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From chamik...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r290063 [2/2] - in /webservices/axis2/trunk/java/xdocs: Axis2ArchitectureGuide.html userguide.html
Date Mon, 19 Sep 2005 04:36:27 GMT
Modified: webservices/axis2/trunk/java/xdocs/userguide.html
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewcvs/webservices/axis2/trunk/java/xdocs/userguide.html?rev=290063&r1=290062&r2=290063&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- webservices/axis2/trunk/java/xdocs/userguide.html (original)
+++ webservices/axis2/trunk/java/xdocs/userguide.html Sun Sep 18 21:36:03 2005
@@ -1,99 +1,202 @@
-<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"
-"http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
-<html>
-<head>
-<title>Axis 2.0 User's Guide</title>
-<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
-<link href="css/axis-docs.css" type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" />
-<style type="text/css">
-<!--
-.style1 {font-family: "Courier New", Courier, mono}
-.style2 {font-size: 14px}
-.style3 {color: #990000}
-.style4 {
-	font-family: "Courier New", Courier, mono;
-	font-size: 14px;
-	color: #990000;
-}
-.style9 {color: #FF0066}
-.style10 {color: #33CC00}
-.style13 {color: #00CC00}
-.style15 {color: #0000FF}
--->
-</style>
-</head>
-
-<body>
-<h1 align="center"><a name="_Toc96697849">Axis 2.0 User's Guide </a></h1>
-<p>&nbsp; </p>
-<h2><a name="_Toc96698076"></a>Introduction </h2>
-<p>Welcome to Axis 2.0, the next generation of Apache Axis !!! This User Guide will help you to understand what you will get from Axis 2.0 and how to get started. We hope you will benefit from the power of Axis 2.0. </p>
-
-<h2>Attention</h2>
-<ul>
-<li>This User Guide is written based on the Axis2 binary distribution, the Binary distribution can be created from the
-source distribution using the maven goal <code>$maven dist-bin</code></li>
-<li>Before we start, its highly recommended to read <a href="http://ws.apache.org/axis/java/user-guide.html">Axis 1.x User's guide </a>, if you are new to Axis.</li>
-</ul>
-<h2><a name="_Toc96698077"></a>What is Axis 2.0 ? </h2>
-
-<p>Axis 2.0 is the next generation of Apache Axis. In late August 2004, during the Axis Summit held in Colombo, Sri Lanka, a new architecture was introduced to have a much more flexible, efficient and configurable Axis. Even though the architecture is new, some of the well established concepts from Axis 1.x, like handlers are preserved in Axis 2.0 also. Axis 2.0 comes with lots of new features, enhancements and new industry specification implementations. </p>
-<p>After months of continued discussion and coding effort in this direction, Axis 2.0 now delivers the following key features: </p>
-<ul>
-  <li><strong>Speed</strong>. Axis uses its own object model and StAX (streaming) parsing to achieve significantly greater speed than earlier versions of Apache AXIS. </li>
-  <li><strong>Low memory foot print</strong>. Axis 2.0 was designed ground-up keeping low memory foot print in mind. </li>
-  <li><strong>AXIOM</strong>. Axis 2.0 comes with its own light-weight object model, AXIOM, for message processing which is extensible, high performance and developer convenient </li>
-  <li><strong>Hot Deployment.</strong> One can now hot deploy web services and handlers. </li>
-  <li><strong>Asynchronous Web Services</strong>. Axis 2.0 now support asynchronous web services invocation and asynchronous web services. </li>
-  <li><strong>MEP Support. </strong>Axis 2.0 now comes handy with support for Message Exchange Patterns. </li>
-  <li><strong>Flexibility</strong>. The Axis architecture gives the developer complete freedom to insert extensions into the engine for custom header processing, system management, or anything else you can imagine. </li>
-  <li><strong>Stability</strong>. Axis defines a set of published interfaces which change relatively slowly compared to the rest of Axis. </li>
-  <li><strong>Component-oriented deployment</strong>. You can easily define reusable networks of Handlers to implement common patterns of processing for your applications, or to distribute to partners. </li>
-  <li><strong>Transport framework</strong>. We have a clean and simple abstraction for designing transports (i.e., senders and listeners for SOAP over various protocols such as SMTP, FTP, message-oriented middleware, etc), and the core of the engine is completely transport-independent. </li>
-  <li><strong>WSDL support.</strong> Axis 2.0 supports the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/wsdl">Web Service Description Language </a>, version 1.1 and 2.0, which allows you to easily build stubs to access remote services, and also to automatically export machine-readable descriptions of your deployed services from Axis. </li>
-</ul>
-<p>We hope you enjoy using Axis. Please note that this is an open-source effort - if you feel the code could use some new features or fixes, please get involved and lend a hand! The Axis developer community welcomes your participation . </p>
-<p>Let us know what you think! </p>
-<p>Please send feedback about the package to &quot; <a href="mailto:axis-user@ws.apache.org">axis-user@ws.apache.org </a>&quot; and make sure to prefix the subject of the mail with [Axis2]. </p>
-<h2><a name="_Toc96698078"></a>What's in this release? </h2>
-<p>This release includes the following features:</p>
-<ul>
-  <li>AXIOM, a SOAP specific streaming XML infoset model for SOAP 1.1/1.2 Messages</li>
-  <li>Support for One-Way Messaging and Request Response Messaging</li>
-  <li>Modules, mechanism to extend the SOAP Processing Model</li>
-  <li>Archives based deployment Model </li>
-  <li>WSDL Code Generation Tool for Stub and skeltons</li>
-  <li>XML Beans based data binding support</li>
-  <li>Support for WS-Addressing, both the submission and final versions</li>
-  <li>Client API</li>
-  <li>REST Web Service Support</li>
-  <li>HTTP transport Support</li>
-  <li>SMTP transport Support</li>
-  <li>TCP transport Support</li>
-  <li>MTOM/SWA attachments support</li>
-  <li>SAAJ implementation</li>
-</ul>
-<p>The release include following tools</p>
-<ol>
-  <LI>Admin Web App</LI>
-  <LI>WSDL2WS, eclipe Plugin/Command line version</LI>
-  <LI>Service Archive Wizard, eclipe Plugin</LI>
-  <LI>Module Archive Wizard, eclipe Plugin</LI>
-</ol>
-<h2><a name="_Toc96698079"></a>What's still to do? </h2>
-<p>Please see a list of what we think needs doing - and please consider helping out if you're interested & able!</p>
-<ul>
-  <li> JAX-RPC 1.1 and/or JAX-WS   compliance</li>
-  <li> Pluggable Data binding support</li>
-  <li> SOAP Encoding</li>
-  <li> Binary serialization and deserialization support</li>    
-  <li> Management Interface for Axis2</li>      
-  <li> Complete XML infoset support for AXIOM</li>
-  <li> Implementation of other transports. e.g. JMS..</li>
-  <li> Web Service Policy Support</li>
-</ul>
-<!-- Image goes here -->
-<!--<h3><a name="_Toc96698087"></a>Running the Axis2 standalone server </h3>
+<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
+<HTML>
+<HEAD>
+	<META HTTP-EQUIV="CONTENT-TYPE" CONTENT="text/html; charset=windows-1252">
+	<TITLE>Axis 2.0 User's Guide</TITLE>
+	<META NAME="GENERATOR" CONTENT="OpenOffice.org 1.1.4  (Win32)">
+	<META NAME="CREATED" CONTENT="20050918;20224042">
+	<META NAME="CHANGEDBY" CONTENT="Chamikara Jayalath">
+	<META NAME="CHANGED" CONTENT="20050918;22300666">
+</HEAD>
+<BODY LANG="en-US" DIR="LTR">
+<H1 ALIGN=CENTER><A NAME="_Toc96697849"></A>Axis 2.0 User's Guide 
+</H1>
+<H2>Contents</H2>
+<UL>
+	<LI><P><A HREF="#bmIntro">Introduction</A></P>
+	<LI><P><A HREF="#bmWhatIs">What is Axis 2.0 ?</A></P>
+	<LI><P><A HREF="#bmWS">Web Services Using Axis2</A></P>
+	<LI><P><A HREF="#bmWSC">Web Service Clients Using Axis2</A></P>
+	<LI><P><A HREF="#bmModules">Modules</A></P>
+	<LI><P><A HREF="#bmOther">Other Samples</A></P>
+	<LI><P><A HREF="#bmTools">Tools</A></P>
+	<LI><P><A HREF="#bmAdvance">Advance Topics</A></P>
+</UL>
+<P><BR><BR>
+</P>
+<H2><A NAME="_Toc96698076"></A><A NAME="bmIntro"></A>Introduction 
+</H2>
+<P>Welcome to Axis 2.0, the next generation of Apache Axis !!! This
+User Guide will help you to understand what you will get from Axis
+2.0 and how to get started. We hope you will benefit from the power
+of Axis 2.0. 
+</P>
+<H2>Attention</H2>
+<UL>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">This User Guide is written based
+	on the Axis2 binary distribution, the Binary distribution can be
+	created from the source distribution using the maven goal <CODE>$maven
+	dist-bin</CODE> 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P>Before we start, its highly recommended to read <A HREF="http://ws.apache.org/axis/java/user-guide.html">Axis
+	1.x User's guide </A>, if you are new to Axis. 
+	</P>
+</UL>
+<H2><A NAME="_Toc96698077"></A><A NAME="bmWhatIs"></A>What is Axis
+2.0 ? 
+</H2>
+<P>Axis 2.0 is the next generation of Apache Axis. In late August
+2004, during the Axis Summit held in Colombo, Sri Lanka, a new
+architecture was introduced to have a much more flexible, efficient
+and configurable Axis. Even though the architecture is new, some of
+the well established concepts from Axis 1.x, like handlers are
+preserved in Axis 2.0 also. Axis 2.0 comes with lots of new features,
+enhancements and new industry specification implementations. 
+</P>
+<P>After months of continued discussion and coding effort in this
+direction, Axis 2.0 now delivers the following key features: 
+</P>
+<UL>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in"><STRONG>Speed</STRONG>. Axis uses
+	its own object model and StAX (streaming) parsing to achieve
+	significantly greater speed than earlier versions of Apache AXIS. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in"><STRONG>Low memory foot print</STRONG>.
+	Axis 2.0 was designed ground-up keeping low memory foot print in
+	mind. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in"><STRONG>AXIOM</STRONG>. Axis 2.0
+	comes with its own light-weight object model, AXIOM, for message
+	processing which is extensible, high performance and developer
+	convenient 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in"><STRONG>Hot Deployment.</STRONG>
+	One can now hot deploy web services and handlers. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in"><STRONG>Asynchronous Web Services</STRONG>.
+	Axis 2.0 now support asynchronous web services invocation and
+	asynchronous web services. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in"><STRONG>MEP Support. </STRONG>Axis
+	2.0 now comes handy with support for Message Exchange Patterns. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in"><STRONG>Flexibility</STRONG>. The
+	Axis architecture gives the developer complete freedom to insert
+	extensions into the engine for custom header processing, system
+	management, or anything else you can imagine. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in"><STRONG>Stability</STRONG>. Axis
+	defines a set of published interfaces which change relatively slowly
+	compared to the rest of Axis. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in"><STRONG>Component-oriented
+	deployment</STRONG>. You can easily define reusable networks of
+	Handlers to implement common patterns of processing for your
+	applications, or to distribute to partners. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in"><STRONG>Transport framework</STRONG>.
+	We have a clean and simple abstraction for designing transports
+	(i.e., senders and listeners for SOAP over various protocols such as
+	SMTP, FTP, message-oriented middleware, etc), and the core of the
+	engine is completely transport-independent. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P><STRONG>WSDL support.</STRONG> Axis 2.0 supports the <A HREF="http://www.w3.org/TR/wsdl">Web
+	Service Description Language </A>, version 1.1 and 2.0, which allows
+	you to easily build stubs to access remote services, and also to
+	automatically export machine-readable descriptions of your deployed
+	services from Axis. 
+	</P>
+</UL>
+<P>We hope you enjoy using Axis. Please note that this is an
+open-source effort - if you feel the code could use some new features
+or fixes, please get involved and lend a hand! The Axis developer
+community welcomes your participation . 
+</P>
+<P>Let us know what you think! 
+</P>
+<P>Please send feedback about the package to &quot;
+<A HREF="mailto:axis-user@ws.apache.org">axis-user@ws.apache.org </A>&quot;
+and make sure to prefix the subject of the mail with [Axis2]. 
+</P>
+<H2><A NAME="_Toc96698078"></A>What's in this release? 
+</H2>
+<P>This release includes the following features:</P>
+<UL>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">AXIOM, a SOAP specific streaming
+	XML infoset model for SOAP 1.1/1.2 Messages 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Support for One-Way Messaging and
+	Request Response Messaging 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Modules, mechanism to extend the
+	SOAP Processing Model 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Archives based deployment Model 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">WSDL Code Generation Tool for Stub
+	and skeltons 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">XML Beans based data binding
+	support 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Support for WS-Addressing, both
+	the submission and final versions 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Client API 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">REST Web Service Support 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">HTTP transport Support 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">SMTP transport Support 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">TCP transport Support 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">MTOM/SWA attachments support 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P>SAAJ implementation 
+	</P>
+</UL>
+<P>The release include following tools</P>
+<OL>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Admin Web App 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">WSDL2WS, eclipe Plugin/Command
+	line version 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Service Archive Wizard, eclipe
+	Plugin 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P>Module Archive Wizard, eclipe Plugin 
+	</P>
+</OL>
+<H2><A NAME="_Toc96698079"></A>What's still to do? 
+</H2>
+<P>Please see a list of what we think needs doing - and please
+consider helping out if you're interested &amp; able!</P>
+<UL>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">JAX-RPC 1.1 and/or JAX-WS
+	compliance 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Pluggable Data binding support 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">SOAP Encoding 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Binary serialization and
+	deserialization support 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Management Interface for Axis2 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Complete XML infoset support for
+	AXIOM 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Implementation of other
+	transports. e.g. JMS.. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P>Web Service Policy Support 
+	</P>
+</UL>
+<H2><A NAME="_Toc96697863"></A><!-- Image goes here --><!--<h3><a name="_Toc96698087"></a>Running the Axis2 standalone server </h3>
 <p>Since a J2EE servlet container can be heavy in certain cases, a simple socket server is provided with Axis2. </p>
 Start scripts are inluded in the bin directory of the binary distribution.</p>
 <p>For windows</p>
@@ -111,173 +214,222 @@
  <p><b>
  Note - the directory entered as the repository loacation needs to have a services directory inside. This is
  absolutely required and AXIS will not create it automatically in the case of the simple axis server. 
- </b></p> -->
-<h2><a name="_Toc96697863"></a>Samples</h2>
-<p>In this section of the user guide we will look at how to write and deploy Web Services and how to write Web Service Clients using Axis2. All the 
-user guide samples are located at the <b> <span class="style9">
-<font color="#000000">&quot;samples/userguide/src&quot;</font></span></b> directory 
-of the binary distribution. So.. let's  explore the samples.</p>
-<p>Note: Please note that the rest of this user guide assumes that the user has downloaded the binary distribution of Axis2. If you have already downloaded the source tree of Axis2 then please create the binary distribution by simply using the maven command <strong>maven dist-bin </strong>This will create the &quot;axis2-0.91-bin.zip&quot; and &quot;axis2-0.91-bin.tar&quot;  in the &quot;target/dist&quot; directory. Extract the zip or the tar ball to any 
-directory in your machine and for the explanations purposes we will name this 
-directory as &quot;Axis2Home&quot;. </p>
-<h2> Web Services Using Axis2</h2>
-<p>Before starting, please check whether you have deployed the &quot;axis2.war&quot; in your servlet container and it is working 
-properly. (See 
-<a href="installationguide.html">Installation Guide</a>). User can 
-select any of the&nbsp; following two ways of writing web services using Axis2. </p>
-<ul>
-	<li>Use Axis2's primary interfaces and implement the business logic.</li>
-	<li>Start from the WSDL -&gt;Code generate the Skeleton -&gt;Implement the 
-	Business Logic.</li>
-</ul>
-<h3>Write My Service using Axis2</h3>
-<h4>MyService</h4>
-<p>First let's see how we can write a simple Web Service (MyService) using 
-Axis2's primary interfaces and deploy it. For this purpose we will create a Web Service with two operations as follows.</p>
-<source><pre>public void ping(OMElement element){} //IN-ONLY operation, just accepts the OMElement and do some processing.
+ </b></p> -->Samples</H2>
+<P>In this section of the user guide we will look at how to write and
+deploy Web Services and how to write Web Service Clients using Axis2.
+All the user guide samples are located at the <B><FONT COLOR="#000000">&quot;samples/userguide/src&quot;</FONT></B>
+directory of the binary distribution. So.. let's explore the samples.</P>
+<P>Note: Please note that the rest of this user guide assumes that
+the user has downloaded the binary distribution of Axis2. If you have
+already downloaded the source tree of Axis2 then please create the
+binary distribution by simply using the maven command <STRONG>maven
+dist-bin </STRONG>This will create the &quot;axis2-0.91-bin.zip&quot;
+and &quot;axis2-0.91-bin.tar&quot; in the &quot;target/dist&quot;
+directory. Extract the zip or the tar ball to any directory in your
+machine and for the explanations purposes we will name this directory
+as &quot;Axis2Home&quot;. 
+</P>
+<H2><A NAME="bmWS"></A>Web Services Using Axis2</H2>
+<P>Before starting, please check whether you have deployed the
+&quot;axis2.war&quot; in your servlet container and it is working
+properly. (See <A HREF="installationguide.html">Installation Guide</A>).
+User can select any of the&nbsp; following two ways of writing web
+services using Axis2. 
+</P>
+<UL>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Use Axis2's primary interfaces and
+	implement the business logic. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P>Start from the WSDL -&gt;Code generate the Skeleton
+	-&gt;Implement the Business Logic. 
+	</P>
+</UL>
+<H3>Write My Service using Axis2</H3>
+<H4>MyService</H4>
+<P>First let's see how we can write a simple Web Service (MyService)
+using Axis2's primary interfaces and deploy it. For this purpose we
+will create a Web Service with two operations as follows.</P>
+<PRE>public void ping(OMElement element){} //IN-ONLY operation, just accepts the OMElement and do some processing.
 public OMElement echo(OMElement element){}//IN-OUT operation, accepts an OMElement and 
-				          //responds with another OMElement after processing.
-</pre></source>
-<p>Complete code for this example Web Service (MyService) can be found in the &quot;Axis2Home/samples/userguide/src&quot; directory under 
-&quot;userguide/example1&quot; package. As you can see, the two operations are very simple and need no explanations on what they are doing. So let's see how we can write the deployment descriptors for the service and deploy it.</p>
-
-<h4>How to write the Web Service?</h4>
-<p>Write a new Web Service with Axis2 involve four steps</p>
-<ol>
-   <li>Write the Implementation Class</li>
-   <li>Write a service.xml file to explain the Web Service</li>
-   <li>create a *.aar archive for the Web Service</li>
-   <li>Deploy the Web Service</li>         
-</ol>
-
-<h4>Step1 :Write the Implementation Class</h4>
-<p>Provides a implementation class that provide the business logic for the Web Service, it should have  
-methods that match the operations in the Web Service. Unless you have data binding the signature of the
-methods can have one parameter of type OMElement.</p>
-<source><pre>
-public class MyService{
+                                          //responds with another OMElement after processing.</PRE><P>
+Complete code for this example Web Service (MyService) can be found
+in the &quot;Axis2Home/samples/userguide/src&quot; directory under
+&quot;userguide/example1&quot; package. As you can see, the two
+operations are very simple and need no explanations on what they are
+doing. So let's see how we can write the deployment descriptors for
+the service and deploy it.</P>
+<H4>How to write the Web Service?</H4>
+<P>Write a new Web Service with Axis2 involve four steps</P>
+<OL>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Write the Implementation Class 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Write a services.xml file to
+	explain the Web Service 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">create a *.aar archive for the Web
+	Service 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P>Deploy the Web Service 
+	</P>
+</OL>
+<H4>Step1 :Write the Implementation Class</H4>
+<P>Provides a implementation class that provide the business logic
+for the Web Service, it should have methods that match the operations
+in the Web Service. Unless you have data binding the signature of the
+methods can have one parameter of type OMElement.</P>
+<PRE>public class MyService{
     public void ping(OMElement element){
      ......
     }
     public OMElement echo(OMElement element){
      ......
     }
-}
-</pre></source>
-
-<h4>Step2 :Write the service.xml file</h4>
-<p>Axis2 uses &quot;service.xml&quot; to keep configurations for a Web Service. Each Web Service deployed 
-in Axis2 needs a &quot;service.xml&quot; containing the configurations. &quot;service.xml&quot; for MyService will be as follows; we will see what each parameter means later.</p>
-<source><pre>&lt;service name=&quot;MyService&quot;&gt;<br>    &lt;description&gt;<br>        This is a sample Web Service with two operations, echo and ping.<br>    &lt;/description&gt;<br>    &lt;parameter name=&quot;ServiceClass&quot; locked=&quot;xsd:false&quot;&gt;userguide.example1.MyService&lt;/parameter&gt;<br>    &lt;operation name=&quot;echo&quot;&gt;<br>        &lt;messageReceiver class=&quot;org.apache.axis2.receivers.RawXMLINOutMessageReceiver&quot;/&gt;<br>    &lt;/operation&gt;<br>     &lt;operation name=&quot;ping&quot;&gt;<br>        &lt;messageReceiver class=&quot;org.apache.axis2.receivers.RawXMLINOnlyMessageReceiver&quot;/&gt;<br>    &lt;/operation&gt;<br> &lt;/service&gt;</pre></source>
-<p>As it can be seen, first line of the &quot;service.xml&quot; gives the name of the Web Service. This is used in the URL to the service as the service name. Next comes the description and the service class. The next two xml tags describe the operations that are available in this service with respective message receivers. For the &quot;echo&quot; operation we have used a <strong>RawXMLINOutMessageReceiver</strong> since it is an
-IN-OUT operation. For IN-ONLY operation, &quot;ping&quot; we have used <strong>RawXMLINOnlyMessageReceiver</strong> as the message receiver. </p>
-
-<h4>Step3 :Create the Web Service Archive</h4>
-<p>Axis2 use &quot;.aar&quot; (Axis Archive) file as the deployment package for Web Services. So, 
-for MyService we will use &quot;MyService.aar&quot; with the &quot;service.xml&quot; packaged 
-in the META-INF as shown in the following picture.</p>
-<p><img src="images/userguide/ServiceItems.jpg" width="176" height="91"></p>
-<p>To create  &quot;MyService.aar&quot;  user can first create a jar file containing all the files necessary for the service and then rename the &quot;jar&quot; to &quot;aar&quot; so that Axis2 understands it as a service archive. 
-This has already been created in the &quot;Axis2Home/samples/userguide&quot; directory, 
-and let's use it.. </p>
-
-<h4>Step4 :Depoly the Web Service</h4>
-<p>Deploying the service&nbsp; is just a matter of 
-dropping the &quot;.aar&quot; in to &quot;services&quot; directory that can be found in 
-the &quot;\webapps\axis2\WEB-INF&quot; of your servlet container and hence please copy the &quot;MyService.aar&quot; into the 
-&quot;<b>services</b>&quot; directory. Once these steps are completed, please start the servlet container (if you have not already started) and check the link &quot;List Available services&quot; in the page http://localhost:8080/axis2/index.jsp and see whether the MyService is deployed properly. If 
-everything is ok, you will see the following out put.. </p>
-<p align="center"><img src="images/userguide/MyServiceDeployed.jpg"> </p>
-<p>If you can see the above output then you have successfully deployed MyService on Axis2. Now let's see how we can write Web Service client to use this services. 
-Axis2 provides an easy way to deploy a Web Services using, index.jsp. (See the 
-installation guide for more information on this)</p>
-<h3>Axis2SampleDocLitPortType</h3>
-<p>Now let's see how we can generate the skeleton from a 
-given WSDL and implement the business logic using Axis2. For this we use 
-Axis2SampleDocLit.wsdl that can be found in the <b>wsdl</b> directory under 
-samples.</p>
-<h4>Generating Skeleton</h4>
-<p>To generate the skeleton and the required classes you can use the WSDL2Java 
-tool provided in Axis2. This tool is located in the bin directory of the 
-distribution and can be executed using the provided scripts (.bat or .sh). The 
-tool's parameter list is as follows and user can specify these values depending 
-on their requirements.</p>
-<source><pre>
-Usage WSDL2Code -uri <Location of WSDL> :WSDL file location
--o <output Location> : output file location
+}</PRE><H4>
+Step2 :Write the services.xml file</H4>
+<P>Axis2 uses &quot;services.xml&quot; to keep configurations for a
+Web Service. Each Web Service deployed in Axis2 needs a
+&quot;services.xml&quot; containing the configurations.
+&quot;services.xml&quot; for MyService will be as follows; we will
+see what each parameter means later.</P>
+<PRE>&lt;service name=&quot;MyService&quot;&gt;
+    &lt;description&gt;
+        This is a sample Web Service with two operations, echo and ping.
+    &lt;/description&gt;
+    &lt;parameter name=&quot;ServiceClass&quot; locked=&quot;xsd:false&quot;&gt;userguide.example1.MyService&lt;/parameter&gt;
+    &lt;operation name=&quot;echo&quot;&gt;
+        &lt;messageReceiver class=&quot;org.apache.axis2.receivers.RawXMLINOutMessageReceiver&quot;/&gt;
+    &lt;/operation&gt;
+     &lt;operation name=&quot;ping&quot;&gt;
+        &lt;messageReceiver class=&quot;org.apache.axis2.receivers.RawXMLINOnlyMessageReceiver&quot;/&gt;
+    &lt;/operation&gt;
+ &lt;/service&gt;</PRE><P>
+As it can be seen, first line of the &quot;services.xml&quot; gives
+the name of the Web Service. This is used in the URL to the service
+as the service name. Next comes the description and the service
+class. The next two xml tags describe the operations that are
+available in this service with respective message receivers. For the
+&quot;echo&quot; operation we have used a <STRONG>RawXMLINOutMessageReceiver</STRONG>
+since it is an IN-OUT operation. For IN-ONLY operation, &quot;ping&quot;
+we have used <STRONG>RawXMLINOnlyMessageReceiver</STRONG> as the
+message receiver. 
+</P>
+<H4>Step3 :Create the Web Service Archive</H4>
+<P>Axis2 use &quot;.aar&quot; (Axis Archive) file as the deployment
+package for Web Services. So, for MyService we will use
+&quot;MyService.aar&quot; with the &quot;services.xml&quot; packaged
+in the META-INF as shown in the following picture.</P>
+<P><IMG SRC="images/userguide/ServiceItems.jpg" NAME="Graphic1" ALIGN=BOTTOM WIDTH=176 HEIGHT=91 BORDER=0></P>
+<P>To create &quot;MyService.aar&quot; user can first create a jar
+file containing all the files necessary for the service and then
+rename the &quot;jar&quot; to &quot;aar&quot; so that Axis2
+understands it as a service archive. This has already been created in
+the &quot;Axis2Home/samples/userguide&quot; directory, and let's use
+it.. 
+</P>
+<H4>Step4 :Depoly the Web Service</H4>
+<P>Deploying the service&nbsp; is just a matter of dropping the
+&quot;.aar&quot; in to &quot;services&quot; directory that can be
+found in the &quot;\webapps\axis2\WEB-INF&quot; of your servlet
+container and hence please copy the &quot;MyService.aar&quot; into
+the &quot;<B>services</B>&quot; directory. Once these steps are
+completed, please start the servlet container (if you have not
+already started) and check the link &quot;List Available services&quot;
+in the page http://localhost:8080/axis2/index.jsp and see whether the
+MyService is deployed properly. If everything is ok, you will see the
+following out put.. 
+</P>
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><IMG SRC="images/userguide/MyServiceDeployed.jpg" NAME="Graphic2" ALIGN=BOTTOM WIDTH=734 HEIGHT=766 BORDER=0>
+</P>
+<P>If you can see the above output then you have successfully
+deployed MyService on Axis2. Now let's see how we can write Web
+Service client to use this services. Axis2 provides an easy way to
+deploy a Web Services using, index.jsp. (See the installation guide
+for more information on this)</P>
+<H3>Axis2SampleDocLitPortType</H3>
+<P>Now let's see how we can generate the skeleton from a given WSDL
+and implement the business logic using Axis2. For this we use
+Axis2SampleDocLit.wsdl that can be found in the <B>wsdl</B> directory
+under samples.</P>
+<H4>Generating Skeleton</H4>
+<P>To generate the skeleton and the required classes you can use the
+WSDL2Java tool provided in Axis2. This tool is located in the bin
+directory of the distribution and can be executed using the provided
+scripts (.bat or .sh). The tool's parameter list is as follows and
+user can specify these values depending on their requirements.</P>
+<PRE>Usage WSDL2Code -uri  :WSDL file location
+-o  : output file location
 -a : Generate async style code only. Default if off
 -s : Generate sync style code only. Default if off. takes precedence over -a
--p <package name> : set custom package name
--l <language> : valid languages are java and csharp. Default is java
+-p  : set custom package name
+-l  : valid languages are java and csharp. Default is java
 -t : Generate TestCase to test the generated code
 -ss : Generate server side code (i.e. skeletons).Default is off
--sd : Generate service descriptor (i.e. axis2.xml).Default is off.Valid with -ss
-</pre>
-</source></p>
-<p>We will use the tool with the following parameters and generate the skeleton and the other 
-required classes.</p>
-<source><pre>
-WSDL2Java -uri ..\samples\wsdl\Axis2SampleDocLit.wsdl -ss -sd -o ..\samples\src -p org.apache.axis2.userguide
-</pre></source></p>
-<p>This will generate the required classes in the <b>src</b> directory inside 
-samples. This will also generate the schema classes in a directory named <b>
-schema</b> and please note that these are not source files and should be availed 
-in the class path in order to compile the generated classes </p>
-<h4>Implement the Business Logic</h4>
-<p>Locate the skeleton class that can be found under src/usreguide directory 
-with the name &quot;Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeSkeleton.java&quot;. This is the skeleton for 
-our web service and we can easily fill the business logic now. The WSDL we have 
-used has four operations as follows.</p>
-<ul>
-	<li>echoVoid&nbsp;&nbsp; - Operation that does not accept any input 
-	parameters&nbsp; and also provide no out put parameters. Just perform some 
-	task</li>
-	<li>echoString&nbsp; - Operation that echos a String value </li>
-	<li>echoStringArray - Operation that accept string array as the input and 
-	echos them back</li>
-	<li>echoStruct - Operation that accept a Struct as the input and echos them 
-	back.</li>
-</ul>
-<h4>echoVoid&nbsp;&nbsp; </h4>
-<p>Locate the following code segment&nbsp; in the 
-&quot;Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeSkeleton.java&quot;&nbsp; and fill the business 
-logic. For the explanation purpose we do not need anything to be implemented 
-here.</p>
-<source><pre>
-public  void echoVoid(){
+-sd : Generate service descriptor (i.e. axis2.xml).Default is off.Valid with -ss</PRE><P>
+We will use the tool with the following parameters and generate the
+skeleton and the other required classes.</P>
+<PRE STYLE="margin-bottom: 0.2in">WSDL2Java -uri ..\samples\wsdl\Axis2SampleDocLit.wsdl -ss -sd -o ..\samples\src -p org.apache.axis2.userguide</PRE><P>
+This will generate the required classes in the <B>src</B> directory
+inside samples. This will also generate the schema classes in a
+directory named <B>schema</B> and please note that these are not
+source files and should be availed in the class path in order to
+compile the generated classes 
+</P>
+<H4>Implement the Business Logic</H4>
+<P>Locate the skeleton class that can be found under src/usreguide
+directory with the name &quot;Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeSkeleton.java&quot;.
+This is the skeleton for our web service and we can easily fill the
+business logic now. The WSDL we have used has four operations as
+follows.</P>
+<UL>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">echoVoid&nbsp;&nbsp; - Operation
+	that does not accept any input parameters&nbsp; and also provide no
+	out put parameters. Just perform some task 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">echoString&nbsp; - Operation that
+	echos a String value 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">echoStringArray - Operation that
+	accept string array as the input and echos them back 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P>echoStruct - Operation that accept a Struct as the input and
+	echos them back. 
+	</P>
+</UL>
+<H4>echoVoid&nbsp;&nbsp; 
+</H4>
+<P>Locate the following code segment&nbsp; in the
+&quot;Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeSkeleton.java&quot;&nbsp; and fill the
+business logic. For the explanation purpose we do not need anything
+to be implemented here.</P>
+<PRE>public  void echoVoid(){
      //Todo fill this with the necessary business logic
-}
-</pre></source></p>
-<h4>echoString&nbsp; </h4>
-<p>Locate the following code segment&nbsp; in the 
-&quot;Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeSkeleton.java&quot;&nbsp; and fill the business 
-logic as shown below.</p>
-<source><pre>
- public  org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringArrayReturnDocument 
- 		echoStringArray(org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringArrayParamDocument param2){
+}</PRE><H4>
+echoString&nbsp; 
+</H4>
+<P>Locate the following code segment&nbsp; in the
+&quot;Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeSkeleton.java&quot;&nbsp; and fill the
+business logic as shown below.</P>
+<PRE> public  org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringArrayReturnDocument 
+                echoStringArray(org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringArrayParamDocument param2){
     //Todo fill this with the necessary business logic
     return null;
- }
-</pre>
-</source></p>
-<p>Once filled with the business logic it will be as follows. The code is simple 
-and the explanations are given in the comments.</p>
-<source><pre>
-public org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringReturnDocument 
-			  echoString(org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringParamDocument param6) {
+ }</PRE><P>
+Once filled with the business logic it will be as follows. The code
+is simple and the explanations are given in the comments.</P>
+<PRE>public org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringReturnDocument 
+                          echoString(org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringParamDocument param6) {
    //Use the factory to create the output document.
    EchoStringReturnDocument retDoc = EchoStringReturnDocument.Factory.newInstance();
    //send the string back.
    retDoc.setEchoStringReturn(param6.getEchoStringParam());
    return retDoc;
-}
-</pre></source></p>
-<p>Similarly following code fragments shows how you can fill the business logic 
-for our first web service.</p>
-<h4>echoStringArray </h4>
-<source><pre>
-public org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringArrayReturnDocument 
-		echoStringArray(org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringArrayParamDocument param2) {
+}</PRE><P>
+Similarly following code fragments shows how you can fill the
+business logic for our first web service.</P>
+<H4>echoStringArray 
+</H4>
+<PRE>public org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringArrayReturnDocument 
+                echoStringArray(org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStringArrayParamDocument param2) {
 
     //Use the factory to create the output document.
     EchoStringArrayReturnDocument retDoc = EchoStringArrayReturnDocument.Factory.newInstance();
@@ -286,19 +438,17 @@
     String[] inParams = param2.getEchoStringArrayParam().getStringArray();
     ArrayOfstringLiteral retParams = ArrayOfstringLiteral.Factory.newInstance();
     //Set the input parameters to the output parameters for echoing.
-    for (int i = 0; i < inParams.length; i++) {
+    for (int i = 0; i &lt; inParams.length; i++) {
         retParams.addString(inParams[i]);
     }
 
     //return the output document.
     retDoc.setEchoStringArrayReturn(retParams);
     return retDoc;
-}</pre>
-</source></p>
-<h4>echoStruct</h4>
-<source><pre>
-public org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStructReturnDocument 
-		echoStruct(org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStructParamDocument param4) {
+}</PRE><H4>
+echoStruct</H4>
+<PRE>public org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStructReturnDocument 
+                echoStruct(org.soapinterop.xsd.EchoStructParamDocument param4) {
   
    //Use the factory to create the output document.
    EchoStructReturnDocument retDoc = EchoStructReturnDocument.Factory.newInstance();
@@ -317,17 +467,15 @@
    retDoc.setEchoStructReturn(outStruct);
   
    return retDoc;
-}</pre></source>
-<h4>
-service.xml<br>
-</h4>
-<p>&nbsp;Axis2 uses &quot;service.xml&quot; to hold the 
-configuretions for a particular web service deployed in the Axis2 engine. When 
-we generate the skeleton using the WSDL2Java tool, it will also generate the 
-required service.xml for this web service as well and it can be found in the 
-same directory as the skeleton. The generated service.xml is as follows.</p>
-<source><pre>
-&lt;!--Auto generated Axis Service XML--&gt;
+}</PRE><H4>
+services.xml</H4>
+<P>&nbsp;Axis2 uses &quot;services.xml&quot; to hold the
+configuretions for a particular web service deployed in the Axis2
+engine. When we generate the skeleton using the WSDL2Java tool, it
+will also generate the required services.xml for this web service as
+well and it can be found in the same directory as the skeleton. The
+generated services.xml is as follows.</P>
+<PRE>&lt;!--Auto generated Axis Service XML--&gt;
 &lt;service name=&quot;Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeSkeletonTest&quot;&gt;
 &lt;parameter locked=&quot;xsd:false&quot; name=&quot;ServiceClass&quot;&gt;userguide.Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeSkeleton&lt;/parameter&gt;
 &lt;!--Mounting the method echoVoid--&gt;
@@ -346,126 +494,177 @@
 &lt;operation name=&quot;echoString&quot;&gt;
 &lt;messageReceiver class=&quot;userguide.Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeMessageReceiver&quot;/&gt;
 &lt;/operation&gt;
-&lt;/service&gt;
-</pre></source></p>
-<p>As it can be seen, first line of the &quot;service.xml&quot; gives the name of the Web Service. This is used in the URL to the service as the service name. Next comes the description and the service class. The next xml tags describe the operations that are available in this service with respective message receivers. </p>
-<h4>Packaging</h4>
-<p>Next step in the process is to package the classes in a .aar (axis2 archive) 
-and deploy it in Axis2. When the WSDL2Java tool generate the skeleton it will 
-also generate the required data binding classes as well. These schema related 
-classes are located in the <b>schema </b>directory of the generated code. Copy 
-this to your class path and compile the skeleton and the supporting classes. In 
-order to create the .aar file, let's create the following directory structure 
-with the required files and then simply use jar command to package it. </p>
-<p>
-<img border="0" src="images/userguide/DirectoryStructure.JPG" width="164" height="142"></p>
-<p>Go to the top level directory where you can find the class files for the 
-above service (i.e. one level up in the directory structure shown above) and 
-type the following command in a command line.</p>
-<source><pre>
-jar -cf echo.aar .
-</pre></source></p>
-<p>Deploying the service&nbsp; is just a matter of 
-dropping the &quot;.aar&quot; in to &quot;services&quot; directory that can be found in 
-the &quot;\webapps\axis2\WEB-INF&quot; of your servlet container and hence please copy the &quot;echo.aar&quot; into the 
-&quot;<b>services</b>&quot; directory. Once these steps are completed, please start the servlet container (if you have not already started) and check the link &quot;List Available services&quot; in the page http://localhost:8080/axis2/index.jsp and see whether the 
-Axis2SampleDocLitPortType is deployed properly. If 
-everything is ok, you will see the following out put.. </p>
-<p align="center">
-<img border="0" src="images/userguide/ServiceDeployed.JPG"> </p>
-<p>If you can see the above output then you have successfully deployed 
-Axis2SampleDocLitPortType on Axis2. Now let's see how we can write Web Service client to use this services. 
-Axis2 provides an easy way to deploy a Web Services using, index.jsp. (See the 
-installation guide for more information on this)</p>
-<h2> Web Service Clients Using Axis2 </h2>
-<p> Web services can be used to provide wide range of functionality to the users 
-ranging from simple less time consuming&nbsp; operations such as &quot;getStockQuote&quot;&nbsp; 
-to time consuming business services. When we utilize (invoke using client 
-applications) these Web Service we cannot use some simple generic invocation 
-paradigm that suites all the timing complexities involved in the service 
-operations. For example, if we use a single transport channel (such as HTTP) to 
-invoke a Web Service with and IN-OUT operation, that take long time to complete, 
-then in most of the time we may end up with &quot;connection time outs&quot;. On the other 
-hand, if there are simultaneous service invocations that&nbsp; we need to 
-perform from a single client application, then the use of a &quot;blocking&quot; client 
-API will degrade the performance of the client application. Similarly there are 
-various other consequences such as One-Way transports that come in to play when we 
-need 's try<< to analyze some common service 
-invocation paradigms.</p>
-<p> Many web service engines provide the users with a Blocking and Non-Blocking 
-client APIs. </p>
-<ul>
-  <li><b>Blocking API</b> -Once the service invocation is called, the client 
-  application hangs and gets the control back only when the operation completes 
-  and the client receives a response or a fault. This is the simplest way of 
-  invoking Web Services and suites many business situations.</li>
-  <li><b>Non-Blocking API </b>- A callback or polling based API and hence once a 
-  service invocation is called, the client application immediately gets the 
-  control back and the response is retrieved using the callback object provided. 
-  This approach provides the flexibility to the client application to invoke 
-  several Web Services simultaneously with out blocking on the operation already 
-  invoked.</li>
-</ul>
-<p> Both these mechanism works in the API level and let's name the&nbsp; 
-asynchronous behavior that we can get using the Non-Blocking API as <b>API Level 
-Asynchrony.</b></p>
-<p> Both these mechanisms use single transport connection to send the request 
-and to receive the response. They severely lags the capability of using two 
-transport connections for the request and the response (either One-Way of 
-Two-Way). So both of these mechanisms fail to address the problem of long 
-running transactions (the transport connection may times-out before the 
-operation completes). A possible solution would be to use two separate transport 
-connections for request and response. The asynchronous behavior that we gain 
-using can be called, <b>Transport Level Asynchrony</b>.</p>
-<p> By combining the two we can obtain four different invocation patterns for web 
-services as shown in the following table.</p>
-<table border="1" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border-collapse: collapse" bordercolor="#111111" width="100%" height="99" id="table1">
-  <tr>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">API (Blocking/Non-Blocking)</td>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">&nbsp;Dual Transports (Yes/No)</td>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">Description</td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">Blocking</td>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">No</td>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">Simplest and the familiar invocation pattern</td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">Non-Blocking</td>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">No</td>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">Using callbacks or polling</td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">Blocking</td>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">Yes</td>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">This is useful when the service operation is 
-    IN-OUT in nature but the transport used is One-Way (e.g. SMTP)</td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">Non-Blocking</td>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">Yes</td>
-    <td width="33%" height="19">This is can be used to gain the maximum 
-    asynchronous behavior. No blocking in the API level and also in the 
-    transport level</td>
-  </tr>
-</table>
-<p>Axis2 provides the user with all these possibilities to invoke Web Services. 
-In addition Axis2 provides a data binding support making the life easy for 
-developers writing Web Service client applications. In this user guide we will 
-first see how we can write Web Service clients using the Axis2's primary APIs 
-and later we will see how we can use generated stubs to simply write Web Service 
-Clients.</p>
-<h3>Using Axis2's Primary APIs</h3>
-<h3>EchoBlockingClient</h3>
-<p>Axis2 provides the user with several invocation patterns for Web Services, ranging from pure blocking single channel invocations to a non-blocking dual channel invocations. First let's see how we can write a client to invoke &quot;echo&quot; operation of &quot;MyService&quot; using the simplest good old blocking invocation. The client code that you need to write will be as follows.</p>
-<source><pre>  try {
+&lt;/service&gt;</PRE><P>
+As it can be seen, first line of the &quot;services.xml&quot; gives
+the name of the Web Service. This is used in the URL to the service
+as the service name. Next comes the description and the service
+class. The next xml tags describe the operations that are available
+in this service with respective message receivers. 
+</P>
+<H4>Packaging</H4>
+<P>Next step in the process is to package the classes in a .aar
+(axis2 archive) and deploy it in Axis2. When the WSDL2Java tool
+generate the skeleton it will also generate the required data binding
+classes as well. These schema related classes are located in the
+<B>schema </B>directory of the generated code. Copy this to your
+class path and compile the skeleton and the supporting classes. In
+order to create the .aar file, let's create the following directory
+structure with the required files and then simply use jar command to
+package it. 
+</P>
+<P><IMG SRC="images/userguide/DirectoryStructure.JPG" NAME="Graphic3" ALIGN=BOTTOM WIDTH=164 HEIGHT=142 BORDER=0></P>
+<P>Go to the top level directory where you can find the class files
+for the above service (i.e. one level up in the directory structure
+shown above) and type the following command in a command line.</P>
+<PRE STYLE="margin-bottom: 0.2in">jar -cf echo.aar .</PRE><P>
+Deploying the service&nbsp; is just a matter of dropping the &quot;.aar&quot;
+in to &quot;services&quot; directory that can be found in the
+&quot;\webapps\axis2\WEB-INF&quot; of your servlet container and
+hence please copy the &quot;echo.aar&quot; into the &quot;<B>services</B>&quot;
+directory. Once these steps are completed, please start the servlet
+container (if you have not already started) and check the link &quot;List
+Available services&quot; in the page
+http://localhost:8080/axis2/index.jsp and see whether the
+Axis2SampleDocLitPortType is deployed properly. If everything is ok,
+you will see the following out put.. 
+</P>
+<P ALIGN=CENTER><IMG SRC="images/userguide/ServiceDeployed.JPG" NAME="Graphic4" ALIGN=BOTTOM WIDTH=734 HEIGHT=764 BORDER=0>
+</P>
+<P>If you can see the above output then you have successfully
+deployed Axis2SampleDocLitPortType on Axis2. Now let's see how we can
+write Web Service client to use this services. Axis2 provides an easy
+way to deploy a Web Services using, index.jsp. (See the installation
+guide for more information on this)</P>
+<H2><A NAME="bmWSC"></A>Web Service Clients Using Axis2</H2>
+<P>Web services can be used to provide wide range of functionality to
+the users ranging from simple less time consuming&nbsp; operations
+such as &quot;getStockQuote&quot;&nbsp; to time consuming business
+services. When we utilize (invoke using client applications) these
+Web Service we cannot use some simple generic invocation paradigm
+that suites all the timing complexities involved in the service
+operations. For example, if we use a single transport channel (such
+as HTTP) to invoke a Web Service with and IN-OUT operation, that take
+long time to complete, then in most of the time we may end up with
+&quot;connection time outs&quot;. On the other hand, if there are
+simultaneous service invocations that&nbsp; we need to perform from a
+single client application, then the use of a &quot;blocking&quot;
+client API will degrade the performance of the client application.
+Similarly there are various other consequences such as One-Way
+transports that come in to play when we need 's try&lt;&lt; to
+analyze some common service invocation paradigms.</P>
+<P>Many web service engines provide the users with a Blocking and
+Non-Blocking client APIs. 
+</P>
+<UL>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in"><B>Blocking API</B> -Once the
+	service invocation is called, the client application hangs and gets
+	the control back only when the operation completes and the client
+	receives a response or a fault. This is the simplest way of invoking
+	Web Services and suites many business situations. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P><B>Non-Blocking API </B>- A callback or polling based API and
+	hence once a service invocation is called, the client application
+	immediately gets the control back and the response is retrieved
+	using the callback object provided. This approach provides the
+	flexibility to the client application to invoke several Web Services
+	simultaneously with out blocking on the operation already invoked. 
+	</P>
+</UL>
+<P>Both these mechanism works in the API level and let's name the&nbsp;
+asynchronous behavior that we can get using the Non-Blocking API as
+<B>API Level Asynchrony.</B></P>
+<P>Both these mechanisms use single transport connection to send the
+request and to receive the response. They severely lags the
+capability of using two transport connections for the request and the
+response (either One-Way of Two-Way). So both of these mechanisms
+fail to address the problem of long running transactions (the
+transport connection may times-out before the operation completes). A
+possible solution would be to use two separate transport connections
+for request and response. The asynchronous behavior that we gain
+using can be called, <B>Transport Level Asynchrony</B>.</P>
+<P>By combining the two we can obtain four different invocation
+patterns for web services as shown in the following table.</P><A NAME="table1"></A>
+<TABLE WIDTH=100% BORDER=1 BORDERCOLOR="#111111" CELLPADDING=0 CELLSPACING=0>
+	<TR>
+		<TD WIDTH=33% HEIGHT=19>
+			<P>API (Blocking/Non-Blocking)</P>
+		</TD>
+		<TD WIDTH=33%>
+			<P>&nbsp;Dual Transports (Yes/No)</P>
+		</TD>
+		<TD WIDTH=33%>
+			<P>Description</P>
+		</TD>
+	</TR>
+	<TR>
+		<TD WIDTH=33% HEIGHT=19>
+			<P>Blocking</P>
+		</TD>
+		<TD WIDTH=33%>
+			<P>No</P>
+		</TD>
+		<TD WIDTH=33%>
+			<P>Simplest and the familiar invocation pattern</P>
+		</TD>
+	</TR>
+	<TR>
+		<TD WIDTH=33% HEIGHT=19>
+			<P>Non-Blocking</P>
+		</TD>
+		<TD WIDTH=33%>
+			<P>No</P>
+		</TD>
+		<TD WIDTH=33%>
+			<P>Using callbacks or polling</P>
+		</TD>
+	</TR>
+	<TR>
+		<TD WIDTH=33% HEIGHT=19>
+			<P>Blocking</P>
+		</TD>
+		<TD WIDTH=33%>
+			<P>Yes</P>
+		</TD>
+		<TD WIDTH=33%>
+			<P>This is useful when the service operation is IN-OUT in nature
+			but the transport used is One-Way (e.g. SMTP)</P>
+		</TD>
+	</TR>
+	<TR>
+		<TD WIDTH=33% HEIGHT=19>
+			<P>Non-Blocking</P>
+		</TD>
+		<TD WIDTH=33%>
+			<P>Yes</P>
+		</TD>
+		<TD WIDTH=33%>
+			<P>This is can be used to gain the maximum asynchronous behavior.
+			No blocking in the API level and also in the transport level</P>
+		</TD>
+	</TR>
+</TABLE>
+<P>Axis2 provides the user with all these possibilities to invoke Web
+Services. In addition Axis2 provides a data binding support making
+the life easy for developers writing Web Service client applications.
+In this user guide we will first see how we can write Web Service
+clients using the Axis2's primary APIs and later we will see how we
+can use generated stubs to simply write Web Service Clients.</P>
+<H3>Using Axis2's Primary APIs</H3>
+<H3>EchoBlockingClient</H3>
+<P>Axis2 provides the user with several invocation patterns for Web
+Services, ranging from pure blocking single channel invocations to a
+non-blocking dual channel invocations. First let's see how we can
+write a client to invoke &quot;echo&quot; operation of &quot;MyService&quot;
+using the simplest good old blocking invocation. The client code that
+you need to write will be as follows.</P>
+<PRE>  try {
             OMElement payload = ClientUtil.getEchoOMElement();
-            <span class="style10">Call call = new Call();
-            call.setTo(targetEPR);
-            call.setTransportInfo(Constants.TRANSPORT_HTTP, Constants.TRANSPORT_HTTP, false);
+            <FONT COLOR="#33cc00">Call call = new Call();</FONT>
+<FONT COLOR="#33cc00">            call.setTo(targetEPR);</FONT>
+<FONT COLOR="#33cc00">            call.setTransportInfo(Constants.TRANSPORT_HTTP, Constants.TRANSPORT_HTTP, false);</FONT>
+
+<FONT COLOR="#33cc00">            OMElement result = (OMElement) call.invokeBlocking(&quot;echo&quot;, payload);</FONT>
 
-            OMElement result = (OMElement) call.invokeBlocking("echo", payload);
-</span>
             StringWriter writer = new StringWriter();
             result.serializeWithCache(new OMOutput(XMLOutputFactory.newInstance().createXMLStreamWriter(writer)));
             writer.flush();
@@ -477,66 +676,104 @@
         } catch (XMLStreamException e) {
             e.printStackTrace();
         }
-}
-</pre></source></p>
-<p>The green lines shows the set of operations that you need to perform in-order to invoke a web service while the rest is used to create the OMElement that needs to be sent and to display the response OMElement. To test this 
-client you can use the provided ant build file that can be found in the 
-&quot;Axis2Home/samples&quot; directory. Run the &quot;testEchoBlockingClient&quot; target . if you can see the response OMElement printed in your command line&nbsp;  then you have successfully tested the client as well. </p>
-<h3>PingClient</h3>
-<p>In the Web Service &quot;MyService&quot; we had a IN-ONLY operation with the name &quot;ping&quot; (see Web Services Using Axis2). So let's write a client to invoke this operation as well. 
-The client code will be as follows.</p>
-<source><pre> try {
+}</PRE><P>
+The green lines shows the set of operations that you need to perform
+in-order to invoke a web service while the rest is used to create the
+OMElement that needs to be sent and to display the response
+OMElement. To test this client you can use the provided ant build
+file that can be found in the &quot;Axis2Home/samples&quot;
+directory. Run the &quot;testEchoBlockingClient&quot; target . if you
+can see the response OMElement printed in your command line&nbsp;
+then you have successfully tested the client as well. 
+</P>
+<H3>PingClient</H3>
+<P>In the Web Service &quot;MyService&quot; we had a IN-ONLY
+operation with the name &quot;ping&quot; (see Web Services Using
+Axis2). So let's write a client to invoke this operation as well. The
+client code will be as follows.</P>
+<PRE> try {
        OMElement payload = ClientUtil.getPingOMElement();
 
        MessageSender msgSender = new MessageSender();
        msgSender.setTo(targetEPR);
        msgSender.setSenderTransport(Constants.TRANSPORT_HTTP);
-       msgSender.send("ping", payload);
+       msgSender.send(&quot;ping&quot;, payload);
 
      } catch (AxisFault axisFault) {
             axisFault.printStackTrace();
-     }
-</pre></source>
-</p> 
-<p>Since we are accessing a IN-ONLY operation we can directly use the &quot;MessageSender&quot; to invoke this operation. As it can be seen in the above code , it is very straight forward to invoke this type of operation. MessageSender will not block the 
-invocation, hence it will return the control immediately back to the client. You can 
-test this client by running the target &quot;testPingClient&quot; of the ant build 
-file at &quot;Axis2Home/samples&quot;.</p>
-<p>Ok, we have invoked the two operations in our service, Are we done? No!, there are lot more to explore, Let's see some other ways to invoke 
-the same operations.</p>
-<h3>EchoNonBlockingClient</h3>
-<p>In the EchoBlockingClient once the &quot;call.invokeBlocking("echo", payload);&quot; is called, the client is blocked till the operation is completed. This behavior is not 
-desirable when there are many Web Service invocations to be done in a single client application. A solution, would be to use a Non-Blocking API to invoke web services. Axis2 provides a callback based non-blocking API for users. </p>
-<p>A sample client for this can be found under &quot;Axis2Home/samples/userguide/src/userguide/clients&quot; with the name EchoNonBlockingClient. If we consider the changes that the user may have to do with respect to the &quot;EchoBlockingClient&quot; that we have already seen, it will be as follows.</p>
-<source><pre>call.invokeNonBlocking(&quot;echo&quot;, payload, callback);</pre></source>
-<p>The invocation  accepts a callback object as a parameter. Axis2 client API provides an 
-abstract Callback with the following methods.</p>
-<source><pre>public abstract void onComplete(AsyncResult result);
+     }</PRE><P>
+Since we are accessing a IN-ONLY operation we can directly use the
+&quot;MessageSender&quot; to invoke this operation. As it can be seen
+in the above code , it is very straight forward to invoke this type
+of operation. MessageSender will not block the invocation, hence it
+will return the control immediately back to the client. You can test
+this client by running the target &quot;testPingClient&quot; of the
+ant build file at &quot;Axis2Home/samples&quot;.</P>
+<P>Ok, we have invoked the two operations in our service, Are we
+done? No!, there are lot more to explore, Let's see some other ways
+to invoke the same operations.</P>
+<H3>EchoNonBlockingClient</H3>
+<P>In the EchoBlockingClient once the &quot;call.invokeBlocking(&quot;echo&quot;,
+payload);&quot; is called, the client is blocked till the operation
+is completed. This behavior is not desirable when there are many Web
+Service invocations to be done in a single client application. A
+solution, would be to use a Non-Blocking API to invoke web services.
+Axis2 provides a callback based non-blocking API for users. 
+</P>
+<P>A sample client for this can be found under
+&quot;Axis2Home/samples/userguide/src/userguide/clients&quot; with
+the name EchoNonBlockingClient. If we consider the changes that the
+user may have to do with respect to the &quot;EchoBlockingClient&quot;
+that we have already seen, it will be as follows.</P>
+<PRE STYLE="margin-bottom: 0.2in">call.invokeNonBlocking(&quot;echo&quot;, payload, callback);</PRE><P>
+The invocation accepts a callback object as a parameter. Axis2 client
+API provides an abstract Callback with the following methods.</P>
+<PRE>public abstract void onComplete(AsyncResult result);
 public abstract void reportError(Exception e);
-public boolean isComplete() {}</pre></source></p>
-<p>The user is expected to implement the &quot;onComplete &quot; and &quot;reportError &quot; methods of their extended call back class. Axis2 engine calls the onComplete method once the Web Service 
-response is received by the Axis2 Client API (Call). This will eliminate the blocking nature of the Web Service invocations and provides the user with the flexibility to use Non Blocking API for Web Service 
-Clients.</p>
-<p>To run the sample client ( EchoNonBlockingClient) you can simply use the &quot;testEchoNonBlockingClient&quot; 
-target of the ant file found at the &quot;Axis2Home/samples&quot; directory. </p>
-<h3>EchoNonBlockingDualClient </h3>
-<p>The solution provided by the Non-Blocking API has one limitation when it 
-comes to&nbsp; Web Service invocations which takes long time to complete. The limitation 
-is due to the use of single transport connection to invoke the Web Service and to retrieve the response. In 
-other words, client API provides a non blocking invocation mechanism for the users, but the request and the response comes in a single  transport connection (needs two way transports like HTTP). Long 
-running Web Service invocations or Web Service invocations using One-Way transports (like SMTP) cannot be utilized by simply using a non blocking invocation. </p>
-<p>The trivial solution is to use separate transport connections (either One-Way or Two-Way) for the request and response. The next problem that needs to be 
-solved is the correlation (correlating the request and the response). 
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/Submission/ws-addressing/">WS-Addressing</a> provides a neat solution to above using &lt;wsa:MessageID&gt; and &lt;wsa:RelatesTo&gt; headers. Axis2 provides support for  addressing&nbsp; based correlation mechanism and a complying Client API to invoke Web Services with two transport connections. 
-(core of Axis2 does not depend on WS-Addressing, and it is the addressing like 
-properties, hence Axis2 has the flexibility to use different versions of 
-addressing)</p>
-<p>Users can select between Blocking or Non-Blocking APIs for the Web Service clients 
-with two transport connections. By simply using a boolean flag, the same API can be used to invoke web 
-services (IN-OUT operations) using two separate transport connections. Let's see how we can do it using an example. Following code 
-fragment shows how to invoke the same &quot;echo&quot; operation, using Non-Blocking API with two transport 
-connections<strong>. The ultimate asynchrony!!</strong></p>
-<source><pre>  try {
+public boolean isComplete() {}</PRE><P>
+The user is expected to implement the &quot;onComplete &quot; and
+&quot;reportError &quot; methods of their extended call back class.
+Axis2 engine calls the onComplete method once the Web Service
+response is received by the Axis2 Client API (Call). This will
+eliminate the blocking nature of the Web Service invocations and
+provides the user with the flexibility to use Non Blocking API for
+Web Service Clients.</P>
+<P>To run the sample client ( EchoNonBlockingClient) you can simply
+use the &quot;testEchoNonBlockingClient&quot; target of the ant file
+found at the &quot;Axis2Home/samples&quot; directory. 
+</P>
+<H3>EchoNonBlockingDualClient 
+</H3>
+<P>The solution provided by the Non-Blocking API has one limitation
+when it comes to&nbsp; Web Service invocations which takes long time
+to complete. The limitation is due to the use of single transport
+connection to invoke the Web Service and to retrieve the response. In
+other words, client API provides a non blocking invocation mechanism
+for the users, but the request and the response comes in a single
+transport connection (needs two way transports like HTTP). Long
+running Web Service invocations or Web Service invocations using
+One-Way transports (like SMTP) cannot be utilized by simply using a
+non blocking invocation. 
+</P>
+<P>The trivial solution is to use separate transport connections
+(either One-Way or Two-Way) for the request and response. The next
+problem that needs to be solved is the correlation (correlating the
+request and the response). <A HREF="http://www.w3.org/Submission/ws-addressing/">WS-Addressing</A>
+provides a neat solution to above using &lt;wsa:MessageID&gt; and
+&lt;wsa:RelatesTo&gt; headers. Axis2 provides support for addressing&nbsp;
+based correlation mechanism and a complying Client API to invoke Web
+Services with two transport connections. (core of Axis2 does not
+depend on WS-Addressing, and it is the addressing like properties,
+hence Axis2 has the flexibility to use different versions of
+addressing)</P>
+<P>Users can select between Blocking or Non-Blocking APIs for the Web
+Service clients with two transport connections. By simply using a
+boolean flag, the same API can be used to invoke web services (IN-OUT
+operations) using two separate transport connections. Let's see how
+we can do it using an example. Following code fragment shows how to
+invoke the same &quot;echo&quot; operation, using Non-Blocking API
+with two transport connections<STRONG>. The ultimate asynchrony!!</STRONG></P>
+<PRE>  try {
             OMElement payload = ClientUtil.getEchoOMElement();
 
             Call call = new Call();
@@ -544,8 +781,8 @@
 
             //The boolean flag informs the axis2 engine to use two separate transport connection
             //to retrieve the response.
-            <font color="#33CC00">call.engageModule(new QName(Constants.MODULE_ADDRESSING));</font>
-            call.setTransportInfo(Constants.TRANSPORT_HTTP, Constants.TRANSPORT_HTTP, <span class="style13">true</span>);
+            <FONT COLOR="#33cc00">call.engageModule(new QName(Constants.MODULE_ADDRESSING));</FONT>
+            call.setTransportInfo(Constants.TRANSPORT_HTTP, Constants.TRANSPORT_HTTP, <FONT COLOR="#00cc00">true</FONT>);
 
             //Callback to handle the response
             Callback callback = new Callback() {
@@ -553,7 +790,7 @@
                     try {
                         StringWriter writer = new StringWriter();
                         result.serializeWithCache(new OMOutput(XMLOutputFactory.newInstance()
-                        					.createXMLStreamWriter(writer)));
+                                                                .createXMLStreamWriter(writer)));
                         writer.flush();
 
                         System.out.println(writer.toString());
@@ -569,128 +806,135 @@
             };
 
             //Non-Blocking Invocation
-            call.invokeNonBlocking("echo", payload, callback);
+            call.invokeNonBlocking(&quot;echo&quot;, payload, callback);
 
             //Wait till the callback receives the response.
             while (!callback.isComplete()) {
                 Thread.sleep(1000);
-            }</pre></source>
-<source><pre>	  <font color="#33CC00">call.close();</font>
+            }
+          <FONT COLOR="#33cc00">call.close();</FONT>
 
         } catch (AxisFault axisFault) {
             axisFault.printStackTrace();
         } catch (Exception ex) {
             ex.printStackTrace();
-        }
-</pre></source>
-<p>The three changes that we need do to the EchoNonBlockingClient are shown in the &quot;green&quot; color. Since our correlation mechanism is based on addressing we need 
-to first &quot;<strong>engage</strong>&quot; the addressing module.<span class="style15">
-<font color="#000000"><b>&quot;call.engageModule(new 
-QName(Constants.MODULE_ADDRESSING));&quot; </b>informs the Axis2 engine to engage the 
-addressing module at the client side. The boolean flag (value true) in the &quot;<br>
-<b>call.setTransportInfo(...)</b>&quot; method informs the Axis2 engine to use 
-separate transport connections for request and response. Finally &quot;<b>call.close()</b>&quot; 
-informs the Axis2 engine to stop the client side listener started to retrieve 
-the response.</font></span></p>
-<p>Before we run the sample client we need one more step to perform. As mentioned earlier Axis2 uses addressing based correlation 
-mechanism and hence we need to &quot;engage&quot; addressing module in the server side as well. According to the Axis2 architecture addressing module is deployed in the &quot;<strong>pre-dispatch</strong>&quot; 
-phase (See 
-<a href="file:///G:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Jaliya/Desktop/Axis2ArchitectureGuide.html">Architecture Guide</a> for more 
-details about phases)&nbsp; and hence &quot;engaging&quot; means simply adding module reference in the &quot;axis2.xml&quot; (NOT the &quot;service.xml&quot;). Please add the following line to the &quot;axis2.xml&quot; that you can find in the &quot;/webapps/axis2/WEB-INF&quot; 
-directory in the servlet container. </p>
-<source><pre> &lt;module ref=&quot;addressing&quot;/&gt;</pre></source>
-<p>Note: Please note that<span class="style15"><font color="#000000"> once you change the &quot;axis2.xml&quot; you need to restart the servlet container.</font></span></p>
-<p>This will enable the addressing in the server side and now you can test the &quot;TestEchoNonBlockingDualClient&quot; using the &quot;testEchoNonBlockingDualClient&quot; 
-target of the ant file found at &quot;Axis2Home/samples&quot; directory. 
-If you can see the response OMElement printed in the client side, that means you 
-have successfully tested the Non Blocking API with two transport channels at the 
-client side.</p>
-<h3>EchoBlockingDualClient </h3>
-<p>This is again a two transport request/response client, but this time, we use 
-a Blocking API in the client code. Sample code for this can be found in the 
-&quot;Axis2Home/samples/userguide/src/userguide/clients/&quot; directory and the 
-explanation is similar to the EchoNonBlockingDualClient, except that here we do 
-not use a callback object to handle response. This is a very useful mechanism 
-when the service invocation is IN-OUT in nature and the transports are One-Way 
-(e.g. SMTP). For the sample client we use two HTTP connections for request and 
-response. User can test this client using the &quot;echoBlockingDualClient&quot; 
-target of the ant build file 
-found in the &quot;Axis2Home/samples&quot; directory.</p>
-<p>See <a href="#configTransport">Configuring Transports</a> for use different transports.</p>
-<h3>With Data Binding </h3>
-<p>Axis2 provides the data binding support for Web Service client as well. The user can generate the required stubs from a given WSDL with 
-the other supporting classes. Let's see how we can generate the stubs for the 
-WSDL we have used earlier to generate the skeleton for the 
-&quot;Axis2SampleDocLitPortType&quot;. Simply run the WSDL2Java tool that can be found in 
-the bin directory of the Axis2 distribution using the following command.</p>
-<source><pre>
-WSDL2Java -uri ..\samples\wsdl\Axis2SampleDocLit.wsdl -o ..\samples\src -p org.apache.axis2.userguide
-</pre></source></p>
-<p>This will generate the required stub &quot;Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeStub.java&quot; 
-that can be used to invoke the Web Service Axis2SampleDocLitPortType. Let's see 
-how we can use this stub to write Web Service clients to utilize the Web Service 
-Axis2SampleDocLitPortType (the service that we have already deployed).</p>
-<h3>Client for echoVoid Operation</h3>
-<p>Following code fragment shows the necessary code for utilizing the echoVoid 
-operation of the Axis2SampleDocLitPortType that we have already deployed. In 
-this operation, a blank SOAP body element is sent to the Web Service and the 
-same SOAP envelope is echoed back.</p>
-<source>
-<pre>
- try {
+        }</PRE><P>
+The three changes that we need do to the EchoNonBlockingClient are
+shown in the &quot;green&quot; color. Since our correlation mechanism
+is based on addressing we need to first &quot;<STRONG>engage</STRONG>&quot;
+the addressing module.<FONT COLOR="#0000ff"> <FONT COLOR="#000000"><B>&quot;call.engageModule(new
+QName(Constants.MODULE_ADDRESSING));&quot; </B>informs the Axis2
+engine to engage the addressing module at the client side. The
+boolean flag (value true) in the &quot;<BR><B>call.setTransportInfo(...)</B>&quot;
+method informs the Axis2 engine to use separate transport connections
+for request and response. Finally &quot;<B>call.close()</B>&quot;
+informs the Axis2 engine to stop the client side listener started to
+retrieve the response.</FONT></FONT></P>
+<P>Before we run the sample client we need one more step to perform.
+As mentioned earlier Axis2 uses addressing based correlation
+mechanism and hence we need to &quot;engage&quot; addressing module
+in the server side as well. According to the Axis2 architecture
+addressing module is deployed in the &quot;<STRONG>pre-dispatch</STRONG>&quot;
+phase (See <A HREF="file:///G:/Documents and Settings/Jaliya/Desktop/Axis2ArchitectureGuide.html">Architecture
+Guide</A> for more details about phases)&nbsp; and hence &quot;engaging&quot;
+means simply adding module reference in the &quot;axis2.xml&quot;
+(NOT the &quot;services.xml&quot;). Please add the following line to
+the &quot;axis2.xml&quot; that you can find in the
+&quot;/webapps/axis2/WEB-INF&quot; directory in the servlet
+container. 
+</P>
+<PRE STYLE="margin-bottom: 0.2in"> &lt;module ref=&quot;addressing&quot;/&gt;</PRE><P>
+Note: Please note that<FONT COLOR="#000000"> once you change the
+&quot;axis2.xml&quot; you need to restart the servlet container.</FONT></P>
+<P>This will enable the addressing in the server side and now you can
+test the &quot;TestEchoNonBlockingDualClient&quot; using the
+&quot;testEchoNonBlockingDualClient&quot; target of the ant file
+found at &quot;Axis2Home/samples&quot; directory. If you can see the
+response OMElement printed in the client side, that means you have
+successfully tested the Non Blocking API with two transport channels
+at the client side.</P>
+<H3>EchoBlockingDualClient 
+</H3>
+<P>This is again a two transport request/response client, but this
+time, we use a Blocking API in the client code. Sample code for this
+can be found in the
+&quot;Axis2Home/samples/userguide/src/userguide/clients/&quot;
+directory and the explanation is similar to the
+EchoNonBlockingDualClient, except that here we do not use a callback
+object to handle response. This is a very useful mechanism when the
+service invocation is IN-OUT in nature and the transports are One-Way
+(e.g. SMTP). For the sample client we use two HTTP connections for
+request and response. User can test this client using the
+&quot;echoBlockingDualClient&quot; target of the ant build file found
+in the &quot;Axis2Home/samples&quot; directory.</P>
+<P>See <A HREF="#configTransport">Configuring Transports</A> for use
+different transports.</P>
+<H3>With Data Binding 
+</H3>
+<P>Axis2 provides the data binding support for Web Service client as
+well. The user can generate the required stubs from a given WSDL with
+the other supporting classes. Let's see how we can generate the stubs
+for the WSDL we have used earlier to generate the skeleton for the
+&quot;Axis2SampleDocLitPortType&quot;. Simply run the WSDL2Java tool
+that can be found in the bin directory of the Axis2 distribution
+using the following command.</P>
+<PRE STYLE="margin-bottom: 0.2in">WSDL2Java -uri ..\samples\wsdl\Axis2SampleDocLit.wsdl -o ..\samples\src -p org.apache.axis2.userguide</PRE><P>
+This will generate the required stub
+&quot;Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeStub.java&quot; that can be used to
+invoke the Web Service Axis2SampleDocLitPortType. Let's see how we
+can use this stub to write Web Service clients to utilize the Web
+Service Axis2SampleDocLitPortType (the service that we have already
+deployed).</P>
+<H3>Client for echoVoid Operation</H3>
+<P>Following code fragment shows the necessary code for utilizing the
+echoVoid operation of the Axis2SampleDocLitPortType that we have
+already deployed. In this operation, a blank SOAP body element is
+sent to the Web Service and the same SOAP envelope is echoed back.</P>
+<PRE> try {
    //Create the stub by passing the AXIS_HOME and target EPR.
    //We pass null to the AXIS_HOME and hence the stub will use the current directory sa the AXIS_HOME
    Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeStub stub = new Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeStub(null, 
-   				"http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/Axis2SampleDocLitPortType");
+                                &quot;http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/Axis2SampleDocLitPortType&quot;);
    stub.echoVoid();
 
 } catch (Exception e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
-}
-</pre></source></p>
-<h3>Client for echoString Operation</h3>
-<p>Following code fragment shows the necessary code for utilizing the echoString 
-operation of the Axis2SampleDocLitPortType that we have already deployed. The 
-code is very simple to understand and the explanations are given in the 
-comments.</p>
-<source><pre>
-try {
+}</PRE><H3>
+Client for echoString Operation</H3>
+<P>Following code fragment shows the necessary code for utilizing the
+echoString operation of the Axis2SampleDocLitPortType that we have
+already deployed. The code is very simple to understand and the
+explanations are given in the comments.</P>
+<PRE>try {
      //Create the stub by passing the AXIS_HOME and target EPR.
      //We pass null to the AXIS_HOME and hence the stub will use the current directory sa the AXIS_HOME 
      Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeStub stub= new Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeStub(null,
-     				"http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/Axis2SampleDocLitPortType");
+                                &quot;http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/Axis2SampleDocLitPortType&quot;);
      //Create the request document to be sent.
      EchoStringParamDocument  reqDoc= EchoStringParamDocument.Factory.newInstance();
-     reqDoc.setEchoStringParam("Axis2 Echo");
+     reqDoc.setEchoStringParam(&quot;Axis2 Echo&quot;);
      //invokes the web service.
      EchoStringReturnDocument resDoc=stub.echoString(reqDoc);
      System.out.println(resDoc.getEchoStringReturn());
 
     } catch (Exception e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
-    }
-</pre></source></p>
-
-
-
-
-<p>Similarly following code fragments shows client side code for echoStringArray 
-operation and echoStruct operation respectively.</p>
-<h3>Client for echoStringArray Operation</h3>
-<source>
-<pre>
-try {
+    }</PRE><P>
+Similarly following code fragments shows client side code for
+echoStringArray operation and echoStruct operation respectively.</P>
+<H3>Client for echoStringArray Operation</H3>
+<PRE>try {
      //Create the stub by passing the AXIS_HOME and target EPR.
      //We pass null to the AXIS_HOME and hence the stub will use the current directory sa the AXIS_HOME
      Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeStub stub = new Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeStub(null,
-     				"http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/Axis2SampleDocLitPortType");
+                                &quot;http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/Axis2SampleDocLitPortType&quot;);
 
      //Create the request document to be sent.
      EchoStringArrayParamDocument reqDoc = EchoStringArrayParamDocument.Factory.newInstance();
      ArrayOfstringLiteral paramArray = ArrayOfstringLiteral.Factory.newInstance();
 
-     paramArray.addString("Axis2");
-     paramArray.addString("Echo");
+     paramArray.addString(&quot;Axis2&quot;);
+     paramArray.addString(&quot;Echo&quot;);
 
       reqDoc.setEchoStringArrayParam(paramArray);
       EchoStringArrayReturnDocument resDoc = stub.echoStringArray(reqDoc);
@@ -698,20 +942,18 @@
       //Get the response params
       String[] resParams = resDoc.getEchoStringArrayReturn().getStringArray();
 
-      for (int i = 0; i < resParams.length; i++) {
+      for (int i = 0; i &lt; resParams.length; i++) {
            System.out.println(resParams[i]);
       }
       } catch (Exception e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
-      }
-</pre></source></p>
-<h3>Client for echoStruct Operation</h3>
-<source><pre>
-try {
+      }</PRE><H3>
+Client for echoStruct Operation</H3>
+<PRE>try {
     //Create the stub by passing the AXIS_HOME and target EPR.
     //We pass null to the AXIS_HOME and hence the stub will use the current directory sa the AXIS_HOME
     Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeStub stub = new Axis2SampleDocLitPortTypeStub(null, 
-    				"http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/Axis2SampleDocLitPortType");
+                                &quot;http://localhost:8080/axis2/services/Axis2SampleDocLitPortType&quot;);
     //Create the request Document
     EchoStructParamDocument reqDoc = EchoStructParamDocument.Factory.newInstance();
 
@@ -720,7 +962,7 @@
 
     reqStruct.setVarFloat(100.50F);
     reqStruct.setVarInt(10);
-    reqStruct.setVarString("High");
+    reqStruct.setVarString(&quot;High&quot;);
 
     reqDoc.setEchoStructParam(reqStruct);
 
@@ -728,63 +970,70 @@
     EchoStructReturnDocument resDoc = stub.echoStruct(reqDoc);
     SOAPStruct resStruct = resDoc.getEchoStructReturn();
 
-    System.out.println("floot Value :" + resStruct.getVarFloat());
-    System.out.println("int Value :" + resStruct.getVarInt());
-    System.out.println("String Value :" + resStruct.getVarString());
+    System.out.println(&quot;floot Value :&quot; + resStruct.getVarFloat());
+    System.out.println(&quot;int Value :&quot; + resStruct.getVarInt());
+    System.out.println(&quot;String Value :&quot; + resStruct.getVarString());
 
 } catch (Exception e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
-}</pre></source></p>
-
-
-
-
-<h2>Modules</h2>
-<p>Axis2 provides an extended support for modules (See
-<a href="file:///G:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Jaliya/Desktop/Axis2ArchitectureGuide.html">Architecture Guide</a> for more details 
-about modules in axis2). Let's see how we can create a custom module and deploy 
-it to the MyService that we have created earlier. Following steps shows the 
-actions that needs to be performed to deploy a custom module for a given Web 
-Service.</p>
-<ol>
-  <li>Create the Module Implementation</li>
-  <li>Create the Handlers</li>
-  <li>Create the moduel.xml</li>
-  <li>Modify the &quot;axis2.xml&quot; (if you need custom phases)</li>
-  <li>Modify the &quot;service.xml&quot; to engage modules at the deployment time.</li>
-  <li>Package in a &quot;.mar&quot; (Module Archive)</li>
-  <li>Deploy the module in Axis2</li>
-</ol>
-<h3>MyService with a Logging Module 
-</h3>
-<p>Let's write a simple logging module for our sample. This module contains one 
-handler that just logs the message that is passed though it. Axis2 uses .&quot;mar&quot; 
-(Module Archive) to deploy modules in Axis2. Following diagram shows the file 
-structure inside that needs to be there in the &quot;.mar&quot; archive. Let's create all 
-these and see how it works.</p>
-<p>
-<img border="0" src="images/userguide/ModuleView.jpg" width="185" height="120"></p>
-<h4>
-Step1 : LoggingModule Class</h4>
-<p>LoggingModule is the implementation class of the Axis2 module. Axis2 modules 
-should implement the &quot;org.apache.axis2.modules.Module&quot; interface with the
-following methods.</p>
-<source><pre>public void init(AxisConfiguration axisSystem) throws AxisFault;//Initialize the module
-public void shutdown(AxisConfiguration axisSystem) throws AxisFault;//End of module processing
-</pre></source>
-<p>These methods can be used to control the module initialization and the 
-termination. With the input parameter AxisConfiguration, the user is provided 
-with the complete configuration hierarchy and this can be used to fine tune the 
-module behavior by the module writers. For the simple logging service, we can keep these methods blank in our implementation class.</p>
-<h4>Step2 : LogHandler</h4>
-<p>A module in axis2 can contain, one or more handlers that perform various 
-SOAP header processing at different phases. (See<a href="file:///G:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Jaliya/Desktop/Axis2ArchitectureGuide.html"> 
-Architecture Guide</a> for more information about phases). For the logging 
-module we will write a handle with the following methods. &quot;public void 
-invoke(MessageContext ctx);&quot; is the method that is called by the Axis2 engine 
-when the control is passed to the handler. &quot;public void revoke(MessageContext 
-ctx);&quot; is called when the handlers are revoked by the Axis2 engine. </p>
-<source><pre>public class LogHandler extends AbstractHandler implements Handler {
+}</PRE><H2>
+<A NAME="bmModules"></A>Modules</H2>
+<P>Axis2 provides an extended support for modules (See <A HREF="file:///G:/Documents and Settings/Jaliya/Desktop/Axis2ArchitectureGuide.html">Architecture
+Guide</A> for more details about modules in axis2). Let's see how we
+can create a custom module and deploy it to the MyService that we
+have created earlier. Following steps shows the actions that needs to
+be performed to deploy a custom module for a given Web Service.</P>
+<OL>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Create the Module Implementation 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Create the Handlers 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Create the moduel.xml 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Modify the &quot;axis2.xml&quot;
+	(if you need custom phases) 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Modify the &quot;services.xml&quot;
+	to engage modules at the deployment time. 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P STYLE="margin-bottom: 0in">Package in a &quot;.mar&quot;
+	(Module Archive) 
+	</P>
+	<LI><P>Deploy the module in Axis2 
+	</P>
+</OL>
+<H3>MyService with a Logging Module 
+</H3>
+<P>Let's write a simple logging module for our sample. This module
+contains one handler that just logs the message that is passed though
+it. Axis2 uses .&quot;mar&quot; (Module Archive) to deploy modules in
+Axis2. Following diagram shows the file structure inside that needs
+to be there in the &quot;.mar&quot; archive. Let's create all these
+and see how it works.</P>
+<P><IMG SRC="images/userguide/ModuleView.jpg" NAME="Graphic5" ALIGN=BOTTOM WIDTH=185 HEIGHT=120 BORDER=0></P>
+<H4>Step1 : LoggingModule Class</H4>
+<P>LoggingModule is the implementation class of the Axis2 module.
+Axis2 modules should implement the &quot;org.apache.axis2.modules.Module&quot;
+interface with the following methods.</P>
+<PRE>public void init(AxisConfiguration axisSystem) throws AxisFault;//Initialize the module
+public void shutdown(AxisConfiguration axisSystem) throws AxisFault;//End of module processing</PRE><P>
+These methods can be used to control the module initialization and
+the termination. With the input parameter AxisConfiguration, the user
+is provided with the complete configuration hierarchy and this can be
+used to fine tune the module behavior by the module writers. For the
+simple logging service, we can keep these methods blank in our
+implementation class.</P>
+<H4>Step2 : LogHandler</H4>
+<P>A module in axis2 can contain, one or more handlers that perform
+various SOAP header processing at different phases. (See<A HREF="file:///G:/Documents and Settings/Jaliya/Desktop/Axis2ArchitectureGuide.html">
+Architecture Guide</A> for more information about phases). For the
+logging module we will write a handle with the following methods.
+&quot;public void invoke(MessageContext ctx);&quot; is the method
+that is called by the Axis2 engine when the control is passed to the
+handler. &quot;public void revoke(MessageContext ctx);&quot; is
+called when the handlers are revoked by the Axis2 engine. 
+</P>
+<PRE>public class LogHandler extends AbstractHandler implements Handler {
     private Log log = LogFactory.getLog(getClass());
     private QName name;
 
@@ -803,134 +1052,132 @@
     public void setName(QName name) {
         this.name = name;
     }
-}
-</pre></source>
-<h4>Step3 : module.xml</h4>
-<p>&quot;module.xml&quot; contains the deployment configurations for a particular module. 
-It contains details such as Implementation class of the module (in this example 
-it is the &quot;LoggingModule&quot; class and the various handlers that will run in 

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