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From "Timothy Bish (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (AMQ-3312) Queue's moveMatchingMessagesTo method is extremely slow to the point of being unusable as Queue size increases
Date Fri, 20 May 2011 14:12:47 GMT


Timothy Bish commented on AMQ-3312:

This appears to also affect the methods, copyMatchingMessages and removeMatchingMessages.
 In each case the Thread locality of the set object in use is limited to one thread so I don't
see why a CopyOnWriteArraySet is needed for any of these methods.

> Queue's moveMatchingMessagesTo method is extremely slow to the point of being unusable
as Queue size increases
> --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: AMQ-3312
>                 URL:
>             Project: ActiveMQ
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Broker
>    Affects Versions: 5.5.0
>            Reporter: Stirling Chow
>         Attachments: AMQ3312.patch,
> Symptom
> =======
> We have a system based on ActiveMQ that stores messages in a non-peristent queue.  Frequently,
we have to move a specific message from this queue to another queue.  The message to be moved
may be anywhere in the queue, and is identified by a selector on a custom JMS integer property.
> To facilitate the selection and move, we use
context, String selector, ActiveMQDestination dest)
> We've found that once our queue grows past 10K messages, moving a single message takes
over 10s.  When the queue grows past 20K messages, a move takes 70s.  It's clear from testing
that the time to move a message grows exponentially as the queue size increases, to the point
that moveMatchingMessagesTo becomes unusable.
> Cause
> =====
> AMQ 5.5.0 has this implementation for moveMatchingMessagesTo:
> {code:title=Queue#moveMatchingMessagesTo(ConnectionContext context, MessageReferenceFilter
>     public int moveMatchingMessagesTo(ConnectionContext context, MessageReferenceFilter
>             ActiveMQDestination dest, int maximumMessages) throws Exception {
>         int movedCounter = 0;
>         Set<QueueMessageReference> set = new CopyOnWriteArraySet<QueueMessageReference>();
>         do {
>             doPageIn(true);
>             pagedInMessagesLock.readLock().lock();
>             try{
>                 set.addAll(pagedInMessages.values());
>             }finally {
>                 pagedInMessagesLock.readLock().unlock();
>             }
>             List<QueueMessageReference> list = new ArrayList<QueueMessageReference>(set);
>             for (QueueMessageReference ref : list) {
>                 if (filter.evaluate(context, ref)) {
>                     // We should only move messages that can be locked.
>                     moveMessageTo(context, ref, dest);
>                     set.remove(ref);
>                     if (++movedCounter >= maximumMessages && maximumMessages
> 0) {
>                         return movedCounter;
>                     }
>                 }
>             }
>         } while (set.size() < this.destinationStatistics.getMessages().getCount()
&& set.size() < maximumMessages);
>         return movedCounter;
>     }
> {code}
> In the context that we use, maximumMessages is Integer.MAXINT:
> {code:title=moveMatchingMessagesTo(ConnectionContext context, String selector, ActiveMQDestination
>     public int moveMatchingMessagesTo(ConnectionContext context, String selector, ActiveMQDestination
>             throws Exception {
>         return moveMatchingMessagesTo(context, selector, dest, Integer.MAX_VALUE);
>     }
> {code}
> Since moveMatchingMessagesTo instantiates the set variable as a CopyOnWriteArraySet,
each doPageIn loop creates a new array, copies the existing set members, and then linearly
scans the array for the insertion.  The result is that moveMatchingMessagesTo is an O(n^2)
algorithm with respect to message copying, where n is the size of the queue.
> Solution
> ========
> set is scoped to a single call of moveMatchingMessagesTo, and is only accessed by a single
thread, so there is no benefit to using CopyOnWriteArraySet.  Simply changing set to a HashSet
prevents the need for the doPageIn loop to copy the set on each iteration, and insertion becomes
an O(1) operation.
> Attached is a unit test that demonstrates how moving the last message from a queue of
10K messages takes 8s (on our machine).  Included is a patch Queue that changes set from a
CopyOnWriteArraySet to a HashSet; with this patch, the same unit test completes in under 200ms.

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