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From "Arthur Naseef (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] Created: (AMQ-3028) ActiveMQ broker processing slows with consumption from large store
Date Wed, 10 Nov 2010 20:14:19 GMT
ActiveMQ broker processing slows with consumption from large store

                 Key: AMQ-3028
             Project: ActiveMQ
          Issue Type: Bug
          Components: Broker
    Affects Versions: 5.4.1
         Environment: CentOS 5.5, Sun JDK 1.6.0_21-b06 64 bit, ActiveMQ 5.4.1, AMD Athlon(tm)
II X2 B22, local disk
            Reporter: Arthur Naseef
            Priority: Critical

In scalability tests, this problem occured.  I have tested a workaround that appears to function.
 A fix will gladly be submitted - would like some guidance, though, on the most appropriate

Here's the summary.  Many more details are available upon request.

Root cause:

   - Believed to be simultaneous access to LRUCache objects which are not thread-safe (PageFile's


   - Synchronize the LRUCache on all access methods (get, put, remove)

The symptoms are as follows:

  1. Message rates run fairly-constant until a point in time when they degrade rather quickly
  2. After a while (about 15 minutes), the message rates drop to the floor - with large numbers
of seconds with 0 records passing
  3. Using VisualVM or JConsole, note that memory use grows continuosuly
  4. When message rates drop to the floor, the VM is spending the vast majority of its time
performing garbage collection
  5. Heap dumps show that LRUCache objects (the pageCache members of PageFile's) are far exceeding
their configured limits.
      The default limit was used, 10000.  A size of over 170,000 entries was reached.
  6. No producer flow control occurred (did not see the flow control log message)

Test scenario used to reproduce:

   - Fast producers (limited to <= 1000 msgs/sec)
      -- using transactions
      -- 10 msg per transaction
      -- message content size 177 bytes

   - Slow consumers (limited to <= 10 msg/sec)
      -- auto-acknowledge mode; not transacted

   - 10 Queues
      -- 1 producer per queue
      -- 1 consumer per queue

   - Producers, Consumers, and Broker all running on different systems, and on the same system
(different test runs).

Note that disk space was not an issue - there was always plenty of disk space available.

One other interesting note - once a large database of records was stored in KahaDB, only running
consumers, this problem still occurred.

This issue sounds like it may be related to 1764, and 2721.  The root cause sounds the same
as 2290 - unsynchronized access to LRUCache.

The most straight-forward solution is to modify all LRUCache objects (org.apache.kahadb.util.LRUCache,
org.apache.activemq.util.LRUCache, ...) to be concurrent.  Another is to create concurrent
versions (perhaps ConcurrentLRUCache) and make use of those at least in PageFile.pageCache.

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