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From "Attharkar, Asmita" <>
Subject MTOM Attachment - OMElement using AXIOM
Date Fri, 26 Sep 2008 18:36:25 GMT
Hi All,

Ok I was successful in sending Attachment using MTOM from client to server. I needed to add
OMElement in the my method signature. So the wsdl changes.

I have two things remaining to be resolved though:

1.Can I send in attachment(s) to webservice without change in the method signature and can
I still access the attachments using the MessgeContext.getCurrentMessageContext().getAttachmentMap()
?? If so how do I do that?

myServiceMethod(String param0,String param1, String param2, OMElement attachment)

I want to use myServiceMethod(String param0,String param1,String param2) and still be able
to send the attachments using MTOM - how is it possible?

2.Also another thing - I send in only one attachment to the webr service and I have three
String parameters in the web service that I send in from my client, The last of the String
parameters is an xml message and it shows up like an attachment in the AttachmentMap obtained
from messageContext. the content type is obviously text/xml. But the only attachment I am
sending is image. The Attachment Map has these two attachments where as I am expecting only
one. Right now I am making it work by skipping the first in the AttachmentMap everytime. But
how do I make sure I see only image in the attachmentMap?

This is how my client is sending the request to webservice

ServiceClient sc= new ServiceClient()

Options options = new Options();

options.set..... // I set ENABLE_MTOM in one of these.



Where payload is created using Axiom.





Where attachment is a OMElement created by adding OMText obtained from the datahandlers of
the attachments.

Why does param2 show up as attachment in AttachmentMap of MessageContext.

Any help is appreciated.

Thanks a ton for looking into this in advance,


 Hi Thilina,

Thanks for such a detailed response.

Yes I got the sample in
<>  working
and was able to retrieve the content on the server side. I used MTOM to get the contents of
attachment from client to server. There was only one file in this case and also I was using
wsdl generated client. Rather now I would like to use my own client by using ServiceClient
/OperationClient to get the contents of the multiple attachments to the server side. The thing
is I am using a service that is prewritten and I am not using the wsdl to generate either
the client or the service.

My service goes something like this, and I am using MTOM

String MyServiceMethod(String s1, String s2, String s3), where String s1,s2 and s3 - neither
has got anything to do with the attachments. I have to use datahandlers on the client side
to send the attachment to the service. Something like messageContext.addAttachment(datahandler[i])
where 'i' represents the ith attachment.

Now on the service side when I do

MessageContext msgContext = MessageContext.getCurrentMessageContext()

msgContext.getAttachmentMap and retrieve contextIDs on the AttachmentMap, I don't see the
content of attachment I passed in when I write the dataHandler into a file. Even the contextType
doesn't match. Rather it has the s3 that I sent in the parameter of the MyServiceMethod.

I will need to use tcpmon to see what exactly is happening to my messages.

Thanks for your help,



From: Thilina Gunarathne []
Sent: Wednesday, September 24, 2008 12:57 AM
Subject: Re: Attachment SwA or MTOM


        I was successfully able to write an independent web service with a client to test
where the attachments' file name is passed as parameter in the web service method.

        Based on the lines of

Hope what u meant is that you were able to retrieve the content of the file in the server
side.  Did u had a look at the MTOM sample that comes with Axis2? Axis2 MTOM sample uploads
a file to a webservice
using a WSDL generated client and a service.

        My requirement in real world is that my web service may or may not have the attachments
[0 or many attachments].

        And my web service method should be able to support all the scenarios

        There are obvious two ways of doing it:

        *       Add the array of attachment filenames in the webservice method signature and
send it using MTOM (based on the arcticle above )
        *       Or send the attachments internal to soap message using data handlers using
SwA (Can we do the same thing and say enableMTOM=true?) based on this article

Attachments go externally when SwA is used. can't mix SwA and MTOM..

Looks like you are somehow confused with the filenames vs file content... I would suggest
you to use MTOM, unless there is a requirement to support legacy web service clients (eg:
axis 1.x)..

First look at the MTOM sample and get it to working. Focus on getting the attachment content
right.. When you can get the attachments to the service, getting file names is a piece of
cake. Then you can modify the WSDL given with the sample to make it support an array of optional
elements containing attachments..

Adding max/minoccurs to the following element and wraping it using another parent element
will do the trick.
<xsd:element name="AttachmentRequest" type="tns:AttachmentType"  minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"

Then you can code generate to your modified WSDL to write your new service and client. You
can use MTOM sample client & service as references. You may also look at
to get an idea about Axis2 attachments..

Please use a http sniffer like tcpmon ( to trace your messages
and to verify whether the attachments are there in the message.


        * <>

        When using method 1, how do we handle the array of Strings to send to the client,
I want to use handwritten client so I am using

        OMElement fileNamesArray = BeanUtil.getOMElement(new QName(omNs.getNamespaceURI(),"attchFileNames"),
filenames, null, false, null);

        But this does not get me the datasource for the file in the webservice.

        When using method 2 and I access the datahandler from messageContext obtained using
getCurrentMessageContext, my data handlers are empty.

        So I am not able to achieve the solution to transfer the file from client to webservice
by either of the ways.

        Help is really appreciated as I am completely stuck!

        Thanks in advance,


Thilina Gunarathne -

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