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From t..@apache.org
Subject [3/6] apex-site git commit: Update apex-3.4 documentation from master to include security changes and development best practices.
Date Wed, 07 Sep 2016 02:14:41 GMT
Update apex-3.4 documentation from master to include security changes and development best practices.


Project: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/repo
Commit: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/commit/21e76a00
Tree: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/tree/21e76a00
Diff: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/diff/21e76a00

Branch: refs/heads/asf-site
Commit: 21e76a006707cf1871eacbc5ab99eb17cf8e3d2b
Parents: 974bace
Author: Thomas Weise <thomas@datatorrent.com>
Authored: Tue Sep 6 19:06:26 2016 -0700
Committer: Thomas Weise <thomas@datatorrent.com>
Committed: Tue Sep 6 19:06:26 2016 -0700

----------------------------------------------------------------------
 docs/apex-3.4/__init__.pyc                      | Bin 166 -> 163 bytes
 docs/apex-3.4/apex_cli/index.html               |  11 +-
 docs/apex-3.4/apex_development_setup/index.html |  17 +-
 .../apex-3.4/application_development/index.html |  15 +-
 docs/apex-3.4/application_packages/index.html   |   7 +
 docs/apex-3.4/autometrics/index.html            |  13 +-
 docs/apex-3.4/compatibility/index.html          |   7 +
 .../development_best_practices/index.html       | 376 +++++++++++++++++++
 docs/apex-3.4/images/security/image03.png       | Bin 0 -> 18677 bytes
 docs/apex-3.4/index.html                        |  11 +-
 docs/apex-3.4/license/highlight.js/LICENSE      |  24 --
 docs/apex-3.4/main.html                         |  10 +
 docs/apex-3.4/mkdocs/js/lunr-0.5.7.min.js       |   7 +
 docs/apex-3.4/mkdocs/search_index.json          | 126 ++++++-
 docs/apex-3.4/operator_development/index.html   |   9 +-
 docs/apex-3.4/search.html                       |   7 +
 docs/apex-3.4/security/index.html               | 129 +++++--
 docs/apex-3.4/sitemap.xml                       |  24 +-
 18 files changed, 705 insertions(+), 88 deletions(-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------


http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/blob/21e76a00/docs/apex-3.4/__init__.pyc
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diff --git a/docs/apex-3.4/__init__.pyc b/docs/apex-3.4/__init__.pyc
index f478a23..5d767d8 100644
Binary files a/docs/apex-3.4/__init__.pyc and b/docs/apex-3.4/__init__.pyc differ

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/blob/21e76a00/docs/apex-3.4/apex_cli/index.html
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diff --git a/docs/apex-3.4/apex_cli/index.html b/docs/apex-3.4/apex_cli/index.html
index f6c491e..c45aec1 100644
--- a/docs/apex-3.4/apex_cli/index.html
+++ b/docs/apex-3.4/apex_cli/index.html
@@ -102,6 +102,13 @@
     </li>
 
         
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../development_best_practices/">Best Practices</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
     </ul>
 <li>
           
@@ -436,7 +443,7 @@ they must be part of the jar files that were deployed at application launch time
         <a href="../security/" class="btn btn-neutral float-right" title="Security">Next <span class="icon icon-circle-arrow-right"></span></a>
       
       
-        <a href="../autometrics/" class="btn btn-neutral" title="AutoMetric API"><span class="icon icon-circle-arrow-left"></span> Previous</a>
+        <a href="../development_best_practices/" class="btn btn-neutral" title="Best Practices"><span class="icon icon-circle-arrow-left"></span> Previous</a>
       
     </div>
   
@@ -462,7 +469,7 @@ they must be part of the jar files that were deployed at application launch time
     <span class="rst-current-version" data-toggle="rst-current-version">
       
       
-        <span><a href="../autometrics/" style="color: #fcfcfc;">&laquo; Previous</a></span>
+        <span><a href="../development_best_practices/" style="color: #fcfcfc;">&laquo; Previous</a></span>
       
       
         <span style="margin-left: 15px"><a href="../security/" style="color: #fcfcfc">Next &raquo;</a></span>

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/blob/21e76a00/docs/apex-3.4/apex_development_setup/index.html
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diff --git a/docs/apex-3.4/apex_development_setup/index.html b/docs/apex-3.4/apex_development_setup/index.html
index 75a7891..1af03d1 100644
--- a/docs/apex-3.4/apex_development_setup/index.html
+++ b/docs/apex-3.4/apex_development_setup/index.html
@@ -119,6 +119,13 @@
     </li>
 
         
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../development_best_practices/">Best Practices</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
     </ul>
 <li>
           
@@ -306,22 +313,22 @@ project properties at <em>Properties &#8658; Run/Debug Settings &#8658; Applicat
 <ol>
 <li>
 <p>Check out the source code repositories:</p>
-<pre><code>git clone https://github.com/apache/incubator-apex-core
-git clone https://github.com/apache/incubator-apex-malhar
+<pre><code>git clone https://github.com/apache/apex-core
+git clone https://github.com/apache/apex-malhar
 </code></pre>
 </li>
 <li>
 <p>Switch to the appropriate release branch and build each repository:</p>
-<pre><code>cd incubator-apex-core
+<pre><code>cd apex-core
 mvn clean install -DskipTests
 
-cd incubator-apex-malhar
+cd apex-malhar
 mvn clean install -DskipTests
 </code></pre>
 </li>
 </ol>
 <p>The <code>install</code> argument to the <code>mvn</code> command installs resources from each project to your local maven repository (typically <code>.m2/repository</code> under your home directory), and <strong>not</strong> to the system directories, so Administrator privileges are not required. The  <code>-DskipTests</code> argument skips running unit tests since they take a long time. If this is a first-time installation, it might take several minutes to complete because maven will download a number of associated plugins.</p>
-<p>After the build completes, you should see the demo application package files in the target directory under each demo subdirectory in <code>incubator-apex-malhar/demos</code>.</p>
+<p>After the build completes, you should see the demo application package files in the target directory under each demo subdirectory in <code>apex-malhar/demos</code>.</p>
 <h2 id="sandbox">Sandbox</h2>
 <p>To jump start development with an Apache Hadoop single node cluster, <a href="https://www.datatorrent.com/download">DataTorrent Sandbox</a> powered by VirtualBox is available on Windows, Linux, or Mac platforms.  The sandbox is configured by default to run with 6GB RAM; if your development machine has 16GB or more, you can increase the sandbox RAM to 8GB or more using the VirtualBox console.  This will yield better performance and support larger applications.  The advantage of developing in the sandbox is that most of the tools (e.g. <em>jdk</em>, <em>git</em>, <em>maven</em>), Hadoop YARN and HDFS, and a distribution of Apache Apex and DataTorrent RTS are pre-installed.  The disadvantage is that the sandbox is a memory-limited environment, and requires settings changes and restarts to adjust memory available for development and testing.</p>
               

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/blob/21e76a00/docs/apex-3.4/application_development/index.html
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/docs/apex-3.4/application_development/index.html b/docs/apex-3.4/application_development/index.html
index 8c8f184..20d8e2e 100644
--- a/docs/apex-3.4/application_development/index.html
+++ b/docs/apex-3.4/application_development/index.html
@@ -187,6 +187,13 @@
     </li>
 
         
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../development_best_practices/">Best Practices</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
     </ul>
 <li>
           
@@ -278,7 +285,7 @@ operators to the <a href="../operator_development/">Operator Development Guide</
 <h1 id="running-a-test-application">Running A Test Application</h1>
 <p>If you are starting with the Apex platform for the first time,
 it can be informative to launch an existing application and see it run.
-One of the simplest examples provided in <a href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-apex-malhar">Apex-Malhar repository</a> is a Pi demo application,
+One of the simplest examples provided in <a href="https://github.com/apache/apex-malhar">Apex-Malhar repository</a> is a Pi demo application,
 which computes the value of PI using random numbers.  After <a href="../apex_development_setup/">setting up development environment</a>
 Pi demo can be launched as follows:</p>
 <ol>
@@ -907,7 +914,7 @@ project name “Malhar” as part of our efforts to foster community
 innovation. These operators can be used in a DAG as is, while others
 have properties that can be set to specify the
 desired computation. Those interested in details, should refer to
-<a href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-apex-malhar">Apex-Malhar operator library</a>.</p>
+<a href="https://github.com/apache/apex-malhar">Apex-Malhar operator library</a>.</p>
 <p>The platform is a Hadoop YARN native
 application. It runs in a Hadoop cluster just like any
 other YARN application (MapReduce etc.) and is designed to seamlessly
@@ -1281,7 +1288,7 @@ DAG in local mode within the IDE.</p>
 <li>The <code>operators</code> field is the list of operators the application has. You can specifiy the name, the Java class, and the properties of each operator here.</li>
 <li>The <code>streams</code> field is the list of streams that connects the operators together to form the DAG. Each stream consists of the stream name, the operator and port that it connects from, and the list of operators and ports that it connects to. Note that you can connect from <em>one</em> output port of an operator to <em>multiple</em> different input ports of different operators.</li>
 </ul>
-<p>In Apex Malhar, there is an <a href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-apex-malhar/blob/master/demos/pi/src/main/resources/app/PiJsonDemo.json">example</a> in the Pi Demo doing just that.</p>
+<p>In Apex Malhar, there is an <a href="https://github.com/apache/apex-malhar/blob/master/demos/pi/src/main/resources/app/PiJsonDemo.json">example</a> in the Pi Demo doing just that.</p>
 <h3 id="properties-file-dag-specification">Properties File DAG Specification</h3>
 <p>The platform also supports specification of a DAG via a properties
 file. The aim here to make it easy for tools to create and run an
@@ -2625,7 +2632,7 @@ details refer to  <a href="http://docs.datatorrent.com/configuration/">Configura
 <hr />
 <h1 id="demos">Demos</h1>
 <p>The source code for the demos is available in the open-source
-<a href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-apex-malhar">Apache Apex-Malhar repository</a>.
+<a href="https://github.com/apache/apex-malhar">Apache Apex-Malhar repository</a>.
 All of these do computations in real-time. Developers are encouraged to
 review them as they use various features of the platform and provide an
 opportunity for quick learning.</p>

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/blob/21e76a00/docs/apex-3.4/application_packages/index.html
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diff --git a/docs/apex-3.4/application_packages/index.html b/docs/apex-3.4/application_packages/index.html
index 654c764..d4aff60 100644
--- a/docs/apex-3.4/application_packages/index.html
+++ b/docs/apex-3.4/application_packages/index.html
@@ -129,6 +129,13 @@
     </li>
 
         
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../development_best_practices/">Best Practices</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
     </ul>
 <li>
           

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/blob/21e76a00/docs/apex-3.4/autometrics/index.html
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diff --git a/docs/apex-3.4/autometrics/index.html b/docs/apex-3.4/autometrics/index.html
index 5d01dec..4712619 100644
--- a/docs/apex-3.4/autometrics/index.html
+++ b/docs/apex-3.4/autometrics/index.html
@@ -128,6 +128,13 @@
     </li>
 
         
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../development_best_practices/">Best Practices</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
     </ul>
 <li>
           
@@ -234,7 +241,7 @@
 <p>When an operator is partitioned, it is useful to aggregate the values of auto-metrics across all its partitions every window to get a logical view of these metrics. The application master performs these aggregations using metrics aggregators.</p>
 <p>The AutoMetric API helps to achieve this by providing an interface for writing aggregators- <code>AutoMetric.Aggregator</code>. Any implementation of <code>AutoMetric.Aggregator</code> can be set as an operator attribute - <code>METRICS_AGGREGATOR</code> for a particular operator which in turn is used for aggregating physical metrics.</p>
 <h2 id="default-aggregators">Default aggregators</h2>
-<p><a href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-apex-core/blob/master/common/src/main/java/com/datatorrent/common/metric/MetricsAggregator.java"><code>MetricsAggregator</code></a> is a simple implementation of <code>AutoMetric.Aggregator</code> that platform uses as a default for summing up primitive types - int, long, float and double.</p>
+<p><a href="https://github.com/apache/apex-core/blob/master/common/src/main/java/com/datatorrent/common/metric/MetricsAggregator.java"><code>MetricsAggregator</code></a> is a simple implementation of <code>AutoMetric.Aggregator</code> that platform uses as a default for summing up primitive types - int, long, float and double.</p>
 <p><code>MetricsAggregator</code> is just a collection of <code>SingleMetricAggregator</code>s. There are multiple implementations of <code>SingleMetricAggregator</code> that perform sum, min, max, avg which are present in Apex core and Apex malhar.</p>
 <p>For the <code>LineReceiver</code> operator, the application developer need not specify any aggregator. The platform will automatically inject an instance of <code>MetricsAggregator</code> that contains two <code>LongSumAggregator</code>s - one for <code>length</code> and one for <code>count</code>. This aggregator will report sum of length and sum of count across all the partitions of <code>LineReceiver</code>.</p>
 <h2 id="building-custom-aggregators">Building custom aggregators</h2>
@@ -358,7 +365,7 @@
   
     <div class="rst-footer-buttons" role="navigation" aria-label="footer navigation">
       
-        <a href="../apex_cli/" class="btn btn-neutral float-right" title="Apex CLI">Next <span class="icon icon-circle-arrow-right"></span></a>
+        <a href="../development_best_practices/" class="btn btn-neutral float-right" title="Best Practices">Next <span class="icon icon-circle-arrow-right"></span></a>
       
       
         <a href="../operator_development/" class="btn btn-neutral" title="Operators"><span class="icon icon-circle-arrow-left"></span> Previous</a>
@@ -390,7 +397,7 @@
         <span><a href="../operator_development/" style="color: #fcfcfc;">&laquo; Previous</a></span>
       
       
-        <span style="margin-left: 15px"><a href="../apex_cli/" style="color: #fcfcfc">Next &raquo;</a></span>
+        <span style="margin-left: 15px"><a href="../development_best_practices/" style="color: #fcfcfc">Next &raquo;</a></span>
       
     </span>
 </div>

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/blob/21e76a00/docs/apex-3.4/compatibility/index.html
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diff --git a/docs/apex-3.4/compatibility/index.html b/docs/apex-3.4/compatibility/index.html
index ee9fece..9c682ee 100644
--- a/docs/apex-3.4/compatibility/index.html
+++ b/docs/apex-3.4/compatibility/index.html
@@ -102,6 +102,13 @@
     </li>
 
         
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../development_best_practices/">Best Practices</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
     </ul>
 <li>
           

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/blob/21e76a00/docs/apex-3.4/development_best_practices/index.html
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diff --git a/docs/apex-3.4/development_best_practices/index.html b/docs/apex-3.4/development_best_practices/index.html
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c2a143f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/apex-3.4/development_best_practices/index.html
@@ -0,0 +1,376 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html>
+<!--[if IE 8]><html class="no-js lt-ie9" lang="en" > <![endif]-->
+<!--[if gt IE 8]><!--> <html class="no-js" lang="en" > <!--<![endif]-->
+<head>
+  <meta charset="utf-8">
+  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
+  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
+  
+  
+  
+  <title>Best Practices - Apache Apex Documentation</title>
+  
+
+  <link rel="shortcut icon" href="../favicon.ico">
+  
+
+  
+  <link href='https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Lato:400,700|Roboto+Slab:400,700|Inconsolata:400,700' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
+
+  <link rel="stylesheet" href="../css/theme.css" type="text/css" />
+  <link rel="stylesheet" href="../css/theme_extra.css" type="text/css" />
+  <link rel="stylesheet" href="../css/highlight.css">
+
+  
+  <script>
+    // Current page data
+    var mkdocs_page_name = "Best Practices";
+    var mkdocs_page_input_path = "development_best_practices.md";
+    var mkdocs_page_url = "/development_best_practices/";
+  </script>
+  
+  <script src="../js/jquery-2.1.1.min.js"></script>
+  <script src="../js/modernizr-2.8.3.min.js"></script>
+  <script type="text/javascript" src="../js/highlight.pack.js"></script>
+  <script src="../js/theme.js"></script> 
+
+  
+</head>
+
+<body class="wy-body-for-nav" role="document">
+
+  <div class="wy-grid-for-nav">
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+    
+    <nav data-toggle="wy-nav-shift" class="wy-nav-side stickynav">
+      <div class="wy-side-nav-search">
+        <a href=".." class="icon icon-home"> Apache Apex Documentation</a>
+        <div role="search">
+  <form id ="rtd-search-form" class="wy-form" action="../search.html" method="get">
+    <input type="text" name="q" placeholder="Search docs" />
+  </form>
+</div>
+      </div>
+
+      <div class="wy-menu wy-menu-vertical" data-spy="affix" role="navigation" aria-label="main navigation">
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+        <a class="" href="..">Apache Apex</a>
+        
+    </li>
+<li>
+          
+            <li>
+    <ul class="subnav">
+    <li><span>Development</span></li>
+
+        
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../apex_development_setup/">Development Setup</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../application_development/">Applications</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../application_packages/">Packages</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../operator_development/">Operators</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../autometrics/">AutoMetric API</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 current">
+        <a class="current" href="./">Best Practices</a>
+        
+            <ul>
+            
+                <li class="toctree-l3"><a href="#development-best-practices">Development Best Practices</a></li>
+                
+                    <li><a class="toctree-l4" href="#operators">Operators</a></li>
+                
+                    <li><a class="toctree-l4" href="#input-operators">Input Operators</a></li>
+                
+                    <li><a class="toctree-l4" href="#output-operators">Output Operators</a></li>
+                
+                    <li><a class="toctree-l4" href="#partitioning">Partitioning</a></li>
+                
+                    <li><a class="toctree-l4" href="#threads">Threads</a></li>
+                
+            
+            </ul>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
+    </ul>
+<li>
+          
+            <li>
+    <ul class="subnav">
+    <li><span>Operations</span></li>
+
+        
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../apex_cli/">Apex CLI</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../security/">Security</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
+    </ul>
+<li>
+          
+            <li>
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="../compatibility/">Compatibility</a>
+        
+    </li>
+<li>
+          
+        </ul>
+      </div>
+      &nbsp;
+    </nav>
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+    <section data-toggle="wy-nav-shift" class="wy-nav-content-wrap">
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+        <a href="..">Apache Apex Documentation</a>
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+        <div class="rst-content">
+          <div role="navigation" aria-label="breadcrumbs navigation">
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+    <li><a href="..">Docs</a> &raquo;</li>
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+        
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+    <li>Best Practices</li>
+    <li class="wy-breadcrumbs-aside">
+      
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+  </ul>
+  <hr/>
+</div>
+          <div role="main">
+            <div class="section">
+              
+                <h1 id="development-best-practices">Development Best Practices</h1>
+<p>This document describes the best practices to follow when developing operators and other application components such as partitoners, stream codecs etc on the Apache Apex platform.</p>
+<h2 id="operators">Operators</h2>
+<p>These are general guidelines for all operators that are covered in the current section. The subsequent sections talk about special considerations for input and output operators.</p>
+<ul>
+<li>When writing a new operator to be used in an application, consider breaking it down into<ul>
+<li>An abstract operator that encompasses the core functionality but leaves application specific schemas and logic to the implementation.</li>
+<li>An optional concrete operator also in the library that extends the abstract operator and provides commonly used schema types such as strings, byte[] or POJOs.</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>Follow these conventions for the life cycle methods:<ul>
+<li>Do one time initialization of entities that apply for the entire lifetime of the operator in the <strong>setup</strong> method, e.g., factory initializations. Initializations in <strong>setup</strong> are done in the container where the operator is deployed. Allocating memory for fields in the constructor is not efficient as it would lead to extra garbage in memory for the following reason. The operator is instantiated on the client from where the application is launched, serialized and started one of the Hadoop nodes in a container. So the constructor is first called on the client and if it were to initialize any of the fields, that state would be saved during serialization. In the Hadoop container the operator is deserialized and started. This would invoke the constructor again, which will initialize the fields but their state will get overwritten by the serialized state and the initial values would become garbage in memory.</li>
+<li>Do one time initialization for live entities in <strong>activate</strong> method, e.g., opening connections to a database server or starting a thread for asynchronous operations. The <strong>activate</strong> method is called right before processing starts so it is a better place for these initializations than at <strong>setup</strong> which can lead to a delay before processing data from the live entity.  </li>
+<li>Perform periodic tasks based on processing time in application window boundaries.</li>
+<li>Perform initializations needed for each application window in <strong>beginWindow</strong>.</li>
+<li>Perform aggregations needed for each application window  in <strong>endWindow</strong>.</li>
+<li>Teardown of live entities (inverse of tasks performed during activate) should be in the <strong>deactivate</strong> method.</li>
+<li>Teardown of lifetime entities (those initialized in setup method) should happen in the <strong>teardown</strong> method.</li>
+<li>If the operator implementation is not finalized mark it with the <strong>@Evolving</strong> annotation.</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>If the operator needs to perform operations based on event time of the individual tuples and not the processing time, extend and use the <strong>WindowedOperator</strong>. Refer to documentation of that operator for details on how to use it.</li>
+<li>If an operator needs to do some work when it is not receiving any input, it should implement <strong>IdleTimeHandler</strong> interface. This interface contains <strong>handleIdleTime</strong> method which will be called whenever the platform isn’t doing anything else and the operator can do the work in this method. If for any reason the operator does not have any work to do when this method is called, it should sleep for a small amount of time such as that specified by the <strong>SPIN_MILLIS</strong> attribute so that it does not cause a busy wait when called repeatedly by the platform. Also, the method should not block and return in a reasonable amount of time that is less than the streaming window size (which is 500ms by default).</li>
+<li>Often operators have customizable parameters such as information about locations of external systems or parameters that modify the behavior of the operator. Users should be able to specify these easily without having to change source code. This can be done by making them properties of the operator because they can then be initialized from external properties files.<ul>
+<li>Where possible default values should be provided for the properties in the source code.</li>
+<li>Validation rules should be specified for the properties using javax constraint validations that check whether the values specified for the properties are in the correct format, range or other operator requirements. Required properties should have at least a <strong>@NotNull</strong> validation specifying that they have to be specified by the user.</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+<h3 id="checkpointing">Checkpointing</h3>
+<p>Checkpointing is a process of snapshotting the state of an operator and saving it so that in case of failure the state can be used to restore the operator to a prior state and continue processing. It is automatically performed by the platform at a configurable interval. All operators in the application are checkpointed in a distributed fashion, thus allowing the entire state of the application to be saved and available for recovery if needed. Here are some things to remember when it comes to checkpointing:</p>
+<ul>
+<li>The process of checkpointing involves snapshotting the state by serializing the operator and saving it to a store. This is done using a <strong>StorageAgent</strong>. By default a <em>StorageAgent</em> is already provided by the platform and it is called <strong>AsyncFSStorageAgent</strong>. It serializes the operator using Kryo and saves the serialized state asynchronously to a filesystem such as HDFS. There are other implementations of <em>StorageAgent</em> available such as <strong>GeodeKeyValueStorageAgent</strong> that stores the serialized state in Geode which is an in-memory replicated data grid.</li>
+<li>All variables in the operator marked neither transient nor final are saved so any variables in the operator that are not part of the state should be marked transient. Specifically any variables like connection objects, i/o streams, ports are transient, because they need to be setup again on failure recovery.</li>
+<li>If the operator does not keep any state between windows, mark it with the <strong>@Stateless</strong> annotation. This results in efficiencies during checkpointing and recovery. The operator will not be checkpointed and is always restored to the initial state</li>
+<li>The checkpoint interval can be set using the <strong>CHECKPOINT_WINDOW_COUNT</strong> attribute which specifies the interval in terms of number of streaming windows.</li>
+<li>If the correct functioning of the operator requires the <strong>endWindow</strong> method be called before checkpointing can happen, then the checkpoint interval should align with application window interval i.e., it should be a multiple of application window interval. In this case the operator should be marked with <strong>OperatorAnnotation</strong> and <strong>checkpointableWithinAppWindow</strong> set to false. If the window intervals are configured by the user and they don’t align, it will result in a DAG validation error and application won’t launch.</li>
+<li>In some cases the operator state related to a piece of data needs to be purged once that data is no longer required by the application, otherwise the state will continue to build up indefinitely. The platform provides a way to let the operator know about this using a callback listener called <strong>CheckpointNotificationListener</strong>. This listener has a callback method called <strong>committed</strong>, which is called by the platform from time to time with a window id that has been processed successfully by all the operators in the DAG and hence is no longer needed. The operator can delete all the state corresponding to window ids less than or equal to the provided window id.</li>
+<li>Sometimes operators need to perform some tasks just before checkpointing. For example, filesystem operators may want to flush the files just before checkpoint so they can be sure that all pending data is written to disk and no data is lost if there is an operator failure just after the checkpoint and the operator restarts from the checkpoint. To do this the operator would implement the same <em>CheckpointNotificationListener</em> interface and implement the <strong>beforeCheckpoint</strong> method where it can do these tasks.</li>
+<li>If the operator is going to have a large state, checkpointing the entire state each time becomes unviable. Furthermore, the amount of memory needed to hold the state could be larger than the amount of physical memory available. In these cases the operator should checkpoint the state incrementally and also manage the memory for the state more efficiently. The platform provides a utiltiy called <strong>ManagedState</strong> that uses a combination of in memory and disk cache to efficiently store and retrieve data in a performant, fault tolerant way and also checkpoint it in an incremental fashion. There are operators in the platform that use <em>ManagedState</em> and can be used as a reference on how to use this utility such as Dedup or Join operators.</li>
+</ul>
+<h2 id="input-operators">Input Operators</h2>
+<p>Input operators have additional requirements:</p>
+<ul>
+<li>The <strong>emitTuples</strong> method implemented by the operator, is called by the platform, to give the operator an opportunity to emit some data. This method is always called within a window boundary but can be called multiple times within the same window. There are some important guidelines on how to implement this method:<ul>
+<li>This should not be a blocking method and should return in a reasonable time that is less than the streaming window size (which is 500ms by default). This also applies to other callback methods called by the platform such as <em>beginWindow</em>, <em>endWindow</em> etc., but is more important here since this method will be called continuously by the platform.</li>
+<li>If the operator needs to interact with external systems to obtain data and this can potentially take a long time, then this should be performed asynchronously in a different thread. Refer to the threading section below for the guidelines when using threading.</li>
+<li>In each invocation, the method can emit any number of data tuples.</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+<h3 id="idempotence">Idempotence</h3>
+<p>Many applications write data to external systems using output operators. To ensure that data is present exactly once in the external system even in a failure recovery scenario, the output operators expect the replayed windows during recovery contain the same data as before the failure. This is called idempotency. Since operators within the DAG are merely responding to input data provided to them by the upstream operators and the input operator has no upstream operator, the responsibility of idempotent replay falls on the input operators.</p>
+<ul>
+<li>For idempotent replay of data, the operator needs to store some meta-information for every window that would allow it to identify what data was sent in that window. This is called the idempotent state.<ul>
+<li>If the external source of the input operator allows replayability, this could be information such as offset of last piece of data in the window, an identifier of the last piece of data itself or number of data tuples sent.</li>
+<li>However if the external source does not allow replayability from an operator specified point, then the entire data sent within the window may need to be persisted by the operator.</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>The platform provides a utility called <em>WindowDataManager</em> to allow operators to save and retrieve idempotent state every window. Operators should use this to implement idempotency.</li>
+</ul>
+<h2 id="output-operators">Output Operators</h2>
+<p>Output operators typically connect to external storage systems such as filesystems, databases or key value stores to store data.</p>
+<ul>
+<li>In some situations, the external systems may not be functioning in a reliable fashion. They may be having prolonged outages or performance problems. If the operator is being designed to work in such environments, it needs to be able to to handle these problems gracefully and not block the DAG or fail. In these scenarios the operator should cache the data into a local store such as HDFS and interact with external systems in a separate thread so as to not have problems in the operator lifecycle thread. This pattern is called the <strong>Reconciler</strong> pattern and there are operators that implement this pattern available in the library for reference.</li>
+</ul>
+<h3 id="end-to-end-exactly-once">End-to-End Exactly Once</h3>
+<p>When output operators store data in external systems, it is important that they do not lose data or write duplicate data when there is a failure event and the DAG recovers from that failure. In failure recovery, the windows from the previous checkpoint are replayed and the operator receives this data again. The operator should ensure that it does not write this data again. Operator developers should figure out how to do this specifically for the operators they are developing depending on the logic of the operators. Below are examples of how a couple of existing output operators do this for reference.</p>
+<ul>
+<li>File output operator that writes data to files keeps track of the file lengths in the state. These lengths are checkpointed and restored on failure recovery. On restart, the operator truncates the file to the length equal to the length in the recovered state. This makes the data in the file same as it was at the time of checkpoint before the failure. The operator now writes the replayed data from the checkpoint in regular fashion as any other data. This ensures no data is lost or duplicated in the file.</li>
+<li>The JDBC output operator that writes data to a database table writes the data in a window in a single transaction. It also writes the current window id into a meta table along with the data as part of the same transaction. It commits the transaction at the end of the window. When there is an operator failure before the final commit, the state of the database is that it contains the data from the previous fully processed window and its window id since the current window transaction isn’t yet committed. On recovery, the operator reads this window id back from the meta table. It ignores all the replayed windows whose window id is less than or equal to the recovered window id and thus ensures that it does not duplicate data already present in the database. It starts writing data normally again when window id of data becomes greater than recovered window thus ensuring no data is lost.</li>
+</ul>
+<h2 id="partitioning">Partitioning</h2>
+<p>Partitioning allows an operation to be scaled to handle more pieces of data than before but with a similar SLA. This is done by creating multiple instances of an operator and distributing the data among them. Input operators can also be partitioned to stream more pieces of data into the application. The platform provides a lot of flexibility and options for partitioning. Partitioning can happen once at startup or can be dynamically changed anytime while the application is running, and it can be done in a stateless or stateful way by distributing state from the old partitions to new partitions.</p>
+<p>In the platform, the responsibility for partitioning is shared among different entities. These are:</p>
+<ol>
+<li>A <strong>partitioner</strong> that specifies <em>how</em> to partition the operator, specifically it takes an old set of partitions and creates a new set of partitions. At the start of the application the old set has one partition and the partitioner can return more than one partitions to start the application with multiple partitions. The partitioner can have any custom JAVA logic to determine the number of new partitions, set their initial state as a brand new state or derive it from the state of the old partitions. It also specifies how the data gets distributed among the new partitions. The new set doesn't have to contain only new partitions, it can carry over some old partitions if desired.</li>
+<li>An optional <strong>statistics (stats) listener</strong> that specifies <em>when</em> to partition. The reason it is optional is that it is needed only when dynamic partitioning is needed. With the stats listener, the stats can be used to determine when to partition.</li>
+<li>In some cases the <em>operator</em> itself should be aware of partitioning and would need to provide supporting code.<ul>
+<li>In case of input operators each partition should have a property or a set of properties that allow it to distinguish itself from the other partitions and fetch unique data.</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>When an operator that was originally a single instance is split into multiple partitions with each partition working on a subset of data, the results of the partitions may need to be combined together to compute the final result. The combining logic would depend on the logic of the operator. This would be specified by the developer using a <strong>Unifier</strong>, which is deployed as another operator by the platform. If no <em>Unifier</em> is specified, the platform inserts a <strong>default unifier</strong> that merges the results of the multiple partition streams into a single stream. Each output port can have a different <em>Unifier</em> and this is specified by returning the corresponding <em>Unifier</em> in the <strong>getUnifier</strong> method of the output port. The operator developer should provide a custom <em>Unifier</em> wherever applicable.</li>
+<li>The Apex <em>engine</em> that brings everything together and effects the partitioning.</li>
+</ol>
+<p>Since partitioning is critical for scalability of applications, operators must support it. There should be a strong reason for an operator to not support partitioning, such as, the logic performed by the operator not lending itself to parallelism. In order to support partitioning, an operator developer, apart from developing the functionality of the operator, may also need to provide a partitioner, stats listener and supporting code in the operator as described in the steps above. The next sections delve into this. </p>
+<h3 id="out-of-the-box-partitioning">Out of the box partitioning</h3>
+<p>The platform comes with some built-in partitioning utilities that can be used in certain scenarios.</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+<p><strong>StatelessPartitioner</strong> provides a default partitioner, that can be used for an operator in certain conditions. If the operator satisfies these conditions, the partitioner can be specified for the operator with a simple setting and no other partitioning code is needed. The conditions are:</p>
+<ul>
+<li>No dynamic partitioning is needed, see next point about dynamic partitioning. </li>
+<li>There is no distinct initial state for the partitions, i.e., all partitions start with the same initial state submitted during application launch.</li>
+</ul>
+<p>Typically input or output operators do not fall into this category, although there are some exceptions. This partitioner is mainly used with operators that are in the middle of the DAG, after the input and before the output operators. When used with non-input operators, only the data for the first declared input port is distributed among the different partitions. All other input ports are treated as broadcast and all partitions receive all the data for that port.</p>
+</li>
+<li>
+<p><strong>StatelessThroughputBasedPartitioner</strong> in Malhar provides a dynamic partitioner based on throughput thresholds. Similarly <strong>StatelessLatencyBasedPartitioner</strong> provides a latency based dynamic partitioner in RTS. If these partitioners can be used, then separate partitioning related code is not needed. The conditions under which these can be used are:</p>
+<ul>
+<li>There is no distinct initial state for the partitions.</li>
+<li>There is no state being carried over by the operator from one window to the next i.e., operator is stateless.</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+<h3 id="custom-partitioning">Custom partitioning</h3>
+<p>In many cases, operators don’t satisfy the above conditions and a built-in partitioner cannot be used. Custom partitioning code needs to be written by the operator developer. Below are guidelines for it.</p>
+<ul>
+<li>Since the operator developer is providing a <em>partitioner</em> for the operator, the partitioning code should be added to the operator itself by making the operator implement the Partitioner interface and implementing the required methods, rather than creating a separate partitioner. The advantage is the user of the operator does not have to explicitly figure out the partitioner and set it for the operator but still has the option to override this built-in partitioner with a different one.</li>
+<li>The <em>partitioner</em> is responsible for setting the initial state of the new partitions, whether it is at the start of the application or when partitioning is happening while the application is running as in the dynamic partitioning case. In the dynamic partitioning scenario, the partitioner needs to take the state from the old partitions and distribute it among the new partitions. It is important to note that apart from the checkpointed state the partitioner also needs to distribute idempotent state.</li>
+<li>The <em>partitioner</em> interface has two methods, <strong>definePartitions</strong> and <strong>partitioned</strong>. The method <em>definePartitons</em> is first called to determine the new partitions, and if enough resources are available on the cluster, the <em>partitioned</em> method is called passing in the new partitions. This happens both during initial partitioning and dynamic partitioning. If resources are not available, partitioning is abandoned and existing partitions continue to run untouched. This means that any processing intensive operations should be deferred to the <em>partitioned</em> call instead of doing them in <em>definePartitions</em>, as they may not be needed if there are not enough resources available in the cluster.</li>
+<li>The <em>partitioner</em>, along with creating the new partitions, should also specify how the data gets distributed across the new partitions. It should do this by specifying a mapping called <strong>PartitionKeys</strong> for each partition that maps the data to that partition. This mapping needs to be specified for every input port in the operator. If the <em>partitioner</em> wants to use the standard mapping it can use a utility method called <strong>DefaultPartition.assignPartitionKeys</strong>.</li>
+<li>When the partitioner is scaling the operator up to more partitions, try to reuse the existing partitions and create new partitions to augment the current set. The reuse can be achieved by the partitioner returning the current partitions unchanged. This will result in the current partitions continuing to run untouched.</li>
+<li>In case of dynamic partitioning, as mentioned earlier, a stats listener is also needed to determine when to re-partition. Like the <em>Partitioner</em> interface, the operator can also implement the <em>StatsListener</em> interface to provide a stats listener implementation that will be automatically used.</li>
+<li>The <em>StatsListener</em> has access to all operator statistics to make its decision on partitioning. Apart from the statistics that the platform computes for the operators such as throughput, latency etc, operator developers can include their own business metrics by using the AutoMetric feature.</li>
+<li>If the operator is not partitionable, mark it so with <em>OperatorAnnotation</em> and <em>partitionable</em> element set to false.</li>
+</ul>
+<h3 id="streamcodecs">StreamCodecs</h3>
+<p>A <strong>StreamCodec</strong> is used in partitioning to distribute the data tuples among the partitions. The <em>StreamCodec</em> computes an integer hashcode for a data tuple and this is used along with <em>PartitionKeys</em> mapping to determine which partition or partitions receive the data tuple. If a <em>StreamCodec</em> is not specified, then a default one is used by the platform which returns the JAVA hashcode of the tuple. </p>
+<p><em>StreamCodec</em> is also useful in another aspect of the application. It is used to serialize and deserialize the tuple to transfer it between operators. The default <em>StreamCodec</em> uses Kryo library for serialization. </p>
+<p>The following guidelines are useful when considering a custom <em>StreamCodec</em></p>
+<ul>
+<li>A custom <em>StreamCodec</em> is needed if the tuples need to be distributed based on a criteria different from the hashcode of the tuple. If the correct working of an operator depends on the data from the upstream operator being distributed using a custom criteria such as being sticky on a “key” field within the tuple, then a custom <em>StreamCodec</em> should be provided by the operator developer. This codec can implement the custom criteria. The operator should also return this custom codec in the <strong>getStreamCodec</strong> method of the input port.</li>
+<li>When implementing a custom <em>StreamCodec</em> for the purpose of using a different criteria to distribute the tuples, the codec can extend an existing <em>StreamCodec</em> and implement the hashcode method, so that the codec does not have to worry about the serialization and deserialization functionality. The Apex platform provides two pre-built <em>StreamCodec</em> implementations for this purpose, one is <strong>KryoSerializableStreamCodec</strong> that uses Kryo for serialization and another one <strong>JavaSerializationStreamCodec</strong> that uses JAVA serialization.</li>
+<li>Different <em>StreamCodec</em> implementations can be used for different inputs in a stream with multiple inputs when different criteria of distributing the tuples is desired between the multiple inputs. </li>
+</ul>
+<h2 id="threads">Threads</h2>
+<p>The operator lifecycle methods such as <strong>setup</strong>, <strong>beginWindow</strong>, <strong>endWindow</strong>, <strong>process</strong> in <em>InputPorts</em> are all called from a single operator lifecycle thread, by the platform, unbeknownst to the user. So the user does not have to worry about dealing with the issues arising from multi-threaded code. Use of separate threads in an operator is discouraged because in most cases the motivation for this is parallelism, but parallelism can already be achieved by using multiple partitions and furthermore mistakes can be made easily when writing multi-threaded code. When dealing with high volume and velocity data, the corner cases with incorrectly written multi-threaded code are encountered more easily and exposed. However, there are times when separate threads are needed, for example, when interacting with external systems the delay in retrieving or sending data can be large at times, blocking the operator and other DAG pro
 cessing such as committed windows. In these cases the following guidelines must be followed strictly.</p>
+<ul>
+<li>Threads should be started in <strong>activate</strong> and stopped in <strong>deactivate</strong>. In <em>deactivate</em> the operator should wait till any threads it launched, have finished execution. It can do so by calling <strong>join</strong> on the threads or if using <strong>ExecutorService</strong>, calling <strong>awaitTermination</strong> on the service.</li>
+<li>Threads should not call any methods on the ports directly as this can cause concurrency exceptions and also result in invalid states.</li>
+<li>Threads can share state with the lifecycle methods using data structures that are either explicitly protected by synchronization or are inherently thread safe such as thread safe queues.</li>
+<li>If this shared state needs to be protected against failure then it needs to be persisted during checkpoint. To have a consistent checkpoint, the state should not be modified by the thread when it is being serialized and saved by the operator lifecycle thread during checkpoint. Since the checkpoint process happens outside the window boundary the thread should be quiesced between <strong>endWindow</strong> and <strong>beginWindow</strong> or more efficiently between pre-checkpoint and checkpointed callbacks.</li>
+</ul>
+              
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@@ -109,6 +109,13 @@
     </li>
 
         
+            
+    <li class="toctree-l1 ">
+        <a class="" href="development_best_practices/">Best Practices</a>
+        
+    </li>
+
+        
     </ul>
 <li>
           
@@ -184,7 +191,7 @@
 <li>Simple API supports generic Java code</li>
 </ul>
 <p>Platform has been demonstated to scale linearly across Hadoop clusters under extreme loads of billions of events per second.  Hardware and process failures are quickly recovered with HDFS-backed checkpointing and automatic operator recovery, preserving application state and resuming execution in seconds.  Functional and operational specifications are separated.  Apex provides a simple API, which enables users to write generic, reusable code.  The code is dropped in as-is and platform automatically handles the various operational concerns, such as state management, fault tolerance, scalability, security, metrics, etc.  This frees users to focus on functional development, and lets platform provide operability support.</p>
-<p>The core Apex platform is supplemented by Malhar, a library of connector and logic functions, enabling rapid application development.  These operators and modules provide access to HDFS, S3, NFS, FTP, and other file systems; Kafka, ActiveMQ, RabbitMQ, JMS, and other message systems; MySql, Cassandra, MongoDB, Redis, HBase, CouchDB, generic JDBC, and other database connectors.  In addition to the operators, the library contains a number of demos applications, demonstrating operator features and capabilities.  To see the full list of available operators and related documentation, visit <a href="https://github.com/apache/incubator-apex-malhar">Apex Malhar on Github</a></p>
+<p>The core Apex platform is supplemented by Malhar, a library of connector and logic functions, enabling rapid application development.  These operators and modules provide access to HDFS, S3, NFS, FTP, and other file systems; Kafka, ActiveMQ, RabbitMQ, JMS, and other message systems; MySql, Cassandra, MongoDB, Redis, HBase, CouchDB, generic JDBC, and other database connectors.  In addition to the operators, the library contains a number of demos applications, demonstrating operator features and capabilities.  To see the full list of available operators and related documentation, visit <a href="https://github.com/apache/apex-malhar">Apex Malhar on Github</a></p>
 <p>For additional information visit <a href="http://apex.apache.org/">Apache Apex</a>.</p>
 <p><a href="http://apex.apache.org/"><img alt="" src="./favicon.ico" /></a></p>
               
@@ -232,5 +239,5 @@
 
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-Build Date UTC : 2016-05-13 22:25:11.258707
+Build Date UTC : 2016-09-07 01:53:39.631895
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http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/blob/21e76a00/docs/apex-3.4/license/highlight.js/LICENSE
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--- a/docs/apex-3.4/license/highlight.js/LICENSE
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,24 +0,0 @@
-Copyright (c) 2006, Ivan Sagalaev
-All rights reserved.
-Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
-modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
-
-    * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
-      notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
-    * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
-      notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
-      documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
-    * Neither the name of highlight.js nor the names of its contributors 
-      may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software 
-      without specific prior written permission.
-
-THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND ANY
-EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
-WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
-DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
-DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
-(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
-LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
-ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
-(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
-SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/blob/21e76a00/docs/apex-3.4/main.html
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diff --git a/docs/apex-3.4/main.html b/docs/apex-3.4/main.html
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..79c9f4e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/apex-3.4/main.html
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+{% extends "base.html" %}
+
+{#
+The entry point for the ReadTheDocs Theme.
+ 
+Any theme customisations should override this file to redefine blocks defined in
+the various templates. The custom theme should only need to define a main.html
+which `{% extends "base.html" %}` and defines various blocks which will replace
+the blocks defined in base.html and its included child templates.
+#}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/apex-site/blob/21e76a00/docs/apex-3.4/mkdocs/js/lunr-0.5.7.min.js
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diff --git a/docs/apex-3.4/mkdocs/js/lunr-0.5.7.min.js b/docs/apex-3.4/mkdocs/js/lunr-0.5.7.min.js
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b72449a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/apex-3.4/mkdocs/js/lunr-0.5.7.min.js
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+/**
+ * lunr - http://lunrjs.com - A bit like Solr, but much smaller and not as bright - 0.5.7
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Oliver Nightingale
+ * MIT Licensed
+ * @license
+ */
+!function(){var t=function(e){var n=new t.Index;return n.pipeline.add(t.trimmer,t.stopWordFilter,t.stemmer),e&&e.call(n,n),n};t.version="0.5.7",t.utils={},t.utils.warn=function(t){return function(e){t.console&&console.warn&&console.warn(e)}}(this),t.EventEmitter=function(){this.events={}},t.EventEmitter.prototype.addListener=function(){var t=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments),e=t.pop(),n=t;if("function"!=typeof e)throw new TypeError("last argument must be a function");n.forEach(function(t){this.hasHandler(t)||(this.events[t]=[]),this.events[t].push(e)},this)},t.EventEmitter.prototype.removeListener=function(t,e){if(this.hasHandler(t)){var n=this.events[t].indexOf(e);this.events[t].splice(n,1),this.events[t].length||delete this.events[t]}},t.EventEmitter.prototype.emit=function(t){if(this.hasHandler(t)){var e=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments,1);this.events[t].forEach(function(t){t.apply(void 0,e)})}},t.EventEmitter.prototype.hasHandler=function(t){return t in this.events},t.to
 kenizer=function(t){if(!arguments.length||null==t||void 0==t)return[];if(Array.isArray(t))return t.map(function(t){return t.toLowerCase()});for(var e=t.toString().replace(/^\s+/,""),n=e.length-1;n>=0;n--)if(/\S/.test(e.charAt(n))){e=e.substring(0,n+1);break}return e.split(/(?:\s+|\-)/).filter(function(t){return!!t}).map(function(t){return t.toLowerCase()})},t.Pipeline=function(){this._stack=[]},t.Pipeline.registeredFunctions={},t.Pipeline.registerFunction=function(e,n){n in this.registeredFunctions&&t.utils.warn("Overwriting existing registered function: "+n),e.label=n,t.Pipeline.registeredFunctions[e.label]=e},t.Pipeline.warnIfFunctionNotRegistered=function(e){var n=e.label&&e.label in this.registeredFunctions;n||t.utils.warn("Function is not registered with pipeline. This may cause problems when serialising the index.\n",e)},t.Pipeline.load=function(e){var n=new t.Pipeline;return e.forEach(function(e){var i=t.Pipeline.registeredFunctions[e];if(!i)throw new Error("Cannot load un-re
 gistered function: "+e);n.add(i)}),n},t.Pipeline.prototype.add=function(){var e=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments);e.forEach(function(e){t.Pipeline.warnIfFunctionNotRegistered(e),this._stack.push(e)},this)},t.Pipeline.prototype.after=function(e,n){t.Pipeline.warnIfFunctionNotRegistered(n);var i=this._stack.indexOf(e)+1;this._stack.splice(i,0,n)},t.Pipeline.prototype.before=function(e,n){t.Pipeline.warnIfFunctionNotRegistered(n);var i=this._stack.indexOf(e);this._stack.splice(i,0,n)},t.Pipeline.prototype.remove=function(t){var e=this._stack.indexOf(t);this._stack.splice(e,1)},t.Pipeline.prototype.run=function(t){for(var e=[],n=t.length,i=this._stack.length,o=0;n>o;o++){for(var r=t[o],s=0;i>s&&(r=this._stack[s](r,o,t),void 0!==r);s++);void 0!==r&&e.push(r)}return e},t.Pipeline.prototype.reset=function(){this._stack=[]},t.Pipeline.prototype.toJSON=function(){return this._stack.map(function(e){return t.Pipeline.warnIfFunctionNotRegistered(e),e.label})},t.Vector=function(){this._magni
 tude=null,this.list=void 0,this.length=0},t.Vector.Node=function(t,e,n){this.idx=t,this.val=e,this.next=n},t.Vector.prototype.insert=function(e,n){var i=this.list;if(!i)return this.list=new t.Vector.Node(e,n,i),this.length++;for(var o=i,r=i.next;void 0!=r;){if(e<r.idx)return o.next=new t.Vector.Node(e,n,r),this.length++;o=r,r=r.next}return o.next=new t.Vector.Node(e,n,r),this.length++},t.Vector.prototype.magnitude=function(){if(this._magniture)return this._magnitude;for(var t,e=this.list,n=0;e;)t=e.val,n+=t*t,e=e.next;return this._magnitude=Math.sqrt(n)},t.Vector.prototype.dot=function(t){for(var e=this.list,n=t.list,i=0;e&&n;)e.idx<n.idx?e=e.next:e.idx>n.idx?n=n.next:(i+=e.val*n.val,e=e.next,n=n.next);return i},t.Vector.prototype.similarity=function(t){return this.dot(t)/(this.magnitude()*t.magnitude())},t.SortedSet=function(){this.length=0,this.elements=[]},t.SortedSet.load=function(t){var e=new this;return e.elements=t,e.length=t.length,e},t.SortedSet.prototype.add=function(){Arr
 ay.prototype.slice.call(arguments).forEach(function(t){~this.indexOf(t)||this.elements.splice(this.locationFor(t),0,t)},this),this.length=this.elements.length},t.SortedSet.prototype.toArray=function(){return this.elements.slice()},t.SortedSet.prototype.map=function(t,e){return this.elements.map(t,e)},t.SortedSet.prototype.forEach=function(t,e){return this.elements.forEach(t,e)},t.SortedSet.prototype.indexOf=function(t,e,n){var e=e||0,n=n||this.elements.length,i=n-e,o=e+Math.floor(i/2),r=this.elements[o];return 1>=i?r===t?o:-1:t>r?this.indexOf(t,o,n):r>t?this.indexOf(t,e,o):r===t?o:void 0},t.SortedSet.prototype.locationFor=function(t,e,n){var e=e||0,n=n||this.elements.length,i=n-e,o=e+Math.floor(i/2),r=this.elements[o];if(1>=i){if(r>t)return o;if(t>r)return o+1}return t>r?this.locationFor(t,o,n):r>t?this.locationFor(t,e,o):void 0},t.SortedSet.prototype.intersect=function(e){for(var n=new t.SortedSet,i=0,o=0,r=this.length,s=e.length,a=this.elements,h=e.elements;;){if(i>r-1||o>s-1)brea
 k;a[i]!==h[o]?a[i]<h[o]?i++:a[i]>h[o]&&o++:(n.add(a[i]),i++,o++)}return n},t.SortedSet.prototype.clone=function(){var e=new t.SortedSet;return e.elements=this.toArray(),e.length=e.elements.length,e},t.SortedSet.prototype.union=function(t){var e,n,i;return this.length>=t.length?(e=this,n=t):(e=t,n=this),i=e.clone(),i.add.apply(i,n.toArray()),i},t.SortedSet.prototype.toJSON=function(){return this.toArray()},t.Index=function(){this._fields=[],this._ref="id",this.pipeline=new t.Pipeline,this.documentStore=new t.Store,this.tokenStore=new t.TokenStore,this.corpusTokens=new t.SortedSet,this.eventEmitter=new t.EventEmitter,this._idfCache={},this.on("add","remove","update",function(){this._idfCache={}}.bind(this))},t.Index.prototype.on=function(){var t=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments);return this.eventEmitter.addListener.apply(this.eventEmitter,t)},t.Index.prototype.off=function(t,e){return this.eventEmitter.removeListener(t,e)},t.Index.load=function(e){e.version!==t.version&&t.utils.wa
 rn("version mismatch: current "+t.version+" importing "+e.version);var n=new this;return n._fields=e.fields,n._ref=e.ref,n.documentStore=t.Store.load(e.documentStore),n.tokenStore=t.TokenStore.load(e.tokenStore),n.corpusTokens=t.SortedSet.load(e.corpusTokens),n.pipeline=t.Pipeline.load(e.pipeline),n},t.Index.prototype.field=function(t,e){var e=e||{},n={name:t,boost:e.boost||1};return this._fields.push(n),this},t.Index.prototype.ref=function(t){return this._ref=t,this},t.Index.prototype.add=function(e,n){var i={},o=new t.SortedSet,r=e[this._ref],n=void 0===n?!0:n;this._fields.forEach(function(n){var r=this.pipeline.run(t.tokenizer(e[n.name]));i[n.name]=r,t.SortedSet.prototype.add.apply(o,r)},this),this.documentStore.set(r,o),t.SortedSet.prototype.add.apply(this.corpusTokens,o.toArray());for(var s=0;s<o.length;s++){var a=o.elements[s],h=this._fields.reduce(function(t,e){var n=i[e.name].length;if(!n)return t;var o=i[e.name].filter(function(t){return t===a}).length;return t+o/n*e.boost}
 ,0);this.tokenStore.add(a,{ref:r,tf:h})}n&&this.eventEmitter.emit("add",e,this)},t.Index.prototype.remove=function(t,e){var n=t[this._ref],e=void 0===e?!0:e;if(this.documentStore.has(n)){var i=this.documentStore.get(n);this.documentStore.remove(n),i.forEach(function(t){this.tokenStore.remove(t,n)},this),e&&this.eventEmitter.emit("remove",t,this)}},t.Index.prototype.update=function(t,e){var e=void 0===e?!0:e;this.remove(t,!1),this.add(t,!1),e&&this.eventEmitter.emit("update",t,this)},t.Index.prototype.idf=function(t){var e="@"+t;if(Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(this._idfCache,e))return this._idfCache[e];var n=this.tokenStore.count(t),i=1;return n>0&&(i=1+Math.log(this.tokenStore.length/n)),this._idfCache[e]=i},t.Index.prototype.search=function(e){var n=this.pipeline.run(t.tokenizer(e)),i=new t.Vector,o=[],r=this._fields.reduce(function(t,e){return t+e.boost},0),s=n.some(function(t){return this.tokenStore.has(t)},this);if(!s)return[];n.forEach(function(e,n,s){var a=1/s.length*t
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 pipeline.toJSON()}},t.Index.prototype.use=function(t){var e=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments,1);e.unshift(this),t.apply(this,e)},t.Store=function(){this.store={},this.length=0},t.Store.load=function(e){var n=new this;return n.length=e.length,n.store=Object.keys(e.store).reduce(function(n,i){return n[i]=t.SortedSet.load(e.store[i]),n},{}),n},t.Store.prototype.set=function(t,e){this.has(t)||this.length++,this.store[t]=e},t.Store.prototype.get=function(t){return this.store[t]},t.Store.prototype.has=function(t){return t in this.store},t.Store.prototype.remove=function(t){this.has(t)&&(delete this.store[t],this.length--)},t.Store.prototype.toJSON=function(){return{store:this.store,length:this.length}},t.stemmer=function(){var t={ational:"ate",tional:"tion",enci:"ence",anci:"ance",izer:"ize",bli:"ble",alli:"al",entli:"ent",eli:"e",ousli:"ous",ization:"ize",ation:"ate",ator:"ate",alism:"al",iveness:"ive",fulness:"ful",ousness:"ous",aliti:"al",iviti:"ive",biliti:"ble",logi:"log"},e={ica
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 ace(a,"$1$2")),s=m,a=g,s.test(n)){var $=s.exec(n);s=l,s.test($[1])&&(s=y,n=n.replace(s,""))}else if(a.test(n)){var $=a.exec(n);i=$[1],a=f,a.test(i)&&(n=i,a=S,h=w,u=x,a.test(n)?n+="e":h.test(n)?(s=y,n=n.replace(s,"")):u.test(n)&&(n+="e"))}if(s=k,s.test(n)){var $=s.exec(n);i=$[1],n=i+"i"}if(s=b,s.test(n)){var $=s.exec(n);i=$[1],o=$[2],s=l,s.test(i)&&(n=i+t[o])}if(s=E,s.test(n)){var $=s.exec(n);i=$[1],o=$[2],s=l,s.test(i)&&(n=i+e[o])}if(s=_,a=O,s.test(n)){var $=s.exec(n);i=$[1],s=c,s.test(i)&&(n=i)}else if(a.test(n)){var $=a.exec(n);i=$[1]+$[2],a=c,a.test(i)&&(n=i)}if(s=F,s.test(n)){var $=s.exec(n);i=$[1],s=c,a=p,h=T,(s.test(i)||a.test(i)&&!h.test(i))&&(n=i)}return s=P,a=c,s.test(n)&&a.test(n)&&(s=y,n=n.replace(s,"")),"y"==r&&(n=r.toLowerCase()+n.substr(1)),n};return $}(),t.Pipeline.registerFunction(t.stemmer,"stemmer"),t.stopWordFilter=function(e){return-1===t.stopWordFilter.stopWords.indexOf(e)?e:void 0},t.stopWordFilter.stopWords=new t.SortedSet,t.stopWordFilter.stopWords.length=119
 ,t.stopWordFilter.stopWords.elements=["","a","able","about","across","after","all","almost","also","am","among","an","and","any","are","as","at","be","because","been","but","by","can","cannot","could","dear","did","do","does","either","else","ever","every","for","from","get","got","had","has","have","he","her","hers","him","his","how","however","i","if","in","into","is","it","its","just","least","let","like","likely","may","me","might","most","must","my","neither","no","nor","not","of","off","often","on","only","or","other","our","own","rather","said","say","says","she","should","since","so","some","than","that","the","their","them","then","there","these","they","this","tis","to","too","twas","us","wants","was","we","were","what","when","where","which","while","who","whom","why","will","with","would","yet","you","your"],t.Pipeline.registerFunction(t.stopWordFilter,"stopWordFilter"),t.trimmer=function(t){return t.replace(/^\W+/,"").replace(/\W+$/,"")},t.Pipeline.registerFunction(t.tr
 immer,"trimmer"),t.TokenStore=function(){this.root={docs:{}},this.length=0},t.TokenStore.load=function(t){var e=new this;return e.root=t.root,e.length=t.length,e},t.TokenStore.prototype.add=function(t,e,n){var n=n||this.root,i=t[0],o=t.slice(1);return i in n||(n[i]={docs:{}}),0===o.length?(n[i].docs[e.ref]=e,void(this.length+=1)):this.add(o,e,n[i])},t.TokenStore.prototype.has=function(t){if(!t)return!1;for(var e=this.root,n=0;n<t.length;n++){if(!e[t[n]])return!1;e=e[t[n]]}return!0},t.TokenStore.prototype.getNode=function(t){if(!t)return{};for(var e=this.root,n=0;n<t.length;n++){if(!e[t[n]])return{};e=e[t[n]]}return e},t.TokenStore.prototype.get=function(t,e){return this.getNode(t,e).docs||{}},t.TokenStore.prototype.count=function(t,e){return Object.keys(this.get(t,e)).length},t.TokenStore.prototype.remove=function(t,e){if(t){for(var n=this.root,i=0;i<t.length;i++){if(!(t[i]in n))return;n=n[t[i]]}delete n.docs[e]}},t.TokenStore.prototype.expand=function(t,e){var n=this.getNode(t),i=n
 .docs||{},e=e||[];return Object.keys(i).length&&e.push(t),Object.keys(n).forEach(function(n){"docs"!==n&&e.concat(this.expand(t+n,e))},this),e},t.TokenStore.prototype.toJSON=function(){return{root:this.root,length:this.length}},function(t,e){"function"==typeof define&&define.amd?define(e):"object"==typeof exports?module.exports=e():t.lunr=e()}(this,function(){return t})}();


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