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From Josh Elser <>
Subject Re: [VOTE] [BLOG] New blog draft "Apache Accumulo 1.6.0 Quickstart"
Date Tue, 20 May 2014 16:56:27 GMT
Including plaintext for those who don't have a blog account (yet).

On 5/20/14, 12:40 PM, Josh Elser wrote:
> All,
> I took a few moments to write up some of the details surrounding changes
> that took place in 1.6.0. It covers downloading a release from us, the
> changes with native maps and how to build them, how to choose example
> configurations and then init'ing and starting Accumulo
> Grammatical feedback and inaccuracies would be humbly accepted. This
> will be open for feedback for 3 days (2014/05/23 1700 UTC) after which
> I'll promote it to the main blog.
> Thanks!

--- Plaintext draft content

Getting Started with Apache Accumulo 1.6.0

On May 12th, 2014, the Apache Accumulo project happily announced version 
1.6.0 to the community. This is a new major release for the project 
which contains many numerous new features and fixes. For the full list 
of notable changes, I'd recommend that you check out the release notes 
that were published alongside the release itself. For this post, I'd 
like to cover some of the changes that have been made at the 
installation level that are a change for users who are already familiar 
with the project.
Download the release

Like always, you can find out releases on the our downloads page at  You have the choice of 
downloading the source and building it yourself, or choosing the binary 
tarball which already contains pre-built jars for use.
Native Maps

One of the major components of the original BigTable design was an 
"In-Memory Map" which provided fast insert and read operations. Accumulo 
implements this using a C++ sorted map with a custom allocator which is 
invoked by the TabletServer using JNI. Each TabletServer uses its own 
"native" map. It is highly desirable to use this native map as it comes 
with a notable performance increase over a Java map (which is the 
fallback when the Accumulo shared library is not found) in addition to 
greatly reducing the TabletServer's JVM garbage collector stress when 
ingesting data.

In previous versions, the binary tarball contained a pre-compiled 
version of the native library (under lib/native/). Shipping a compiled 
binary was a convenience but also left much confusion when it didn't 
work on systems which had different, incompatible versions of GCC 
toolchains installed than what the binary was built against. As such, we 
have stopped bundling the pre-built shared library in favor of users 
building this library on their own, and instead include an 
accumulo-native.tar.gz file within the lib directory which contains the 
necessary files to build the library yourself.

To reduce the burden on users, we've also introduced a new script inside 
of the bin directory:

Invoking this script will automatically unpack, build and install the 
native map in $ACCUMULO_HOME/lib/native. If you've used older versions 
of Accumulo, you will also notice that the library name is different in 
an attempt to better follow standard conventions: on 
Linux and libaccumulo.dylib on Mac OS X.
Example Configurations

Apache Accumulo still bundles a set of example configuration files in 
conf/examples. Each sub-directory contains the complete set of files to 
run on a single node with the named memory limitations. For example, the 
files contained in conf/examples/3GB/native-standalone will run Accumulo 
on a single node, with native maps (don't forget to build them first!), 
within a total memory footprint of 3GB. Copy the contents of one of 
these directories into conf/ and make sure that your relevant 
installation details (e.g. HADOOP_PREFIX, JAVA_HOME, etc) are properly 
set in

The change in these scripts is that they default to using Apache Hadoop 
2 packaging details, such as the Hadoop conf directory and jar 
locations. It is highly recommended by the community that you use Apache 
Accumulo 1.6.0 with at least Apache Hadoop 2.2.0, most notably, to 
ensure that you will not lose data in the face of power failure. If you 
are still running on a Hadoop 1 release (1.2.1), you will need to edit 
both and accumulo-site.xml. There are comments in each 
file which instruct you what needs to be changed.
Starting Accumulo

Initializing and starting Accumulo hasn't changed at all! After you have 
created the configuration files and, if you're using them, built the 
native maps, run:

   accumulo init

This will prompt you to name your Accumulo instance and set the Accumulo 
root user's password, then start Accumulo using


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