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From dona...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r23318 [10/45] - in /dev/buildr/1.5.4: ./ dist/ site/ site/css/ site/images/ site/rdoc/ site/rdoc/Buildr/ site/rdoc/Buildr/ArchiveTask/ site/rdoc/Buildr/ArtifactNamespace/ site/rdoc/Buildr/Assets/ site/rdoc/Buildr/CPom/ site/rdoc/Buildr/Che...
Date Wed, 29 Nov 2017 05:25:13 GMT
Added: dev/buildr/1.5.4/site/packaging.html
==============================================================================
--- dev/buildr/1.5.4/site/packaging.html (added)
+++ dev/buildr/1.5.4/site/packaging.html Wed Nov 29 05:25:13 2017
@@ -0,0 +1,431 @@
+<html>
+  <head>
+    <meta content='text/html;charset=UTF-8' http-equiv='Content-Type'>
+    <title>buildr &mdash; Packaging</title>
+    <style type='text/css'>
+      @import 'css/default.css';
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+        <h1 id='packaging'>Packaging</h1>
+        <ol class="toc"><li><a href="#referencing">Specifying And Referencing Packages</a></li><li><a href="#zip">Packaging ZIPs</a></li><li><a href="#merging">Merging archives</a></li><li><a href="#jar">Packaging JARs</a></li><li><a href="#war">Packaging WARs</a></li><li><a href="#aar">Packaging AARs</a></li><li><a href="#ear">Packaging EARs</a></li><li><a href="#bundle">Packaging OSGi Bundles</a></li><li><a href="#tar">Packaging Tars and GZipped Tars</a></li><li><a href="#install_upload">Installing and Uploading</a></li><li><a href="#source_javadoc">Packaging Sources and JavaDocs</a></li></ol>
+        <p>For our next trick, we&#8217;re going to try and create an artifact ourselves.  We&#8217;re going to start with:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span> <span class="ss">:jar</span></code></pre></figure><p>We just told the project to create a <span class="caps">JAR</span> file in the <code>target</code> directory, including all the classes (and resources) that we previously compiled into <code>target/classes</code>.  Or we can create a <span class="caps">WAR</span> file:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span> <span class="ss">:war</span></code></pre></figure><p>The easy case is always easy, but sometimes we have more complicated use cases which we&#8217;ll address through the rest of this section.</p>
+<p>Now let&#8217;s run the build, test cases and create these packages:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-sh" data-lang="sh"><span class="nv">$ </span>buildr package</code></pre></figure><p>The <code>package</code> task runs the <code>build</code> task (remember: <code>compile</code> and <code>test</code>) and then runs each of the packaging tasks, creating packages in the projects&#8217; target directories.</p>
+<p class="tip">The <code>package</code> task and <code>package</code> methods are related, but that relation is different from other task/method pairs.  The <code>package</code> method creates a file task that points to the package in the <code>target</code> directory and knows how to create it.  It then adds itself as a prerequisite to the <code>package</code> task. Translation: you can create multiple packages from the same project.</p>
+<h2 id="referencing">Specifying And Referencing Packages</h2>
+<p>Buildr supports several packaging types, and so when dealing with packages, you have to indicate the desired package type.  The packaging type can be the first argument, or the value of the <code>:type</code> argument.  The following two are equivalent:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span> <span class="ss">:jar</span>
+<span class="n">package</span> <span class="ss">:type</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="ss">:jar</span></code></pre></figure><p>If you do not specify a package type, Buildr will attempt to infer one.</p>
+<p>In the documentation you will find a number of tasks dealing with specific packaging types (<code>ZipTask</code>, <code>JarTask</code>, etc).  The <code>package</code> method is a convenience mechanism that sets up the package for you associates it with various project life cycle tasks.</p>
+<p>To package a particular file, use the <code>:file</code> argument, for example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span> <span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:file</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/interesting.zip&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><p>This returns a file task that will run as part of the project&#8217;s <code>package</code> task (generating all packages).  It will invoke the <code>build</code> task to generate any necessary prerequisites, before creating the specified file.</p>
+<p>The package type does not have to be the same as the file name extension, but if you don&#8217;t specify the package type, it will be inferred from the extension.</p>
+<p>Most often you will want to use the second form to generate packages that are also artifacts.  These packages have an artifact specification, which you can use to reference them from other projects (and buildfiles).  They are also easier to share across projects: artifacts install themselves in the local repository when running the <code>install</code> task, and upload to the remote repository when running the <code>upload</code> task (see <a href="#install_upload">Installing and Uploading</a>).</p>
+<p>The artifact specification is based on the project name (using dashes instead of colons), group identifier and version number, all three obtained from the project definition.  You can specify different values using the <code>:id</code>, <code>:group</code>, <code>:version</code> and <code>:classifier</code> arguments.  For example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">define</span> <span class="s1">&#39;killer-app&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:version</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;1.0&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+  <span class="c1"># Generates silly-1.0.jar</span>
+  <span class="n">package</span> <span class="ss">:jar</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:id</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;silly&#39;</span>
+
+  <span class="c1"># Generates killer-app-la-web-1.x.war</span>
+  <span class="n">project</span> <span class="s1">&#39;la-web&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+    <span class="n">package</span> <span class="ss">:war</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:version</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;1.x&#39;</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+
+  <span class="c1"># Generates killer-app-the-api-1.0-sources.zip</span>
+  <span class="n">project</span> <span class="s1">&#39;teh-api&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+    <span class="n">package</span> <span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:classifier</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;sources&#39;</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><p>The file name is determined from the identifier, version number, classifier and extension associated with that packaging type.</p>
+<p>If you do not specify the packaging type, Buildr attempt to infer it from the project definition.  In the general case it will use the default packaging type, <span class="caps">ZIP</span>.  A project that compiles Java classes will default to <span class="caps">JAR</span> packaging; for other languages, consult the specific documentation.</p>
+<p>A single project can create multiple packages.  For example, a Java project may generate a <span class="caps">JAR</span> package for the runtime library and another <span class="caps">JAR</span> containing just the <span class="caps">API</span>; a <span class="caps">ZIP</span> file for the source code and another <span class="caps">ZIP</span> for the documentation. Make sure to always call <code>package</code> with enough information to identify the specific package you are referencing.  Even if the project only defines a single package, calling the <code>package</code> method with no arguments does not necessarily refer to that one.</p>
+<p>You can use the <code>packages</code> method to obtain a list of all packages defined in the project, for example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">project</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;killer-app:teh-impl&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">packages</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">first</span>
+<span class="n">project</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;killer-app:teh-impl&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">packages</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">select</span> <span class="p">{</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">pkg</span><span class="o">|</span> <span class="n">pkg</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">type</span> <span class="o">==</span> <span class="ss">:zip</span> <span class="p">}</span></code></pre></figure><h2 id="zip">Packaging ZIPs</h2>
+<p><span class="caps">ZIP</span> is the most common form of packaging, used by default when no other packaging type applies.  It also forms the basis for many other packaging types (e.g. <span class="caps">JAR</span> and <span class="caps">WAR</span>).  Most of what you&#8217;ll find here applies to other packaging types.</p>
+<p>Let&#8217;s start by including additional files in the <span class="caps">ZIP</span> package.  We&#8217;re going to include the <code>target/docs</code> directory and <code>README</code> file:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">include</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/docs&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="s1">&#39;README&#39;</span></code></pre></figure><p>The <code>include</code> method accepts files, directories and file tasks.  You can also use file pattern to match multiple files and directories.  File patterns include asterisk (<code>*</code>) to match any file name or part of a file name, double asterisk (<code>**</code>) to match directories recursively, question mark (<code>?</code>) to match any character, square braces (<code>[]</code>) to match a set of characters, and curly braces (<code>{}</code>) to match one of several names.</p>
+<p>And the same way you <code>include</code>, you can also <code>exclude</code> specific files you don&#8217;t want showing up in the <span class="caps">ZIP</span>.  For example, to exclude <code>.draft</code> and <code>.raw</code> files:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">include</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/docs&#39;</span><span class="p">))</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">exclude</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;*.draft&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;*.raw&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><p>So far we&#8217;ve included files under the root of the <span class="caps">ZIP</span>.  Let&#8217;s include some files under a given path using the <code>:path</code> option:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">include</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/docs&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="ss">:path</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s2">&quot;</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="nb">id</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">-</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">version</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">&quot;</span></code></pre></figure><p>If you need to use the <code>:path</code> option repeatedly, consider using the <code>tap</code> method instead.  For example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">path</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s2">&quot;</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="nb">id</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">-</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">version</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">&quot;</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">tap</span> <span class="k">do</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">path</span><span class="o">|</span>
+  <span class="n">path</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">include</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/docs&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span>
+  <span class="n">path</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">include</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;README&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><p class="tip">The <code>tap</code> method is not part of the core library, but a very useful extension.  It takes an object, yields to the block with that object, and then returns that object.</p>
+<p class="note">To allow you to spread files across different paths, the include/exclude patterns are specific to a path.  So in the above example, if you want to exclude some files from the &#8220;target/docs&#8221; directory, make sure to call <code>exclude</code> on the path, not on the <span class="caps">ZIP</span> task itself.</p>
+<p>If you need to include a file or directory under a different name, use the <code>:as</code> option.  For example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">include</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;corporate-logo-350x240.png&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="ss">:as</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;logo.png&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><p>You can also use <code>:as=&gt;'.'</code> to include all files from the given directory.  For example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">include</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/docs/*&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">include</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/docs&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="ss">:as</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;.&#39;</span></code></pre></figure><p>These two perform identically.  They both include all the files from the <code>target/docs</code> directory, but not the directory itself, and they are both lazy, meaning that the files can be created later and they will still get packaged into the zip package.</p>
+<p>For example, when you use <code>package :jar</code>, under the hood it specifies to include all the files from <code>target/classes</code> with <code>:as=&gt;'.'</code>.  Even though this happens during project definition and nothing has been compiled yet (and in fact <code>target/classes</code> may not even exist yet), the .class files generated during compilation are still packaged in the .jar file, as expected.</p>
+<p>If you need to get rid of all the included files, call the <code>clean</code> method. Some packaging types default to adding various files and directories, for example, <span class="caps">JAR</span> packaging will include all the compiled classes and resources.</p>
+<h2 id="merging">Merging archives</h2>
+<p>You can also merge two <span class="caps">ZIP</span> files together, expanding the content of one <span class="caps">ZIP</span> into the other.  For example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">merge</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;part1.zip&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;part2.zip&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><p>If you need to be more selective, you can apply the include/exclude pattern to the expanded <span class="caps">ZIP</span>.  For example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="c1"># Everything but the libs</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">merge</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;bigbad.war&#39;</span><span class="p">))</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">exclude</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;libs/**/*&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><h3 id="transforming">Transforming files while merging them</h3>
+<p>You may need to have special treatment for files that you are merging from multiple locations.</p>
+<p>If you wish to concatenate the file contents, you can perform the following:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">merge</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;part1.zip&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;part2.zip&#39;</span><span class="p">))</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">concatenate</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;META-INF/services/spring.providers&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><p>If you need to transform the file contents to assemble the final output, you can work with the <code>transform</code> method.<br />
+The transform method takes a block to process the contents of all the matching paths, as the zip file is assembled.</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:zip</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">merge</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;part1.zip&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;part2.zip&#39;</span><span class="p">))</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">transform</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;plugin.xml&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">do</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">plugin_xml_files</span><span class="o">|</span>
+  <span class="k">return</span> <span class="s2">&quot;&lt;plugin&gt;</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">plugin_xml_files</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">map</span> <span class="p">{</span><span class="o">|</span><span class="n">xml</span><span class="o">|</span> <span class="n">xml</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">match</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;&lt;plugin&gt;(.*)&lt;/plugin&gt;&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="mi">1</span><span class="o">]</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">}&lt;/plugin&gt;&quot;</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><h2 id="jar">Packaging JARs</h2>
+<p><span class="caps">JAR</span> packages extend <span class="caps">ZIP</span> packages with support for Manifest files and the <span class="caps">META</span>-<span class="caps">INF</span> directory.  They also default to include the class files found in the <code>target/classes</code> directory.</p>
+<p>You can tell the <span class="caps">JAR</span> package to include a particular Manifest file:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:jar</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">with</span> <span class="ss">:manifest</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;src/main/MANIFEST.MF&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><p>Or generate a manifest from a hash:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:jar</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">with</span> <span class="ss">:manifest</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="p">{</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Copyright&#39;</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;Acme Inc (C) 2007&#39;</span> <span class="p">}</span></code></pre></figure><p>You can also generate a <span class="caps">JAR</span> with no manifest with the value <code>false</code>, create a manifest with several sections using an array of hashes, or create it from a proc.</p>
+<p>In large projects, where all the packages use the same manifest, it&#8217;s easier to set it once on the top project using the <code>manifest</code> project property. Sub-projects inherit the property from their parents, and the <code>package</code> method uses that property if you don&#8217;t override it, as we do above.</p>
+<p>For example, we can get the same result by specifying this at the top project:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">manifest</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Copyright&#39;</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Acme Inc (C) 2007&#39;</span></code></pre></figure><p>If you need to mix-in the project&#8217;s manifest with values that only one package uses, you can do so easily:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:jar</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">with</span> <span class="ss">:manifest</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="n">manifest</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">merge</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;Main-Class&#39;</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;com.acme.Main&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><p>If you need to include more files in the <code>META-INF</code> directory, you can use the <code>:meta_inf</code> option.  You can give it a file, or array of files.  And yes, there is a <code>meta_inf</code> project property you can set once to include the same set of file in all the JARs.  It works like this:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">meta_inf</span> <span class="o">&lt;&lt;</span> <span class="n">file</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;DISCLAIMER&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="o">&lt;&lt;</span> <span class="n">file</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;NOTICE&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><p>If you have a <code>LICENSE</code> file, it&#8217;s already included in the <code>meta_inf</code> list of files.</p>
+<p>Other than that, <code>package :jar</code> includes the contents of the compiler&#8217;s target directory and resources, which most often is exactly what you intend it to do. If you want to include other files in the <span class="caps">JAR</span>, instead or in addition, you can do so using the <code>include</code> and <code>exclude</code> methods.  If you do not want the target directory included in your <span class="caps">JAR</span>, simply call the <code>clean</code> method on it:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:jar</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">clean</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">include</span><span class="p">(</span> <span class="n">only_these_files</span> <span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><h2 id="war">Packaging WARs</h2>
+<p>Pretty much everything you know about JARs works the same way for WARs, so let&#8217;s just look at the differences.</p>
+<p>Without much prompting, <code>package :war</code> picks the contents of the <code>src/main/webapp</code> directory and places it at the root of the <span class="caps">WAR</span>, copies the compiler target directory into the <code>WEB-INF/classes</code> path, and copies any compiled dependencies into the <code>WEB-INF/libs</code> paths.</p>
+<p>Again, you can use the <code>include</code> and <code>exclude</code> methods to change the contents of the <span class="caps">WAR</span>.  There are two convenience options you can use to make the more common changes.  If you need to include a classes directory other than the default:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:war</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">with</span> <span class="ss">:classes</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/additional&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><p>If you want to include a different set of libraries other than the default:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:war</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">with</span> <span class="ss">:libs</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="no">MYSQL_JDBC</span></code></pre></figure><p>Both options accept a single value or an array.  The <code>:classes</code> option accepts the name of a directory containing class files, initially set to <code>compile.target</code> and <code>resources.target</code>.  The <code>:libs</code> option accepts artifact specifications, file names and tasks, initially set to include everything in <code>compile.dependencies</code>.</p>
+<p>As you can guess, the package task has two attributes called <code>classes</code> and <code>libs</code>; the <code>with</code> method merely sets their value.  If you need more precise control over these arrays, you can always work with them directly, for example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="c1"># Add an artifact to the existing set:</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:war</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">libs</span> <span class="o">+=</span> <span class="n">artifacts</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="no">MYSQL_JDBC</span><span class="p">)</span>
+<span class="c1"># Remove an artifact from the existing set:</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:war</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">libs</span> <span class="o">-=</span> <span class="n">artifacts</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="no">LOG4J</span><span class="p">)</span>
+<span class="c1"># List all the artifacts:</span>
+<span class="nb">puts</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Artifacts included in WAR package:&#39;</span>
+<span class="nb">puts</span> <span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:war</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">libs</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">map</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="o">&amp;</span><span class="ss">:to_spec</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><h3 id="war_extra_assets">Compiling Assets</h3>
+<p>In modern web applications, it is common to use tools that compile and compress assets. i.e. <a href="http://coffeescript.org/">Coffeescript</a> is compiled into javascript and <a href="http://sass-lang.com/">Sass</a> compiles into <span class="caps">CSS</span>. Buildr provides support using a simple <code>assets</code> abstraction. Directory or file tasks can be added to the <code>assets.paths</code> configuration variable for a project and the contents will be included in the package.</p>
+<h4 id="coffeescript">Integrating CoffeeScript</h4>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">target_dir</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:target</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:generated</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s2">&quot;coffee/main/webapp&quot;</span><span class="p">)</span>
+<span class="n">source_dir</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:source</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:main</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:coffee</span><span class="p">)</span>
+
+<span class="n">assets</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">paths</span> <span class="o">&lt;&lt;</span> <span class="n">file</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="n">target_dir</span> <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="o">[</span><span class="no">FileList</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s2">&quot;</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">source_dir</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">/**/*.coffee&quot;</span><span class="o">]]</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+  <span class="nb">puts</span> <span class="s2">&quot;Compiling coffeescript&quot;</span>
+  <span class="n">sh</span> <span class="s2">&quot;coffee --bare --compile --output </span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">target_dir</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2"> </span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">source_dir</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">&quot;</span>
+  <span class="n">touch</span> <span class="n">target_dir</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><h4 id="sass">Integrating Sass</h4>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">target_dir</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:target</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:generated</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s2">&quot;sass/main/webapp&quot;</span><span class="p">)</span>
+<span class="n">source_dir</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:source</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:main</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:sass</span><span class="p">)</span>
+
+<span class="n">assets</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">paths</span> <span class="o">&lt;&lt;</span> <span class="n">file</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="n">target_dir</span> <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="o">[</span><span class="no">FileList</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s2">&quot;</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">source_dir</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">/**/*.scss&quot;</span><span class="o">]]</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+  <span class="nb">puts</span> <span class="s2">&quot;Compiling scss&quot;</span>
+  <span class="n">sh</span> <span class="s2">&quot;scss -q --update </span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">source_dir</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">:</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">target_dir</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">&quot;</span>
+  <span class="n">touch</span> <span class="n">target_dir</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><h2 id="aar">Packaging AARs</h2>
+<p>Axis2 service archives are similar to JAR&#8217;s (compiled classes go into the root of the archive) but they can embed additional libraries under /lib and include <code>services.xml</code> and <span class="caps">WSDL</span> files.</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:aar</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">with</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:libs</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;log4j:log4j:jar:1.1&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:aar</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">with</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:services_xml</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/services.xml&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span>
+                   <span class="ss">:wsdls</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/*.wsdl&#39;</span><span class="p">))</span></code></pre></figure><p>The <code>libs</code> attribute is a list of .jar artifacts to be included in the archive under /lib.  The default is no artifacts; compile dependencies are not included by default.</p>
+<p>The <code>services_xml</code> attribute points to an Axis2 services configuration file called <code>services.xml</code> that will be placed in the <code>META-INF</code> directory inside the archive.  The default behavior is to point to the <code>services.xml</code> file in the project&#8217;s <code>src/main/axis2</code> directory.  In the second example above we set it explicitly.</p>
+<p>The <code>wsdls</code> attribute is a collection of file names or glob patterns for <span class="caps">WSDL</span> files that get included in the <code>META-INF</code> directory.  In the second example we include <span class="caps">WSDL</span> files from the <code>target</code> directory, presumably created by an earlier build task.  In addition, <span class="caps">AAR</span> packaging will include all files ending with <code>.wsdl</code> from the <code>src/main/axis2</code> directory.</p>
+<p>If you already have <span class="caps">WSDL</span> files in the <code>src/main/axis2</code> directory but would like to perform some filtering, for example, to set the <span class="caps">HTTP</span> port number, consider ignoring the originals and including only the filtered files, for example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="c1"># Host name depends on environment.</span>
+<span class="n">host</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="no">ENV</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;ENV&#39;</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">==</span> <span class="s1">&#39;test&#39;</span> <span class="p">?</span> <span class="s1">&#39;test.host&#39;</span> <span class="p">:</span> <span class="s1">&#39;ws.example.com&#39;</span>
+<span class="n">filter</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">from</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;src/main/axis2&#39;</span><span class="p">))</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">into</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:target</span><span class="p">))</span><span class="o">.</span>
+  <span class="kp">include</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;services.xml&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;==*==.wsdl&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">using</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;http_port&#39;</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;8080&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
+                                              <span class="s1">&#39;http_host&#39;</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="n">host</span><span class="p">)</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:aar</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">wsdls</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">clear</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:aar</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">with</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:services_xml</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/services.xml&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span>
+                   <span class="ss">:wsdls</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/==*==.wsdl&#39;</span><span class="p">))</span></code></pre></figure><h2 id="ear">Packaging EARs</h2>
+<p><span class="caps">EAR</span> packaging is slightly different from <span class="caps">JAR</span>/<span class="caps">WAR</span> packaging.  It&#8217;s main purpose is to package components together, and so it includes special methods for handling component inclusion that take care to update application.xml and the component&#8217;s classpath.</p>
+<p><span class="caps">EAR</span> packages support four component types:</p>
+<table>
+	<tr>
+		<th>Argument  </th>
+		<th>Component                     </th>
+	</tr>
+	<tr>
+		<td> <code>:war</code>      </td>
+		<td> J2EE Web Application (<span class="caps">WAR</span>).     </td>
+	</tr>
+	<tr>
+		<td> <code>:ejb</code>      </td>
+		<td> Enterprise Java Bean (<span class="caps">JAR</span>).     </td>
+	</tr>
+	<tr>
+		<td> <code>:jar</code>      </td>
+		<td> J2EE Application Client (<span class="caps">JAR</span>).  </td>
+	</tr>
+	<tr>
+		<td> <code>:lib</code>      </td>
+		<td> Shared library (<span class="caps">JAR</span>).           </td>
+	</tr>
+</table>
+<p>This example shows two ways for adding components built by other projects:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="o">&lt;&lt;</span> <span class="n">project</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;coolWebService&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:war</span><span class="p">)</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">add</span> <span class="n">project</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;commonLib&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="c1"># By default, the JAR package</span></code></pre></figure><p>Adding a <span class="caps">WAR</span> package assumes it&#8217;s a <span class="caps">WAR</span> component and treats it as such, but <span class="caps">JAR</span> packages can be any of three component types, so by default they are all treated as shared libraries.  If you want to add an <span class="caps">EJB</span> or Application Client component, you need to say so explicitly, either passing <code>:type=&gt;package</code>, or by passing the component type in the <code>:type</code> option.</p>
+<p>Here are three examples:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="c1"># Assumed to be a shared library.</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">add</span> <span class="s1">&#39;org.springframework:spring:jar:2.6&#39;</span>
+<span class="c1"># Component type mapped to package.</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">add</span> <span class="ss">:ejb</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="n">project</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;beanery&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span>
+<span class="c1"># Adding component with specific package type.</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">add</span> <span class="n">project</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;client&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="ss">:type</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="ss">:jar</span></code></pre></figure><p>By default, <span class="caps">WAR</span> components are all added under the <code>/war</code> path, and likewise, <span class="caps">EJB</span> components are added under the <code>/ejb</code> path, shared libraries under <code>/lib</code> and Application Client components under <code>/jar</code>.</p>
+<p>If you want to place components in different locations you can do so using the <code>:path</code> option, or by specifying a different mapping between component types and their destination directory.  The following two examples are equivalent:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="c1"># Specify once per component.</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">add</span> <span class="n">project</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;coolWebService&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:war</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="ss">:path</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;coolServices&#39;</span>
+<span class="c1"># Configure once and apply to all added components.</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">dirs</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="ss">:war</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;coolServices&#39;</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="o">&lt;&lt;</span> <span class="n">project</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;coolWebService&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:war</span><span class="p">)</span></code></pre></figure><p><span class="caps">EAR</span> packages include an <code>application.xml</code> file in the <code>META-INF</code> directory that describes the application and its components.  This file is created for you during packaging, by referencing all the components added to the <span class="caps">EAR</span>.  There are a couple of things you will typically want to change.</p>
+<ul>
+	<li><strong>display-name</strong> &#8212; The application&#8217;s display name defaults to the project&#8217;s identifier.  You can change that by setting the <code>display_name</code> attribute.</li>
+</ul>
+<ul>
+	<li><strong>description</strong> &#8212; The application&#8217;s description defaults to the project&#8217;s comment.  You can change that by setting the <code>description</code> attribute.</li>
+</ul>
+<ul>
+	<li><strong>context-root</strong> &#8212; <span class="caps">WAR</span> components specify a context root, based on the package identifier, for example, &#8220;cool-web-1.0.war&#8221; will have the context root &#8220;cool-web&#8221;.  To specify a different context root, add the <span class="caps">WAR</span> package with the <code>context_root</code> option.</li>
+</ul>
+<p>Again, by example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">display_name</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;MyCoolWebService&#39;</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">description</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;MyCoolWebService: Making coolness kool again&#39;</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">add</span> <span class="n">project</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;coolWebService&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:war</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="ss">:context_root</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;coolness&#39;</span></code></pre></figure><p>If you need to disable the context root (e.g. for Portlets), set <code>context_root</code> to <code>false</code>.</p>
+<p>It is also possible to add <code>security-role</code> tags to the <code>application.xml</code> file by appending a hash with <code>:id</code>, <code>:description</code> and <code>:name</code> to the <code>security_role</code> array, like so:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">security_roles</span> <span class="o">&lt;&lt;</span> <span class="p">{</span><span class="ss">:id</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;SecurityRole_123&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
+		<span class="ss">:description</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;Read only user&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:name</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;coolUser&#39;</span><span class="p">}</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:ear</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">security_roles</span> <span class="o">&lt;&lt;</span> <span class="p">{</span><span class="ss">:id</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;SecurityRole_456&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
+		<span class="ss">:description</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;Super user&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="ss">:name</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;superCoolUser&#39;</span><span class="p">}</span></code></pre></figure><h2 id="bundle">Packaging OSGi Bundles</h2>
+<p>OSGi bundles are jar files with additional metadata stored in the manifest. Buildr uses an external tool <a href="http://www.aqute.biz/Code/Bnd">Bnd</a> to create the package. Directives and properties can be explicitly passed to the build tool and buildr will provide reasonable defaults for properties that can be derived from the project model. Please see the bnd tool for documentation on the available properties.</p>
+<p>The bundle packaging format is included as an addon so the build file must explicitly require the addon using using <code>require "buildr/bnd"</code> and must add a remote repository from which the bnd can be downloaded. A typical project that uses the bundle packaging addon may look something like;</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="nb">require</span> <span class="s2">&quot;buildr/bnd&quot;</span>
+
+<span class="n">repositories</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">remote</span> <span class="o">&lt;&lt;</span> <span class="s2">&quot;http://central.maven.org/maven2&quot;</span>
+<span class="c1"># uncomment the next version to override the version of bnd</span>
+<span class="c1"># Buildr::Bnd.version = &#39;0.0.384&#39;</span>
+
+<span class="n">define</span> <span class="s1">&#39;myProject&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+  <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+  <span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:bundle</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">tap</span> <span class="k">do</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">|</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Import-Package&#39;</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s2">&quot;*;resolution:=optional&quot;</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Export-Package&#39;</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s2">&quot;*;version=</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">version</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">&quot;</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+  <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><p>The <code>[]</code> method on the bundle package is used to provide directives to the bnd tool that are not inherited by sub-projects while the standard &#8216;manifest&#8217; setting is used to define properties that inherited by sub-projects.</p>
+<h3>Defaults</h3>
+<p>The addon sets the following bnd parameters;</p>
+<ul>
+	<li><tt>&#8220;Bundle-Version&#8221;</tt> defaults to the project version.</li>
+	<li><tt>&#8220;Bundle-SymbolicName&#8221;</tt> defaults to the concatenation of the project group and project id, replacing &#8216;:&#8217; characters with &#8216;.&#8217;.</li>
+	<li><tt>&#8220;Bundle-Name&#8221;</tt> defaults to the project description if present else the project name</li>
+	<li><tt>&#8220;Bundle-Description&#8221;</tt> defaults to the project description.</li>
+	<li><tt>&#8220;-classpath&#8221;</tt> is set to the compile target directory and any compile time dependencies.</li>
+	<li><tt>&#8220;Include-Resource&#8221;</tt> defaults to the dir project.resources.target if it exists.</li>
+</ul>
+<h3>Parameters</h3>
+<h4>classpath_element</h4>
+<p>The user can also specify additional elements that are added to the classpath using the &#8216;classpath_element&#8217; method. If the parameter to this element is a task, artifact, artifact namespace etc. then it will be resolved prior to invoking bnd.</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+<span class="n">define</span> <span class="s1">&#39;foo&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+  <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+  <span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:bundle</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">tap</span> <span class="k">do</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">|</span>
+    <span class="c1"># This dependency will be added to classpath</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">classpath_element</span> <span class="s1">&#39;someOtherExistingFile.zip&#39;</span>
+    <span class="c1"># All of these dependencies will be invoked and added to classpath</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">classpath_element</span> <span class="n">artifact</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;com.sun.messaging.mq:imq:jar:4.4&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">classpath_element</span> <span class="n">project</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;bar&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="c1"># Adds all the packages</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">classpath_element</span> <span class="s1">&#39;org.apache.ant:ant:jar:1.8.0&#39;</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">classpath_element</span> <span class="n">file</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;myLocalFile.jar&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span>
+    <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+
+  <span class="n">project</span> <span class="s1">&#39;bar&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+    <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><h4>classpath</h4>
+<p>The user can specify the complete classpath using the &#8216;classpath&#8217; method. The classpath should be an array of elements. If the element is a task, artifact, artifact namespace etc. then it will be resolved prior to invoking bnd.</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+<span class="n">define</span> <span class="s1">&#39;foo&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+  <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+  <span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:bundle</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">tap</span> <span class="k">do</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">|</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">classpath</span> <span class="o">[</span> <span class="n">project</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">compile</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">target</span><span class="p">,</span>
+                    <span class="s1">&#39;someOtherExistingFile.zip&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
+                    <span class="n">artifact</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;com.sun.messaging.mq:imq:jar:4.4&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span>
+                    <span class="n">project</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;bar&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span>
+                    <span class="s1">&#39;org.apache.ant:ant:jar:1.8.0&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
+                    <span class="n">file</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;myLocalFile.jar&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="o">]</span>
+    <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+
+  <span class="n">project</span> <span class="s1">&#39;bar&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+    <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><h3>Examples</h3>
+<h4>Including non-class resources in a bundle</h4>
+<p>Bnd can be used to include non-class resources in a bundle. The following example includes all resources in &#8216;src/etc&#8217; into the bundle.</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">define</span> <span class="s1">&#39;myproject&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+  <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+  <span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:bundle</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">tap</span> <span class="k">do</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">|</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Include-Resource&#39;</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="n">project</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;src/etc&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="o">+</span> <span class="s1">&#39;/&#39;</span>
+    <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><h4>Using bnd to wrap an existing jar</h4>
+<p>Bnd can be used to wrap an existing jar as an OSGi bundle. The following example wraps the OpenMQ <span class="caps">JMS</span> provider as an OSGi bundle.</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+<span class="c1"># Add repository for OpenMQ</span>
+<span class="n">repositories</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">remote</span> <span class="o">&lt;&lt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;http://download.java.net/maven/2&#39;</span>
+
+<span class="n">desc</span> <span class="s1">&#39;OSGi bundle for OpenMQ JMS provider client library&#39;</span>
+<span class="n">define</span> <span class="s1">&#39;com.sun.messaging.mq.imq&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+  <span class="n">project</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">version</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;4.4&#39;</span>
+  <span class="n">project</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">group</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;iris&#39;</span>
+  <span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:bundle</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">tap</span> <span class="k">do</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">|</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Import-Package&#39;</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s2">&quot;*;resolution:=optional&quot;</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Export-Package&#39;</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s2">&quot;com.sun.messaging.*;version=</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">version</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">&quot;</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">classpath_element</span> <span class="s1">&#39;com.sun.messaging.mq:imq:jar:4.4&#39;</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><h4>Create an OSGi bundle with an Activator</h4>
+<p>The following example presents a basic buildfile for building an OSGi bundle with an activator.</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+<span class="c1"># repository for OSGi core bundle</span>
+<span class="n">repositories</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">remote</span> <span class="o">&lt;&lt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;https://repository.apache.org/content/repositories/releases&#39;</span>
+
+<span class="n">desc</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Hello World bundle&#39;</span>
+<span class="n">define</span> <span class="s1">&#39;helloworld&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+  <span class="n">project</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">version</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;1.0&#39;</span>
+  <span class="n">project</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">group</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;org.example&#39;</span>
+  <span class="n">compile</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">with</span> <span class="s1">&#39;org.apache.felix:org.osgi.core:jar:1.4.0&#39;</span>
+  <span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:bundle</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">tap</span> <span class="k">do</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">|</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Export-Package&#39;</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s2">&quot;org.example.helloworld.api.*;version=</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">version</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">&quot;</span>
+    <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Bundle-Activator&#39;</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s2">&quot;org.example.helloworld.Activator&quot;</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><h4>Inheriting parameters for bnd tool</h4>
+<p>The following example shows how you can use &#8216;manifest&#8217; to define a bnd parameter that is inherited by all child sub-projects. The &#8220;Bundle-License&#8221; defined in the top level project is passed to the bnd tool when generating both the &#8216;fe&#8217; and &#8216;fi&#8217; sub-projects but the &#8216;fo&#8217; sub-project overrides this parameter with a local value.</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+<span class="n">define</span> <span class="s1">&#39;myproject&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+  <span class="n">manifest</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Bundle-License&#39;</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s2">&quot;http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0&quot;</span>
+  <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+  <span class="n">define</span> <span class="s1">&#39;fe&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+    <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+    <span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:bundle</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">tap</span> <span class="k">do</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">|</span>
+      <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+    <span class="k">end</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+
+  <span class="n">define</span> <span class="s1">&#39;fi&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+    <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+    <span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:bundle</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">tap</span> <span class="k">do</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">|</span>
+      <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+    <span class="k">end</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+
+  <span class="n">define</span> <span class="s1">&#39;fo&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+    <span class="o">.</span><span class="n">.</span><span class="o">.</span>
+    <span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:bundle</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">tap</span> <span class="k">do</span> <span class="o">|</span><span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">|</span>
+      <span class="n">bnd</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Bundle-License&#39;</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s2">&quot;http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-1.1&quot;</span>
+    <span class="k">end</span>
+  <span class="k">end</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><h2 id="tar">Packaging Tars and GZipped Tars</h2>
+<p>Everything you know about working with <span class="caps">ZIP</span> files translates to Tar files, the two tasks are identical in more respect, so here we&#8217;ll just go over the differences.</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:tar</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">include</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/docs&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="s1">&#39;README&#39;</span>
+<span class="n">package</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="ss">:tgz</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">include</span> <span class="n">_</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;target/docs&#39;</span><span class="p">),</span> <span class="s1">&#39;README&#39;</span></code></pre></figure><p>The first line creates a Tar archive with the extension <code>.tar</code>, the second creates a GZipped Tar archive with the extension <code>.tgz</code>.</p>
+<p>In addition to packaging that includes the archive in the list of installed/released files, you can use the method <code>tar</code> to create a <code>TarTask</code>. This task is similar to <code>ZipTask</code>, and introduces the <code>gzip</code> attribute, which you can use to tell it whether to create a regular file, or GZip it.  By default the attribute it set to true (GZip) if the file name ends with either <code>.gz</code> or <code>.tgz</code>.</p>
+<h2 id="install_upload">Installing and Uploading</h2>
+<p>You can bring in the artifacts you need from remote repositories and install them in the local repositories.  Other projects have the same expectation, that your packages be their artifacts.</p>
+<p>So let&#8217;s create these packages and install them in the local repository where other projects can access them:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-sh" data-lang="sh"><span class="nv">$ </span>buildr install</code></pre></figure><p>If you changes your mind you can always:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-sh" data-lang="sh"><span class="nv">$ </span>buildr uninstall</code></pre></figure><p>That works between projects you build on the same machine.  Now let&#8217;s share these artifacts with other developers through a remote repository:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-sh" data-lang="sh"><span class="nv">$ </span>buildr upload</code></pre></figure><p>Of course, you&#8217;ll need to tell Buildr about the release server:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">repositories</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">release_to</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;sftp://john:secret@release/usr/share/repo&#39;</span></code></pre></figure><p>If you have separate repositories for releases and snapshots, you can specify them accordingly. Buildr takes care of picking the correct one.</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">repositories</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">release_to</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;sftp://john:secret@release/usr/share/repo/releases&#39;</span>
+<span class="n">repositories</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">snapshot_to</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;sftp://john:secret@release/usr/share/repo/snapshots&#39;</span></code></pre></figure><p>This example uses the <span class="caps">SFTP</span> protocol.  In addition, you can use the <span class="caps">HTTP</span> protocol &#8212; Buildr supports <span class="caps">HTTP</span> and <span class="caps">HTTPS</span>, Basic Authentication and uploads using <span class="caps">PUT</span> &#8212; or point to a directory on your file system.</p>
+<p>The <span class="caps">URL</span> in this example contains the release server (&#8220;release&#8221;), path to repository (&#8220;user/share/repo&#8221;) and username/password for access.  The way <span class="caps">SFTP</span> works, you specify the path on the release server, and give the user permissions to create directories and files inside the repository.  The file system path is different from the path you use to download these artifacts through an <span class="caps">HTTP</span> server, and starts at the root, not the user&#8217;s home directory.</p>
+<p>Of course, you&#8217;ll want to specify the release server <span class="caps">URL</span> in the Buildfile, but leave the username/password settings private in your local <code>buildr.rb</code> file. Let&#8217;s break up the release server settings:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="c1"># build.rb, loaded first</span>
+<span class="n">repositories</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">release_to</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="ss">:username</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;john&#39;</span>
+<span class="n">repositories</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">release_to</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="ss">:password</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;secret&#39;</span>
+
+<span class="c1"># Buildfile, loaded next</span>
+<span class="n">repositories</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">release_to</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="ss">:url</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;sftp://release/usr/share/repo&#39;</span></code></pre></figure><p>The <code>upload</code> task takes care of uploading all the packages created by your project, along with their associated <span class="caps">POM</span> files and MD5/SHA1 signatures (Buildr creates these for you).</p>
+<p>If you need to upload other files, you can always extend the <code>upload</code> task and use <code>repositories.release_to</code> in combination with <code>URI.upload</code>.  You can also extend it to upload to different servers, for example, to publish the documentation and test coverage reports to your site:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="c1"># We&#39;ll let some other task decide how to create &#39;docs&#39;</span>
+<span class="n">task</span> <span class="s1">&#39;upload&#39;</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;docs&#39;</span> <span class="k">do</span>
+  <span class="n">uri</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="no">URI</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s2">&quot;sftp://</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">username</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">:</span><span class="si">#{</span><span class="n">password</span><span class="si">}</span><span class="s2">@var/www/docs&quot;</span><span class="p">)</span>
+  <span class="n">uri</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">upload</span> <span class="n">file</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;docs&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span>
+<span class="k">end</span></code></pre></figure><h3 id="uploading-options">Uploading Options</h3>
+<p>For convenience, you can also pass <a href="http://net-ssh.github.com/ssh/v2/api/classes/Net/SSH.html#M000002">any option of Net::<span class="caps">SSH</span></a> when configuring the remote repository.</p>
+<p>If you need to enforce to use password-only authentication for example, you can set this option:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="c1"># Set password authentication only</span>
+<span class="n">repositories</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="n">release_to</span><span class="o">[</span><span class="ss">:options</span><span class="o">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="p">{</span><span class="ss">:ssh_options</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="p">{</span><span class="ss">:auth_methods</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;password&#39;</span><span class="p">}}</span></code></pre></figure><h2 id="source_javadoc">Packaging Sources and JavaDocs</h2>
+<p>IDEs can take advantage of source packages to help you debug and trace through compiled code.  We&#8217;ll start with a simple example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span> <span class="ss">:sources</span></code></pre></figure><p>This one creates a <span class="caps">ZIP</span> package with the classifier &#8220;sources&#8221; that will contain all the source directories in that project, typically <code>src/main/java</code>, but also other sources generated from Apt, JavaCC, XMLBeans and friends.</p>
+<p>You can also generate a <span class="caps">ZIP</span> package with the classifier &#8220;javadoc&#8221; that contains the JavaDoc documentation for the project.  It uses the same set of documentation files generated by the project&#8217;s <code>doc</code> task, so you can use it in combination with the <code>doc</code> method.  For example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package</span> <span class="ss">:javadoc</span>
+<span class="n">doc</span> <span class="ss">:windowtitle</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;Buggy but Works&#39;</span></code></pre></figure><p>By default Buildr picks the project&#8217;s description for the window title.</p>
+<p>You can also tell Buildr to automatically create sources and JavaDoc packages in all the sub-projects that have any source files to package or document. Just add either or both of these methods in the top-level project:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package_with_sources</span>
+<span class="n">package_with_javadoc</span></code></pre></figure><p>You can also tell it to be selective using the <code>:only</code> and <code>:except</code> options.<br />
+For example:</p>
+<figure class="highlight"><pre><code class="language-ruby" data-lang="ruby"><span class="n">package_with_javadoc</span> <span class="ss">:except</span><span class="o">=&gt;</span><span class="s1">&#39;la-web&#39;</span></code></pre></figure><p>We packaged the code, but will it actually work? Let&#8217;s see <a href="testing.html">what the tests say</a>.</p>
+      </div>
+      <div id='footer'>Copyright &copy; 2007-2016 The Apache Software Foundation</div>
+    </div>
+  </body>
+</html>

Added: dev/buildr/1.5.4/site/preface.html
==============================================================================
--- dev/buildr/1.5.4/site/preface.html (added)
+++ dev/buildr/1.5.4/site/preface.html Wed Nov 29 05:25:13 2017
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@
+<html>
+  <head>
+    <meta content='text/html;charset=UTF-8' http-equiv='Content-Type' />
+    <title>buildr</title>
+    <style type='text/css'>
+      @import 'css/default.css';
+      @import 'css/syntax.css';
+    </style>
+    <style media='print' type='text/css'>
+      @import 'css/print.css';
+    </style>
+    <meta content='Official Buildr documentation from the people in the know' name='subject' />
+    <link href='images/favicon.png' rel='shortcut icon' />
+  </head>
+  <body>
+    <div id='wrap'>
+      <div id='content'>
+        <p class="title"><img src="images/zbuildr.png" alt="" /></p>
+<ol class='toc'>
+  <li><a href="quick_start.html">Quick Start</a></li>
+  <li><a href="installing.html">Installing and Running</a></li>
+  <li><a href="projects.html">Projects</a></li>
+  <li><a href="building.html">Building</a></li>
+  <li><a href="artifacts.html">Artifacts</a></li>
+  <li><a href="packaging.html">Packaging</a></li>
+  <li><a href="testing.html">Testing</a></li>
+  <li><a href="settings_profiles.html">Settings &amp; Profiles</a></li>
+  <li><a href="languages.html">Languages</a></li>
+  <li><a href="more_stuff.html">More Stuff</a></li>
+  <li><a href="extending.html">Extending Buildr</a></li>
+  <li><a href="contributing.html">Contributing</a></li>
+</ol>
+<p class="preface"><img src="images/asf-logo.png" alt="" /></p>
+<p>Copyright 2007-2016 Apache Buildr</p>
+<p>Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the &#8220;License&#8221;); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at</p>
+http://www.apache.org/licenses/<span class="caps">LICENSE</span>-2.0
+<p>Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an &#8220;AS IS&#8221; <span class="caps">BASIS</span>, <span class="caps">WITHOUT</span> <span class="caps">WARRANTIES</span> OR <span class="caps">CONDITIONS</span> OF <span class="caps">ANY</span> <span class="caps">KIND</span>, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.</p>
+<div class='preface quotes'>
+<p><a href="http://www.codecommit.com/blog">Daniel Spiewak</a>:</p>
+<blockquote>
+<p>If you think about it, the question isn’t “Why use Buildr?”, it’s really “Why use anything else?” The advantages afforded by Buildr are so substantial, I really can’t see myself going with any other tool, at least not when I have a choice.</p>
+</blockquote>
+<p><a href="http://tristanhunt.com/">Tristan Juricek</a>:</p>
+<blockquote>
+<p>That’s still the strongest sell: it builds everything I need, and as I’ve needed more, I just got things working without a lot of fuss.</p>
+</blockquote>
+<p><a href="http://offthelip.org/">Matthieu Riou</a>:</p>
+<blockquote>
+<p>We used to rely on Ant, with a fairly extensive set of scripts. It worked but was expensive to maintain. The biggest mistake afterward was to migrate to Maven2. I could write pages of rants explaining all the problems we ran into and we still ended up with thousands of lines of <span class="caps">XML</span>.</p>
+</blockquote>
+<p><a href="http://www.javakaffee.de/blog/">Martin Grotzke</a>:</p>
+<blockquote>
+<p>The positive side effect for me as a java user is that I learn a little ruby, and that’s easy but lots of fun… :-)</p>
+</blockquote>
+</div>
+<p>p(preface).</p>
+      </div>
+    </div>
+  </body>
+</html>



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