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From "Vincenz Priesnitz (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Created] (AVRO-1341) Allow controlling avro via java annotations when using reflection.
Date Tue, 28 May 2013 13:54:22 GMT
Vincenz Priesnitz created AVRO-1341:
---------------------------------------

             Summary: Allow controlling avro via java annotations when using reflection. 
                 Key: AVRO-1341
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/AVRO-1341
             Project: Avro
          Issue Type: New Feature
          Components: java
            Reporter: Vincenz Priesnitz
            Assignee: Vincenz Priesnitz


It would be great if one could control avro with java annotations. As of now, it is already
possible to mark fields as Nullable or classes being encoded as a String. I propose a bigger
set of annotations to control the behavior of avro on fields and classes. Such annotations
have proven useful with jacksons json serialization and morphias mongoDB serialization.

I propose the following additional annotations: 
@AvroName("alternativeName")
@AvroIgnore
@AvroMeta(key="K", value="V")
@AvroEncode(using=CustomEncoding.class)


Java fields with the @AvroName("alternativeName") annotation will be renamed in the induced
schema. When reading an avro file via reflection, the reflection reader will look for fields
in the schema with "alternativeName". 
For example:
{code}
   @AvroName("foo")
   int bar;  
{code}
is serialized as
{code}
  { "name" : "foo", "type" : "int" } 
{code}

Fields with the @AvroIgnore annotation will be treated as if they had a transient modifier,
i.e. they will not be written to or read from avro files. 

The @AvroMeta(key="K", value="V") annotation allows you to store an arbitrary key : value
pair at every node in the schema.
{code}
   @AvroMeta(key="fieldKey", value="fieldValue")
   int foo;  
{code}
will create the following schema
{code}
{"name" : "foo", "type" : "int", "fieldKey" : "fieldValue" } 
{code}

Fields can be custom encoded with the AvroEncode(using=CustomEncoding.class) annotation. This
annotation is a generalization of the @Stringable annotation. The @Stringable annotation is
limited to classes with string argument constructors. Some classes can be similarly reduced
to a smaller class or even a single primitive, but dont fit the requirements for @Stringable.
A prominent example is java.util.Date, which instances can essentially be described with a
single long. Such classes can now be encoded with a CustomEncoding, which reads and writes
directly from the encoder/decoder. 

One simply extends the abstract CustomEncodings class by implementing a schema, a read method
and a write method. A java field can then be annotated like this:
{code}
@AvroEncode(using=DateAslongEncoding.class)
Date date;
{code}
The custom encoding implementation would look like 
{code}
public class DateAsLongEncoding extends CustomEncoding<Date> {
  {
    schema = Schema.create(Schema.Type.LONG);
    schema.addProp("CustomEncoding", "DateAsLongEncoding");
  }
  
  @Override
  public void write(Object datum, Encoder out) throws IOException {
    out.writeLong(((Date)datum).getTime());
  }
  
  @Override
  public Date read(Object reuse, Decoder in) throws IOException {
    if (reuse != null) {
      ((Date)reuse).setTime(in.readLong());
      return (Date)reuse;
    }
    else return new Date(in.readLong());
  }
}
{code}

I implemented said annotations and a custom encoding for java.util.Date as a proof of concept
and also extended the @Stringable annotations to fields.

This issue is a followup of AVRO-1328 and AVRO-1330.



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