axis-java-dev mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From prad...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r551228 [19/23] - in /webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21: ./ etc/ modules/adb-codegen/src/org/apache/axis2/schema/ modules/adb-codegen/src/org/apache/axis2/schema/template/ modules/adb-codegen/src/org/apache/axis2/schema/writer/ module...
Date Wed, 27 Jun 2007 16:46:04 GMT
Modified: webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/@axis2_version_dir@/Axis2ArchitectureGuide.html
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/%40axis2_version_dir%40/Axis2ArchitectureGuide.html?view=diff&rev=551228&r1=551227&r2=551228
==============================================================================
--- webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/@axis2_version_dir@/Axis2ArchitectureGuide.html (original)
+++ webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/@axis2_version_dir@/Axis2ArchitectureGuide.html Wed Jun 27 09:45:37 2007
@@ -1,779 +1,773 @@
-<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
-<html>
-<head>
-  <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="">
-  <title>Axis2 Architecture Guide</title>
-  <meta content="20050916;22455288">
-  <link href="../css/axis-docs.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"
-  media="all">
-</head>
-
-<body lang="en-US" dir="ltr">
-<h1 align="center">eApache Axis2 Architecture Guide</h1>
-
-<p>This document gives an introduction to Axis2's modular architecture with
-explanations on every module.</p>
-
-<p><i>Send your feedback to: <a
-href="mailto:axis-dev@ws.apache.org?subject=[Axis2]">axis-dev@ws.apache.org</a></i>.
-(Subscription details are available on the <a
-href="http://ws.apache.org/axis2/mail-lists.html">Axis2 site</a>.) Kindly
-prefix subject with [Axis2].</p>
-
-<h2>Contents</h2>
-<ul>
-  <li><a href="#bmBP">The Big Picture</a></li>
-  <li><p><a href="#requirements">Requirement of Axis2</a></p>
-  </li>
-  <li><a href="#thearchi">Axis2 Architecture</a>
-    <ul>
-      <li><p><a href="#bmcore">Core Modules</a></p>
-      </li>
-      <li><a href="#bmother">Other Modules</a></li>
-      <li><p><a href="#bmInfoMod">Information Model</a></p>
-      </li>
-      <li><a href="#bmXML">XML Processing Model</a></li>
-      <li><p><a href="#bmSOAPPM">SOAP Processing Model</a></p>
-        <ul>
-          <li><a href="#default">Axis2 Default Processing Model</a></li>
-          <li><p><a href="#incomingsoap">Processing an Incoming SOAP
-            Message</a></p>
-          </li>
-          <li><a></a><a href="#outgoing">Processing of the Outgoing
-            Message</a></li>
-          <li><p><a href="#extending">Extending the SOAP Processing
-            Model</a></p>
-            <ul>
-              <li><a href="#extendingwithhandlers">Extending the SOAP
-                Processing Model with Handlers</a></li>
-              <li><p><a href="#extendingwithmodules">Extending the SOAP
-                Processing Model with Modules</a></p>
-              </li>
-            </ul>
-          </li>
-        </ul>
-      </li>
-      <li><a href="#bmDeployment">Deployment</a>
-        <ul>
-          <li><a href="#xmlfile">The <em>axis2.xml</em> file</a></li>
-          <li><p><a href="#servicearchive">Service Archive</a></p>
-          </li>
-          <li><a href="#modulearchive">Module Archive</a></li>
-        </ul>
-      </li>
-      <li><p><a href="#bmClientAPI">Client API</a></p>
-        <ul>
-          <li><a href="#oneway">One Way Messaging Support</a></li>
-          <li><p><a href="#requestresponse">Request Response Messaging
-            Support</a></p>
-          </li>
-        </ul>
-      </li>
-      <li><a href="#bmTransports">Transports</a></li>
-      <li><p><a href="#bmWSDL">Code Generation</a></p>
-      </li>
-      <li><a href="#bmDB">Data Binding</a>
-        <ul>
-          <li><a href="#integration">Integration with Code Generation
-            Engine</a></li>
-          <li><p><a href="#serial">Serialization and De-Serialization</a></p>
-          </li>
-        </ul>
-      </li>
-    </ul>
-  </li>
-</ul>
-<a name="bmBP"></a>
-
-<h2>The Big Picture</h2>
-
-<p>A new architecture for Axis was introduced during the August 2004 Summit
-in Colombo, Sri Lanka. This new architecture on which Axis2 is based is more
-flexible, efficient, and configurable in comparison to <a
-href="http://ws.apache.org/axis/java/architecture-guide.html">Axis1.x
-architecture</a>. Some well established concepts from Axis 1.x, like handlers
-etc., have been preserved in this new architecture.</p>
-
-<p>Any architecture is a result of what that architecture should yield. The
-success of an architecture should be evaluated based on the requirements
-expected to be met by that architecture. Let us start our journey into Axis2
-by looking at the requirements.</p>
-<a name="requirements"></a>
-
-<h2>Requirement of Axis2</h2>
-
-<p>In SOAP terminology, a participant who is taking part in a Web service
-interaction is known as a SOAP Node. Delivery of a single SOAP Message is
-defined based on two participants, SOAP Sender and SOAP Receiver. Each SOAP
-message is sent by a SOAP Sender and received by a SOAP Receiver. A single
-SOAP delivery is the most basic unit that builds the Web service
-interaction.</p>
-
-<p>Each SOAP Node may be written in specific programming language, may it be
-Java, C++, .NET or Perl, but the Web services allow them to interoperate.
-This is possible because on the wire each Web service interaction is done via
-SOAP, which is common to every SOAP Node.</p>
-
-<p><img alt="" src="images/archi-guide/soap.gif" name="Graphic1"
-align="bottom" width="691" height="319" border="0"></p>
-
-<p>Web service middleware handles the complexity in SOAP messaging and lets
-the users work with the programming language they are accustomed to. Axis2
-allows Java users to invoke Web services using Java representations, and
-handles the SOAP messaging behind the curtain.</p>
-
-<p>Axis2 handles SOAP processing along with numerous other tasks. This makes
-life of a Web service developer a whole lot easier. Following are the
-identified requirements:</p>
-<ol>
-  <li>Provide a framework to process the SOAP messages. The framework should
-    be extensible and the users should be able to extend the SOAP processing
-    per service or per operation basis. Furthermore, it should be able to
-    model different Message Exchange Patterns (MEPs) using the processing
-    framework.</li>
-  <li>Ability to deploy a Web service (with or without WSDL)</li>
-  <li>Provide a Client API that can be used to invoke Web services. This API
-    should support both the Synchronous and Asynchronous programming
-  models.</li>
-  <li>Ability to configure Axis2 and its components through deployment.</li>
-  <li>Ability to send and receive SOAP messages with different
-  transports.</li>
-</ol>
-
-<p>Apart from the above functionalities, performance in terms of memory and
-speed is a major consideration for Axis2. Axis2 Core Architecture is built on
-three specifications- <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/wsdl">WSDL</a>, <a
-href="http://www.w3.org/TR/soap/">SOAP</a> and <a
-href="http://www.w3.org/Submission/ws-addressing/">WS-Addressing</a>. Other
-specifications like JAX-RPC, <a
-href="http://java.sun.com/webservices/saaj/index.jsp"> SAAJ</a> and <a
-href="http://www.w3.org/Submission/WS-Policy/">WS-Policy</a> are layered on
-top of the Core Architecture.</p>
-<a name="thearchi"></a>
-
-<h2>Axis2 Architecture</h2>
-Axis2 architecture lays out some principals to preserve the uniformity. They
-are as follows:
-<ul>
-  <li><p>Axis2 architecture separates the logic and the states. Code that
-    does the processing does not have a state inside Axis2. This allows code
-    to be executed freely by parallel threads.</p>
-  </li>
-  <li>All the information is kept in one information model, allowing the
-    system to be suspended and resumed.</li>
-</ul>
-
-<p>Axis2 architecture is modular. Therefore, Axis2 Framework is built up of
-core modules that collectively make up the core architecture of Axis2.
-Non-core/other modules are layered on top of this core
-modules/architecture.</p>
-<a name="bmcore"></a>
-
-<h3>Core Modules:</h3>
-<ul>
-  <li><a href="#bmInfoMod">Information Model</a> - Axis2 defines a model to
-    handle information and all states are kept in this model. The model
-    consists of a hierarchy of information. The system manages the life cycle
-    of the objects in this hierarchy.</li>
-  <li><p><a href="#bmXML">XML processing Model</a> - Handling the SOAP
-    Message is the most important and most complex task. The efficiency of
-    this is the single most important factor that decides the performance. It
-    makes sense to delegate this task to a separate sub-project under the Web
-    services project, allowing that sub-project (<a
-    href="http://ws.apache.org/commons/axiom/index.html">AXIOM</a> or AXis
-    Object Model) to provide a simple API for SOAP and XML info-set. It will
-    hide the complexities of the efficient XML processing within the
-    implementation.</p>
-  </li>
-  <li><a href="#bmSOAPPM">SOAP Processing Model</a> - This controls the
-    execution of the processing. The model defines different phases the
-    execution would walk through, and the user can extend the Processing
-    Model at specific places.</li>
-  <li><p><a href="#bmDeployment">Deployment Model</a> - The Axis2 deployment
-    model allows the user to deploy services, configure the transports, and
-    extend the SOAP Processing model per system, service, or operation
-    basis.</p>
-  </li>
-  <li><a href="#bmClientAPI">Client API</a> - This provides a convenient API
-    for users to communicate with Web services using Axis2. There are a set
-    of classes to interact with IN-OUT and IN-Only style <a
-    href="http://www.w3.org/2002/ws/cg/2/07/meps.html">Message Exchange
-    Patterns (MEPs)</a>, where they can be used to construct any other MEP.
-    (Please note that even if the client API has in-built support for the
-    above named MEPs, it does not by any means limit Axis2's flexibility to
-    support custom MEPs.)</li>
-  <li><p><a href="#bmTransports">Transports</a> - Axis2 defines a transport
-    framework that enables the user to use multiple different transports. The
-    transports fit into specific places in the SOAP processing model. The
-    implementation provides a few common transports and the user can write or
-    plug-in new ones if and when it is needed.</p>
-  </li>
-</ul>
-<a name="bmother"></a>
-
-<h3>Other Modules:</h3>
-<ul>
-  <li><a href="#bmWSDL">Code Generation</a> - Axis2 provides a code
-    generation tool that generates server side and client side code along
-    with descriptors and a test case. The generated code would simplify the
-    service deployment and the service invocation. This would increase the
-    usability of Axis2.</li>
-  <li><p><a href="#bmDB">Data Binding</a> - The basic client API of Axis2
-    lets the users process SOAP at the infoset level, where as data binding
-    extends it to make it more convenient to the users by encapsulating the
-    infoset layer and providing a programming language specific interface.</p>
-  </li>
-</ul>
-<map name="Graphic2Map" id="g2m">
-  <area shape="rect" coords="123,31,222,97" href="#bmInfoMod" alt="">
-  <area shape="rect" coords="239,62,319,134" href="#bmXML" alt="">
-  <area shape="rect" coords="127,112,218,177" href="#bmSOAPPM" alt="">
-  <area shape="rect" coords="12,39,89,95" href="#bmDeployment" alt="">
-  <area shape="rect" coords="0,108,94,156" href="#bmWSDL" alt="">
-  <area shape="rect" coords="350,31,426,86" href="#bmClientAPI" alt="">
-  <area shape="rect" coords="350,114,421,164" href="#bmTransports" alt="">
-</map>
-
-<p><img src="images/archi-guide/all.png" name="Graphic2" width="426" alt=""
-height="189" border="0" align="bottom" usemap="#Graphic2Map"></p>
-<a name="bmInfoMod"></a>
-
-<h2>Information Model</h2>
-
-<p>Information Model has two main hierarchies-Contexts and Descriptions. This
-model is described in UML notations below.</p>
-
-<p><img src="images/archi-guide/contexts.png" name="Graphic3" align="bottom"
-alt="" width="400" height="443" border="0"></p>
-
-<p>( A ----&lt;&gt; B says, B has 1 or more objects of A. A------&gt;B says,
-the given relationship holds between A and B.)</p>
-
-<p>The two hierarchies are connected as shown in the above figure. The
-Description hierarchy represents the static data. This data may be loaded
-from a configuration file that exists throughout the lifetime of Axis2. For
-example, deployed Web services, operations, etc. On the other hand, the
-context hierarchy holds more dynamic information about the things that have
-more than one instance (e.g.Message Context).</p>
-
-<p>These two hierarchies create a model that provides the ability to search
-for key value pairs. When the values are searched at a given level, they are
-searched while moving up the hierarchy until a match is found. In the
-resulting model, the lower levels override the values in the upper levels.
-For example, when a value is looked up in the Message Context and is not
-found, it would be looked up in the Operation Context, etc, up the hierarchy.
-The Search is first done up the hierarchy, and if the starting point is a
-Context then it searches in the Description hierarchy as well.</p>
-
-<p>This allows the user to declare and override values, with the result being
-a very flexible configuration model. The flexibility could be the
-<em>Achilles</em> heel for the system as the search is expensive, specially
-for something that does not exist. Yet in the final analysis, developers
-believe that the flexibility would serve better in this instant.</p>
-
-<table width="955" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="3">
-  <col width="112"><col width="371"><col width="103"><col width="336"><tbody>
-    <tr>
-      <td><strong>Context</strong></td>
-      <td><strong>Description</strong></td>
-      <td><strong>Configuration</strong></td>
-      <td><strong>Description</strong></td>
-    </tr>
-    <tr>
-      <td width="112"><p>Configuration Context</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="371"><p>Holds the Axis2's run time status. A deep copy of
-        this would essentially make a copy of Axis2.</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="103"><p>Axis Configuration</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="336"><p>Holds all global configurations. Transports, global
-        modules, parameters, and services etc.</p>
-      </td>
-    </tr>
-    <tr>
-      <td width="112"><p>Service Group Context</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="371"><p>Holds information about a particular usage of the
-        respective service group. The life of a Service Group Context starts
-        when a user starts interacting with a service that belong to this
-        service group. This can be used to share information between services
-        (within the same service group) in a single interaction.</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="103"><p>AxisServiceGroup</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="336"><p>Holds deployment time information about a particular
-        service group.</p>
-      </td>
-    </tr>
-    <tr>
-      <td width="112"><p>Service Context</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="371"><p>This context is available throughout the usage of
-        the respective service. This can be used to share information between
-        several MEPs of the same service, within a single interaction. The
-        life cycle depends on the scope of the service.</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="103"><p>AxisService</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="336"><p>Holds the Operations and the service level
-        configurations</p>
-      </td>
-    </tr>
-    <tr>
-      <td width="112"><p>Operation Context</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="371"><p>Holds the information about the current MEP
-        instance, maintain the messages in the current MEP etc.</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="103"><p>AxisOperation</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="336"><p>Holds the operation level configurations</p>
-      </td>
-    </tr>
-    <tr>
-      <td width="112"><a name="messageContext"></a>
-
-        <p>Message Context</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="371"><p>Holds all the information about the Message
-        currently being executed.</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="103"><p>AxisMessage</p>
-      </td>
-      <td width="336"><p>Holds message level static information like the
-        schema of the particular message.</p>
-      </td>
-    </tr>
-  </tbody>
-</table>
-<a name="bmXML"></a>
-
-<h2>XML Processing Model</h2>
-
-<p>As we mentioned above, the XML processing model of Axis2 has become a
-separate sub-project, called <a
-href="http://ws.apache.org/commons/axiom/index.html">Apache Axiom</a>, in the
-Apache Web services project. Please refer to the <a href="OMTutorial.html">OM
-Tutorial</a> for more information.</p>
-<a name="bmSOAPPM"></a>
-
-<h2>SOAP Processing Model</h2>
-
-<p><img src="images/archi-guide/soap-processing.gif" name="Graphic4" alt=""
-align="bottom" width="755" height="348" border="0"></p>
-
-<p>The architecture identified two basic actions a SOAP processor should
-perform, sending and receiving SOAP messages. The architecture provides two
-Pipes ('Flows'), to perform these two basic actions. The Axis Engine or the
-driver of Axis2 defines two methods send() and receive() to implement these
-two Pipes. The two pipes are named <i><b>In</b> Pipe</i> and <i><b>Out</b>
-Pipe</i>, and the complex Message Exchange Patterns (MEPs) are constructed by
-combining these two pipes.</p>
-
-<p>Extensibility of the SOAP processing model is provided through handlers.
-When a SOAP message is being processed, the handlers that are registered will
-be executed. The handlers can be registered in global, service, or operation
-scopes and the final handler chain is calculated combining the handlers from
-all the scopes.</p>
-
-<p>The handlers act as interceptors and they process parts of the SOAP
-message and provide add-on services. Usually handlers work on the SOAP
-headers, yet they may access or change the SOAP body as well.</p>
-
-<p>When a SOAP message is being sent through the Client API, an <i>Out
-Pipe</i> would begin, the <i>Out Pipe</i> invokes the handlers and end with a
-Transport Sender that sends the SOAP message to the target endpoint. The SOAP
-message is received by a Transport Receiver at the target endpoint, which
-reads the SOAP message and starts the <i>In Pipe</i>. The <em>In Pipe</em>
-consists of handlers and ends with the <a href="#mr">Message Receiver</a>,
-which consumes the SOAP message.</p>
-
-<p>The processing explained above happens for each and every SOAP message
-that is exchanged. After processing one message, Axis2 may decide to create
-other SOAP messages, in which case more complex message patterns emerge.
-However, Axis2 always views the SOAP message in terms of processing a single
-message. The combination of the messages are layered on top of that basic
-framework.</p>
-
-<p>The two pipes does not differentiate between the Server and the Client.
-The SOAP Processing Model handles the complexity and provides two abstract
-pipes to the user. The different areas or the stages of the pipes are given
-names, and according to Axis2 slang, they are named 'phases'. A Handler
-always runs inside a phase, and the phase provides a mechanism to specify the
-ordering of handlers. Both Pipes have built-in phases, and both define the
-areas for 'User Phases' which can be defined by the user.</p>
-<a name="default"></a>
-
-<h3>Axis2 Default Processing Model</h3>
-
-<p>Axis2 has some inbuilt handlers that run in inbuilt phases and they create
-the default configuration for Axis2. We will be looking more in to how to
-extend the default processing Model in the next section.</p>
-There are three special handlers defined in Axis2.
-<ol>
-  <li>Dispatchers - Finds the service and the operation the SOAP message is
-    directed to. Dispatchers always run on the <em>In-Pipe</em> and inside
-    the Dispatch phase. The in-built dispatchers dispatch to a particular
-    operation depending on various conditions like WS-Addressing information,
-    URI information, SOAP action information, etc. ( See more information on
-    <a
-    href="http://www.wso2.net/tutorials/axis2/java/2006/06/18/operation-service-message-is-destined-to">Dispatching</a>)</li>
-</ol>
-<ul>
-  <li><a name="mr"></a>Message Receiver - Consumes the SOAP message and hands
-    it over to the application. The message receiver is the last handler of
-    the in-pipe</li>
-  <li><p>Transport Sender - Sends the SOAP message to the SOAP endpoint the
-    message is destined to. Always runs as the last handler in the
-    out-pipe</p>
-  </li>
-</ul>
-<a name="incomingsoap"></a>
-
-<h3>Processing an Incoming SOAP Message</h3>
-
-<p>An incoming SOAP message is always received by a Transport Receiver
-waiting for the SOAP messages. Once the SOAP message arrives, the transport
-Headers are parsed and a <a href="#messageContext">Message Context</a> is
-created from the incoming SOAP message. This message context encapsulates all
-the information, including the SOAP message itself, transport headers, etc.,
-inside it. Then the <i>In Pipe</i> is executed with the Message Context.</p>
-
-<p>Let us see what happens at each phase of the execution. This process can
-happen in the server or in the client.</p>
-<ol>
-  <li><strong>Transport Phase</strong> - The handlers are in the phase that
-    processes transport specific information such as validating incoming
-    messages by looking at various transport headers, adding data into
-    message context, etc.</li>
-  <li><strong>Pre-Dispatch Phase</strong>- The main functionality of the
-    handlers in this phase is to populate message context to do the
-    dispatching. For example, processing of addressing headers of the SOAP
-    message, if any, happens in this phase. Addressing handlers extract
-    information and put them in to the message context.</li>
-  <li><strong>Dispatch Phase</strong> - The Dispatchers run in this phase and
-    try to find the correct service and operation this particular message is
-    destined for.<br>
-    The post condition of the dispatch phase (any phase can contain a post
-    condition) checks whether a service and an operation were found by the
-    dispatchers. If not, the execution will halt and give a "service not
-    found' error.</li>
-  <li><strong>User Defined Phases</strong> - Users can engage their custom
-    handlers here.</li>
-  <li><strong>Message Validation Phase</strong> - Once the user level
-    execution has taken place, this phase validates whether SOAP Message
-    Processing has taken place correctly.</li>
-  <li><strong>Message Processing Phase</strong> - The Business logic of the
-    SOAP message is executed here. A <a href="#mr">Message Receiver</a> is
-    registered with each Operation. This message receiver (associated to the
-    particular operation) will be executed as the last handler of this
-  phase.</li>
-</ol>
-
-<p>There may be other handlers in any of these phases. Users may use custom
-handlers to override the mechanics in each of these phases.</p>
-<a name="outgoing"></a>
-
-<h3>Processing of the Outgoing Message</h3>
-
-<p>The<em> Out Pipe</em> is simpler because the service and the operation to
-dispatch are known by the time the pipe is executed. The <em>Out Pipe</em>
-may be initiated by the</p>
-<a href="#mr">Message Receiver</a> or the Client API implementation. Phases
-of the <em>Out Pipe</em> are described below:
-<ol>
-  <li><strong>Message Initialize Phase</strong> - First phase of the <em>Out
-    Pipe</em>. Serves as the placeholder for the custom handlers.</li>
-  <li><strong>User Phases</strong> - Executes handlers in user-defined
-  phases.</li>
-  <li><strong>Transports Phase</strong> - Executes any transport handlers
-    taken from the associated transport configuration. The last handler would
-    be a transport sender which will send the SOAP message to the target
-    endpoint.</li>
-</ol>
-<a name="extending"></a>
-
-<h3>Extending the SOAP Processing Model</h3>
-
-<p>Above, we discussed the default processing model of Axis2. Now let us
-discuss the extension mechanism for the SOAP processing model. After all, the
-whole effort of making this SOAP engine/processing model was focused on
-making it extendable.</p>
-
-<p>The idea behind introducing step-wise processing of the SOAP message in
-terms of handlers and phases is to allow easier modification of the
-processing order. The notion of phases makes it easier to place handlers in
-between other handlers. This enables modification of the default processing
-behavior. The SOAP Processing Model can be extended with <a
-href="#extendingwithhandlers">handlers</a> or <a
-href="#extendingwithmodules">modules</a>.</p>
-
-<h4>Extending the SOAP Processing Model with Handlers</h4>
-
-<p>The handlers in a module can specify the phase they need to be placed in.
-Furthermore, they can specify their location inside a phase by providing
-phase rules. Phase rules will place a handler,</p>
-<ol>
-  <li>as the first handler in a phase,</li>
-  <li>as the last handler in a phase,</li>
-  <li>before a given handler,</li>
-  <li>or after a given handler.</li>
-</ol>
-<a name="extendingwithmodules"></a>
-
-<h4>Extending the SOAP Processing Model with Modules</h4>
-
-<p>Axis2 defines an entity called a 'module' that can introduce handlers and
-Web service operations. A Module in terms of Axis2 usually acts as a
-convenient packaging that includes:</p>
-<ul>
-  <li>A set of handlers and</li>
-  <li>An associated descriptor which includes the phase rules</li>
-</ul>
-
-<p>Modules have the concept of being 'available' and 'engaged'.
-'Availability' means the module is present in the system, but has not been
-activated, i.e., the handlers included inside the module have not been used
-in the processing mechanism. When a module is 'engaged' it becomes active and
-the handlers get placed in the proper phases. The handlers will act in the
-same way as explained in the previous section. Usually a module will be used
-to implement a WS-* functionality such as WS-Addressing.</p>
-
-<p>Apart from the extension mechanism based on the handlers, the WS-*
-specifications may suggest a requirement for adding new operations. For
-example, once a user adds Reliable Messaging capability to a service, the
-"Create Sequence" operation needs to be available to the service endpoint.
-This can be implemented by letting the modules define the operations. Once
-the module is engaged to a service, the necessary operations will be added to
-that service.</p>
-
-<p>A service, operation, or the system may engage a module. Once the module
-is engaged, the handlers and the operations defined in the module are added
-to the entity that engaged them.</p>
-
-<p>Modules cannot be added (no hot deployment) while the Axis2 engine is
-running, but they will be available once the system is restarted.</p>
-<a name="bmDeployment"></a>
-
-<h2>Deployment</h2>
-
-<p>The Deployment Model provides a concrete mechanism to configure Axis2.
-This model has three entities that provide the configuration.</p>
-<a name="xmlfile"></a>
-
-<h3>The axis2.xml file</h3>
-
-<p>This file holds the global configuration for the client and server, and
-provides the following information:</p>
-<ol>
-  <li>The global parameters</li>
-  <li>Registered transport-in and transport-outs</li>
-  <li>User-defined phase names</li>
-  <li>Modules that are engaged globally (to all services)</li>
-  <li>Globally defined <a href="#mr">Message Receivers</a></li>
-</ol>
-<a name="servicearchive"></a>
-
-<h3>Service Archive</h3>
-
-<p>The Service archive must have a <em>META-INF/<a
-href="resources/schemas/services.xsd">services.xml</a></em> file and may
-contain the dependent classes. The <em>services.xml</em> file has the
-following information.</p>
-<ol>
-  <li>Service level parameters</li>
-  <li>Modules that are engaged at service level</li>
-  <li>Service Specific <a href="#mr">Message Receivers</a></li>
-  <li>Operations inside the service</li>
-</ol>
-<a name="modulearchive"></a>
-
-<h3>Module Archive</h3>
-
-<p>Module archive must have a META-INF/<a
-href="resources/schemas/module.xsd">module.xml</a> file and dependent
-classes. The <em>module.xml</em> file has Module parameters and the
-Operations defined in the module.</p>
-
-<p>When the system starts up, Axis2 prompts the deployment model to create an
-Axis Configuration. The deployment model first finds the axis2.xml file and
-builds the global configuration. Then it checks for the module archives and
-then for the service archives. After that, the corresponding services and
-modules are added to the Axis Configuration. The system will build contexts
-on top of the Axis Configuration. After this, Axis2 is ready to send or
-receive SOAP messages. Hot deployment is only allowed for services.</p>
-<a name="bmClientAPI"></a>
-
-<h2>Client API</h2>
-
-<p>There are three parameters that decide the nature of the Web service
-interaction.</p>
-<ol>
-  <li>Message Exchange Pattern (MEP)</li>
-  <li>The behavior of the transport, whether it's One-Way or Two-Way</li>
-  <li>Synchronous/ Asynchronous behavior of the Client API</li>
-</ol>
-
-<p>Variations of the three parameters can result in an indefinite number of
-scenarios. Even though Axis2 is built on a core that supports any messaging
-interaction, the developers were compelled to provide in-built support for
-only two most widely used Message Exchange Patterns (MEPs).</p>
-
-<p>The two supported MEPs are One-Way and the In-Out (Request-Response)
-scenarios in the Client API. The implementation is based on a class called
-<code>ServiceClient</code> and there are extensions for each MEP that Axis2
-Client API supports.</p>
-<a name="oneway"></a>
-
-<h3>One Way Messaging Support</h3>
-
-<p>The One-Way support is provided by the <code>fireAndForget</code> method
-of <code>ServiceClient</code>. For one way invocations, one can use HTTP ,
-SMTP and TCP transports. In the case of the HTTP transport, the return
-channel is not used, and the HTTP 202 OK is returned in the return
-channel.</p>
-<a name="requestresponse"></a>
-
-<h3>In-Out (Request Response) Messaging Support</h3>
-
-<p>The In-Out support is provided by the <code>sendReceive()</code> method in
-ServiceClient. This provides a simpler interface for the user. The Client API
-has four ways to configure a given message exchange</p>
-<ol>
-  <li>Blocking or Non-Blocking nature - this can be decided by using
-    <code>sendReceive()</code> or <code>sendReceiveNonBlocking()</code>
-    methods</li>
-  <li>Sender transport - transport that sends the SOAP message</li>
-  <li>Listener transport - transport that receives the response</li>
-  <li>Use Separate Channel - determines whether the response is sent over a
-    separate transport connection or not. This can be false only when the
-    sender and listener transport is same and is a Two-Way transport.</li>
-</ol>
-
-<p>Depending on the values of the above four parameters, Axis2 behaves
-differently.</p>
-<a name="bmTransports"></a>
-
-<h2>Transports</h2>
-
-<p>Axis2 has two basic constructs for transports, namely: Transport Senders
-and Transport Receivers. These are accessed via the AxisConfiguration.</p>
-
-<p>The incoming transport is the transport via which the AxisEngine receives
-the message. The outgoing transport is decided based on the addressing
-information (wsa:ReplyTo and wsa:FaultTo). If addressing information is not
-available and if the server is trying to respond, then the out going
-transport will be the outputstream of the incoming transport (if it is
-two-way transport).</p>
-
-<p>At the client side, the user is free to specify the transport to be
-used.</p>
-
-<p>Transport Senders and Transport Receivers contain the following
-information.</p>
-<ol>
-  <li>Transport Sender for Out Configuration</li>
-  <li>Transport Listener for In Configuration</li>
-  <li>Parameters of the transport</li>
-</ol>
-
-<p>Each and every transport out configuration defines a transport sender. The
-transport sender sends the SOAP message depending on its configuration.</p>
-
-<p>The transport receiver waits for the SOAP messages, and for each SOAP
-message that arrives, it uses the <i>In Pipe</i> to process the SOAP
-message.</p>
-
-<p>Axis2 presently supports the following transports:</p>
-<ol>
-  <li>HTTP - In HTTP transport, the transport listener is a servlet or
-    org.apache.axis2.transport.http.SimpleHTTPServer provided by Axis2. The
-    transport sender uses commons-httpclient to connect and send the SOAP
-    message.</li>
-  <li>TCP - This is the simplest transport, but needs the WS - Addressing
-    support to be functional.</li>
-  <li>SMTP - This works off a single email account. Transport receiver is a
-    thread that checks for emails in fixed time intervals.</li>
-  <li>JMS</li>
-</ol>
-<a name="bmWSDL" id="bmWSDL"></a>
-
-<h2>Code Generation</h2>
-
-<p>Although the basic objective of the code generation tools has not changed,
-the code generation module of Axis2 has taken a different approach to
-generate code. Primarily, the change is in the use of templates, namely XSL
-templates, which gives the code generator the flexibility to generate code in
-multiple languages.</p>
-
-<p>The basic approach is to set the code generator to generate an XML, and
-parse it with a template to generate the code file. The following figure
-describes how this shows up in the architecture of the tool.</p>
-
-<p><img src="images/archi-guide/CodegenArchitecture-new.gif" name="Graphic6"
-alt="" align="bottom" border="0"></p>
-
-<p>The fact here is that it is the same information that is extracted from
-the WSDL no matter what code is generated. First, an AxisService is populated
-from a WSDL. Then the code generator extracts information from the
-AxisService and creates an XML, which is language independent. This emitted
-XML is then parsed with the relevant XSL to generate code for the relevant
-language. No matter what the output language is, the process is the same
-except for the template that is being used.</p>
-<a name="bmDB" id="bmDB"></a>
-
-<h2>Data Binding</h2>
-
-<h3>Integration with the Code Generation Engine</h3>
-
-<p>Databinding for Axis2 is implemented in an interesting manner. Databinding
-has not been included in the core deliberately, and hence the code generation
-allows different data binding frameworks to be plugged in. This is done
-through an extension mechanism where the codegen engine first calls the
-extensions and then executes the core emitter. The extensions populate a map
-of QNames vs. class names that is passed to the code generator on which the
-emitter operates on.</p>
-
-<p><strong>The following diagram shows the structure:</strong></p>
-
-<p><img src="images/codegen.gif" name="Graphic7" align="bottom"
-border="0"></p>
-
-<p><strong>The following databinding extensions are available:</strong></p>
-<ol>
-  <li><strong>ADB</strong> - ADB (Axis Data Binding ) is a simple framework
-    that allows simple schemas to be compiled. It is lightweight and simple,
-    works off StAX and fairly performant. However, it does not support the
-    complete set of schema constructs and is likely to complain for certain
-    schemas!</li>
-  <li><strong>XMLBeans</strong> - XMLbeans claims that it supports the
-    complete schema specification, and it is preferred if full schema support
-    is needed!</li>
-  <li><strong>JAX-Me</strong> - JaxMe support has been added in a similar
-    manner to XMLbeans and serves as another option for the user</li>
-  <li><strong>JibX</strong> - This is the most recent addition to the family
-    of databinding extensions, and it is also another option the users have
-    for data binding.</li>
-</ol>
-<a name="serial" id="serial"></a>
-
-<h3>Serialization and De-Serialization of Data bound classes</h3>
-
-<p>AXIOM is based on a StAX API (Streaming API for XML). Xml-beans supports
-StAX API. Data binding in Axis2 is achieved through interfacing the AXIOM
-with the Xml-beans using the StAX API, which is supported by both parties. At
-the time of code generation, there will be utility methods generated inside
-the stub (or the message receiver) that can de-serialize from AXIOM to data
-bound object and serialize from data bound object to AXIOM. For example, if
-the WSDL has an operation called "echoString", once the code is generated,
-the following methods will be generated inside the relevant classes.</p>
-<pre>public static
-org.apache.axiom.om.OMElement toOM(org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringParamDocument
-param)// This method will handle the serialization.
-
-public static org.apache.xmlbeans.XmlObject
-fromOM(org.apache.axis2.om.OMElement param, java.lang.Class type) //This
-method will handle the de-serialization.</pre>
-</body>
-</html>
+<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
+<html>
+<head>
+  <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="">
+  <title>Axis2 Architecture Guide</title>
+  <meta content="20050916;22455288">
+  <link href="../css/axis-docs.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"
+  media="all">
+</head>
+
+<body lang="en-US" dir="ltr">
+<h1 align="center">Apache Axis2 Architecture Guide</h1>
+
+<p>This document gives an introduction to Axis2's modular architecture with
+explanations on every module.</p>
+
+<h2>Contents</h2>
+<ul>
+  <li><a href="#bmBP">The Big Picture</a></li>
+  <li><p><a href="#requirements">Requirement of Axis2</a></p>
+  </li>
+  <li><a href="#thearchi">Axis2 Architecture</a>
+    <ul>
+      <li><p><a href="#bmcore">Core Modules</a></p>
+      </li>
+      <li><a href="#bmother">Other Modules</a></li>
+      <li><p><a href="#bmInfoMod">Information Model</a></p>
+      </li>
+      <li><a href="#bmXML">XML Processing Model</a></li>
+      <li><p><a href="#bmSOAPPM">SOAP Processing Model</a></p>
+        <ul>
+          <li><a href="#default">Axis2 Default Processing Model</a></li>
+          <li><p><a href="#incomingsoap">Processing an Incoming SOAP
+            Message</a></p>
+          </li>
+          <li><a></a><a href="#outgoing">Processing of the Outgoing
+            Message</a></li>
+          <li><p><a href="#extending">Extending the SOAP Processing
+            Model</a></p>
+            <ul>
+              <li><a href="#extendingwithhandlers">Extending the SOAP
+                Processing Model with Handlers</a></li>
+              <li><p><a href="#extendingwithmodules">Extending the SOAP
+                Processing Model with Modules</a></p>
+              </li>
+            </ul>
+          </li>
+        </ul>
+      </li>
+      <li><a href="#bmDeployment">Deployment</a>
+        <ul>
+          <li><a href="#xmlfile">The <em>axis2.xml</em> file</a></li>
+          <li><p><a href="#servicearchive">Service Archive</a></p>
+          </li>
+          <li><a href="#modulearchive">Module Archive</a></li>
+        </ul>
+      </li>
+      <li><p><a href="#bmClientAPI">Client API</a></p>
+        <ul>
+          <li><a href="#oneway">One Way Messaging Support</a></li>
+          <li><p><a href="#requestresponse">Request Response Messaging
+            Support</a></p>
+          </li>
+        </ul>
+      </li>
+      <li><a href="#bmTransports">Transports</a></li>
+      <li><p><a href="#bmWSDL">Code Generation</a></p>
+      </li>
+      <li><a href="#bmDB">Data Binding</a>
+        <ul>
+          <li><a href="#integration">Integration with Code Generation
+            Engine</a></li>
+          <li><p><a href="#serial">Serialization and De-Serialization</a></p>
+          </li>
+        </ul>
+      </li>
+    </ul>
+  </li>
+</ul>
+<a name="bmBP"></a>
+
+<h2>The Big Picture</h2>
+
+<p>A new architecture for Axis was introduced during the August 2004 Summit
+in Colombo, Sri Lanka. This new architecture on which Axis2 is based is more
+flexible, efficient, and configurable in comparison to <a
+href="http://ws.apache.org/axis/java/architecture-guide.html">Axis1.x
+architecture</a>. Some well established concepts from Axis 1.x, like handlers
+etc., have been preserved in this new architecture.</p>
+
+<p>Any architecture is a result of what that architecture should yield. The
+success of an architecture should be evaluated based on the requirements
+expected to be met by that architecture. Let us start our journey into Axis2
+by looking at the requirements.</p>
+<a name="requirements"></a>
+
+<h2>Requirement of Axis2</h2>
+
+<p>In SOAP terminology, a participant who is taking part in a Web service
+interaction is known as a SOAP Node. Delivery of a single SOAP Message is
+defined based on two participants, SOAP Sender and SOAP Receiver. Each SOAP
+message is sent by a SOAP Sender and received by a SOAP Receiver. A single
+SOAP delivery is the most basic unit that builds the Web service
+interaction.</p>
+
+<p>Each SOAP Node may be written in specific programming language, may it be
+Java, C++, .NET or Perl, but the Web services allow them to interoperate.
+This is possible because on the wire each Web service interaction is done via
+SOAP, which is common to every SOAP Node.</p>
+
+<p><img alt="" src="images/archi-guide/soap.gif" name="Graphic1"
+align="bottom" width="691" height="319" border="0"></p>
+
+<p>Web service middleware handles the complexity in SOAP messaging and lets
+the users work with the programming language they are accustomed to. Axis2
+allows Java users to invoke Web services using Java representations, and
+handles the SOAP messaging behind the curtain.</p>
+
+<p>Axis2 handles SOAP processing along with numerous other tasks. This makes
+life of a Web service developer a whole lot easier. Following are the
+identified requirements:</p>
+<ol>
+  <li>Provide a framework to process the SOAP messages. The framework should
+    be extensible and the users should be able to extend the SOAP processing
+    per service or per operation basis. Furthermore, it should be able to
+    model different Message Exchange Patterns (MEPs) using the processing
+    framework.</li>
+  <li>Ability to deploy a Web service (with or without WSDL)</li>
+  <li>Provide a Client API that can be used to invoke Web services. This API
+    should support both the Synchronous and Asynchronous programming
+  models.</li>
+  <li>Ability to configure Axis2 and its components through deployment.</li>
+  <li>Ability to send and receive SOAP messages with different
+  transports.</li>
+</ol>
+
+<p>Apart from the above functionalities, performance in terms of memory and
+speed is a major consideration for Axis2. Axis2 Core Architecture is built on
+three specifications- <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/wsdl">WSDL</a>, <a
+href="http://www.w3.org/TR/soap/">SOAP</a> and <a
+href="http://www.w3.org/Submission/ws-addressing/">WS-Addressing</a>. Other
+specifications like JAX-RPC, <a
+href="http://java.sun.com/webservices/saaj/index.jsp"> SAAJ</a> and <a
+href="http://www.w3.org/Submission/WS-Policy/">WS-Policy</a> are layered on
+top of the Core Architecture.</p>
+<a name="thearchi"></a>
+
+<h2>Axis2 Architecture</h2>
+Axis2 architecture lays out some principals to preserve the uniformity. They
+are as follows:
+<ul>
+  <li><p>Axis2 architecture separates the logic and the states. Code that
+    does the processing does not have a state inside Axis2. This allows code
+    to be executed freely by parallel threads.</p>
+  </li>
+  <li>All the information is kept in one information model, allowing the
+    system to be suspended and resumed.</li>
+</ul>
+
+<p>Axis2 architecture is modular. Therefore, Axis2 Framework is built up of
+core modules that collectively make up the core architecture of Axis2.
+Non-core/other modules are layered on top of these core
+modules.</p>
+<a name="bmcore"></a>
+
+<h3>Core Modules:</h3>
+<ul>
+  <li><a href="#bmInfoMod">Information Model</a> - Axis2 defines a model to
+    handle information and all states are kept in this model. The model
+    consists of a hierarchy of information. The system manages the life cycle
+    of the objects in this hierarchy.</li>
+  <li><p><a href="#bmXML">XML processing Model</a> - Handling the SOAP
+    Message is the most important and most complex task. The efficiency of
+    this is the single most important factor that decides the performance. It
+    makes sense to delegate this task to a separate sub-project under the Web
+    services project, allowing that sub-project (<a
+    href="http://ws.apache.org/commons/axiom/index.html">AXIOM</a> or AXis
+    Object Model) to provide a simple API for SOAP and XML info-set. It 
+    hides the complexities of efficient XML processing within its
+    implementation.</p>
+  </li>
+  <li><a href="#bmSOAPPM">SOAP Processing Model</a> - This controls the
+    execution of the processing. The model defines different phases the
+    execution would walk through, and the user can extend the Processing
+    Model at specific places.</li>
+  <li><p><a href="#bmDeployment">Deployment Model</a> - The Axis2 deployment
+    model allows the user to deploy services, configure the transports, and
+    extend the SOAP Processing model per system, service, or operation
+    basis.</p>
+  </li>
+  <li><a href="#bmClientAPI">Client API</a> - This provides a convenient API
+    for users to communicate with Web services using Axis2. There are a set
+    of classes to interact with IN-OUT and IN-Only style <a
+    href="http://www.w3.org/2002/ws/cg/2/07/meps.html">Message Exchange
+    Patterns (MEPs)</a>, where they can be used to construct any other MEP.
+    (Please note that even if the client API has in-built support for the
+    above named MEPs, it does not by any means limit Axis2's flexibility to
+    support custom MEPs.)</li>
+  <li><p><a href="#bmTransports">Transports</a> - Axis2 defines a transport
+    framework that enables the user to use multiple different transports. The
+    transports fit into specific places in the SOAP processing model. The
+    implementation provides a few common transports and the user can write or
+    plug-in new ones if and when it is needed.</p>
+  </li>
+</ul>
+<a name="bmother"></a>
+
+<h3>Other Modules:</h3>
+<ul>
+  <li><a href="#bmWSDL">Code Generation</a> - Axis2 provides a code
+    generation tool that generates server side and client side code along
+    with descriptors and a test case. The generated code simplifies the
+    service deployment and the service invocation, increasing the
+    usability of Axis2.</li>
+  <li><p><a href="#bmDB">Data Binding</a> - The basic client API of Axis2
+    lets the users process SOAP at the infoset level, whereas data binding
+    extends it to make it more convenient to users by encapsulating the
+    infoset layer and providing a programming language specific interface.</p>
+  </li>
+</ul>
+<map name="Graphic2Map" id="g2m">
+  <area shape="rect" coords="123,31,222,97" href="#bmInfoMod" alt="">
+  <area shape="rect" coords="239,62,319,134" href="#bmXML" alt="">
+  <area shape="rect" coords="127,112,218,177" href="#bmSOAPPM" alt="">
+  <area shape="rect" coords="12,39,89,95" href="#bmDeployment" alt="">
+  <area shape="rect" coords="0,108,94,156" href="#bmWSDL" alt="">
+  <area shape="rect" coords="350,31,426,86" href="#bmClientAPI" alt="">
+  <area shape="rect" coords="350,114,421,164" href="#bmTransports" alt="">
+</map>
+
+<p><img src="images/archi-guide/all.png" name="Graphic2" width="426" alt=""
+height="189" border="0" align="bottom" usemap="#Graphic2Map"></p>
+<a name="bmInfoMod"></a>
+
+<h2>Information Model</h2>
+
+<p>The Information Model has two main hierarchies--Contexts and Descriptions. This
+model is described in UML notations below.</p>
+
+<p><img src="images/archi-guide/contexts.png" name="Graphic3" align="bottom"
+alt="" width="400" height="443" border="0"></p>
+
+<p>( A ----&lt;&gt; B says, B has 1 or more objects of A. A------&gt;B says,
+the given relationship holds between A and B.)</p>
+
+<p>The two hierarchies are connected as shown in the above figure. The
+Description hierarchy represents the static data. This data may be loaded
+from a configuration file that exists throughout the lifetime of Axis2. For
+example, deployed Web services, operations, etc. On the other hand, the
+context hierarchy holds more dynamic information about objects that can have
+more than one instance (e.g., Message Contexts).</p>
+
+<p>These two hierarchies create a model that provides the ability to search
+for key-value pairs. When the values are searched at a given level, they are
+searched while moving up the hierarchy until a match is found. In the
+resulting model, the lower levels override the values in the upper levels.
+For example, when a value is looked up in the Message Context and is not
+found, it would be looked up in the Operation Context, etc, up the hierarchy.
+The Search is first done up the hierarchy, and if the starting point is a
+Context then it searches in the Description hierarchy as well.</p>
+
+<p>This allows the user to declare and override values, with the result being
+a very flexible configuration model. This flexibility could be the
+<em>Achilles heel</em> for the system, however, as searches are expensive, especially
+for parameters that turn out not to exist. Yet in the final analysis, the Axis Team
+believes that this flexibility serves developers better overall.</p>
+
+<table width="955" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="3">
+  <col width="112"><col width="371"><col width="103"><col width="336"><tbody>
+    <tr>
+      <td><strong>Context</strong></td>
+      <td><strong>Description</strong></td>
+      <td><strong>Configuration</strong></td>
+      <td><strong>Description</strong></td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td width="112"><p>Configuration Context</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="371"><p>Holds the Axis2's run time status. A deep copy of
+        this would essentially make a copy of Axis2.</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="103"><p>Axis Configuration</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="336"><p>Holds all global configurations: transports, global
+        modules, parameters, services, etc.</p>
+      </td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td width="112"><p>Service Group Context</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="371"><p>Holds information about a particular usage of the
+        respective service group. The life of a Service Group Context starts
+        when a user starts interacting with a service that belongs to this
+        service group. This can be used to share information between services
+        (within the same service group) in a single interaction.</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="103"><p>AxisServiceGroup</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="336"><p>Holds deployment time information about a particular
+        service group.</p>
+      </td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td width="112"><p>Service Context</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="371"><p>This context is available throughout the usage of
+        the respective service. This can be used to share information between
+        several MEPs of the same service, within a single interaction. The
+        life cycle depends on the scope of the service.</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="103"><p>AxisService</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="336"><p>Holds the Operations and the service level
+        configurations</p>
+      </td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td width="112"><p>Operation Context</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="371"><p>Holds the information about the current MEP
+        instance, maintains the messages in the current MEP etc.</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="103"><p>AxisOperation</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="336"><p>Holds the operation level configurations</p>
+      </td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td width="112"><a name="messageContext"></a>
+
+        <p>Message Context</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="371"><p>Holds all the information about the message
+        currently being executed.</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="103"><p>AxisMessage</p>
+      </td>
+      <td width="336"><p>Holds message level static information like the
+        schema of the particular message.</p>
+      </td>
+    </tr>
+  </tbody>
+</table>
+<a name="bmXML"></a>
+
+<h2>XML Processing Model</h2>
+
+<p>As mentioned above, the XML processing model of Axis2 has become a
+separate sub-project, called <a
+href="http://ws.apache.org/commons/axiom/index.html">Apache Axiom</a>, in the
+Apache Web services project. Please refer to the <a href="OMTutorial.html">OM
+Tutorial</a> for more information.</p>
+<a name="bmSOAPPM"></a>
+
+<h2>SOAP Processing Model</h2>
+
+<p><img src="images/archi-guide/soap-processing.gif" name="Graphic4" alt=""
+align="bottom" width="755" height="348" border="0"></p>
+
+<p>The architecture identified two basic actions a SOAP processor should
+perform, sending and receiving SOAP messages. The architecture provides two
+pipes (or flows) to perform these two basic actions. The Axis Engine or the
+driver of Axis2 defines two methods, send() and receive(), to implement these
+two pipes. The two pipes are named <i><b>In</b> Pipe</i> and <i><b>Out</b>
+Pipe</i>, and complex Message Exchange Patterns (MEPs) are constructed by
+combining these two pipes.</p>
+
+<p>Extensibility of the SOAP processing model is provided through handlers.
+When a SOAP message is being processed, the handlers that are registered will
+be executed. The handlers can be registered in global, service, or operation
+scope and the final handler chain is calculated combining the handlers from
+all the scopes.</p>
+
+<p>The handlers act as interceptors and they process parts of the SOAP
+message and provide add-on services. Usually handlers work on the SOAP
+headers, yet they may access or change the SOAP body as well.</p>
+
+<p>When a SOAP message is being sent through the Client API, an <i>Out
+Pipe</i> activates.  The <i>Out Pipe</i> will invoke the handlers and end with a
+Transport Sender that sends the SOAP message to the target endpoint. The SOAP
+message is received by a Transport Receiver at the target endpoint, which
+reads the SOAP message and starts the <i>In Pipe</i>. The <em>In Pipe</em>
+consists of handlers and ends with the <a href="#mr">Message Receiver</a>,
+which consumes the SOAP message.</p>
+
+<p>The processing explained above happens for each and every SOAP message
+that is exchanged. After processing one message, Axis2 may decide to create
+other SOAP messages, in which case more complex message patterns emerge.
+However, Axis2 always views the SOAP message in terms of processing a single
+message. The combination of the messages are layered on top of that basic
+framework.</p>
+
+<p>The two pipes do not differentiate between the Server and the Client.
+The SOAP Processing Model handles the complexity and provides two abstract
+pipes to the user. The different areas or the stages of the pipes are
+called 'phases' within Axis2.  A Handler
+always runs inside a specific phase, and the phase provides a mechanism to specify the
+ordering of handlers. Both Pipes have built-in phases, and both define the
+areas for 'User Phases' which can be defined by the user.</p>
+<a name="default"></a>
+
+<h3>Axis2 Default Processing Model</h3>
+
+<p>Axis2 has some inbuilt handlers that run in inbuilt phases and they create
+the default configuration for Axis2. We will be looking more in to how to
+extend the default processing Model in the next section.</p>
+There are three special handlers defined in Axis2.
+<ol>
+  <li>Dispatchers - Finds the service and the operation the SOAP message is
+    directed to. Dispatchers always run on the <em>In-Pipe</em> and inside
+    the Dispatch phase. The in-built dispatchers dispatch to a particular
+    operation depending on various conditions like WS-Addressing information,
+    URI information, SOAP action information, etc. ( See more information on
+    <a
+    href="http://www.wso2.net/tutorials/axis2/java/2006/06/18/operation-service-message-is-destined-to">Dispatching</a>)</li>
+</ol>
+<ul>
+  <li><a name="mr"></a>Message Receiver - Consumes the SOAP message and hands
+    it over to the application. The message receiver is the last handler of
+    the in-pipe</li>
+  <li><p>Transport Sender - Sends the SOAP message to the SOAP endpoint the
+    message is destined to. Always runs as the last handler in the
+    out-pipe</p>
+  </li>
+</ul>
+<a name="incomingsoap"></a>
+
+<h3>Processing an Incoming SOAP Message</h3>
+
+<p>An incoming SOAP message is always received by a Transport Receiver
+waiting for the SOAP messages. Once the SOAP message arrives, the transport
+Headers are parsed and a <a href="#messageContext">Message Context</a> is
+created from the incoming SOAP message. This message context encapsulates all
+the information, including the SOAP message itself, transport headers, etc.,
+inside it. Then the <i>In Pipe</i> is executed with the Message Context.</p>
+
+<p>Let us see what happens at each phase of the execution. This process can
+happen in the server or in the client.</p>
+<ol>
+  <li><strong>Transport Phase</strong> - The handlers are in the phase that
+    processes transport specific information such as validating incoming
+    messages by looking at various transport headers, adding data into
+    message contexts, etc.</li>
+  <li><strong>Pre-Dispatch Phase</strong>- The main functionality of the
+    handlers in this phase is to populate message context to do the
+    dispatching. For example, processing of addressing headers of the SOAP
+    message, if any, happens in this phase. Addressing handlers extract
+    information and put them in to the message context.</li>
+  <li><strong>Dispatch Phase</strong> - The Dispatchers run in this phase and
+    try to find the correct service and operation this particular message is
+    destined for.<br>
+    The post condition of the dispatch phase (any phase can contain a post
+    condition) checks whether a service and an operation were found by the
+    dispatchers. If not, the execution will halt and return a "service not
+    found' error.</li>
+  <li><strong>User Defined Phases</strong> - Users can engage their custom
+    handlers here.</li>
+  <li><strong>Message Validation Phase</strong> - Once the user level
+    execution has taken place, this phase validates whether SOAP Message
+    Processing has taken place correctly.</li>
+  <li><strong>Message Processing Phase</strong> - The Business logic of the
+    SOAP message is executed here. A <a href="#mr">Message Receiver</a> is
+    registered with each Operation. This message receiver (associated to the
+    particular operation) will be executed as the last handler of this
+  phase.</li>
+</ol>
+
+<p>There may be other handlers in any of these phases. Users may use custom
+handlers to override the processing logic in each of these phases.</p>
+<a name="outgoing"></a>
+
+<h3>Processing of the Outgoing Message</h3>
+
+<p>The<em> Out Pipe</em> is simpler because the service and the operation to
+dispatch are known by the time the pipe is executed. The <em>Out Pipe</em>
+may be initiated by the</p>
+<a href="#mr">Message Receiver</a> or the Client API implementation. Phases
+of the <em>Out Pipe</em> are described below:
+<ol>
+  <li><strong>Message Initialize Phase</strong> - First phase of the <em>Out
+    Pipe</em>. Serves as the placeholder for the custom handlers.</li>
+  <li><strong>User Phases</strong> - Executes handlers in user-defined
+  phases.</li>
+  <li><strong>Transports Phase</strong> - Executes any transport handlers
+    taken from the associated transport configuration. The last handler would
+    be a transport sender which will send the SOAP message to the target
+    endpoint.</li>
+</ol>
+<a name="extending"></a>
+
+<h3>Extending the SOAP Processing Model</h3>
+
+<p>Above, we discussed the default processing model of Axis2. Now let us
+discuss the extension mechanism for the SOAP processing model. After all, the
+whole effort of making this SOAP engine/processing model was focused on
+making it extendable.</p>
+
+<p>The idea behind introducing step-wise processing of the SOAP message in
+terms of handlers and phases is to allow easier modification of the
+processing order. The notion of phases makes it easier to place handlers in
+between other handlers. This enables modification of the default processing
+behavior. The SOAP Processing Model can be extended with <a
+href="#extendingwithhandlers">handlers</a> or <a
+href="#extendingwithmodules">modules</a>.</p>
+
+<h4>Extending the SOAP Processing Model with Handlers</h4>
+
+<p>The handlers in a module can specify the phase they need to be placed in.
+Furthermore, they can specify their location inside a phase by providing
+phase rules. Phase rules will place a handler,</p>
+<ol>
+  <li>as the first handler in a phase,</li>
+  <li>as the last handler in a phase,</li>
+  <li>before a given handler,</li>
+  <li>or after a given handler.</li>
+</ol>
+<a name="extendingwithmodules"></a>
+
+<h4>Extending the SOAP Processing Model with Modules</h4>
+
+<p>Axis2 defines an entity called a 'module' that can introduce handlers and
+Web service operations. A Module in terms of Axis2 usually acts as a
+convenient packaging that includes:</p>
+<ul>
+  <li>A set of handlers and</li>
+  <li>An associated descriptor which includes the phase rules</li>
+</ul>
+
+<p>Modules have the concept of being 'available' and 'engaged'.
+'Availability' means the module is present in the system, but has not been
+activated, i.e., the handlers included inside the module have not been used
+in the processing mechanism. When a module is 'engaged' it becomes active and
+the handlers get placed in the proper phases. The handlers will act in the
+same way as explained in the previous section. Usually a module will be used
+to implement a WS-* functionality such as WS-Addressing.</p>
+
+<p>Apart from the extension mechanism based on the handlers, the WS-*
+specifications may suggest a requirement for adding new operations. For
+example, once a user adds Reliable Messaging capability to a service, the
+"Create Sequence" operation needs to be available to the service endpoint.
+This can be implemented by letting the modules define the operations. Once
+the module is engaged to a service, the necessary operations will be added to
+that service.</p>
+
+<p>A service, operation, or the system may engage a module. Once the module
+is engaged, the handlers and the operations defined in the module are added
+to the entity that engaged them.</p>
+
+<p>Modules cannot be added (no hot deployment) while the Axis2 engine is
+running, but they will be available once the system is restarted.</p>
+<a name="bmDeployment"></a>
+
+<h2>Deployment</h2>
+
+<p>The Deployment Model provides a concrete mechanism to configure Axis2.
+This model has three entities that provide the configuration.</p>
+<a name="xmlfile"></a>
+
+<h3>The axis2.xml file</h3>
+
+<p>This file holds the global configuration for the client and server, and
+provides the following information:</p>
+<ol>
+  <li>The global parameters</li>
+  <li>Registered transport-in and transport-outs</li>
+  <li>User-defined phase names</li>
+  <li>Modules that are engaged globally (to all services)</li>
+  <li>Globally defined <a href="#mr">Message Receivers</a></li>
+</ol>
+<a name="servicearchive"></a>
+
+<h3>Service Archive</h3>
+
+<p>The Service archive must have a <em>META-INF/<a
+href="resources/schemas/services.xsd">services.xml</a></em> file and may
+contain the dependent classes. The <em>services.xml</em> file has the
+following information.</p>
+<ol>
+  <li>Service level parameters</li>
+  <li>Modules that are engaged at service level</li>
+  <li>Service Specific <a href="#mr">Message Receivers</a></li>
+  <li>Operations inside the service</li>
+</ol>
+<a name="modulearchive"></a>
+
+<h3>Module Archive</h3>
+
+<p>Module archive must have a META-INF/<a
+href="resources/schemas/module.xsd">module.xml</a> file and dependent
+classes. The <em>module.xml</em> file has Module parameters and the
+Operations defined in the module.</p>
+
+<p>When the system starts up, Axis2 prompts the deployment model to create an
+Axis Configuration. The deployment model first finds the axis2.xml file and
+builds the global configuration. Then it checks for the module archives and
+then for the service archives. After that, the corresponding services and
+modules are added to the Axis Configuration. The system will build contexts
+on top of the Axis Configuration. After this, Axis2 is ready to send or
+receive SOAP messages. Hot deployment is only allowed for services.</p>
+<a name="bmClientAPI"></a>
+
+<h2>Client API</h2>
+
+<p>There are three parameters that decide the nature of the Web service
+interaction.</p>
+<ol>
+  <li>Message Exchange Pattern (MEP)</li>
+  <li>The behavior of the transport, whether it's One-Way or Two-Way</li>
+  <li>Synchronous/Asynchronous behavior of the Client API</li>
+</ol>
+
+<p>Variations of the three parameters can result in an indefinite number of
+scenarios. Even though Axis2 is built on a core that supports any messaging
+interaction, the developers were compelled to provide built-in support for
+only the two most widely used Message Exchange Patterns (MEPs).</p>
+
+<p>The two supported MEPs are One-Way and the In-Out (Request-Response)
+scenarios in the Client API. The implementation is based on a class called
+<code>ServiceClient</code> and there are extensions for each MEP that Axis2
+Client API supports.</p>
+<a name="oneway"></a>
+
+<h3>One Way Messaging Support</h3>
+
+<p>The One-Way support is provided by the <code>fireAndForget</code> method
+of <code>ServiceClient</code>. For one way invocations, one can use HTTP,
+SMTP and TCP transports. In the case of the HTTP transport, the return
+channel is not used, and the HTTP 202 OK is returned in the return
+channel.</p>
+<a name="requestresponse"></a>
+
+<h3>In-Out (Request Response) Messaging Support</h3>
+
+<p>The In-Out support is provided by the <code>sendReceive()</code> method in
+ServiceClient. This provides a simpler interface for the user. The Client API
+has four ways to configure a given message exchange</p>
+<ol>
+  <li>Blocking or Non-Blocking nature - this can be decided by using
+    <code>sendReceive()</code> or <code>sendReceiveNonBlocking()</code>
+    methods</li>
+  <li>Sender transport - transport that sends the SOAP message</li>
+  <li>Listener transport - transport that receives the response</li>
+  <li>Use Separate Channel - determines whether the response is sent over a
+    separate transport connection or not. This can be false only when the
+    sender and listener transport is same and is a Two-Way transport.</li>
+</ol>
+
+<p>Depending on the values of the above four parameters, Axis2 behaves
+differently.</p>
+<a name="bmTransports"></a>
+
+<h2>Transports</h2>
+
+<p>Axis2 has two basic constructs for transports, namely: Transport Senders
+and Transport Receivers. These are accessed via the AxisConfiguration.</p>
+
+<p>The incoming transport is the transport via which the AxisEngine receives
+the message. The outgoing transport is decided based on the addressing
+information (wsa:ReplyTo and wsa:FaultTo). If addressing information is not
+available and if the server is trying to respond, then the out going
+transport will be the output stream of the incoming transport (if it is
+two-way transport).</p>
+
+<p>At the client side, the user is free to specify the transport to be
+used.</p>
+
+<p>Transport Senders and Transport Receivers contain the following
+information.</p>
+<ol>
+  <li>Transport Sender for Out Configuration</li>
+  <li>Transport Listener for In Configuration</li>
+  <li>Parameters of the transport</li>
+</ol>
+
+<p>Each and every transport out configuration defines a transport sender. The
+transport sender sends the SOAP message depending on its configuration.</p>
+
+<p>The transport receiver waits for the SOAP messages, and for each SOAP
+message that arrives, it uses the <i>In Pipe</i> to process the SOAP
+message.</p>
+
+<p>Axis2 presently supports the following transports:</p>
+<ol>
+  <li>HTTP - In HTTP transport, the transport listener is a servlet or
+    org.apache.axis2.transport.http.SimpleHTTPServer provided by Axis2. The
+    transport sender uses commons-httpclient to connect and send the SOAP
+    message.</li>
+  <li>TCP - This is the simplest transport, but needs WS-Addressing
+    support to be functional.</li>
+  <li>SMTP - This works off a single email account. Transport receiver is a
+    thread that checks for emails at fixed time intervals.</li>
+  <li>JMS</li>
+</ol>
+<a name="bmWSDL" id="bmWSDL"></a>
+
+<h2>Code Generation</h2>
+
+<p>Although the basic objective of the code generation tools has not changed,
+the code generation module of Axis2 has taken a different approach to
+generate code. Primarily, the change is in the use of templates, namely XSL
+templates, which gives the code generator the flexibility to generate code in
+multiple languages.</p>
+
+<p>The basic approach is to set the code generator to generate an XML, and
+parse it with a template to generate the code file. The following figure
+describes how this shows up in the architecture of the tool.</p>
+
+<p><img src="images/archi-guide/CodegenArchitecture-new.gif" name="Graphic6"
+alt="" align="bottom" border="0"></p>
+
+<p>The fact here is that it is the same information that is extracted from
+the WSDL no matter what output code is generated. First, an AxisService is populated
+from a WSDL. Then the code generator extracts information from the
+AxisService and creates an XML, which is language independent. This emitted
+XML is then parsed with the relevant XSL to generate code in the desired
+output language. No matter what the output language is, the process is the same
+except for the XSL template that is used.</p>
+<a name="bmDB" id="bmDB"></a>
+
+<h2>Data Binding</h2>
+
+<h3>Integration with the Code Generation Engine</h3>
+
+<p>Databinding for Axis2 is implemented in an interesting manner. Databinding
+has not been included in the core deliberately, and hence the code generation
+allows different data binding frameworks to be plugged in. This is done
+through an extension mechanism where the codegen engine first calls the
+extensions and then executes the core emitter. The extensions populate a map
+of QNames vs. class names that is passed to the code generator on which the
+emitter operates on.</p>
+
+<p><strong>The following diagram shows the structure:</strong></p>
+
+<p><img src="images/codegen.gif" name="Graphic7" align="bottom"
+border="0"></p>
+
+<p><strong>The following databinding extensions are available:</strong></p>
+<ol>
+  <li><strong>ADB</strong> - ADB (Axis Data Binding ) is a simple framework
+    that allows simple schemas to be compiled. It is lightweight and simple,
+    works off StAX and fairly performant. However, it does not support the
+    complete set of schema constructs and is likely to complain for certain
+    schemas!</li>
+  <li><strong>XMLBeans</strong> - XMLbeans claims that it supports the
+    complete schema specification, and it is preferred if full schema support
+    is needed!</li>
+  <li><strong>JAX-Me</strong> - JaxMe support has been added in a similar
+    manner to XMLbeans and serves as another option for the user</li>
+  <li><strong>JibX</strong> - This is the most recent addition to the family
+    of databinding extensions, and it is also another option users have
+    for data binding.</li>
+</ol>
+<a name="serial" id="serial"></a>
+
+<h3>Serialization and De-Serialization of Data bound classes</h3>
+
+<p>AXIOM is based on the StAX API (Streaming API for XML). Xml-beans also supports
+this API. Data binding in Axis2 is achieved through interfacing the AXIOM
+with the Xml-beans using the StAX API. At
+the time of code generation, there will be utility methods generated inside
+the stub (or the message receiver) that can de-serialize from AXIOM to a data
+bound object and serialize from a data bound object to AXIOM. For example, if
+the WSDL has an operation called "echoString", once the code is generated,
+the following methods will be generated inside the relevant classes.</p>
+<pre>public static
+org.apache.axiom.om.OMElement toOM(org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringParamDocument
+param)// This method will handle the serialization.
+
+public static org.apache.xmlbeans.XmlObject
+fromOM(org.apache.axis2.om.OMElement param, java.lang.Class type) //This
+method will handle the de-serialization.</pre>
+</body>
+</html>

Modified: webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/@axis2_version_dir@/adv-userguide.html
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/%40axis2_version_dir%40/adv-userguide.html?view=diff&rev=551228&r1=551227&r2=551228
==============================================================================
--- webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/@axis2_version_dir@/adv-userguide.html (original)
+++ webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/@axis2_version_dir@/adv-userguide.html Wed Jun 27 09:45:37 2007
@@ -13,15 +13,15 @@
 <h1 align="center">Apache Axis2 Advanced User's Guide</h1>
 
 <p>This guide will help you get started with Axis2, the next generation of
-Apache Axis! It gives a detail description on how to write Web services and
+Apache Axis! It gives a detailed description on how to write Web services and
 Web service clients using Axis2, how to write custom modules, and how to use
-them with a Web service. Advanced Topics and Samples that are shipped with
-the binary distribution of Axis2, are also discussed.</p>
+them with a Web service. Advanced topics and samples that are shipped with
+the binary distribution of Axis2 are also discussed.</p>
 <a name="Introduction"></a>
 
 <h2>Introduction</h2>
 
-<p>This user guide is written based on <a
+<p>This user guide is written based on the <a
 href="../download/@axis2_version_dir@/download.html/#std-bin">Axis2 Standard Binary
 Distribution</a>. The Standard Binary Distribution can be directly <a
 href="../download/@axis2_version_dir@/download.html/#std-bin">downloaded</a> or built using
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@
 Axis2. The next section - <a href="#config"> Configuring Axis2</a> - provides
 an introduction to important configuration options in Axis2. The final
 section - <a href="#advanced">Advanced Topics</a> - provides references to
-other features</p>
+other features.</p>
 
 <p>In this (first) section, we will learn how to write and deploy Web
 services using Axis2. All the samples mentioned in this guide are located in
@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@
 <h2>Creating a New Web Service</h2>
 
 <p>If you are interested in how to write a Web Service client using Axis2, it
-is decribed under <a href="#client">Writing a Web Service Client</a>. Axis2
+is described under <a href="#client">Writing a Web Service Client</a>. Axis2
 provides two ways to create new Web Services, using <strong>code
 generation</strong> and using <strong>XML based primary APIs</strong>. The
 following section explains how to start from a WSDL, and create a new service
@@ -77,9 +77,9 @@
 
 <p>We start with a WSDL, however if you do not have a WSDL and need to create
 a WSDL from a java class, please use the <a
-href="reference.html#wsdl2java">Java2WSDL tool</a> and create a WSDL. As you
+href="reference.html#wsdl2java">Java2WSDL tool</a> to create the WSDL. As you
 might already know, a WSDL description of a service provides a precise
-definition of a Web Service. Axis2 can process the WSDL and generate java
+definition of that web service. Axis2 can process the WSDL and generate java
 code that does most of the work for you. At the server side, we call them
 Skeletons, and at the client side, Stubs.</p>
 This method of writing a Web service with Axis2 involves four steps:
@@ -100,8 +100,8 @@
 href="reference.html#wsdl2code">Axis2 Reference Document</a>.</p>
 
 <p>The parameters for the wsdl2java tool in our example are as follows.
-Please note that we use xmlbeans as the data binding framework, and generated
-code will be sent to the samples directory. Other data binding tools you can
+Please note that, for this example, we are using xmlbeans as the data binding framework, and the generated
+code will be placed in a "samples" directory. Other data binding tools you can
 use are adb (Axis data binding) and jaxme (<a
 href="http://ws.apache.org/jaxme/">JaxMe data binding</a>)</p>
 <pre>wsdl2java.sh -uri ../samples/wsdl/Axis2SampleDocLit.wsdl -ss -sd -d xmlbeans 
@@ -161,7 +161,7 @@
 </ol>
 
 <p>Once the archive is created, the content of the JAR should look like
-this.</p>
+this:</p>
 
 <p><img src="images/userguide/DirectoryStructure.jpg" align="bottom"
 border="0"></p>
@@ -173,16 +173,16 @@
 "services" directory in "/webapps/axis2/WEB-INF" of your servlet container.
 We recommend using <a href="http://tomcat.apache.org/">Apache Tomcat</a> as
 the servlet container. <strong>Please Note that the services directory is
-available only after axis2.war is exploded by Tomcat. However, the easiest
+available only after axis2.war has been exploded by Tomcat. However, the easiest
 way to do it is to start Tomcat after axis2.war is copied to the webapps
-directory</strong> (if you have not already started). Check the "Services"
+directory</strong> (if you have not already started it). Check the "Services"
 link on the <a href="http://localhost:8080/axis2/" target="_blank">Home page
 of Axis2 Web Application</a> (http://localhost:8080/axis2) and see whether
 the Axis2SampleDocLitService is displayed under the deployed services.</p>
 
 <p>We recommend using the exploded configuration to deploy Axis2 WAR in
 <strong>WebLogic and WebSphere</strong> application servers to support the
-hotupdate/ hotdeployment features in Axis2. See <a
+hotupdate/hotdeployment features of Axis2. See <a
 href="app_server.html#weblogic_websphere">Application Server Specific
 Configuration Guide</a> for details.</p>
 
@@ -216,7 +216,7 @@
 <p>Axis2 clients can invoke Web Services both in a blocking and non-blocking
 manner. In a blocking invocation, the client waits till the service performs
 its task without proceeding to the next step. Normally, the client waits till
-the response to the particular request arrives. In a non-blocking invocation,
+the response to its particular request arrives. In a non-blocking invocation,
 the client proceeds to the next step immediately, and the responses (if any)
 are handled using a Callback mechanism. Please note that some explanations
 use the terms Synchronous and Asynchronous to describe the similar invocation
@@ -305,7 +305,7 @@
 
 <h3>Using Your Own Repository</h3>
 
-<p>You could use your own repository with Axis2 Client, code below shows how
+<p>You can also use your own repository with an Axis2 Client.  The code below shows how
 to do this.</p>
 <source><pre>String axis2Repo = ...
 String axis2xml = ...

Modified: webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/@axis2_version_dir@/app_server.html
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/%40axis2_version_dir%40/app_server.html?view=diff&rev=551228&r1=551227&r2=551228
==============================================================================
--- webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/@axis2_version_dir@/app_server.html (original)
+++ webservices/axis2/branches/java/jaxws21/xdocs/@axis2_version_dir@/app_server.html Wed Jun 27 09:45:37 2007
@@ -16,20 +16,13 @@
 <p>This document provides configuration information required for your
 Application Server to run Apache Axis2 to its fullest potential.</p>
 
-<p>Send your feedback or questions to: <a
-href="mailto:axis-dev@ws.apache.org?subject=[Axis2]">axis-dev@ws.apache.org</a>.
-( Subscription details are available on the <a
-href="http://ws.apache.org/axis2/mail-lists.html">Axis2 site</a>.) Kindly
-prefix subject with [Axis2].</p>
-<a></a>
-
 <h3>WebLogic/ WebSphere</h3>
 
 <p><strong>1. Use exploded configuration to deploy Axis2 WAR</strong></p>
 
 <p>We recommend using the exploded configuration to deploy Axis2 WAR in
 WebLogic and WebSphere application servers to support the hotupdate/
-hotdeployment features in Axis2. However, if you do want to deploy custom
+hotdeployment features in Axis2. However, if you want to deploy custom
 WARs, say in a clustering environment, you need to add two additional files
 into the WEB-INF named "services.list" and "modules.list" under the modules
 and services directory respectively.</p>
@@ -75,13 +68,13 @@
 <p><strong>2. Lack of namespacing on serialised items</strong></p>
 
 <p>BEA WebLogic Server 9.0 comes with its own StAX implementation. This
-results in lack of namespacing on serialised items. In turn, WeLogic server
+results in lack of namespacing on serialised items. In turn, WebLogic server
 (WLS) breaks with AXIOM on the WLS classpath. Hence a filtering classloader
 is required:</p>
 
 <p></p>
 
-<p>Adding the following to weblogic-application.xml should resolve the
+<p>Adding the following to weblogic-application.xml should resolve this
 issue:</p>
 <pre>&lt;prefer-application-packages&gt;
 &lt;package-name&gt;com.ctc.wstx.*&lt;/package-name&gt;
@@ -91,7 +84,7 @@
 
 <p></p>
 
-<p>Note that the classes - Xerces, StAX API, Woodstox need to be on the
-application classpath</p>
+<p>Note that the libraries listed--Xerces, StAX API, Woodstox--need to be on the
+application classpath.</p>
 </body>
 </html>



---------------------------------------------------------------------
To unsubscribe, e-mail: axis-cvs-unsubscribe@ws.apache.org
For additional commands, e-mail: axis-cvs-help@ws.apache.org


Mime
View raw message