ant-user mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From "Bill Chmura" <>
Subject RE: Error setting up ant
Date Fri, 13 Jun 2003 04:29:44 GMT
What are you trying to do? 

Build.xml is something you create for the specific project you are
working on.  For example if you have two different programs you are
developing you would have two different build.xml files.

Are you trying to compile tomcat?  I am not sure what you are trying to
accomplish with ant

-----Original Message-----
From: Juan Carlos Salazar [] 
Sent: Friday, June 13, 2003 12:01 AM
To: 'Ant Users List'
Subject: RE: Error setting up ant

First of all...thanks a lot (muchas gracias).

I do have a build.xml in my ant directory which I copied from the Tomcat
Directory (because Ant did not came up with a file with this name), is
that wrong??

Now checking into the file which I have in the C:\Ant\build.xml I do
have this line:

<project name="My Project" default="compile" basedir="."> 

(I'm guessing that basedir has to be changed...maybe to c:\ant or
C:\Ant\apache-ant-1.5.3-1 ?)

but I do not have a <target name="build".. > Do I just make one up??

PD: I'm sorry for all this basic questions I'm an Industrial Engineering
trying to figure this out..

This is my build.xml, Do I have to keep working to change some things or
this is a completely wrong build file?:

     General purpose build script for web applications and web services,
     including enhanced support for deploying directly to a Tomcat 4
     based server.

     This build script assumes that the source code of your web
     is organized into the following subdirectories underneath the
     code directory from which you execute the build script:

        docs                 Static documentation files to be copied to
                             the "docs" subdirectory of your

        src                  Java source code (and associated resource
                             to be compiled to the "WEB-INF/classes"
                             subdirectory of your web applicaiton.

        web                  Static HTML, JSP, and other content (such
                             image files), including the WEB-INF
                             and its configuration file contents.

     $Id: build.xml.txt,v 1.7 2002/12/28 09:08:58 jfclere Exp $

<!-- A "project" describes a set of targets that may be requested
     when Ant is executed.  The "default" attribute defines the
     target which is executed if no specific target is requested,
     and the "basedir" attribute defines the current working directory
     from which Ant executes the requested task.  This is normally
     set to the current working directory.

<project name="My Project" default="compile" basedir=".">

<!-- ===================== Property Definitions
=========================== -->


  Each of the following properties are used in the build script.
  Values for these properties are set by the first place they are
  defined, from the following list:

  * Definitions on the "ant" command line (ant -Dfoo=bar compile).

  * Definitions from a "" file in the top level
    source directory of this application.

  * Definitions from a "" file in the developer's
    home directory.

  * Default definitions in this build.xml file.

  You will note below that property values can be composed based on the
  contents of previously defined properties.  This is a powerful
  that helps you minimize the number of changes required when your
  environment is modified.  Note that property composition is allowed
  "" files as well as in the "build.xml" script.


  <property file=""/>
  <property file="${user.home}/"/>

<!-- ==================== File and Directory Names
======================== -->


  These properties generally define file and directory names (or paths)
  affect where the build process stores its outputs.             Base name of this application, used to
                       construct filenames and directories.
                       Defaults to "myapp".

  app.path             Context path to which this application should be
                       deployed (defaults to "/" plus the value of the
                       "" property).

  app.version          Version number of this iteration of the

  build.home           The directory into which the "prepare" and
                       "compile" targets will generate their output.
                       Defaults to "build".

  catalina.home        The directory in which you have installed
                       a binary distribution of Tomcat 4.  This will
                       be used by the "deploy" target.

  dist.home            The name of the base directory in which
                       distribution files are created.
                       Defaults to "dist".

  manager.password     The login password of a user that is assigned the
                       "manager" role (so that he or she can execute
                       commands via the "/manager" web application)

  manager.url          The URL of the "/manager" web application on the
                       Tomcat installation to which we will deploy web
                       applications and web services.

  manager.username     The login username of a user that is assigned the
                       "manager" role (so that he or she can execute
                       commands via the "/manager" web application)


  <property name=""      value="myapp"/>
  <property name="app.path"      value="/${}"/>
  <property name="app.version"   value="0.1-dev"/>
  <property name="build.home"    value="${basedir}/build"/>
  <property name="catalina.home" value="C:\Tomcat 4.1\bin"/> <!-- UPDATE
THIS! -->
  <property name="dist.home"     value="${basedir}/dist"/>
  <property name="docs.home"     value="${basedir}/docs"/>
  <property name="manager.url"   value="http://localhost:8080/manager"/>
  <property name="src.home"      value="${basedir}/src"/>
  <property name="web.home"      value="${basedir}/web"/>

<!-- ================== Custom Ant Task Definitions
======================= -->


  These properties define custom tasks for the Ant build tool that
  with the "/manager" web application installed with Tomcat 4.  Before
  can be successfully utilized, you must perform the following steps:

  - Copy the file "server/lib/catalina-ant.jar" from your Tomcat 4
    installation into the "lib" directory of your Ant installation.

  - Create a "" file in your application's top-level
    source directory (or your user login home directory) that defines
    appropriate values for the "manager.password", "manager.url", and
    "manager.username" properties described above.

  For more information about the Manager web application, and the
  of these tasks, see


  <taskdef name="install"
  <taskdef name="list"    classname="org.apache.catalina.ant.ListTask"/>
  <taskdef name="reload"
  <taskdef name="remove"

<!--  ==================== Compilation Control Options
==================== -->


  These properties control option settings on the Javac compiler when it
  is invoked using the <javac> task.

  compile.debug        Should compilation include the debug option?

  compile.deprecation  Should compilation include the deprecation

  compile.optimize     Should compilation include the optimize option?


  <property name="compile.debug"       value="true"/>
  <property name="compile.deprecation" value="false"/>
  <property name="compile.optimize"    value="true"/>

<!-- ==================== External Dependencies
=========================== -->


  Use property values to define the locations of external JAR files on
  your application will depend.  In general, these values will be used
  two purposes:
  * Inclusion on the classpath that is passed to the Javac compiler
  * Being copied into the "/WEB-INF/lib" directory during execution
    of the "deploy" target.

  Because we will automatically include all of the Java classes that
Tomcat 4
  exposes to web applications, we will not need to explicitly list any
of those
  dependencies.  You only need to worry about external dependencies for
  files that you are going to include inside your "/WEB-INF/lib"


<!-- Dummy external dependency -->
  <property name="foo.jar"

<!-- ==================== Compilation Classpath
=========================== -->


  Rather than relying on the CLASSPATH environment variable, Ant
  features that makes it easy to dynamically construct the classpath you
  need for each compilation.  The example below constructs the compile
  classpath to include the servlet.jar file, as well as the other
  that Tomcat makes available to web applications automatically, plus
  that you explicitly added.


  <path id="compile.classpath">

    <!-- Include all JAR files that will be included in /WEB-INF/lib -->
    <pathelement location="${foo.jar}"/>

    <!-- Include all elements that Tomcat exposes to applications -->
    <pathelement location="${catalina.home}/common/classes"/>
    <fileset dir="${catalina.home}/common/endorsed">
      <include name="*.jar"/>
    <fileset dir="${catalina.home}/common/lib">
      <include name="*.jar"/>
    <pathelement location="${catalina.home}/shared/classes"/>
    <fileset dir="${catalina.home}/shared/lib">
      <include name="*.jar"/>


<!-- ==================== All Target
====================================== -->


  The "all" target is a shortcut for running the "clean" target followed
  by the "compile" target, to force a complete recompile.


  <target name="all" depends="clean,compile"
   description="Clean build and dist directories, then compile"/>

<!-- ==================== Clean Target
==================================== -->


  The "clean" target deletes any previous "build" and "dist" directory,
  so that you can be ensured the application can be built from scratch.


  <target name="clean"
   description="Delete old build and dist directories">
    <delete dir="${build.home}"/>
    <delete dir="${dist.home}"/>

<!-- ==================== Compile Target
================================== -->


  The "compile" target transforms source files (from your "src"
  into object files in the appropriate location in the build directory.
  This example assumes that you will be including your classes in an
  unpacked directory hierarchy under "/WEB-INF/classes".


  <target name="compile" depends="prepare"
   description="Compile Java sources">

    <!-- Compile Java classes as necessary -->
    <mkdir    dir="${build.home}/WEB-INF/classes"/>
    <javac srcdir="${src.home}"
        <classpath refid="compile.classpath"/>

    <!-- Copy application resources -->
    <copy  todir="${build.home}/WEB-INF/classes">
      <fileset dir="${src.home}" excludes="**/*.java"/>


<!-- ==================== Dist Target
===================================== -->


  The "dist" target creates a binary distribution of your application
  in a directory structure ready to be archived in a tar.gz or zip file.
  Note that this target depends on two others:

  * "compile" so that the entire web application (including external
    dependencies) will have been assembled

  * "javadoc" so that the application Javadocs will have been created


  <target name="dist" depends="compile,javadoc"
   description="Create binary distribution">

    <!-- Copy documentation subdirectories -->
    <mkdir   dir="${dist.home}/docs"/>
    <copy    todir="${dist.home}/docs">
      <fileset dir="${docs.home}"/>

    <!-- Create application JAR file -->
    <jar jarfile="${dist.home}/${}-${app.version}.war"

    <!-- Copy additional files to ${dist.home} as necessary -->


<!-- ==================== Install Target
================================== -->


  The "install" target tells the specified Tomcat 4 installation to
  install this web application and make it available for execution.  It
  *not* cause the existence of this web application to be remembered
  Tomcat restarts; if you restart the server, you will need to
re-install all
  this web application.

  If you have already installed this application, and simply want Tomcat
  recognize that you have updated Java classes (or the web.xml file),
use the
  "reload" target instead.

  NOTE:  This target will only succeed if it is run from the same server
  Tomcat is running on.

  NOTE:  This is the logical opposite of the "remove" target.


  <target name="install" depends="compile"
   description="Install application to servlet container">

    <install url="${manager.url}"


<!-- ==================== Javadoc Target
================================== -->


  The "javadoc" target creates Javadoc API documentation for the Java
  classes included in your application.  Normally, this is only required
  when preparing a distribution release, but is available as a separate
  target in case the developer wants to create Javadocs independently.


  <target name="javadoc" depends="compile"
   description="Create Javadoc API documentation">

    <mkdir          dir="${dist.home}/docs/api"/>
    <javadoc sourcepath="${src.home}"
      <classpath refid="compile.classpath"/>


<!-- ====================== List Target
=================================== -->


  The "list" target asks the specified Tomcat 4 installation to list the
  currently running web applications, either loaded at startup time or
  installed dynamically.  It is useful to determine whether or not the
  application you are currently developing has been installed.


  <target name="list"
   description="List installed applications on servlet container">

    <list    url="${manager.url}"


<!-- ==================== Prepare Target
================================== -->


  The "prepare" target is used to create the "build" destination
  and copy the static contents of your web application to it.  If you
  to copy static files from external dependencies, you can customize the
  contents of this task.

  Normally, this task is executed indirectly when needed.


  <target name="prepare">

    <!-- Create build directories as needed -->
    <mkdir  dir="${build.home}"/>
    <mkdir  dir="${build.home}/WEB-INF"/>
    <mkdir  dir="${build.home}/WEB-INF/classes"/>

    <!-- Copy static content of this web application -->
    <copy todir="${build.home}">
      <fileset dir="${web.home}"/>

    <!-- Copy external dependencies as required -->
    <mkdir  dir="${build.home}/WEB-INF/lib"/>
    <copy todir="${build.home}/WEB-INF/lib" file="${foo.jar}"/>

    <!-- Copy static files from external dependencies as needed -->


<!-- ==================== Reload Target
=================================== -->


  The "reload" target tells the specified Tomcat 4 installation to
  reload this web application, to reflect changes in the underlying
classes or
  the "web.xml" deployment descriptor.


  <target name="reload" depends="compile"
   description="Reload application on servlet container">

    <reload url="${manager.url}"


<!-- ==================== Remove Target
=================================== -->


  The "remove" target tells the specified Tomcat 4 installation to
  remove this web application from service.

  NOTE:  This is the logical opposite of the "install" target.


  <target name="remove"
   description="Remove application on servlet container">

    <remove url="${manager.url}"



-----Mensaje original-----
De: Bill Chmura [] 
Enviado el: Jueves, 12 de Junio de 2003 08:54 a.m.
Para: 'Ant Users List'
Asunto: RE: Error setting up ant

He actually changes to the C:\ANT directory before executing...

Do you actually have a build.xml file in your ant directory?  

-----Original Message-----
From: [] 
Sent: Thursday, June 12, 2003 1:13 AM
Subject: AW: Error setting up ant

In the directory "C:\Documents and Settings\Carlos" there is a file
"build.xml" - the Ant buildfile. Somewhere at the beginning there is a 

    <project ... default="build" >

The default-clause let Ant execute the target "build" if don´t specify
one. And it seems that the buildfile hasn´t a target named "build"

    <target name="build" ... >


> -----Ursprüngliche Nachricht-----
> Von: Bill Chmura []
> Gesendet am: Donnerstag, 12. Juni 2003 05:11
> An: 'Ant Users List'
> Betreff: RE: Error setting up ant
> Do you have a target named build in the build.xml file?
> Ant will automatically pick out a file named build.xml in the 
> directory
> Calling ant build will run a target ( <target name="build"> ) in your
> build.xml file.
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Juan Carlos Salazar []
> Sent: Wednesday, June 11, 2003 7:20 PM
> To: 'Ant Users List'
> Subject: Error setting up ant
> Hopefully somebody can help me with this its been 3 days and i can´t 
> get thru, Thx for any hint:
> The following error displays when Im trying to run ant:
> Microsoft Windows XP [Versión 5.1.2600]
> (C) Copyright 1985-2001 Microsoft Corp.
> C:\Documents and Settings\Carlos>cd c:\ant
> C:\Ant>ant build
> Buildfile: build.xml
> Target `build' does not exist in this project.
> Total time: 1 second
> C:\Ant>
> ---
> Outgoing mail is certified Virus Free.
> Checked by AVG anti-virus system (
> Version: 6.0.459 / Virus Database: 258 - Release Date: 25/02/2003
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------
> To unsubscribe, e-mail:
> For additional commands, e-mail:
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------
> To unsubscribe, e-mail:
> For additional commands, e-mail:

To unsubscribe, e-mail:
For additional commands, e-mail:

Incoming mail is certified Virus Free.
Checked by AVG anti-virus system (
Version: 6.0.459 / Virus Database: 258 - Release Date: 25/02/2003

Outgoing mail is certified Virus Free.
Checked by AVG anti-virus system (
Version: 6.0.459 / Virus Database: 258 - Release Date: 25/02/2003

To unsubscribe, e-mail:
For additional commands, e-mail:

To unsubscribe, e-mail:
For additional commands, e-mail:

View raw message