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From "Tim Bain (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Created] (AMQ-3978) Allow KahaDB to "compact" journal files to remove messages that are no longer needed
Date Wed, 15 Aug 2012 21:56:37 GMT
Tim Bain created AMQ-3978:

             Summary: Allow KahaDB to "compact" journal files to remove messages that are
no longer needed
                 Key: AMQ-3978
             Project: ActiveMQ
          Issue Type: Improvement
          Components: Message Store
    Affects Versions: 5.6.0
            Reporter: Tim Bain

KahaDB uses a write-only journaling approach that ensures that a journal file will be deleted
only when no content within it is still in use.  If a single byte of the file is still needed,
the entire file must be kept, even if the rest of the file is not needed.

This works fine when all messages are immediately removed from destinations within an ActiveMQ
broker, but it fails ungracefully when messages that are consumed infrequently (or not at
all, relying on TTL to delete the messages) are interspersed with large volumes of messages
that are consumed quickly.  In this scenario, if a single infrequently-consumed message ends
up in a journal file with a large number of quickly-consumed messages, the entire file will
be kept even though nearly all of the content of the file is no longer needed.  When this
happens for enough journal files, the KahaDB's disk/file limits are reached, even though the
amount of actual "live" data within the KahaDB is far below the configured limits.

To fix this problem, an administrative feature needs to be added to KahaDB, to allow it to
"compact" its journal files by scanning through all files in order, writing all messages that
are still alive into a set of new journal files.  Once all messages from one of the old journal
files have been written to the new set of journal files, the old journal file can be deleted.
 Without knowing the codebase for KahaDB, I would assume this would have to be done while
the KahaDB processes are blocking reads and writes, so presumably the recommendation in the
documentation will be to use this feature sparingly to prevent performance degradation.

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