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From Adrian Co <>
Subject Re: Topic message
Date Mon, 28 Aug 2006 14:23:10 GMT

Welcome to the ActiveMQ community! :-)

Here's some interesting reading:

In a nutshell I guess, when you use queues, each message is stored in 
the queue until a consumer consumes them (each message will be consumed 
by only one consumer), while for topics, each message will be send to 
all consumers currently subscribed to the topic. If there is no 
consumers, the message is discarded. If you want to receive messages 
using topics while your consumer is offline, you could use durable 
subscriptions, but the condition is that you must first subscribe to the 
topic before going offline. (i.e. tell the broker that you are 
interested in the topic's messages.)

Another workaround is to use the recovery policies of ActiveMQ. This 
allows you to somewhat go back in time and receive some of the messages 
you've missed. You must specify a retroactive consumer to use this:

Hope these helps!

Adrian Co

wizard wrote:
> Hi, I'm new to amq, so I have a basic question, I guess.
> I've created a queue, with a producer and a consumer, and I was able to send
> messages, and keep them in queue.
> Now I've changed to using a topic, and I still send and receive messages,
> but the behaviour has changed: when I produce a message and the consumer is
> running, it instantly gets the message. But when I produce a message and the
> consumer isn't running, I seem to lose the message, because when I connect
> the consumer, it doesn't read any message at all, and my queue size is
> always 0.
> Is this how topics are supposed to work? What is wrong?

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