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From ima...@apache.org
Subject [12/36] asterixdb-site git commit: Add 0.9.1 Documentation
Date Tue, 25 Apr 2017 01:55:19 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/asterixdb-site/blob/100cb803/docs/0.9.1/aql/similarity.html
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+                  <li id="publishDate">Last Published: 2017-04-24</li>
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+                  
+      <li class="active">
+    
+            <a href="#"><i class="none"></i>Support of Similarity Queries</a>
+          </li>
+            </ul>
+                
+                    
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                                <a href=".././" title="AsterixDB" class="builtBy">
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+        <div id="bodyColumn"  class="span9" >
+                                  
+            <!-- ! Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ ! or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ ! distributed with this work for additional information
+ ! regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ ! to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ ! "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ ! with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ !
+ !   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ !
+ ! Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
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+ ! "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+ ! KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+ ! specific language governing permissions and limitations
+ ! under the License.
+ ! --><h1>AsterixDB Support of Similarity Queries</h1>
+<div class="section">
+<h2><a name="Table_of_Contents"></a><a name="toc" id="toc">Table
of Contents</a></h2>
+
+<ul>
+  
+<li><a href="#Motivation">Motivation</a></li>
+  
+<li><a href="#DataTypesAndSimilarityFunctions">Data Types and Similarity Functions</a></li>
+  
+<li><a href="#SimilaritySelectionQueries">Similarity Selection Queries</a></li>
+  
+<li><a href="#SimilarityJoinQueries">Similarity Join Queries</a></li>
+  
+<li><a href="#UsingIndexesToSupportSimilarityQueries">Using Indexes to Support
Similarity Queries</a></li>
+</ul></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h2><a name="Motivation_Back_to_TOC"></a><a name="Motivation" id="Motivation">Motivation</a>
<font size="4"><a href="#toc">[Back to TOC]</a></font></h2>
+<p>Similarity queries are widely used in applications where users need to find objects
that satisfy a similarity predicate, while exact matching is not sufficient. These queries
are especially important for social and Web applications, where errors, abbreviations, and
inconsistencies are common. As an example, we may want to find all the movies starring Schwarzenegger,
while we don&#x2019;t know the exact spelling of his last name (despite his popularity
in both the movie industry and politics :-)). As another example, we want to find all the
Facebook users who have similar friends. To meet this type of needs, AsterixDB supports similarity
queries using efficient indexes and algorithms.</p></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h2><a name="Data_Types_and_Similarity_Functions_Back_to_TOC"></a><a
name="DataTypesAndSimilarityFunctions" id="DataTypesAndSimilarityFunctions">Data Types
and Similarity Functions</a> <font size="4"><a href="#toc">[Back to TOC]</a></font></h2>
+<p>AsterixDB supports <a class="externalLink" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levenshtein_distance">edit
distance</a> (on strings) and <a class="externalLink" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaccard_index">Jaccard</a>
(on sets). For instance, in our <a href="primer.html#ADM:_Modeling_Semistructed_Data_in_AsterixDB">TinySocial</a>
example, the <tt>friend-ids</tt> of a Facebook user forms a set of friends, and
we can define a similarity between the sets of friends of two users. We can also convert a
string to a set of grams of a length &#x201c;n&#x201d; (called &#x201c;n-grams&#x201d;)
and define the Jaccard similarity between the two gram sets of the two strings. Formally,
the &#x201c;n-grams&#x201d; of a string are its substrings of length &#x201c;n&#x201d;.
For instance, the 3-grams of the string <tt>schwarzenegger</tt> are <tt>sch</tt>,
<tt>chw</tt>, <tt>hwa</tt>, &#x2026;, <tt>ger</tt>.</p>
+<p>AsterixDB provides <a href="functions.html#Tokenizing_Functions">tokenization
functions</a> to convert strings to sets, and the <a href="functions.html#Similarity_Functions">similarity
functions</a>.</p></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h2><a name="Similarity_Selection_Queries_Back_to_TOC"></a><a name="SimilaritySelectionQueries"
id="SimilaritySelectionQueries">Similarity Selection Queries</a> <font size="4"><a
href="#toc">[Back to TOC]</a></font></h2>
+<p>The following query asks for all the Facebook users whose name is similar to <tt>Suzanna
Tilson</tt>, i.e., their edit distance is at most 2.</p>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    for $user in dataset('FacebookUsers')
+    let $ed := edit-distance($user.name, &quot;Suzanna Tilson&quot;)
+    where $ed &lt;= 2
+    return $user
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>The following query asks for all the Facebook users whose set of friend ids is similar
to <tt>[1,5,9,10]</tt>, i.e., their Jaccard similarity is at least 0.6.</p>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    for $user in dataset('FacebookUsers')
+    let $sim := similarity-jaccard($user.friend-ids, [1,5,9,10])
+    where $sim &gt;= 0.6f
+    return $user
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>AsterixDB allows a user to use a similarity operator <tt>~=</tt> to
express a condition by defining the similarity function and threshold using &#x201c;set&#x201d;
statements earlier. For instance, the above query can be equivalently written as:</p>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    set simfunction &quot;jaccard&quot;;
+    set simthreshold &quot;0.6f&quot;;
+
+    for $user in dataset('FacebookUsers')
+    where $user.friend-ids ~= [1,5,9,10]
+    return $user
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>In this query, we first declare Jaccard as the similarity function using <tt>simfunction</tt>
and then specify the threshold <tt>0.6f</tt> using <tt>simthreshold</tt>.</p></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h2><a name="Similarity_Join_Queries_Back_to_TOC"></a><a name="SimilarityJoinQueries"
id="SimilarityJoinQueries">Similarity Join Queries</a> <font size="4"><a
href="#toc">[Back to TOC]</a></font></h2>
+<p>AsterixDB supports fuzzy joins between two sets. The following <a href="primer.html#Query_5_-_Fuzzy_Join">query</a>
finds, for each Facebook user, all Twitter users with names similar to their name based on
the edit distance.</p>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    set simfunction &quot;edit-distance&quot;;
+    set simthreshold &quot;3&quot;;
+
+    for $fbu in dataset FacebookUsers
+    return {
+        &quot;id&quot;: $fbu.id,
+        &quot;name&quot;: $fbu.name,
+        &quot;similar-users&quot;: for $t in dataset TweetMessages
+                            let $tu := $t.user
+                            where $tu.name ~= $fbu.name
+                            return {
+                            &quot;twitter-screenname&quot;: $tu.screen-name,
+                            &quot;twitter-name&quot;: $tu.name
+                            }
+    };
+</pre></div></div></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h2><a name="Using_Indexes_to_Support_Similarity_Queries_Back_to_TOC"></a><a
name="UsingIndexesToSupportSimilarityQueries" id="UsingIndexesToSupportSimilarityQueries">Using
Indexes to Support Similarity Queries</a> <font size="4"><a href="#toc">[Back
to TOC]</a></font></h2>
+<p>AsterixDB uses two types of indexes to support similarity queries, namely &#x201c;ngram
index&#x201d; and &#x201c;keyword index&#x201d;.</p>
+<div class="section">
+<h3><a name="NGram_Index"></a>NGram Index</h3>
+<p>An &#x201c;ngram index&#x201d; is constructed on a set of strings. We generate
n-grams for each string, and build an inverted list for each n-gram that includes the ids
of the strings with this gram. A similarity query can be answered efficiently by accessing
the inverted lists of the grams in the query and counting the number of occurrences of the
string ids on these inverted lists. The similar idea can be used to answer queries with Jaccard
similarity. A detailed description of these techniques is available at this <a class="externalLink"
href="http://www.ics.uci.edu/~chenli/pub/icde2009-memreducer.pdf">paper</a>.</p>
+<p>For instance, the following DDL statements create an ngram index on the <tt>FacebookUsers.name</tt>
attribute using an inverted index of 3-grams.</p>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    create index fbUserIdx on FacebookUsers(name) type ngram(3);
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>The number &#x201c;3&#x201d; in &#x201c;ngram(3)&#x201d; is the
length &#x201c;n&#x201d; in the grams. This index can be used to optimize similarity
queries on this attribute using <a href="functions.html#edit-distance">edit-distance</a>,
<a href="functions.html#edit-distance-check">edit-distance-check</a>, <a href="functions.html#similarity-jaccard">similarity-jaccard</a>,
or <a href="functions.html#similarity-jaccard-check">similarity-jaccard-check</a>
queries on this attribute where the similarity is defined on sets of 3-grams. This index can
also be used to optimize queries with the &#x201c;<a href="functions.html#contains">contains()</a>&#x201d;
predicate (i.e., substring matching) since it can be also be solved by counting on the inverted
lists of the grams in the query string.</p>
+<div class="section">
+<h4><a name="NGram_Index_usage_case_-_edit-distance"></a>NGram Index usage
case - <a href="functions.html#edit-distance">edit-distance</a></h4>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    for $user in dataset('FacebookUsers')
+    let $ed := edit-distance($user.name, &quot;Suzanna Tilson&quot;)
+    where $ed &lt;= 2
+    return $user
+</pre></div></div></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h4><a name="NGram_Index_usage_case_-_edit-distance-check"></a>NGram Index
usage case - <a href="functions.html#edit-distance-check">edit-distance-check</a></h4>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    for $user in dataset('FacebookUsers')
+    let $ed := edit-distance-check($user.name, &quot;Suzanna Tilson&quot;, 2)
+    where $ed[0]
+    return $ed[1]
+</pre></div></div></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h4><a name="NGram_Index_usage_case_-_similarity-jaccard"></a>NGram Index
usage case - <a href="functions.html#similarity-jaccard">similarity-jaccard</a></h4>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    for $user in dataset('FacebookUsers')
+    let $sim := similarity-jaccard($user.friend-ids, [1,5,9,10])
+    where $sim &gt;= 0.6f
+    return $user
+</pre></div></div></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h4><a name="NGram_Index_usage_case_-_similarity-jaccard-check"></a>NGram
Index usage case - <a href="functions.html#similarity-jaccard-check">similarity-jaccard-check</a></h4>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    for $user in dataset('FacebookUsers')
+    let $sim := similarity-jaccard-check($user.friend-ids, [1,5,9,10], 0.6f)
+    where $sim[0]
+    return $user
+</pre></div></div></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h4><a name="NGram_Index_usage_case_-_contains"></a>NGram Index usage case
- <a href="functions.html#contains">contains()</a></h4>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    for $i in dataset('FacebookMessages')
+    where contains($i.message, &quot;phone&quot;)
+    return {&quot;mid&quot;: $i.message-id, &quot;message&quot;: $i.message}
+</pre></div></div></div></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h3><a name="Keyword_Index"></a>Keyword Index</h3>
+<p>A &#x201c;keyword index&#x201d; is constructed on a set of strings or sets
(e.g., OrderedList, UnorderedList). Instead of generating grams as in an ngram index, we generate
tokens (e.g., words) and for each token, construct an inverted list that includes the ids
of the objects with this token. The following two examples show how to create keyword index
on two different types:</p>
+<div class="section">
+<h4><a name="Keyword_Index_on_String_Type"></a>Keyword Index on String
Type</h4>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    drop index FacebookMessages.fbMessageIdx if exists;
+    create index fbMessageIdx on FacebookMessages(message) type keyword;
+
+    for $o in dataset('FacebookMessages')
+    let $jacc := similarity-jaccard-check(word-tokens($o.message), word-tokens(&quot;love
like ccast&quot;), 0.2f)
+    where $jacc[0]
+    return $o
+</pre></div></div></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h4><a name="Keyword_Index_on_UnorderedList_Type"></a>Keyword Index on
UnorderedList Type</h4>
+
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre>    use dataverse TinySocial;
+
+    create index fbUserIdx_fids on FacebookUsers(friend-ids) type keyword;
+
+    for $c in dataset('FacebookUsers')
+    let $jacc := similarity-jaccard-check($c.friend-ids, {{3,10}}, 0.5f)
+    where $jacc[0]
+    return $c
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>As shown above, keyword index can be used to optimize queries with token-based similarity
predicates, including <a href="functions.html#similarity-jaccard">similarity-jaccard</a>
and <a href="functions.html#similarity-jaccard-check">similarity-jaccard-check</a>.</p></div></div></div>
+                  </div>
+            </div>
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+            All Rights Reserved.      
+                    
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+
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+                  <li id="publishDate">Last Published: 2017-04-24</li>
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Home">
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+                              <li class="nav-header">AsterixDB Primer</li>
+                                
+      <li>
+    
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+          <i class="none"></i>
+        Option 1: using SQL++</a>
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+      <li>
+    
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+                                
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+                          <a href="aql/fulltext.html" title="Support of Full-text Queries">
+          <i class="none"></i>
+        Support of Full-text Queries</a>
+            </li>
+                  
+      <li>
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+          <i class="none"></i>
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+                                  
+            <!-- ! Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ ! or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ ! distributed with this work for additional information
+ ! regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ ! to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ ! "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ ! with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ !
+ !   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ !
+ ! Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+ ! software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+ ! "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+ ! KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+ ! specific language governing permissions and limitations
+ ! under the License.
+ ! -->
+<ul>
+  
+<li><a href="#Introduction">Introduction</a></li>
+  
+<li><a href="#Prerequisites">Prerequisites</a></li>
+  
+<li><a href="#config">Cluster Configuration</a></li>
+  
+<li><a href="#lifecycle">Cluster Lifecycle Management</a> <!-- ! Licensed
to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ ! or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ ! distributed with this work for additional information
+ ! regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ ! to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ ! "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
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+ !
+ !   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ !
+ ! Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+ ! software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+ ! "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+ ! KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+ ! specific language governing permissions and limitations
+ ! under the License.
+ ! --></li>
+</ul>
+<div class="section">
+<h2><a name="Introduction" id="Introduction">Introduction</a></h2>
+<p>Note that you can always manually launch a number of Amazon Web Services EC2 instances
and then run the  Ansible cluster installation scripts as described <a href="ansible.html">here</a>
separately to manage the  lifecycle of an AsterixDB cluster on those EC2 instances.</p>
+<p>However, via this installation option, we provide a combo solution for automating
both AWS EC2  and AsterixDB, where you can run only one script to deploy, start, stop, and
terminate  an AsterixDB cluster on AWS.</p></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h2><a name="Prerequisites" id="Prerequisites">Prerequisites</a></h2>
+
+<ul>
+  
+<li>
+<p>Supported operating systems for the client: <b>Linux</b> and <b>MacOS</b></p></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p>Supported operating systems for Amazon Web Services instances: <b>Linux</b></p></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p>Install pip on your client machine:</p>
+<p>CentOS</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> $ sudo yum install python-pip
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>Ubuntu</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> $ sudo apt-get install python-pip
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>macOS</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> $ brew install pip
+</pre></div></div></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p>Install Ansible, boto, and boto3 on your client machine:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> $ pip install ansible
+ $ pip install boto
+ $ pip install boto3
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>Note that you might need <tt>sudo</tt> depending on your system configuration.</p>
+<p><b>Make sure that the version of Ansible is no less than 2.2.1.0</b>:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> $ ansible --version
+ ansible 2.2.1.0
+</pre></div></div>
+<p><b>For users with macOS 10.11+</b>, please create a user-level Ansible
configuration file at:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> ~/.ansible.cfg
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>and add the following configuration:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> [ssh_connection]
+ control_path = %(directory)s/%%C
+</pre></div></div></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p>Download the AsterixDB distribution package, unzip it, navigate to <tt>opt/aws/</tt></p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> $ cd opt/aws
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>The following files and directories are in the directory <tt>opt/aws</tt>:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> README  bin  conf  yaml
+</pre></div></div>
+<p><tt>bin</tt> contains scripts that start and terminate an AWS-based
cluster instance, according to the configuration  specified in files under <tt>conf</tt>,
and <tt>yaml</tt> contains internal Ansible scripts that the shell scripts in
<tt>bin</tt> use.</p></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p>Create an AWS account and an IAM user.</p>
+<p>Set up a security group that you&#x2019;d like to use for your AWS cluster.
 <b>The security group should at least allow all TCP connections from anywhere.</b>
 Provide the name of the security group as the value for the <tt>group</tt> field
in <tt>conf/aws_settings.yml</tt>.</p></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p>Retrieve your AWS EC2 key pair name and use that as the <tt>keypair</tt>
in <tt>conf/aws_settings.yml</tt>;</p>
+<p>retrieve your AWS IAM <tt>access key ID</tt> and use that as the <tt>access_key_id</tt>
in <tt>conf/aws_settings.yml</tt>;</p>
+<p>retrieve your AWS IAM <tt>secret access key</tt> and use that as the
<tt>secret_access_key</tt> in <tt>conf/aws_settings.yml</tt>.</p>
+<p>Note that you can only read or download <tt>access key ID</tt> and <tt>secret
access key</tt> once from your AWS console.  If you forget them, you have to create
new keys and delete the old ones.</p></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p>Configure your ssh setting by editing <tt>~/.ssh/config</tt> and adding
the following entry:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> Host *.amazonaws.com
+      IdentityFile &lt;path_of_private_key&gt;
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>Note that &lt;path_of_private_key&gt; should be replaced by the path to
the file that stores the private key for the  key pair that you uploaded to AWS and used in
<tt>conf/aws_settings</tt>. For example:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> Host *.amazonaws.com
+      IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa
+</pre></div></div></li>
+</ul></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h2><a name="Cluster_Configuration"></a><a name="config" id="config">Cluster
Configuration</a></h2>
+
+<ul>
+  
+<li>
+<p><b>AWS settings</b>. Edit <tt>conf/instance_settings.yml</tt>.
The meaning of each parameter is listed as follows:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> # The OS image id for ec2 instances.
+ image: ami-76fa4116
+
+ # The data center region for ec2 instances.
+ region: us-west-2
+
+ # The tag for each ec2 machine. Use different tags for isolation.
+ tag: scale_test
+
+ # The name of a security group that appears in your AWS console.
+ group: default
+
+ # The name of a key pair that appears in your AWS console.
+ keypair: &lt;to be filled&gt;
+
+ # The AWS access key id for your IAM user.
+ access_key_id: &lt;to be filled&gt;
+
+ # The AWS secret key for your IAM user.
+ secret_access_key: &lt;to be filled&gt;
+
+ # The AWS instance type. A full list of available types are listed at:
+ # https://aws.amazon.com/ec2/instance-types/
+ instance_type: t2.micro
+
+ # The number of ec2 instances that construct a cluster.
+ count: 3
+
+ # The user name.
+ user: ec2-user
+
+ # Whether to reuse one slave machine to host the master process.
+ cc_on_nc: false
+</pre></div></div>
+<p><b>As described in <a href="#Prerequisites">prerequisites</a>,
the following parameters must be customized:</b></p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> # The tag for each ec2 machine. Use different tags for isolation.
+ tag: scale_test
+
+ # The name of a security group that appears in your AWS console.
+ group: default
+
+ # The name of a key pair that appears in your AWS console.
+ keypair: &lt;to be filled&gt;
+
+ # The AWS access key id for your IAM user.
+ access_key_id: &lt;to be filled&gt;
+
+ # The AWS secrety key for your IAM user.
+ secret_access_key: &lt;to be filled&gt;
+</pre></div></div></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p><b>Remote working directories</b>. Edit <tt>conf/instance_settings.yml</tt>
to change the remote binary directory  (the variable &#x201c;binarydir&#x201d;) when
necessary. By default, the binary directory will be under the home directory  (as the value
of Ansible builtin variable ansible_env.HOME) of the ssh user account on each node.</p></li>
+</ul></div>
+<div class="section">
+<h2><a name="Cluster_Lifecycle_Management"></a><a name="lifecycle" id="lifecycle">Cluster
Lifecycle Management</a></h2>
+
+<ul>
+  
+<li>
+<p>Allocate AWS EC2 nodes (the number of nodes is specified in <tt>conf/instance_settings.yml</tt>)
 and deploy the binary to all allocated EC2 nodes:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> bin/deploy.sh
+</pre></div></div></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p>Before starting the AsterixDB cluster, you the instance configuration file <tt>conf/instance/cc.conf</tt>
 can be modified with the exception of the IP addresses/DNS names which are are generated
and cannot  be changed. All available parameters and their usage can be found <a href="ncservice.html#Parameters">here</a>.</p></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p>Launch your AsterixDB cluster on EC2:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> bin/start.sh
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>Now you can use the multi-node AsterixDB cluster on EC2 by by opening the master
node  listed in <tt>conf/instance/inventory</tt> at port <tt>19001</tt>
(which can be customized in <tt>conf/instance/cc.conf</tt>)  in your browser.</p></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p>If you want to stop the AWS-based AsterixDB cluster, run the following script:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> bin/stop.sh
+</pre></div></div>
+<p>Note that this only stops AsterixDB but does not stop the EC2 nodes.</p></li>
+  
+<li>
+<p>If you want to terminate the EC2 nodes that run the AsterixDB cluster, run the following
script:</p>
+  
+<div class="source">
+<div class="source">
+<pre> bin/terminate.sh
+</pre></div></div>
+<p><b>Note that it will destroy everything in the AsterixDB cluster you installed
and terminate all EC2 nodes  for the cluster.</b></p></li>
+</ul></div>
+                  </div>
+            </div>
+          </div>
+
+    <hr/>
+
+    <footer>
+            <div class="container-fluid">
+              <div class="row span12">Copyright &copy;                    2017
+                        <a href="https://www.apache.org/">The Apache Software Foundation</a>.
+            All Rights Reserved.      
+                    
+      </div>
+
+                                                                  <?xml version="1.0"
encoding="UTF-8"?>
+<div class="row-fluid">Apache AsterixDB, AsterixDB, Apache, the Apache
+        feather logo, and the Apache AsterixDB project logo are either
+        registered trademarks or trademarks of The Apache Software
+        Foundation in the United States and other countries.
+        All other marks mentioned may be trademarks or registered
+        trademarks of their respective owners.</div>
+                  
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