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From Andreas Veithen <>
Subject Re: Axis2 1.4 not preserving CDATA
Date Tue, 08 Dec 2009 12:38:01 GMT
On Mon, Dec 7, 2009 at 23:43, Ramya K Grama <> wrote:
> I dont understand.
> It is a simple case where a Axis2 webservice, implemented with
> XMLBeans databinding, needs to send CDATA out in the response XML,
> preserved/intact - without characters being escaped.

This is not supported since in the context of a Web service, since
this is not a valid requirement (because the consumer must not make a
difference between a CDATA section and an equivalent text node). If
you have a consumer of your service that requires a CDATA section, you
should challenge that requirement.

> And from what I understood from your previous reply is that this can
> be done by using AXIOM APIs to set the contentType to CDATA.
> Which makes sense to me, but need some help with the API - how could
> one get hold of the underlying AXIOM element from XMLBeans inorder to
> set the contenttype to CDATA.

You will have to inspect the generated code to see if it is possible
to get hold of the OMElement produced from the bean.

> On Mon, Dec 7, 2009 at 5:09 PM, Andreas Veithen
> <> wrote:
>> I'm not aware of any XML data binding framework that would allow you
>> to control whether something is serialized as a text node or a CDATA
>> section. This is by design, because the difference between a text node
>> and a CDATA section is only syntactic, but has no semantic meaning.
>> This implies that any system that processes a CDATA section
>> differently from an equivalent text node should be considered as
>> broken. At least that is the what most people in the industry believe.
>> Andreas
>> On Mon, Dec 7, 2009 at 21:49, Ramya K Grama <> wrote:
>>> Thanks for the quick reply!
>>> I am using XMLBeans 2.3.0.  I am not using AXIOM APIs directly to
>>> create the response elements.
>>> Hence, I am not using OMText directly.
>>> From the XMLBean api, I am able to use only setText and have not found
>>> a way to passin the CDATA type (neither in an overloaded setText nor
>>> in a setType).
>>> Could you please share a code snippet showing how to pass the CDATA
>>> type using XMLBeans or how to get the OMText node from the XMLBean
>>> object.
>>> With XMLBeans I have <operationName>Document object. How do I get an
>>> OMText out of it to be able to set the Type.
>>> On Mon, Dec 7, 2009 at 3:39 PM, Andreas Veithen
>>> <> wrote:
>>>> can be used to preserve CDATA sections when
>>>> using Axiom to _parse_ an XML document (By default CDATA sections are
>>>> transformed to text nodes and coalesced with adjacent text nodes). On
>>>> the other hand, creating CDATA sections in output documents is
>>>> something that Axiom has always supported.
>>>> Probably what you are doing is to create an OMText node with type TEXT
>>>> and content "<![CDATA[ROSEANNA]]>". In the output document, this gets
>>>> of course escaped. What you need to do instead is to create an OMText
>>>> node with type CDATA and content "ROSEANNA".
>>>> Andreas
>>>> On Mon, Dec 7, 2009 at 20:45, Ramya K Grama <>
>>>>> Hello,
>>>>> We have been having issues with CDATA not being preserved by Axis2.
>>>>> In the response xml, the '<' are escaped to '&lt;'
>>>>> So instead of <someTagName><![CDATA[ROSEANNA]]></someTagName>
we get
>>>>> <someTagName>&lt;![CDATA[ROSEANNA]]&gt;</someTagName>
in the response.
>>>>> Reading this
>>>>> suggestion, we tried creating file
>>>>> containing this single line -
>>>>>  and placed the file under WEB-INF/classes and retried, again the same
>>>>> We are using Axis21.4, XMLBeans 2.3.0, Tomcat 6.
>>>>> The other idea was to programatically replace the escape characters
>>>>> using regular expressions - which I think is really not needed.
>>>>> Any help is highly appreciated.

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