+        if (toGenericArrayType == null) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        // all types are assignable to themselves
+        if (toGenericArrayType.equals(type)) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        final Type toComponentType = toGenericArrayType.getGenericComponentType();
+
+        if (type instanceof Class<?>) {
+            final Class<?> cls = (Class<?>) type;
+
+            // compare the component types
+            return cls.isArray()
+                    && isAssignable(cls.getComponentType(), toComponentType, typeVarAssigns);
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof GenericArrayType) {
+            // compare the component types
+            return isAssignable(((GenericArrayType) type).getGenericComponentType(),
+                    toComponentType, typeVarAssigns);
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof WildcardType) {
+            // so long as one of the upper bounds is assignable, it's good
+            for (final Type bound : getImplicitUpperBounds((WildcardType) type)) {
+                if (isAssignable(bound, toGenericArrayType)) {
+                    return true;
+                }
+            }
+
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof TypeVariable<?>) {
+            // probably should remove the following logic and just return false.
+            // type variables cannot specify arrays as bounds.
+            for (final Type bound : getImplicitBounds((TypeVariable<?>) type)) {
+                if (isAssignable(bound, toGenericArrayType)) {
+                    return true;
+                }
+            }
+
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+            // the raw type of a parameterized type is never an array or
+            // generic array, otherwise the declaration would look like this:
+            // Collection[]< ? extends String > collection;
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        throw new IllegalStateException("found an unhandled type: " + type);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Checks if the subject type may be implicitly cast to the target
+     * wildcard type following the Java generics rules.</p>
+     *
+     * @param type the subject type to be assigned to the target type
+     * @param toWildcardType the target wildcard type
+     * @param typeVarAssigns a map with type variables
+     * @return {@code true} if {@code type} is assignable to
+     * {@code toWildcardType}.
+     */
+    private static boolean isAssignable(final Type type, final WildcardType toWildcardType,
+            final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeVarAssigns) {
+        if (type == null) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        // only a null type can be assigned to null type which
+        // would have cause the previous to return true
+        if (toWildcardType == null) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        // all types are assignable to themselves
+        if (toWildcardType.equals(type)) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        final Type[] toUpperBounds = getImplicitUpperBounds(toWildcardType);
+        final Type[] toLowerBounds = getImplicitLowerBounds(toWildcardType);
+
+        if (type instanceof WildcardType) {
+            final WildcardType wildcardType = (WildcardType) type;
+            final Type[] upperBounds = getImplicitUpperBounds(wildcardType);
+            final Type[] lowerBounds = getImplicitLowerBounds(wildcardType);
+
+            for (Type toBound : toUpperBounds) {
+                // if there are assignments for unresolved type variables,
+                // now's the time to substitute them.
+                toBound = substituteTypeVariables(toBound, typeVarAssigns);
+
+                // each upper bound of the subject type has to be assignable to
+                // each
+                // upper bound of the target type
+                for (final Type bound : upperBounds) {
+                    if (!isAssignable(bound, toBound, typeVarAssigns)) {
+                        return false;
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+
+            for (Type toBound : toLowerBounds) {
+                // if there are assignments for unresolved type variables,
+                // now's the time to substitute them.
+                toBound = substituteTypeVariables(toBound, typeVarAssigns);
+
+                // each lower bound of the target type has to be assignable to
+                // each
+                // lower bound of the subject type
+                for (final Type bound : lowerBounds) {
+                    if (!isAssignable(toBound, bound, typeVarAssigns)) {
+                        return false;
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        for (final Type toBound : toUpperBounds) {
+            // if there are assignments for unresolved type variables,
+            // now's the time to substitute them.
+            if (!isAssignable(type, substituteTypeVariables(toBound, typeVarAssigns),
+                    typeVarAssigns)) {
+                return false;
+            }
+        }
+
+        for (final Type toBound : toLowerBounds) {
+            // if there are assignments for unresolved type variables,
+            // now's the time to substitute them.
+            if (!isAssignable(substituteTypeVariables(toBound, typeVarAssigns), type,
+                    typeVarAssigns)) {
+                return false;
+            }
+        }
+        return true;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Checks if the subject type may be implicitly cast to the target type
+     * variable following the Java generics rules.</p>
+     *
+     * @param type the subject type to be assigned to the target type
+     * @param toTypeVariable the target type variable
+     * @param typeVarAssigns a map with type variables
+     * @return {@code true} if {@code type} is assignable to
+     * {@code toTypeVariable}.
+     */
+    private static boolean isAssignable(final Type type, final TypeVariable<?> toTypeVariable,
+            final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeVarAssigns) {
+        if (type == null) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        // only a null type can be assigned to null type which
+        // would have cause the previous to return true
+        if (toTypeVariable == null) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        // all types are assignable to themselves
+        if (toTypeVariable.equals(type)) {
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof TypeVariable<?>) {
+            // a type variable is assignable to another type variable, if
+            // and only if the former is the latter, extends the latter, or
+            // is otherwise a descendant of the latter.
+            final Type[] bounds = getImplicitBounds((TypeVariable<?>) type);
+
+            for (final Type bound : bounds) {
+                if (isAssignable(bound, toTypeVariable, typeVarAssigns)) {
+                    return true;
+                }
+            }
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof Class<?> || type instanceof ParameterizedType
+                || type instanceof GenericArrayType || type instanceof WildcardType) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        throw new IllegalStateException("found an unhandled type: " + type);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Find the mapping for {@code type} in {@code typeVarAssigns}.</p>
+     *
+     * @param type the type to be replaced
+     * @param typeVarAssigns the map with type variables
+     * @return the replaced type
+     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the type cannot be substituted
+     */
+    private static Type substituteTypeVariables(final Type type, final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeVarAssigns) {
+        if (type instanceof TypeVariable<?> && typeVarAssigns != null) {
+            final Type replacementType = typeVarAssigns.get(type);
+
+            if (replacementType == null) {
+                throw new IllegalArgumentException("missing assignment type for type variable "
+                        + type);
+            }
+            return replacementType;
+        }
+        return type;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Retrieves all the type arguments for this parameterized type
+     * including owner hierarchy arguments such as
+     * {@code Outer<K,V>.Inner<T>.DeepInner<E>} .
+     * The arguments are returned in a
+     * {@link Map} specifying the argument type for each {@link TypeVariable}.
+     * </p>
+     *
+     * @param type specifies the subject parameterized type from which to
+     *             harvest the parameters.
+     * @return a {@code Map} of the type arguments to their respective type
+     * variables.
+     */
+    public static Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> getTypeArguments(final ParameterizedType type) {
+        return getTypeArguments(type, getRawType(type), null);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Gets the type arguments of a class/interface based on a subtype. For
+     * instance, this method will determine that both of the parameters for the
+     * interface {@link Map} are {@link Object} for the subtype
+     * {@link java.util.Properties Properties} even though the subtype does not
+     * directly implement the {@code Map} interface.</p>
+     * <p>This method returns {@code null} if {@code type} is not assignable to
+     * {@code toClass}. It returns an empty map if none of the classes or
+     * interfaces in its inheritance hierarchy specify any type arguments.</p>
+     * <p>A side effect of this method is that it also retrieves the type
+     * arguments for the classes and interfaces that are part of the hierarchy
+     * between {@code type} and {@code toClass}. So with the above
+     * example, this method will also determine that the type arguments for
+     * {@link java.util.Hashtable Hashtable} are also both {@code Object}.
+     * In cases where the interface specified by {@code toClass} is
+     * (indirectly) implemented more than once (e.g. where {@code toClass}
+     * specifies the interface {@link Iterable Iterable} and
+     * {@code type} specifies a parameterized type that implements both
+     * {@link Set Set} and {@link java.util.Collection Collection}),
+     * this method will look at the inheritance hierarchy of only one of the
+     * implementations/subclasses; the first interface encountered that isn't a
+     * subinterface to one of the others in the {@code type} to
+     * {@code toClass} hierarchy.</p>
+     *
+     * @param type the type from which to determine the type parameters of
+     * {@code toClass}
+     * @param toClass the class whose type parameters are to be determined based
+     * on the subtype {@code type}
+     * @return a {@code Map} of the type assignments for the type variables in
+     * each type in the inheritance hierarchy from {@code type} to
+     * {@code toClass} inclusive.
+     */
+    public static Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> getTypeArguments(final Type type, final Class<?> toClass) {
+        return getTypeArguments(type, toClass, null);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Return a map of the type arguments of @{code type} in the context of {@code toClass}.</p>
+     *
+     * @param type the type in question
+     * @param toClass the class
+     * @param subtypeVarAssigns a map with type variables
+     * @return the {@code Map} with type arguments
+     */
+    private static Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> getTypeArguments(final Type type, final Class<?> toClass,
+            final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> subtypeVarAssigns) {
+        if (type instanceof Class<?>) {
+            return getTypeArguments((Class<?>) type, toClass, subtypeVarAssigns);
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+            return getTypeArguments((ParameterizedType) type, toClass, subtypeVarAssigns);
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof GenericArrayType) {
+            return getTypeArguments(((GenericArrayType) type).getGenericComponentType(), toClass
+                    .isArray() ? toClass.getComponentType() : toClass, subtypeVarAssigns);
+        }
+
+        // since wildcard types are not assignable to classes, should this just
+        // return null?
+        if (type instanceof WildcardType) {
+            for (final Type bound : getImplicitUpperBounds((WildcardType) type)) {
+                // find the first bound that is assignable to the target class
+                if (isAssignable(bound, toClass)) {
+                    return getTypeArguments(bound, toClass, subtypeVarAssigns);
+                }
+            }
+
+            return null;
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof TypeVariable<?>) {
+            for (final Type bound : getImplicitBounds((TypeVariable<?>) type)) {
+                // find the first bound that is assignable to the target class
+                if (isAssignable(bound, toClass)) {
+                    return getTypeArguments(bound, toClass, subtypeVarAssigns);
+                }
+            }
+
+            return null;
+        }
+        throw new IllegalStateException("found an unhandled type: " + type);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Return a map of the type arguments of a parameterized type in the context of {@code toClass}.</p>
+     *
+     * @param parameterizedType the parameterized type
+     * @param toClass the class
+     * @param subtypeVarAssigns a map with type variables
+     * @return the {@code Map} with type arguments
+     */
+    private static Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> getTypeArguments(
+            final ParameterizedType parameterizedType, final Class<?> toClass,
+            final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> subtypeVarAssigns) {
+        final Class<?> cls = getRawType(parameterizedType);
+
+        // make sure they're assignable
+        if (!isAssignable(cls, toClass)) {
+            return null;
+        }
+
+        final Type ownerType = parameterizedType.getOwnerType();
+        Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeVarAssigns;
+
+        if (ownerType instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+            // get the owner type arguments first
+            final ParameterizedType parameterizedOwnerType = (ParameterizedType) ownerType;
+            typeVarAssigns = getTypeArguments(parameterizedOwnerType,
+                    getRawType(parameterizedOwnerType), subtypeVarAssigns);
+        } else {
+            // no owner, prep the type variable assignments map
+            typeVarAssigns = subtypeVarAssigns == null ? new HashMap<TypeVariable<?>, Type>()
+                    : new HashMap<TypeVariable<?>, Type>(subtypeVarAssigns);
+        }
+
+        // get the subject parameterized type's arguments
+        final Type[] typeArgs = parameterizedType.getActualTypeArguments();
+        // and get the corresponding type variables from the raw class
+        final TypeVariable<?>[] typeParams = cls.getTypeParameters();
+
+        // map the arguments to their respective type variables
+        for (int i = 0; i < typeParams.length; i++) {
+            final Type typeArg = typeArgs[i];
+            typeVarAssigns.put(typeParams[i], typeVarAssigns.containsKey(typeArg) ? typeVarAssigns
+                    .get(typeArg) : typeArg);
+        }
+
+        if (toClass.equals(cls)) {
+            // target class has been reached. Done.
+            return typeVarAssigns;
+        }
+
+        // walk the inheritance hierarchy until the target class is reached
+        return getTypeArguments(getClosestParentType(cls, toClass), toClass, typeVarAssigns);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Return a map of the type arguments of a class in the context of @{code toClass}.</p>
+     *
+     * @param cls the class in question
+     * @param toClass the context class
+     * @param subtypeVarAssigns a map with type variables
+     * @return the {@code Map} with type arguments
+     */
+    private static Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> getTypeArguments(Class<?> cls, final Class<?> toClass,
+            final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> subtypeVarAssigns) {
+        // make sure they're assignable
+        if (!isAssignable(cls, toClass)) {
+            return null;
+        }
+
+        // can't work with primitives
+        if (cls.isPrimitive()) {
+            // both classes are primitives?
+            if (toClass.isPrimitive()) {
+                // dealing with widening here. No type arguments to be
+                // harvested with these two types.
+                return new HashMap<TypeVariable<?>, Type>();
+            }
+
+            // work with wrapper the wrapper class instead of the primitive
+            cls = Reflection.primitiveToWrapper(cls);
+        }
+
+        // create a copy of the incoming map, or an empty one if it's null
+        final HashMap<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeVarAssigns = subtypeVarAssigns == null ? new HashMap<TypeVariable<?>, Type>()
+                : new HashMap<TypeVariable<?>, Type>(subtypeVarAssigns);
+
+        // has target class been reached?
+        if (toClass.equals(cls)) {
+            return typeVarAssigns;
+        }
+
+        // walk the inheritance hierarchy until the target class is reached
+        return getTypeArguments(getClosestParentType(cls, toClass), toClass, typeVarAssigns);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Get the closest parent type to the
+     * super class specified by {@code superClass}.</p>
+     *
+     * @param cls the class in question
+     * @param superClass the super class
+     * @return the closes parent type
+     */
+    private static Type getClosestParentType(final Class<?> cls, final Class<?> superClass) {
+        // only look at the interfaces if the super class is also an interface
+        if (superClass.isInterface()) {
+            // get the generic interfaces of the subject class
+            final Type[] interfaceTypes = cls.getGenericInterfaces();
+            // will hold the best generic interface match found
+            Type genericInterface = null;
+
+            // find the interface closest to the super class
+            for (final Type midType : interfaceTypes) {
+                Class<?> midClass = null;
+
+                if (midType instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+                    midClass = getRawType((ParameterizedType) midType);
+                } else if (midType instanceof Class<?>) {
+                    midClass = (Class<?>) midType;
+                } else {
+                    throw new IllegalStateException("Unexpected generic"
+                            + " interface type found: " + midType);
+                }
+
+                // check if this interface is further up the inheritance chain
+                // than the previously found match
+                if (isAssignable(midClass, superClass)
+                        && isAssignable(genericInterface, (Type) midClass)) {
+                    genericInterface = midType;
+                }
+            }
+
+            // found a match?
+            if (genericInterface != null) {
+                return genericInterface;
+            }
+        }
+
+        // none of the interfaces were descendants of the target class, so the
+        // super class has to be one, instead
+        return cls.getGenericSuperclass();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Checks if the given value can be assigned to the target type
+     * following the Java generics rules.</p>
+     *
+     * @param value the value to be checked
+     * @param type the target type
+     * @return {@code true} if {@code value} is an instance of {@code type}.
+     */
+    public static boolean isInstance(final Object value, final Type type) {
+        if (type == null) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        return value == null ? !(type instanceof Class<?>) || !((Class<?>) type).isPrimitive()
+                : isAssignable(value.getClass(), type, null);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>This method strips out the redundant upper bound types in type
+     * variable types and wildcard types (or it would with wildcard types if
+     * multiple upper bounds were allowed).</p> <p>Example, with the variable
+     * type declaration:
+     *
+     * <pre>&lt;K extends java.util.Collection&lt;String&gt; &amp;
+     * java.util.List&lt;String&gt;&gt;</pre>
+     *
+     * <p>
+     * since {@code List} is a subinterface of {@code Collection},
+     * this method will return the bounds as if the declaration had been:
+     * </p>
+     *
+     * <pre>&lt;K extends java.util.List&lt;String&gt;&gt;</pre>
+     *
+     * @param bounds an array of types representing the upper bounds of either
+     * {@link WildcardType} or {@link TypeVariable}, not {@code null}.
+     * @return an array containing the values from {@code bounds} minus the
+     * redundant types.
+     */
+    public static Type[] normalizeUpperBounds(final Type[] bounds) {
+        Validate.notNull(bounds, "null value specified for bounds array");
+        // don't bother if there's only one (or none) type
+        if (bounds.length < 2) {
+            return bounds;
+        }
+
+        final Set<Type> types = new HashSet<Type>(bounds.length);
+
+        for (final Type type1 : bounds) {
+            boolean subtypeFound = false;
+
+            for (final Type type2 : bounds) {
+                if (type1 != type2 && isAssignable(type2, type1, null)) {
+                    subtypeFound = true;
+                    break;
+                }
+            }
+
+            if (!subtypeFound) {
+                types.add(type1);
+            }
+        }
+
+        return types.toArray(new Type[types.size()]);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Returns an array containing the sole type of {@link Object} if
+     * {@link TypeVariable#getBounds()} returns an empty array. Otherwise, it
+     * returns the result of {@link TypeVariable#getBounds()} passed into
+     * {@link #normalizeUpperBounds}.</p>
+     *
+     * @param typeVariable the subject type variable, not {@code null}
+     * @return a non-empty array containing the bounds of the type variable.
+     */
+    public static Type[] getImplicitBounds(final TypeVariable<?> typeVariable) {
+        Validate.notNull(typeVariable, "typeVariable is null");
+        final Type[] bounds = typeVariable.getBounds();
+
+        return bounds.length == 0 ? new Type[] { Object.class } : normalizeUpperBounds(bounds);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Returns an array containing the sole value of {@link Object} if
+     * {@link WildcardType#getUpperBounds()} returns an empty array. Otherwise,
+     * it returns the result of {@link WildcardType#getUpperBounds()}
+     * passed into {@link #normalizeUpperBounds}.</p>
+     *
+     * @param wildcardType the subject wildcard type, not {@code null}
+     * @return a non-empty array containing the upper bounds of the wildcard
+     * type.
+     */
+    public static Type[] getImplicitUpperBounds(final WildcardType wildcardType) {
+        Validate.notNull(wildcardType, "wildcardType is null");
+        final Type[] bounds = wildcardType.getUpperBounds();
+
+        return bounds.length == 0 ? new Type[] { Object.class } : normalizeUpperBounds(bounds);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Returns an array containing a single value of {@code null} if
+     * {@link WildcardType#getLowerBounds()} returns an empty array. Otherwise,
+     * it returns the result of {@link WildcardType#getLowerBounds()}.</p>
+     *
+     * @param wildcardType the subject wildcard type, not {@code null}
+     * @return a non-empty array containing the lower bounds of the wildcard
+     * type.
+     */
+    public static Type[] getImplicitLowerBounds(final WildcardType wildcardType) {
+        Validate.notNull(wildcardType, "wildcardType is null");
+        final Type[] bounds = wildcardType.getLowerBounds();
+
+        return bounds.length == 0 ? new Type[] { null } : bounds;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Transforms the passed in type to a {@link Class} object. Type-checking method of convenience.</p>
+     *
+     * @param parameterizedType the type to be converted
+     * @return the corresponding {@code Class} object
+     * @throws IllegalStateException if the conversion fails
+     */
+    private static Class<?> getRawType(final ParameterizedType parameterizedType) {
+        final Type rawType = parameterizedType.getRawType();
+
+        // check if raw type is a Class object
+        // not currently necessary, but since the return type is Type instead of
+        // Class, there's enough reason to believe that future versions of Java
+        // may return other Type implementations. And type-safety checking is
+        // rarely a bad idea.
+        if (!(rawType instanceof Class<?>)) {
+            throw new IllegalStateException("Wait... What!? Type of rawType: " + rawType);
+        }
+
+        return (Class<?>) rawType;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * <p>Get the raw type of a Java type, given its context. Primarily for use
+     * with {@link TypeVariable}s and {@link GenericArrayType}s, or when you do
+     * not know the runtime type of {@code type}: if you know you have a
+     * {@link Class} instance, it is already raw; if you know you have a
+     * {@link ParameterizedType}, its raw type is only a method call away.</p>
+     *
+     * @param type to resolve
+     * @param assigningType type to be resolved against
+     * @return the resolved {@link Class} object or {@code null} if
+     * the type could not be resolved
+     */
+    public static Class<?> getRawType(final Type type, final Type assigningType) {
+        if (type instanceof Class<?>) {
+            // it is raw, no problem
+            return (Class<?>) type;
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+            // simple enough to get the raw type of a ParameterizedType
+            return getRawType((ParameterizedType) type);
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof TypeVariable<?>) {
+            if (assigningType == null) {
+                return null;
+            }
+
+            // get the entity declaring this type variable
+            final Object genericDeclaration = ((TypeVariable<?>) type).getGenericDeclaration();
+
+            // can't get the raw type of a method- or constructor-declared type
+            // variable
+            if (!(genericDeclaration instanceof Class<?>)) {
+                return null;
+            }
+
+            // get the type arguments for the declaring class/interface based
+            // on the enclosing type
+            final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeVarAssigns = getTypeArguments(assigningType,
+                    (Class<?>) genericDeclaration);
+
+            // enclosingType has to be a subclass (or subinterface) of the
+            // declaring type
+            if (typeVarAssigns == null) {
+                return null;
+            }
+
+            // get the argument assigned to this type variable
+            final Type typeArgument = typeVarAssigns.get(type);
+
+            if (typeArgument == null) {
+                return null;
+            }
+
+            // get the argument for this type variable
+            return getRawType(typeArgument, assigningType);
+        }
+
+        if (type instanceof GenericArrayType) {
+            // get raw component type
+            final Class<?> rawComponentType = getRawType(((GenericArrayType) type)
+                    .getGenericComponentType(), assigningType);
+
+            // create array type from raw component type and return its class
+            return Array.newInstance(rawComponentType, 0).getClass();
+        }
+
+        // (hand-waving) this is not the method you're looking for
+        if (type instanceof WildcardType) {
+            return null;
+        }
+
+        throw new IllegalArgumentException("unknown type: " + type);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Learn whether the specified type denotes an array type.
+     * @param type the type to be checked
+     * @return {@code true} if {@code type} is an array class or a {@link GenericArrayType}.
+     */
+    public static boolean isArrayType(final Type type) {
+        return type instanceof GenericArrayType || type instanceof Class<?> && ((Class<?>) type).isArray();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Get the array component type of {@code type}.
+     * @param type the type to be checked
+     * @return component type or null if type is not an array type
+     */
+    public static Type getArrayComponentType(final Type type) {
+        if (type instanceof Class<?>) {
+            final Class<?> clazz = (Class<?>) type;
+            return clazz.isArray() ? clazz.getComponentType() : null;
+        }
+        if (type instanceof GenericArrayType) {
+            return ((GenericArrayType) type).getGenericComponentType();
+        }
+        return null;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Get a type representing {@code type} with variable assignments "unrolled."
+     *
+     * @param typeArguments as from {@link TypeUtils#getTypeArguments(Type, Class)}
+     * @param type the type to unroll variable assignments for
+     * @return Type
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    public static Type unrollVariables(Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeArguments, final Type type) {
+        if (typeArguments == null) {
+            typeArguments = Collections.<TypeVariable<?>, Type> emptyMap();
+        }
+        if (containsTypeVariables(type)) {
+            if (type instanceof TypeVariable<?>) {
+                return unrollVariables(typeArguments, typeArguments.get(type));
+            }
+            if (type instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+                final ParameterizedType p = (ParameterizedType) type;
+                final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> parameterizedTypeArguments;
+                if (p.getOwnerType() == null) {
+                    parameterizedTypeArguments = typeArguments;
+                } else {
+                    parameterizedTypeArguments = new HashMap<TypeVariable<?>, Type>(typeArguments);
+                    parameterizedTypeArguments.putAll(TypeUtils.getTypeArguments(p));
+                }
+                final Type[] args = p.getActualTypeArguments();
+                for (int i = 0; i < args.length; i++) {
+                    final Type unrolled = unrollVariables(parameterizedTypeArguments, args[i]);
+                    if (unrolled != null) {
+                        args[i] = unrolled;
+                    }
+                }
+                return parameterizeWithOwner(p.getOwnerType(), (Class<?>) p.getRawType(), args);
+            }
+            if (type instanceof WildcardType) {
+                final WildcardType wild = (WildcardType) type;
+                return wildcardType().withUpperBounds(unrollBounds(typeArguments, wild.getUpperBounds()))
+                    .withLowerBounds(unrollBounds(typeArguments, wild.getLowerBounds())).build();
+            }
+        }
+        return type;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Local helper method to unroll variables in a type bounds array.
+     * 
+     * @param typeArguments assignments {@link Map}
+     * @param bounds in which to expand variables
+     * @return {@code bounds} with any variables reassigned
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static Type[] unrollBounds(final Map<TypeVariable<?>, Type> typeArguments, final Type[] bounds) {
+        Type[] result = bounds;
+        int i = 0;
+        for (; i < result.length; i++) {
+            final Type unrolled = unrollVariables(typeArguments, result[i]);
+            if (unrolled == null) {
+                List<Type> types = Arrays.asList(result);
+                types.remove(i--);
+                result = types.toArray(new Type[types.size()]);
+            } else {
+                result[i] = unrolled;
+            }
+        }
+        return result;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Learn, recursively, whether any of the type parameters associated with {@code type} are bound to variables.
+     *
+     * @param type the type to check for type variables
+     * @return boolean
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    public static boolean containsTypeVariables(final Type type) {
+        if (type instanceof TypeVariable<?>) {
+            return true;
+        }
+        if (type instanceof Class<?>) {
+            return ((Class<?>) type).getTypeParameters().length > 0;
+        }
+        if (type instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+            for (final Type arg : ((ParameterizedType) type).getActualTypeArguments()) {
+                if (containsTypeVariables(arg)) {
+                    return true;
+                }
+            }
+            return false;
+        }
+        if (type instanceof WildcardType) {
+            final WildcardType wild = (WildcardType) type;
+            return containsTypeVariables(TypeUtils.getImplicitLowerBounds(wild)[0])
+                || containsTypeVariables(TypeUtils.getImplicitUpperBounds(wild)[0]);
+        }
+        return false;
+    }
+
+
+    /**
+     * Create a parameterized type instance.
+     *
+     * @param owner the owning type
+     * @param raw the raw class to create a parameterized type instance for
+     * @param typeArguments the types used for parameterization
+     *
+     * @return {@link ParameterizedType}
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    public static final ParameterizedType parameterizeWithOwner(final Type owner, final Class<?> raw,
+        final Type... typeArguments) {
+        Validate.notNull(raw, "raw class is null");
+        final Type useOwner;
+        if (raw.getEnclosingClass() == null) {
+            Validate.isTrue(owner == null, "no owner allowed for top-level %s", raw);
+            useOwner = null;
+        } else if (owner == null) {
+            useOwner = raw.getEnclosingClass();
+        } else {
+            Validate.isTrue(TypeUtils.isAssignable(owner, raw.getEnclosingClass()),
+                "%s is invalid owner type for parameterized %s", owner, raw);
+            useOwner = owner;
+        }
+        Validate.isTrue(raw.getTypeParameters().length == typeArguments.length,
+            "invalid number of type parameters specified: expected %d, got %d", raw.getTypeParameters().length,
+            typeArguments.length);
+
+        return new ParameterizedTypeImpl(raw, useOwner, typeArguments);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Get a {@link WildcardTypeBuilder}.
+     * @return {@link WildcardTypeBuilder}
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    public static WildcardTypeBuilder wildcardType() {
+        return new WildcardTypeBuilder();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Check equality of types.
+     *
+     * @param t1 the first type
+     * @param t2 the second type
+     * @return boolean
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    @SuppressWarnings( "deprecation" )  // ObjectUtils.equals(Object, Object) has been deprecated in 3.2
+    public static boolean equals(final Type t1, final Type t2) {
+        if (t1 == t2) {
+            return true;
+        }
+        if (t1 == null || t2 == null) {
+            return false;
+        }
+
+        if (t1.equals(t2)) {
+            return true;
+        }
+        if (t1 instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+            return equals((ParameterizedType) t1, t2);
+        }
+        if (t1 instanceof GenericArrayType) {
+            return equals((GenericArrayType) t1, t2);
+        }
+        if (t1 instanceof WildcardType) {
+            return equals((WildcardType) t1, t2);
+        }
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Learn whether {@code t} equals {@code p}.
+     * @param p LHS
+     * @param t RHS
+     * @return boolean
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static boolean equals(final ParameterizedType p, final Type t) {
+        if (t instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+            final ParameterizedType other = (ParameterizedType) t;
+            if (equals(p.getRawType(), other.getRawType()) && equals(p.getOwnerType(), other.getOwnerType())) {
+                return equals(p.getActualTypeArguments(), other.getActualTypeArguments());
+            }
+        }
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Learn whether {@code t} equals {@code a}.
+     * @param a LHS
+     * @param t RHS
+     * @return boolean
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static boolean equals(final GenericArrayType a, final Type t) {
+        return t instanceof GenericArrayType
+            && equals(a.getGenericComponentType(), ((GenericArrayType) t).getGenericComponentType());
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Learn whether {@code t} equals {@code w}.
+     * @param w LHS
+     * @param t RHS
+     * @return boolean
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static boolean equals(final WildcardType w, final Type t) {
+        if (t instanceof WildcardType) {
+            final WildcardType other = (WildcardType) t;
+            return equals(getImplicitLowerBounds(w), getImplicitLowerBounds(other))
+                && equals(getImplicitUpperBounds(w), getImplicitUpperBounds(other));
+        }
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Learn whether {@code t1} equals {@code t2}.
+     * @param t1 LHS
+     * @param t2 RHS
+     * @return boolean
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static boolean equals(final Type[] t1, final Type[] t2) {
+        if (t1.length == t2.length) {
+            for (int i = 0; i < t1.length; i++) {
+                if (!equals(t1[i], t2[i])) {
+                    return false;
+                }
+            }
+            return true;
+        }
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Present a given type as a Java-esque String.
+     *
+     * @param type the type to create a String representation for, not {@code null}
+     * @return String
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    public static String toString(final Type type) {
+        Validate.notNull(type);
+        if (type instanceof Class<?>) {
+            return classToString((Class<?>) type);
+        }
+        if (type instanceof ParameterizedType) {
+            return parameterizedTypeToString((ParameterizedType) type);
+        }
+        if (type instanceof WildcardType) {
+            return wildcardTypeToString((WildcardType) type);
+        }
+        if (type instanceof TypeVariable<?>) {
+            return typeVariableToString((TypeVariable<?>) type);
+        }
+        if (type instanceof GenericArrayType) {
+            return genericArrayTypeToString((GenericArrayType) type);
+        }
+        throw new IllegalArgumentException(type.toString());
+    }
+
+
+    /**
+     * Format a {@link Class} as a {@link String}.
+     * @param c {@code Class} to format
+     * @return String
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static String classToString(final Class<?> c) {
+        final StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
+
+        if (c.getEnclosingClass() != null) {
+            buf.append(classToString(c.getEnclosingClass())).append('.').append(c.getSimpleName());
+        } else {
+            buf.append(c.getName());
+        }
+        if (c.getTypeParameters().length > 0) {
+            buf.append('<');
+            appendAllTo(buf, ", ", c.getTypeParameters());
+            buf.append('>');
+        }
+        return buf.toString();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Format a {@link TypeVariable} as a {@link String}.
+     * @param v {@code TypeVariable} to format
+     * @return String
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static String typeVariableToString(final TypeVariable<?> v) {
+        final StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder(v.getName());
+        final Type[] bounds = v.getBounds();
+        if (bounds.length > 0 && !(bounds.length == 1 && Object.class.equals(bounds[0]))) {
+            buf.append(" extends ");
+            appendAllTo(buf, " & ", v.getBounds());
+        }
+        return buf.toString();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Format a {@link ParameterizedType} as a {@link String}.
+     * @param p {@code ParameterizedType} to format
+     * @return String
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static String parameterizedTypeToString(final ParameterizedType p) {
+        final StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
+
+        final Type useOwner = p.getOwnerType();
+        final Class<?> raw = (Class<?>) p.getRawType();
+        final Type[] typeArguments = p.getActualTypeArguments();
+        if (useOwner == null) {
+            buf.append(raw.getName());
+        } else {
+            if (useOwner instanceof Class<?>) {
+                buf.append(((Class<?>) useOwner).getName());
+            } else {
+                buf.append(useOwner.toString());
+            }
+            buf.append('.').append(raw.getSimpleName());
+        }
+
+        appendAllTo(buf.append('<'), ", ", typeArguments).append('>');
+        return buf.toString();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Format a {@link WildcardType} as a {@link String}.
+     * @param w {@code WildcardType} to format
+     * @return String
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static String wildcardTypeToString(final WildcardType w) {
+        final StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder().append('?');
+        final Type[] lowerBounds = w.getLowerBounds();
+        final Type[] upperBounds = w.getUpperBounds();
+        if (lowerBounds.length > 1 || lowerBounds.length == 1 && lowerBounds[0] != null) {
+            appendAllTo(buf.append(" super "), " & ", lowerBounds);
+        } else if (upperBounds.length > 1 || upperBounds.length == 1 && !Object.class.equals(upperBounds[0])) {
+            appendAllTo(buf.append(" extends "), " & ", upperBounds);
+        }
+        return buf.toString();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Format a {@link GenericArrayType} as a {@link String}.
+     * @param g {@code GenericArrayType} to format
+     * @return String
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static String genericArrayTypeToString(final GenericArrayType g) {
+        return String.format("%s[]", toString(g.getGenericComponentType()));
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Append {@code types} to @{code buf} with separator {@code sep}.
+     * @param buf destination
+     * @param sep separator
+     * @param types to append
+     * @return {@code buf}
+     * @since 3.2
+     */
+    private static StringBuilder appendAllTo(final StringBuilder buf, final String sep, final Type... types) {
+        if (types.length > 0) {
+            buf.append(toString(types[0]));
+            for (int i = 1; i < types.length; i++) {
+                buf.append(sep).append(toString(types[i]));
+            }
+        }
+        return buf;
+    }
+
+}

Propchange: bval/trunk/bval-core/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/util/reflection/TypeUtils.java
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    svn:eol-style = native

Added: bval/trunk/bval-core/src/test/java/org/apache/bval/util/StringUtilsTest.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-core/src/test/java/org/apache/bval/util/StringUtilsTest.java?rev=1766445&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-core/src/test/java/org/apache/bval/util/StringUtilsTest.java (added)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-core/src/test/java/org/apache/bval/util/StringUtilsTest.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+/*
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
+ * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
+ * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
+ * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
+ * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
+ * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.bval.util;
+
+import org.junit.Assert;
+import org.junit.Test;
+
+public class StringUtilsTest {
+
+    @Test
+    public void testStringSplit() {
+        Assert.assertArrayEquals(new String[0], StringUtils.split(null));
+        Assert.assertArrayEquals(new String[0], StringUtils.split(""));
+        Assert.assertArrayEquals(new String[0], StringUtils.split("  "));
+        Assert.assertArrayEquals(new String[0], StringUtils.split("  \n  "));
+        Assert.assertArrayEquals(new String[]{"a", "bbb", "cccc"}, StringUtils.split(" a bbb cccc"));
+    }
+}

Propchange: bval/trunk/bval-core/src/test/java/org/apache/bval/util/StringUtilsTest.java
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    svn:eol-style = native

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/pom.xml
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/pom.xml?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/pom.xml (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/pom.xml Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -279,42 +279,6 @@
             </plugin>
             <plugin>
                 <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
-                <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
-                <configuration>
-                    <artifactSet>
-                        <includes>
-                            <include>org.apache.commons:commons-lang3</include>
-                        </includes>
-                    </artifactSet>
-                    <filters>
-                        <filter>
-                            <artifact>org.apache.commons:commons-lang3</artifact>
-                            <excludes>
-                                <exclude>META-INF/maven/**</exclude>
-                            </excludes>
-                        </filter>
-                    </filters>
-                    <relocations>
-                        <relocation>
-                            <pattern>org.apache.commons</pattern>
-                            <shadedPattern>org.apache.bval.jsr._oac</shadedPattern>
-                        </relocation>
-                    </relocations>
-                    <minimizeJar>true</minimizeJar>
-                    <promoteTransitiveDependencies>true</promoteTransitiveDependencies>
-                    <createSourcesJar>true</createSourcesJar>
-                    <shadeSourcesContent>true</shadeSourcesContent>
-                </configuration>
-                <executions>
-                    <execution>
-                        <goals>
-                            <goal>shade</goal>
-                        </goals>
-                    </execution>
-                </executions>
-            </plugin>
-            <plugin>
-                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                 <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
                 <configuration>
                     <includes>

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/cdi/BValExtension.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/cdi/BValExtension.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/cdi/BValExtension.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/cdi/BValExtension.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -42,7 +42,6 @@ import javax.validation.executable.Valid
 import javax.validation.metadata.BeanDescriptor;
 import javax.validation.metadata.MethodType;
 
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.Validate;
 
 import java.lang.reflect.Modifier;
 import java.lang.reflect.Type;
@@ -53,6 +52,8 @@ import java.util.Set;
 import java.util.logging.Level;
 import java.util.logging.Logger;
 
+import org.apache.bval.util.Validate;
+
 /**
  * CDI {@link Extension} for Apache BVal setup.
  */

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/AnnotationConstraintBuilder.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/AnnotationConstraintBuilder.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/AnnotationConstraintBuilder.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/AnnotationConstraintBuilder.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -21,8 +21,7 @@ package org.apache.bval.jsr;
 import org.apache.bval.jsr.groups.GroupsComputer;
 import org.apache.bval.jsr.xml.AnnotationProxyBuilder;
 import org.apache.bval.util.AccessStrategy;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ArrayUtils;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.reflect.TypeUtils;
+import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.TypeUtils;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privileged;
 
 import javax.validation.Constraint;
@@ -226,7 +225,7 @@ final class AnnotationConstraintBuilder<
             garr = null;
         }
 
-        if (ArrayUtils.isEmpty(garr)) {
+        if (garr == null || garr.length == 0) {
             garr = GroupsComputer.DEFAULT_GROUP;
         }
         constraintValidation.setGroups(garr);

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/AnnotationProcessor.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/AnnotationProcessor.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/AnnotationProcessor.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/AnnotationProcessor.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -22,8 +22,8 @@ import org.apache.bval.model.Features;
 import org.apache.bval.model.Meta;
 import org.apache.bval.model.MetaBean;
 import org.apache.bval.util.AccessStrategy;
+import org.apache.bval.util.ObjectUtils;
 import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.Reflection;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ArrayUtils;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing.CallTo;
 
@@ -175,13 +175,13 @@ public final class AnnotationProcessor {
             return false;
         }
         AccessStrategy[] strategies = prop.getFeature(Features.Property.REF_CASCADE);
-        if (ArrayUtils.contains(strategies, access)) {
+        if (ObjectUtils.arrayContains(strategies, access)) {
             return false;
         }
         if (strategies == null) {
             strategies = new AccessStrategy[] { access };
         } else {
-            strategies = ArrayUtils.add(strategies, access);
+            strategies = ObjectUtils.arrayAdd(strategies, access);
         }
         prop.putFeature(Features.Property.REF_CASCADE, strategies);
         return true;

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ApacheValidationProvider.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ApacheValidationProvider.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ApacheValidationProvider.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ApacheValidationProvider.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ import javax.validation.spi.BootstrapSta
 import javax.validation.spi.ConfigurationState;
 import javax.validation.spi.ValidationProvider;
 
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ClassUtils;
+import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.Reflection;
 
 /**
  * Description: Implementation of {@link ValidationProvider} for jsr
@@ -81,8 +81,7 @@ public class ApacheValidationProvider im
             if (validatorFactoryClassname == null) {
                 validatorFactoryClass = ApacheValidatorFactory.class;
             } else {
-                validatorFactoryClass =
-                    ClassUtils.getClass(validatorFactoryClassname).asSubclass(ValidatorFactory.class);
+                validatorFactoryClass = Reflection.toClass(validatorFactoryClassname).asSubclass(ValidatorFactory.class);
             }
         } catch (ValidationException ex) {
             throw ex;

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ApacheValidatorFactory.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ApacheValidatorFactory.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ApacheValidatorFactory.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ApacheValidatorFactory.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -27,14 +27,12 @@ import org.apache.bval.jsr.xml.Annotatio
 import org.apache.bval.jsr.xml.MetaConstraint;
 import org.apache.bval.jsr.xml.ValidationMappingParser;
 import org.apache.bval.util.AccessStrategy;
+import org.apache.bval.util.ObjectUtils;
+import org.apache.bval.util.StringUtils;
 import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.Reflection;
 import org.apache.bval.xml.XMLMetaBeanBuilder;
 import org.apache.bval.xml.XMLMetaBeanFactory;
 import org.apache.bval.xml.XMLMetaBeanManager;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ArrayUtils;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ClassUtils;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.reflect.ConstructorUtils;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privileged;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing.CallTo;
@@ -68,6 +66,7 @@ import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentMa
  */
 @Privilizing(@CallTo(Reflection.class))
 public class ApacheValidatorFactory implements ValidatorFactory, Cloneable {
+
     private static volatile ApacheValidatorFactory DEFAULT_FACTORY;
     private static final ConstraintDefaults DEFAULT_CONSTRAINTS = new ConstraintDefaults();
 
@@ -350,7 +349,7 @@ public class ApacheValidatorFactory impl
             return newInstance(type);
         }
         try {
-            final Class<?> cls = ClassUtils.getClass(type.getName() + "Impl");
+            final Class<?> cls = Reflection.toClass(type.getName() + "Impl");
             if (type.isAssignableFrom(cls)) {
                 @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                 T result = (T) newInstance(cls);
@@ -490,7 +489,7 @@ public class ApacheValidatorFactory impl
     }
 
     private static Class<?>[] safeArray(Class<?>... array) {
-        return ArrayUtils.isEmpty(array) ? ArrayUtils.EMPTY_CLASS_ARRAY : ArrayUtils.clone(array);
+        return array == null || array.length == 0 ? ObjectUtils. EMPTY_CLASS_ARRAY : array.clone();
     }
 
     /**
@@ -513,11 +512,11 @@ public class ApacheValidatorFactory impl
     @Privileged
     private <F extends MetaBeanFactory> F createMetaBeanFactory(final Class<F> cls) {
         try {
-            Constructor<F> c = ConstructorUtils.getMatchingAccessibleConstructor(cls, ApacheValidatorFactory.this.getClass());
+            Constructor<F> c = Reflection.getDeclaredConstructor(cls, ApacheValidatorFactory.this.getClass());
             if (c != null) {
                 return c.newInstance(this);
             }
-            c = ConstructorUtils.getMatchingAccessibleConstructor(cls, getClass());
+            c = Reflection.getDeclaredConstructor(cls, getClass());
             if (c != null) {
                 return c.newInstance(this);
             }

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/BeanDescriptorImpl.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/BeanDescriptorImpl.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/BeanDescriptorImpl.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/BeanDescriptorImpl.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -33,7 +33,6 @@ import org.apache.bval.model.MetaPropert
 import org.apache.bval.model.Validation;
 import org.apache.bval.util.AccessStrategy;
 import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.Reflection;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ClassUtils;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing.CallTo;
 
@@ -849,7 +848,7 @@ public class BeanDescriptorImpl extends
                 }
             } else {
                 annotationProcessor.processAnnotation(
-                        annotation, null, ClassUtils.primitiveToWrapper((Class<?>) access.getJavaType()),
+                        annotation, null, Reflection.primitiveToWrapper((Class<?>) access.getJavaType()),
                         access, validations, true);
             }
         }

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ClassValidator.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ClassValidator.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ClassValidator.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ClassValidator.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -63,11 +63,9 @@ import org.apache.bval.model.MetaPropert
 import org.apache.bval.model.Validation;
 import org.apache.bval.util.AccessStrategy;
 import org.apache.bval.util.ValidationHelper;
+import org.apache.bval.util.ObjectUtils;
 import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.Reflection;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ArrayUtils;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ClassUtils;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ObjectUtils;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.reflect.TypeUtils;
+import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.TypeUtils;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing.CallTo;
 
@@ -296,7 +294,7 @@ public class ClassValidator implements C
             return newInstance(type);
         }
         try {
-            final Class<?> cls = ClassUtils.getClass(type.getName() + "Impl");
+            final Class<?> cls = Reflection.toClass(type.getName() + "Impl");
             if (type.isAssignableFrom(cls)) {
                 @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                 final Class<? extends T> implClass = (Class<? extends T>) cls;
@@ -1155,7 +1153,9 @@ public class ClassValidator implements C
                 if (!cascade) {
                     //TCK doesn't care what type a property is if there are no constraints to validate:
                     FeaturesCapable meta = prop == null ? context.getMetaBean() : prop;
-                    if (ArrayUtils.isEmpty(meta.getValidations())) {
+
+                    Validation[] validations = meta.getValidations();
+                    if (validations == null || validations.length == 0) {
                         return Collections.<ConstraintViolation<T>> emptySet();
                     }
                 }

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintAnnotationAttributes.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintAnnotationAttributes.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintAnnotationAttributes.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintAnnotationAttributes.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@
 package org.apache.bval.jsr;
 
 import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.Reflection;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.reflect.TypeUtils;
+import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.TypeUtils;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing.CallTo;
 

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintDefaults.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintDefaults.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintDefaults.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintDefaults.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -31,8 +31,8 @@ import java.util.logging.Logger;
 
 import javax.validation.ConstraintValidator;
 
+import org.apache.bval.util.StringUtils;
 import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.Reflection;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing.CallTo;
 
@@ -104,7 +104,7 @@ public class ConstraintDefaults {
             final List<Class<?>> classes = new LinkedList<Class<?>>();
             for (String className : StringUtils.split((String) entry.getValue(), ',')) {
                 try {
-                    classes.add(Reflection.getClass(classloader, className.trim()));
+                    classes.add(Reflection.toClass(className.trim(), classloader));
                 } catch (Exception e) {
                     log.log(Level.SEVERE, String.format("Cannot find class %s", className), e);
                 }

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintDescriptorImpl.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintDescriptorImpl.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintDescriptorImpl.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintDescriptorImpl.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -22,9 +22,6 @@ import javax.validation.ConstraintTarget
 import javax.validation.Payload;
 import javax.validation.metadata.ConstraintDescriptor;
 
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.builder.EqualsBuilder;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.builder.HashCodeBuilder;
-
 import java.io.Serializable;
 import java.lang.annotation.Annotation;
 import java.util.List;
@@ -158,47 +155,48 @@ public class ConstraintDescriptorImpl<T
         return reportAsSingleViolation;
     }
 
+
+    /**
+     * generated equals on all fields except hashCode
+     */
     @Override
     public boolean equals(Object o) {
-        if (this == o) {
-            return true;
-        }
-        if (o == null || !getClass().equals(o.getClass())) {
-            return false;
-        }
-
-        @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
-        final ConstraintDescriptorImpl that = (ConstraintDescriptorImpl) o;
-
-        return new EqualsBuilder()
-            .append(reportAsSingleViolation, that.reportAsSingleViolation)
-            .append(annotation.annotationType(), that.annotation.annotationType())
-            .append(attributes, that.attributes)
-            .append(composingConstraints, that.composingConstraints)
-            .append(constraintValidatorClasses, that.constraintValidatorClasses)
-            .append(groups, that.groups)
-            .append(payload, that.payload)
-            .append(template, that.template)
-            .append(validationAppliesTo, that.validationAppliesTo)
-            .build();
+        if (this == o) { return true; }
+        if (o == null || getClass() != o.getClass()) { return false; }
+
+        ConstraintDescriptorImpl<?> that = (ConstraintDescriptorImpl<?>) o;
+
+        if (reportAsSingleViolation != that.reportAsSingleViolation) { return false; }
+        if (annotation != null ? !annotation.equals(that.annotation) : that.annotation != null) { return false; }
+        if (groups != null ? !groups.equals(that.groups) : that.groups != null) { return false; }
+        if (payload != null ? !payload.equals(that.payload) : that.payload != null) { return false; }
+        if (constraintValidatorClasses != null ? !constraintValidatorClasses.equals(that.constraintValidatorClasses) : that.constraintValidatorClasses != null) { return false; }
+        if (attributes != null ? !attributes.equals(that.attributes) : that.attributes != null) { return false; }
+        if (composingConstraints != null ? !composingConstraints.equals(that.composingConstraints) : that.composingConstraints != null) { return false; }
+        if (validationAppliesTo != that.validationAppliesTo) { return false; }
+        return template != null ? template.equals(that.template) : that.template == null;
+
     }
 
+
     @Override
     public int hashCode() {
         return hashCode;
     }
 
+    /**
+     * generated hashCode on all fields except hashCode
+     */
     private int computeHashCode() {
-        return new HashCodeBuilder(1, 31)
-            .append(annotation.annotationType())
-            .append(groups)
-            .append(payload)
-            .append(constraintValidatorClasses)
-            .append(attributes)
-            .append(composingConstraints)
-            .append(reportAsSingleViolation)
-            .append(validationAppliesTo)
-            .append(template)
-            .build();
+        int result = annotation != null ? annotation.hashCode() : 0;
+        result = 31 * result + (groups != null ? groups.hashCode() : 0);
+        result = 31 * result + (payload != null ? payload.hashCode() : 0);
+        result = 31 * result + (constraintValidatorClasses != null ? constraintValidatorClasses.hashCode() : 0);
+        result = 31 * result + (attributes != null ? attributes.hashCode() : 0);
+        result = 31 * result + (composingConstraints != null ? composingConstraints.hashCode() : 0);
+        result = 31 * result + (reportAsSingleViolation ? 1 : 0);
+        result = 31 * result + (validationAppliesTo != null ? validationAppliesTo.hashCode() : 0);
+        result = 31 * result + (template != null ? template.hashCode() : 0);
+        return result;
     }
 }

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintValidation.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintValidation.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintValidation.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/ConstraintValidation.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -24,10 +24,10 @@ import org.apache.bval.model.Validation;
 import org.apache.bval.model.ValidationContext;
 import org.apache.bval.model.ValidationListener;
 import org.apache.bval.util.AccessStrategy;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ArrayUtils;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ClassUtils;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.reflect.TypeUtils;
+import org.apache.bval.util.ObjectUtils;
+import org.apache.bval.util.StringUtils;
+import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.Reflection;
+import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.TypeUtils;
 
 import javax.validation.ConstraintDefinitionException;
 import javax.validation.ConstraintTarget;
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ public class ConstraintValidation<T exte
                                 T annotation, Class<?> owner, AccessStrategy access,
                                 boolean reportFromComposite, ConstraintTarget target) {
         this.attributes = new HashMap<String, Object>();
-        this.validatorClasses = ArrayUtils.clone(validatorClasses);
+        this.validatorClasses = validatorClasses != null ? validatorClasses.clone() : null;
         this.annotation = annotation;
         this.owner = owner;
         this.access = access;
@@ -237,7 +237,7 @@ public class ConstraintValidation<T exte
     private <A extends Annotation> ConstraintValidator<A, ? super T> getConstraintValidator(
             ConstraintValidatorFactory factory, A annotation,
         Class<? extends ConstraintValidator<A, ?>>[] constraintClasses, Class<?> owner, AccessStrategy access) {
-        if (ArrayUtils.isNotEmpty(constraintClasses)) {
+        if (ObjectUtils.isNotEmpty(constraintClasses)) {
             final Type type = determineTargetedType(owner, access);
 
             /**
@@ -413,7 +413,7 @@ public class ConstraintValidation<T exte
         if (type == null) {
             return Object.class;
         }
-        return type instanceof Class<?> ? ClassUtils.primitiveToWrapper((Class<?>) type) : type;
+        return type instanceof Class<?> ? Reflection.primitiveToWrapper((Class<?>) type) : type;
     }
 
     /**

Modified: bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/DefaultMessageInterpolator.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/DefaultMessageInterpolator.java?rev=1766445&r1=1766444&r2=1766445&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/DefaultMessageInterpolator.java (original)
+++ bval/trunk/bval-jsr/src/main/java/org/apache/bval/jsr/DefaultMessageInterpolator.java Mon Oct 24 21:02:02 2016
@@ -18,12 +18,12 @@ package org.apache.bval.jsr;
 
 import org.apache.bval.el.MessageEvaluator;
 import org.apache.bval.util.reflection.Reflection;
-import org.apache.commons.lang3.ArrayUtils;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing;
 import org.apache.commons.weaver.privilizer.Privilizing.CallTo;
 
 import javax.validation.MessageInterpolator;
 
+import java.util.Arrays;
 import java.util.Locale;
 import java.util.Map;
 import java.util.MissingResourceException;
@@ -231,7 +231,7 @@ public class DefaultMessageInterpolator
             Object variable = annotationParameters.get(removeCurlyBrace(parameter));
             if (variable != null) {
                 if (variable.getClass().isArray()) {
-                    resolvedParameterValue = ArrayUtils.toString(variable);
+                    resolvedParameterValue = Arrays.toString((Object[]) variable);
                 } else {
                     resolvedParameterValue = variable.toString();
                 }




Mime
View raw message