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From Matt Benson <>
Subject Re: Ant 1.7 build, high CPU use, possible solution
Date Mon, 23 Apr 2007 22:44:44 GMT

--- Mike McNally <> wrote:

> I've been using Ant to build a fairly large web
> application (about
> twelve thousand .class files and various other
> things in a multi-phase
> build) for several years.  We've generally been
> pretty happy with Ant
> performance.  Recently, however, we noticed that if
> we ran Ant 1.7 on
> the same build configuration the process was very
> noticeably slower, and
> involved long (many seconds) periods of high CPU
> load.  Through some
> poking it appeared that the <copy> task was
> incurring the load, which
> seemed odd.
> So today I ran a build with JMP (Java Memory
> Profiler) just out of
> curiosity, after having downloaded and built the
> source.  At the point
> of the large copy, I noticed that the "contains"
> method on
> java.util.ArrayList was being called very many
> times, and that that was
> resulting in a tremendous number of calls to compare
> Resource instances.

Hi, Mike--the code in Union in Ant 1.7 is similar to
that used to cull dupes from Paths in earlier
versions, except that a Vector was used.  I am
perfectly willing to believe it might not be as
clueful as it could be.  What would be great is if you
could concoct a harmless example build--maybe a
buildfile that could create whatever structure is
needed--or at least a description of how to create
such a structure, that would allow us to run Ant 1.6.5
and Ant 1.7 and easily see the altered timings,
attaching to a bug report containing the text of your
email here.


> It seems to me that the code in
> Union.getCollection() is the culprit.
> For reasons unknown to me it builds up its result
> with an obviously n^2
> loop to avoid duplicates in the result collection. 
> By experimentally
> replacing the "ArrayList" with "LinkedHashSet", the
> excessive CPU load
> is completely cured.
> I realize that there might be some issue using
> LinkedHashSet, because
> it's from a fairly recent Java version, but the code
> could also work by
> just keeping an explicit java.util.HashSet around in
> parallel with the
> ArrayList being assembled.
> For comparison, a build on an already-built source
> tree (i.e., something
> that just runs through the <copy> task without
> ending up doing anything)
> takes 15 seconds with my "fixed" Ant 1.7, 45 seconds
> without the fix,
> and 15 seconds with Ant 1.6.5.  (My machine is a
> fairly modern
> dual-processor P4 with lots of memory, running
> Linux.)
> (If this is a known and solved problem, my
> apologies; I can't find any
> mention of it on the web.)
> --
> [ I love pre-moistened towelettes ] Mike McNally --
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